• Title/Summary/Keyword: 기린초

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A Selection of Korean Native Sedum spp. for Evergreen Ground Covers of the Central Districts of Korea (중부지방 상록지피용 기린초 속의 조경용 소재 선발)

  • Lee, Sun-A;Ha, Yoo-Mi;Han, In-Song
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.90-97
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    • 2009
  • Sedum takesimenses among the Korean Native Genus Sedum was selected as evergreen ground covers during winter in the central districts of Korea. In order to obtain basic information for production as a pot flower with good quality, the effects of pinching frequencies on growth and flowering of S. takesimense were investigated. S. takesimense plant height became much shorter and numbers of lateral shoots were increased with increased pinching. Shoots of S. takesimense treated with 30% pinching during 2004 and 2005 showed greater length and less number of lateral shoots than those with 60% pinching. Leaves of S. takesimense treated with 70% shading showed a dark green color and had a longer shoot length and a lower number of shoots than cultivation under full sunlight. Therefore, Korean native S. takesimense will be utilized as ground cover treated with 70% shading or under a tree. Therefore, S. takesimense will be promising as ground cover materials in the central districts of Korea.

A test of the hybrid origin of Korean endemic Sedum latiovalifolium (Crassulaceae) (한국특산 태백기린초(돌나물과)의 교잡 기원에 대한 검증)

  • Yoo, Young-Gi;Park, Ki-Ryong
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.378-391
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    • 2016
  • Eighteen morphological characters from 40 populations and ten isozyme loci from 35 populations of Sedum latiovalifolium and related species were examined to investigate the degree of morphological and genetic variation. The high-frequency marker alleles $MDH-2^a$ and $PGI-1^a$ in S. aizoon, S. kamtschaticum, and S. zokuriense did not appear in the populations of S. latiovalifolium. In addition, the high-frequency allele ($MDH-2^c$) in S. latiovalifolium appeared at a very low frequency in other subg. aizoon species. Thus, the isozyme data did not support a hybrid origin of S. latiovalifolium from S. aizoon with S. kamtschaticum. The results of an unweighted pair-group method using the arithmetic average method and a principal components analysis using morphological data also did not support a hybrid origin of S. latiovalifolium. However, our data strongly suggest that some individuals from the populations found in the Gumdaebong area were most likely hybrids due to introgression between S. latiovalifolium and S. kamtschaticum or S. aizoon and S. kamtschaticum.

Skin Whitening Effect of Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch. Solvent Fractions (기린초(Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch.) 추출 분획물의 피부 미백효과 연구)

  • Yoon, Jihye;Park, Jihye;Kim, Bora
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.1239-1247
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    • 2020
  • Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch., a native plant of Korea, has been used in Korean traditional medicine in the form of water extract for its capacity to improve blood circulation and for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Since previous research suggests that S. kamtschaticum Fisch. has excellent antioxidant and mushroom tyrosinase inhibition activities, in this study, the root and stem parts of S. kamtschaticum Fisch. are extracted in 70% ethanol (SKS, SKR), fractionated with and in order of n-hexane (SSH), ethyl acetate (SSE, SRE), chloroform (SSC, SRC) and water (SSW, SRW) according to the polarity of each solvent, and tested for its applicability as a cosmetic material. According to the total polyphenol, flavonoid contents and DPPH radical scavenging activity of each fraction, the contents and scavenging activity of the root extractions (SKR) were higher than those of the stem extractions (SKS), ethyl acetate fractions (SSE, SRE) being the most effective. In addition, ethyl acetate fractions had the highest tyrosinase inhibition activity and melanin synthesis inhibition activity used on B16F10 melanoma cells, at the concentration of 10 ㎍/mL. HPLC analysis detected a variety of polyphenols including gallic acid and quercetin. This study suggests the potential role of S. kamtschaticum Fisch. as a natural cosmeceutical material.

