• Title, Summary, Keyword: 급여전략

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A Study on the Relationship Between Child Poverty Rate and Family Policy Expenditure of Welfare States -Focused on OECD Countries- (복지국가의 아동·가족복지지출과 아동빈곤율의 관계 -OECD 국가를 중심으로-)

  • Ryu, Yun Kyu;Baek, Seung Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.36
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    • pp.65-99
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    • 2011
  • The main purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between child poverty rate and family policy expenditure of welfare states (focusing on OECD countries). We analyzed not only the total social & family policy expenditures but the components of the family policy expenditure. OECD SOCX and calculated data from the LIS & OECD data were utilized for child and family policy expenditures and the poverty rate. One-way correlation and cluster analysis were employed for the analysis. The analytic results are as follows: Southern European and Anglo-Saxon countries' child poverty rates were higher and Scandinavian countries' child poverty rates were lower than any other clusters. The countries with high child poverty rate had higher child poverty rate than the entire nation's poverty rate, but Scandinavian countries' child poverty rate was lower. There was a strong correlation between family policy expenditure and child poverty rate. Especially the service expenditure and leave benefit expenditure were highly correlated with child poverty rate. On the other hand, cash expenditure was not significantly correlated with child poverty rate. We can suggest the policy implications from these results. Based on the analytic results, policy implications that the government should increase the family policy budget, especially the budget for family services and leave benefit to decrease child poverty rate and should make effort to support the employment of parents through policies such as active labor market strategies can be suggested.

A Comparative Study on the Top Executive Secretaries' Job task and Ability of Foreign Language of Selected Coporations in Korea and Asia (기업 최고경영자 비서의 직무능력에 관한 연구)

  • 최홍숙
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 1999
  • In today's firms, there is an increasing awareness amongst managers and executives on the importance of secretary's role. This is a study on the profile of the corporate executive secretary's job responsibilities with emphasis on communication skills, interpersonal and foreign language fluency, which I deem relevant to their position. As a result, I believe that an executive secretary must obtain at least a two-year secretarial degree, Furthermore, I propose that their education must include and stress emphasis in foreign languages. Nevertheless, I feel that in today's global economy, it is important that executive secretaries are fluent in at least two(2) foreign languages that would enable him/her to write his/her boss' speeches, editing dictated materials and creating corresspondences. This study is believed to contribute to the education of the future executive secretaries and the managers etc.

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The Function of Strategic Purchasing and Its Application to the Korean National Health Insurance System (의료보장제도 운영에 있어서 전략적 구매의 개념과 한국 제도에의 적용)

  • Kim, Duck-Ho;Chung, Seol Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.504-516
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    • 2018
  • Many countries have tried to reform financing systems toward UHC and paid attention to the function of strategic purchasing. This study was performed to examine theoretical foundations and the function of strategic purchasing. And we examined the functions of strategic purchasing in Korea based on the framework proposed by Preker(2005). For this purpose, we reviewed literature related to purchasing. we defined the strategic purchasing as strategic activities to provide health care services people need within a given budget, which is carried out by certain organizations, purchasing organizations. These activities include selecting appropriate providers, designing and operating the payment system, setting the price, and determining the target populations and their needs etc. The relationships among government, purchasers and healthcare providers can be explained by the principal-agent theory. In addition to Preker's framework, we emphasized the importance of the infrastructure such as decision making support systems, information systems, health care resource management systems, or expenditure monitoring systems. The National Health Insurance Service and the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service play major roles in performing strategic purchasing.

