• Title/Summary/Keyword: 기린초

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Characteristics of Herbaceous Vegetation Structure of Barren Land of Southern Limit Line in DeMilitarized Zone (비무장지대 남방한계선 불모지 초본식생구조 특성)

  • Yu, Seung-Bong;Kim, Sang-Jun;Kim, Dong-Hak;Shin, Hyun-Tak;Bak, Gippeum
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.135-153
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    • 2021
  • The demilitarized zone (DMZ) is a border barrier with 248 kilometers in length and about 4 kilometers in width crossing east to west to divide the Korean Peninsula about in half. The boundary at 2 kilometers to the south is called the southern limit line. The DMZ has formed a unique ecosystem through a natural ecological succession after the Armistice Agreement and has high conservation value. However, the use of facilities for the military operation and the unchecked weeding often damage the areas in the vicinities of the southern limit line's iron-railing. This study aimed to prepare basic data for the restoration of damaged barren vegetation. As a result of classifying vegetation communities based on indicator species, 10 communities were identified as follows: Duchesnea indica Community, Hosta longipes Community, Sedum kamtschaticum-Sedum sarmentosum Community, Potentilla anemonefolia Community, Potentilla fragarioides var. major Community, Prunella vulgaris var. lilacina Community, Dendranthema zawadskii var. latilobum-Carex lanceolata Community, Dendranthema zawadskii Community, Plantago asiatica-Trifolium repens Community, and Ixeris stolonifera-Kummerowia striata Community. Highly adaptable species can characterize vegetation in barren areas to environment disturbances because artificial disturbances such as soil erosion, soil compaction, topography change, and forest fires caused by military activities frequently occur in the barren areas within the southern limit line. Most of the dominant species in the communities are composed of plants that are commonly found in the roads, roadsides, bare soil, damaged areas, and grasslands throughout South Korea. Currently, the vegetation in barren areas in the vicinities of the DMZ is in the early ecological succession form that develops from bare soil to herbaceous vegetation. Since dominant species distributed in barren land can grow naturally without special maintenance and management, the data can be useful for future restoration material development or species selection.

Integral Antioxidative Capacity and Antimicrobial Activity of Pressurized Liquid Extracts from 40 Selected Plant Species (식물 40종 고압용매 추출물의 통합적 항산화 능력 및 항균 활성)

  • Kang, Mi-Ae;Kim, Mi-Bo;Kim, Ji-Hun;Ko, Young-Hwan;Lim, Sang-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.9
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    • pp.1249-1256
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    • 2010
  • Forty natural plants collected in Jeju, Jeonnam-Goheung, and Gyeongbuk-Ulleung were extracted using a pressurized liquid. Extraction yields of total soluble solids and total phenolics (TP), and integral antioxidative capacity (IAC) were measured, and antimicrobial activity was tested against Streptococcus parauberis, Streptococcus iniae, Edwardsiella tarda, and Vibrio ordalii. Jipsinnamul showed the highest content of TP (174.4 mg GAE/g), followed by Mulchamnamu (116.9), Seoeonamu (113.3), and Buknamu (108.2). Percent TP/TSS was high in Jipsinnamul (72.6%), Seoeonamu (47.3%), Mulchamnamu (46.4%), Jageumu (40.2%), and Baneulkkot (40.1%), respectively. Magamok, Nadosongipul, Buknamu, Mulchamnamu, and Seoeonamu showed 5.81, 3.96, 3.63, 3.63, and 3.34 mmol ascorbic acid equivalents/g of IAC of water-soluble substances, and Seoeonamu, Magamok, Seipijilpul, Mulchamnamu, Baneulkkot, and Seomgirincho showed 8.51, 6.57, 5.68, 3.85, 3.83, and 3.69 mmol Trolox equivalents/g of IAC of lipid-soluble substances, respectively. Only nine species such as Baneulkkot, Dokhwal, Jipsinnamul, Mulchamnamu, Nadosongipul, Seipijilpul, Seoeonamu, Seomgirincho, and Sumbadi of 40 selected plants showed the antimicrobial activity against four bacteria tested. Jipsinnamul showed the strong antimicrobial activity against S. iniae, while Dokhwal, Nadosongipul, and Sumbadi against S. parauberis and S. iniae, and Mulchamnamu, Seoeonamu, and Seipijilpul against V. ordalii.

