• Title, Summary, Keyword: 금연 자기효능감

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Influence of Self- efficacy for Smoking Cessation, Depression, Social Support and Nicotine Dependency in the College Male Smoker (남자 흡연 대학생의 금연 자기효능감, 우울 및 사회적 지지가 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yi, Ji-Eun;Lee, Jung-Wha;Hong, Ju-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.249-258
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the influence of self- efficacy for smoking cessation, depression, social support and nicotine dependency in the college male smoker. This survey design was adopted for 149 male college students in Gyeongbuk. Data were gathered from September 7 to 18, 2016. Data was analyzed for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. There was a significant positive correlation between depression and nicotine dependency. There was a significant negative correlation between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and nicotine dependency and between social support and nicotine dependency. The significant factors influencing nicotine dependency were self-efficacy for smoking cessation and depression. This model explained 34% of variance in nicotine dependency. The results suggest that an intervention program is needed to reduce the depression and to increase the ability of self-efficacy for smoking cessation in the college male smoker.

The Effects of Dental Hygiene Students' Self-efficacy and Smoking Knowledge on Their Perception on Guidance for Antismoking (치위생과 학생들의 자기효능감과 흡연지식이 금연지도 인식도에 미치는 영향)

  • Ji, Min-Gyeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2009
  • The present study purposed to survey dental hygiene students who will play important roles in guidance and to utilize the data as basic information for setting the direction of dental hygienists' efficient guidance for antismoking and developing antismoking education programs. For this purpose, a survey was conducted with 400 students at the Department of Dental Hygiene in Daejeon, Jollabuk-do and Jollanam-do during the period from May 19 to June 14 in 2008, and drew conclusions as follows: As to correlations among self-efficacy, smoking knowledge, and perception on guidance for antismoking, positive correlation was observed between self-efficacy and smoking knowledge (r=0.102), between self-efficacy and perception on guidance for antismoking (r=0.272), and between smoking knowledge and perception on guidance for antismoking (r=0.352). As to factors affecting perception on guidance for antismoking, the effect was high in order of perception on smoking, smoking knowledge, and self-efficacy. That is, perception on guidance for antismoking was more positive in those who thought that smoking must not be allowed, those with high smoking knowledge, and those with high self-efficacy. For dental hygienists' clinical activities for efficient prevention of smoking and guidance for antismoking, it is necessary to develop curriculums containing various practical contents.

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Factors Associated with the Smoking Cessation Behavior according to the Transtheoretical Model in Korean College Students (범이론적 모델에 근거한 한국 대학생의 금연행위 관련 요인)

  • Paek, Kyung-Shin;Riley, Tracy A.
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The purposes of this study were to examine the contribution of each of the Transtheoretical Model components in explaining stages of smoking cessation and to identify factors associated with the smoking cessation behavior among Korean college students. Methods: The participants for this study were 334 undergraduate students who enrolled in general education courses. Self-report surveys were distributed and returned. The survey variables comprised the stages of change for smoking cessation, self-efficacy, decisional balances and processes of change in smoking cessation. Results: Significant differences were noted in the five stages of change for self-efficacy, decisional balance, and the processes of change. The strongest factor associated with the smoking cessation behavior was self-efficacy. Conclusion: Study findings indicate application of the Transtheoretical Model may be useful to enhance future smoking cessation efforts in college students. The strategies to enhance smoking cessation self-eficacy in college students will be an important intervention component in future studies.

Factors Affecting Intention of Smoking Cessation Intervention among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 금연중재 의도와 관련된 요인)

  • Choi, Sook-Hee;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.431-440
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine factors relating intention of smoking cessation intervention among nursing students. The participants were 214 nursing students among two universities in B city and Y city. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed with t-test, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression by using SPSS 23.0 program. The significant factors relating intention of smoking cessation intervention were self-efficacy of smoking cessation intervention (${\beta}=.634$ p<.001), attitude of smoking cessation intervention (${\beta}=.191$, p=.002), and beliefs of health benefits of smoking cessation (${\beta}=.132$, p=.032). And these factors explained 65.2% of the variance in nursing students' intention to implement smoking cessation intervention. In conclusion, self-efficacy of smoking cessation intervention, attitude of smoking cessation intervention and beliefs of health benefits of smoking cessation had a significant positive influence on the intention to delivery smoking cessation intervention among nursing students. These finding can be used to develop evidence-based smoking cessation intervention training program for nursing students.

Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Healing Camp for Male Workers in a Workplace Setting (사업장 남성 근로자를 위한 금연 힐링캠프의 효과)

  • Limeiling, Limeiling;Ha, Yeongmi;Lee, Jung-Suk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.297-306
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a smoking cessation healing camp for male workers. A single group pre-test post-test design was used. An experimental group (n=28) allocated into a smoking cessation healing camp which was provided for two days and one night. Effectiveness of the intervention was measured at soon after smoking cessation healing camp. There were significant differences between pre-test and post-test on readiness to quit smoking(t=-2.64, p=.013), smoking cessation self-efficacy(t=2.42, pp=.022), nicotine dependence(t=2.55, p=.017), and depression(t=2.85, p=.008). In conclusion, the smoking cessation healing camp is effective for male smokers in workplace settings by providing insightful antismoking information and encouraging smoking cessation self-efficacy and readiness to quit smoking.