Photosynthesis, Antioxidant Enzyme, and Anatomical Difference of Sedum kamtschaticum and Hosta longipes to Ozone (오존이 기린초와 비비추의 광합성, 항산화효소, 해부학적 구조에 미치는 영향)

  • Cheng, Hyo-Cheng;Woo, Su-Young;Lee, Seong-Han;Baek, Saeng-Geul
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.394-402
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to identify the effects of ozone on the two species in controlled environment. $Sedum$ $kamtschaticum$ and $Hosta$ $longipes$ were exposed in both control and ozone chamber to investigate photosynthesis, antioxidant enzyme activity, visible damage, the number and the size of stomata and the plastogloubuli. Ozone was fumigated in the concentration of $200{\mu}g{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ for 8 hours in a day (from 08:00 AM to 04:00 PM). Firstly, net photosynthesis of two species was decreased after ozone fumigation. Secondly, glutathione reductase activities showed significant difference between control and ozone treatment. Thirdly, visible symptoms of leaves were expressed such as chlorosis, necrosis and decoloration. Also, the size of stoma was significantly decreased in ozone-exposed plants. Furthermore, the intercellular space of $Hosta$ $longipes$ showed increased phenomenon because the mesophyll was collapsed. The number and the size of the plastogloubuli were significantly larger in ozone stress.

Effects of Substrate Type, Soil Depth, and Drainage Type on the Growth of Sedum kamtschaticum in Extensive Green Roof Systems (저토심 옥상녹화 시스템에서 기린초의 생육에 대한 인공배지 종류, 토심, 그리고 배수 형태의 효과)

  • Huh, Keun-Young;Kim, In-Hye;Ryu, Nam-Hyong
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.90-100
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 기존 건축물 옥상녹화에 이용 가능한 저토심 옥상녹화 시스템 을 연구하고 개발하고자 수행되었다. 연구목적을 달성하기위해서 시스템의 개념적 모델이 선행 연구로부터 유추되었고 개념적 모델로부터 실험을 위한 시스템들이 제안되었다. 건축물 옥상 위에 설치된 이 시스템들에서 기린초의 생육에 대하여 인공배지 종류, 토심, 그리고 배수 형태의 효과들이 2002년 4월 3일부터 10월 18일까지 연구되었다. 인공배지 종류는 단용과 혼용이고, 토심은 5cm, l0cm,그리고 15cm이며, 배수 형태는 저수$.$배수형과 배수형으로 하였다. 여기서, 인공배지 단용은 폐유리 미분 100에 발포제를 1∼2정도 첨가하고, 착색제를 1정도 첨가한 후, 6∼8$^{\circ}C$/min로 승온하여 750∼85$0^{\circ}C$의 온도에서 발포시킨 다공질 유리를 수냉식으로 급랭하고, 분쇄기로 이송하여 l0mm이하로 분쇄하고 입도를 조절하여 얻어진 다공질 유리 파쇄물과 수피를 부피 비 6:4로 혼합하여 조성된 것이며 인공배지 혼용은 인공배 지 단용에 양토(모래 46%, 미사 40%, 점토 14%)를 부피비 5:5로 혼합하여 조성된 것이다. 피복면적, 지상부와 지하부의 생체중과 건물중, 그리고 시각적 질을 조사하였다. 각 변수들은 던칸의 다중범위 검정으로 통계처리 하였으며 처리들간의 유의수준은 5%였다. 그리고 기존 건축물 옥상에 대한 과부하의 위험을 피하기 위해서 각 시스템의 중량이 평가되었다. 그 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 실험기간 중에 피복면적에 대한 배수 형태의 효과는 유의성 있는 차이를 나타내지 않았다. 인공배지 혼용의 피복면적은 인공배지 단용의 것보다 통계적으로 유의성 있게 높았다. 토심 5cm처리의 피복면적은 나머지 처리들의 피복면적보다 통계적으로 유의성 있게 낮았다. 토심 l0cm처리와 토심 15cm처리는 통계적으로 유의성이 없는 것으로 나타났다. 지상부와 뿌리의 생체중 및 건물중과 시각적 질에 대한 처리들의 효과는 피복면적에 대한 것과 유사하거나 동일하였다. 결과적으로, 기린초의 생육은 인공배지 단용보다 인공배지 혼용에서 더 높았고, 토심 10∼15cm에서 더 높았으며, 배수 형태에서는 뚜렷한 차이를 나타내지 않았다. 이 결과를 토대로, 기존 건축물 옥상에 적용 가능한 시스템의 허용하중과 기린초의 생육을 동시에 고려해볼 때, 저토심 옥상녹화 시스템 은 인공배지 종류에서는 혼용이, 토심은 10cm, 그리고 배수형태는 배수형이 적합하다고 보았다. 제안된 조건으로 조성된 시스템은 인공배지가 포장용수량상태일 때 그 중량이 약 115kg/$m^2$정도로 나타났다.