Flora of crop lands in Ulleungdo Island (울릉도 농경지의 식물상)

  • Kim, Myung-Hyun;Hong, Sun-Hee;Lee, Yong-Ho;Kim, Min-Kyeong;Choi, Soon-Kun;Eo, Jinu;Yeob, So-Jin;Bang, Jeong Hwan;Oh, Young-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.245-257
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    • 2021
  • Ulleungdo, a volcanic island, has different climate, soil, and topography characteristics from inland of the Korean Peninsula. Its agriculture also exhibits distinctive features. This study focused on floristic compositions and characteristics of crop lands in Ulleungdo. Flora surveys were conducted for 37 areas three times, one in May of 2016, one in July of 2020, and one in August of 2020. Results showed that vascular plants of crop lands in Ulleungdo included 186 taxa of 53 families, 132 genera, 160 species, 14 varieties, five subspecies, and five hybrids. Asteraceae had the most diverse species (33 taxa), followed by Poaceae (25 taxa), Fabaceae (12 taxa), Polygonaceae (11 taxa), and Liliaceae (nine taxa). The biological type of crop lands in Ulleungdo island was determined to be Th-R5-D4-e type. Rare plants were found for nine taxa: Athyrium acutipinnulum Kodama ex Nakai, Sedum takasimense Nakai, Rubus takesimensis Nakai, Dystaenia takesimana (Nakai) Kitag., Ligustrum foliosum Nakai, Aster pseudoglehni Y.Lim, Cirsium nipponicum (Maxim.) Makino, Lilium hansonii Leichtlin ex D.D.T.Moore, and Polygonatum robustum (Korsh.) Nakai. In addition, 45 taxa contained naturalized plants of 13 families, 33 genera, 44 species, and one variety. Urbanization and naturalization indices were 13.9%, and 24.2%, respectively.

Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Sedum takesimense Nakai Water Extract in RAW 264.7 Cells (섬기린초 물 추출물의 마우스 대식세포에서 항염증 효능)

  • Jang, Ji Hun;Jung, Ho Kyung;Ko, Jae Hyung;Sim, Mi Ok;Woo, Kyeong Wan;Kim, Tae Muk;Lee, Ki Ho;Ahn, Byeong Kwan;Cho, Hyun Woo;Cho, Jung Hee;Jung, Won Seok
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.228-236
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    • 2016
  • Background: Sedum takesimense Nakai has been used as folk medicine in Korea. The present study aimed to determine the biological activity of S. takesimense by investigating the anti-inflammatory effects of S. takesimense water extract (SKLC) on the lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response in RAW 264.7 cells. Methods and Results: Cytotoxicity of SKLC on RAW 264.7 cells was determinded by performing MTS assay was found to have no cytotoxic effect on RAW 264.7 cells at a concentration range of $62-500{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. Further, pretreatment of SKLC inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in a dose-dependent manner. To determined the inhibitory mechanisms of SKLC on inflammatory mediators, we assessed the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygnease-2 (COX-2) pathways. The activities of these pathways were decreased in a dose-dependent manner by SKLC. The production of tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$), interleukin $(IL)-1{\beta}$, and IL-6 were also reduced. Conclusions: These results suggest that the down regulation of iNOS, COX-2, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, and IL-6 expression by SKLC are mediated by the down regulation of nuclear factor-${\kappa}B$ (NF-${\kappa}B$) activity, a transcription factor necessary for pro-inflammatory mediators. This might be the mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory effects of SKLC.