Asset Allocation Model for Retirement Pension Considering Life Cycle (라이프사이클을 고려한 퇴직연금 가입자의 자산배분모형)

  • Min, Jae-Hyeong;Gu, Gi-Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.314-318
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    • 2008
  • 퇴직연금에서 DB(defined benefit, 확정급여형) 플랜 가입자는 은퇴 이후의 급여가 확정되는 반면, DC(defined contribution, 확정기여형) 플랜 가입자는 납입금액만 확정될 뿐미래의 급여는 보장되지 않는다. 따라서 DC 플랜 가입자는 가입기간 동안 적절한 투자전략을 통하여 연금자산이 최대로 성장할 수 있도록 노력해야 한다. 그러나 자산가격은 시장 위험에 노출되어 있기 때문에 자산배분은 퇴직시점에 접근할수록 안전자산 위주로 전환되어야 한다. 라이프사이클 자산배분모형과 라이프사이클포트폴리오는 최신의 운용기법으로 그 유용성을 인정받고 있지만, 기계적이고 직관적인 방법으로 인하여 이론적인 근거에 취약성을 가지고 있다. 본 연구에서는 DC 플랜 가입자의 안정적인 자산관리를 위한 라이프사이클을 고려한 자산배분모형을 제시하고자 한다. 시뮬레이션 최적화 방법을 활용한 자산배분의 경우, 채권의 비중은 주식의 누적수익률 열세와 변동성으로 인하여 비조건부 자산배분과 주식에 대한 최저 투자비중을 고려한 조건부 자산배분에서 우세하게 나타나고 있다. 그러나 두 자산배분모형의 성과는 장기적으로 차이를 보이다가 기간이 축소되면서 차이가 크게 줄어드는 것으로 분석되었다.

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유전적으로 개량된 미국젖소의 최적영양관리

  • Clark Perry Wilson
    • 종축개량
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 1992
  • 유전적으로 개량됨 젖소의 능력에 상응하는 효율적인 우유생산을 위해서는 적절하게 균형잡힌 높은 품질의 사료를 급여하여야한다. 미국에서는 이러한 젖소의 사양지침이 국립연구소(NRC : National Research Council)에 의해 발간되었다. 이 책자에서는 가용 사료자원의 영양분 함량을 실험실에서 분석한 자료를 가지고 보다 균형잡힌 사료의 조제에 사용할 수 있도록 하고 있다. 또한 컴퓨터에 의한 균형사료의 계산 프로그램의 사용은 사료조제 과정을 신속하게 해주고 오류도 줄일 수 있게 해준다. 지속적인 유전능력 개량에 덧붙여서 미국에서는 아래에서 언급되는 두가지의 새로운 사양관리 전략이 도입되면서 보다 효율적인 우유생산에 이바지하고 있다.

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The Effects of the Supplementation of Opuntia humifusa Water Extracts and Methyl Sulfonyl Methane on the Laying Productivity, Egg Quality and Sensory Characteristics (천년초 추출물과 식이유황의 첨가가 계란의 생산성, 품질 및 관능적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sun-Min;Ahn, Il-Sung;Hong, Sang-Mee;Kim, Da-Sol;Kwon, Dae-Young;Yang, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.294-300
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    • 2010
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of Opuntia humifusa (OPH) extracts and methyl sulfonyl methane (MSM) supplementations on the laying productivity, egg quality and sensory characteristics of eggs in hens. Six hundred forty, 35-wk-old Lohmann brown, laying hens were randomly divided into four groups: 1) water (control), 0.12% OPH extract, 0.1% MSM, and 0.12% OPH extract+0.1% MSM. They were mixed into the feed and given for 5 weeks. Egg production rates, egg weight, feed demand ratio were not significantly different among the groups. However, OPH or MSM decreased broken egg rates by increasing thickness and firmness of egg shell but they did not show the additive effects. In addition, OPH or MSM enhanced Haugh unit, an indicator of freshness of egg, and viscosity of egg white and egg yolk. OPH or MSM maintained the freshness of eggs better the control during their storage for 10 day at $4^{\circ}C$. However, OPH+MSM did not show additive effects in their freshness. Sensory test revealed that OPH or MSM decreased fishy taste and greasy flavor and they improved texture. Overall OPH or MSM enhanced the preference of eggs. In conclusion, the supplementation of either OPH or MSM enhances egg freshness and egg quality in laying hens but they should not be supplemented together due to no additive effects.