Population genetic structure of Sedum polytrichoides (Crassulaceae): Insights into barriers to gene flow (바위채송화(돌나물과)집단의 유전적 구조: 유전자 이동과 물리적 장벽에 관한 통찰)

  • Chung, Mi Yoon;Lopez-Pujol, Jordi;Chung, Myong Gi
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.361-370
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    • 2016
  • An area comprising Juwangsan National Park and its adjacent mountains (southeastern Korean Peninsula) is a good model system for testing the effects of physical barriers to gene flows in plant populations. We predicted that plant species consisting of isolated populations are genetically more differentiated than those that are rather continuously distributed. Most populations of Sedum polytrichoides occur in four isolated valleys, and we assessed the genetic variability and structures using twelve allozyme loci in ten populations. We also compared the present results to earlier findings pertaining to the two co-occurring herbs Hylotelephium ussuriense (${\equiv}$ Sedum ussuriense) (growing only in the four isolated valleys) and S. kamtschaticum (rather continuously distributed). We found moderate levels of within-population genetic variation in S. polytrichoides ($H_{e}=0.112$). Estimates of among-population divergence in S. polytrichoides were also moderate ($F_{ST}=0.250$) and, as expected, very similar to that of H. ussuriense (0.261) but considerably higher than the variation in S. kamtschaticum (0.165). An analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed that S. polytrichoides and H. ussuriense had higher percentages of among-valley variation (19% each) than S. kamtschaticum (4%). Most of this variation, as also indicated by the STRUCTURE program, was due to differences in genetic profiles between the two central valleys. We concluded that the genetic differences observed between species (S. kamtschaticum vs. S. polytrichoides and H. ussuriense) are mainly due to differences in their distribution within the study area.

A Study on the Growth Models of Sedum takevimense as Affected by Difference of Soil Mixture Ratio in the Green Roof System (토양조성에 따른 옥상녹화용 섬기린초 생장모형 연구)

  • Kang, Tai-Ho;Li, Hong;Zhao, Hong-Xia
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.110-117
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    • 2011
  • In order to study the growth models between the growth of Sedum takevimense and growth rate in soil with three types of mix ratios, this experiment was carried out on April 3rd, 2011. A nonlinearity regression analysis was performed using the Logistic and Gompertz models by SPSS. According to the study of growth models of Sedum takevimense, the process of growth and management methods after over-wintering were explicitly determined. According to the measured values, the growth in the soil of $P_1P_2V_1$ and $P_2P_1V_1$ was better than that of $P_1$. Particularly, the average length of Sedum takevimense in the soil of $P_1P_2V_1$ was about twice as great as that in the $P_1$. The fitness test of the two growth models was: The predicted value and measured value were separately compared and analysed, the average fitting precision $R^2$ of the Logistic models was 0.995, but the average $R^2$ of the Gompertz models was below 0.978, which showed that the Logistic models were better than the Gompertz models. The growth models also showed that the growth time of Sedum takevimense was divided into three: rapid, most rapid and slow. When managed in the rapid and the most rapid time, it will grow better.

Effects of Soil Reaction (pH) of Culture Soil on the Growth of Sedum kamtschaticum in Pot Cultivation (토양반응(pH)이 분화재배 기린초의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Dong-Lim;Lee, Hyean-Suk;Nam, Chun-Woo;Kim, Soo-Jeong;Suh, Jong-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.515-516
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was carried out to find out proper culture soil for the flowerpot cultivation of Sedum kamtschaticum. Peatmoss was used for the culture soil. pH of the culture soils were adjusted to 4.5, 5.0, 5.5 and 6.0 using calcium hydroxide. Young plants of Sedum kamtschaticum were planted in the pots of 10cm in diameter. The experiment was conducted by the completely randomized design with 3 replications. Growth characteristics were investigated at intervals of 30 days after planting. As the pH of culture soil is lower, growth of Sedum kamtschaticum showed longer plant height and more number of leaves and branches. pH 4.5 to 5.0 appeared to be optimum range as soil reaction of Sedum kamtschaticum cultivation.