Development and Limitation of Income Maintenance Policy after the Financial Crisis (외환위기 20년, 소득보장정책의 발전과 한계)

  • Kim, Kyo-seong
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.151-184
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the development process and current status of income maintenance policies after the financial crisis, to sort out key issues or problems, and to explore future plans or directions that can overcome the limitation. In order to develop intensive argument, the scope of research is limited to the National Pension, Basic Pension, and the National Basic Livelihood Security System. The research also focused on two values of the 'universalism' and the 'adequacy' based on the 'SPF(social protection floor)' in the overall narrative process. Additionally, this paper briefly summarized the related contents released by the Moon Jae-in Government and presented an affirmative strategy and a transformational strategy centered on social allowance and basic income respectively, to establish an integrated income guarantee scheme. Although some improvements to the present system are also required, it is an effort to expand the practical effect of social benefits through the full and comprehensive reform of benefit structure and method.

A Study on Expectation Disconfirmation of Job according to Personal Characteristics: Focused on University Staff (개인 특성에 따른 직무기대 불일치에 관한 연구: 대학 행정직원을 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Hyunggyu;Lee, Min Jung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.403-404
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    • 2019
  • 국내대학은 학령인구 감소와 등록금 동결로 재정적인 어려움을 겪고 있다. 2018년 대학기본역량진단평가를 받으면서 선택과 집중을 통한 생존전략을 모색하고, 효율적으로 대학을 운영하는 방법이 주목받고 있다. 교육서비스 품질의 향상은 대학 행정직원의 업무 몰입을 통해서 가능하며, 이는 직원 만족도의 향상을 통해 이루어진다. 대학 행정직원의 실제 만족도는 사전에 갖고 있던 일정 수준의 기대가 영향을 미친다. 본 연구에서는 사전 기대와 실제 성과의 차이인 직무기대 불일치가 전반적인 직무만족에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 이를 통해 지원정책의 우선순위를 제시하여 효율적인 전략수립에 도움을 주고자 한다. 남성은 여성에 비해 보수결정과정과 조직내 인간관계를 더욱 중요하게 여기고 있으며, 여성은 정년보장을 더욱 중요하게 여기고 있다. 근무기간이 짧을수록 보수결정과정, 급여의 적절성, 복지제도에서 기대불일치가 높고, 승진의 공정성에 대한 기대불일치는 낮다. 전반적인 직무만족 결과가 개인 특성별로 차이가 존재하므로 직원 지원정책 수립과정에 개인 특성을 고려한다면 제한된 재원으로 효율적인 전략을 수립할 수 있을 것이다.

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Analysis of Medical Expenses Structure for Patients on Percutaneous Coronary Intervention by Medical Security Type (의료보장형태에 따른 관상동맥중재술 환자의 진료비 구조분석)

  • Son, Mi-Kyung;Lee, Sok-Goo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.195-208
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze whether there are differences in medical expenses according to medical security type in the use of medical services with high disease burden such as coronary intervention. Methods: Chi-square test and covariance analysis(ANCOVA) were conducted to identify the differences in the characteristics and costs according to medical security type of 1,904 patients who underwent coronary intervention in a university hospital from 2011 to 2012. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to determine whether the cost affects medical expenses. Results: In the medical aid group, the proportion of women, those without a job, those without a spouse, and those who received hemodialysis was high, length of stay was high, patients using the emergency room and those who died was high. The medical aid patients were significantly higher in the non-benefit medical expenses, optional medical expenses, physician and admission, meals, medications and injections. National health insurance patients were significantly higher in procedure. The medical security type was found to be significant as a variable affecting the medical expenses. Conclusions: Provision of medical expenses should be managed in advance by providing prevention and education services for the vulnerable, and care services in the region should be provided to suppress the occurrence of medical expenses due to the increase in the number of days spent. In addition, it is necessary to support medical expenses to prevent unsatisfactory medical services from occurring for non-benefit and optional care.