Effects of a Smoking Cession Program Using Telephone Counselling and Text Messaging for Patients after Ischemic Heart Disease (전화상담과 문자메시지 제공이 허혈성 심질환자의 금연에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Shim;Choi, Hye-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.7248-7258
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    • 2014
  • The study was conducted as a quasi-experimental study targeting 60 patients with ischemic heart disease to determine how the smoking cessation program that uses telephone counseling and text messaging (short message) affects smoking cessation self-efficacy, nicotine dependence, co levels, and smoking cessation rate of the first, second experimental group at varying times of arbitration and control group. An examination of the effects of this program revealed the control group to have a significant increase in smoking cessation self-efficacy, smoking cessation rate than the first and second group but a significant decrease in the nicotine dependence, co levels. In addition, although the control group showed a significant increase in smoking cessation self efficacy, smoking cessation rate and a significant decrease in co levels than other groups, there was no difference in nicotine dependence. Therefore, a smoking cessation program that uses telephone counseling and text messaging (short message) for patients with ischemic heart disease worked for the smoking cessation rate and appeared to be more effective, depending on the times of arbitration.

A Study on the Smoking Cessation Self-efficacy and Counseling Satisfaction of University Students Using a University Smoking Cessation Clinic (일부 대학교보건소 금연클리닉 이용 대학생의 자기효능감과 상담만족도)

  • Park, Hyun-Suk
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.5048-5058
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed the smoking and smoking cessation characteristics, smoking cessation self-efficacy and counseling satisfaction of 140 college students using smoking cessation clinics in 2 universities, located in D Metropolitan City and C Province. The results can be summarized as follow; As motives for signing up for a smoking cessation clinic, 47.8% responded that they were recommended by others. 61.4% said that they had tried to stop smoking for the past one year. As the first reason for stopping smoking, 45.7% responded that it was to prevent diseases in the future. As factors affecting the smoking cessation self-efficacy, the smoking temptation score was the most significant variable, followed by the smoking cessation confidence score and the smoking amount. As a factor affecting the smoking cessation counseling satisfaction, whether to perceive health problems was the most significant variable, followed by the smoking cessation confidence score and the smoking temptation score.

Factors Associated with Relapse to Smoking Behavior Using Health Belief Model (건강믿음모형을 이용한 금연성공자의 재흡연에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석: 금연클리닉 등록자를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hee-Suk;Bae, Sang-Soo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This study aimed to identify factors associated with smoking relapse. Methods: The study sample was recruited among subjects who were enrolled in the smoking cessation clinic of a public health center and had succeeded in quitting smoking for at least six months. A total of 159 male subjects were followed via mail survey one year later. The independent variables in the analyses were socio-demographic characteristics, smoking history and behavior, receipt of smoking cessation aids, health behaviors and components of the health belief model (HBM). The dependent variable was smoking relapse assessed one year after quitting. Ordered logit regressions were used to identify factors associated with smoking relapse. Results: The relapse rate of the ex-smokers in our sample was 25.8%, and the occasional smoking rate was 17.0%. Univariate analyses revealed that only factors related to the HBM, such as perceived susceptibility to diseases (p<0.01), perceived severity of diseases (p<0.01), perceived health benefits of not smoking (p<0.01), perceived barriers to quitting smoking due to increasing stress and difficulty in social life (p<0.01), and self-efficacy (p<0.01) were associated with the likelihood of relapse for ex-smokers. Ordered logit analyses yielded two significant factors affecting the likelihood of relapse, the perceived barriers to quitting smoking and self-efficacy. Conclusions: Our results indicate that higher levels of barriers to quitting smoking and lower levels of self-efficacy were significantly related to risk of smoking relapse. These findings may be useful for identifying those at highest risk for relapse and choosing the optimal strategies for prevention of relapse for ex-smokers.

The Effects of Motivation Enhancement for smoking cessation Program on Middle School Students' Knowledge on smoking, self-efficacy, and Daily amount of Smoking (금연동기강화상담 프로그램이 중학교 남학생의 흡연지식, 자기효능감 및 일일 흡연량에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Koung-Oh;Kang, Jung-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.393-403
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a Motivation Enhancement for Smoking Cessation Program on middle school students' knowledge regarding smoking, self-efficacy, and daily amount of smoking. The study used a nonequivalent control group pre-post-test design and included 47 students who smoke from two middle schools located in city U as subjects. Subjects were separated into two groups, an experimental group with 23 students and a control group with 24 students. Data were collected from February 19, 2018 to May 11, 2018 and analyzed using the IBM SRSS/win 24.0 program to conduct a t-test, ${\chi}^2$-test, Fisher's exact test, and a paired t-test. After subjects went through the Motivation Enhancement for Smoking Cessation Program, their knowledge regarding smoking (t= 3.38, p=0.002), self-efficacy (t= -3.37, p=0.002), and their daily amount of smoking (t=3.38, p=0.002) showed significant changes. The results indicate that the Motivation Enhancement for Smoking Cessation Program is effective at increasing subjects' knowledge regarding smoking and self- efficacy while decreasing their daily amount of smoking. Therefore, to induce cessation of adolescent smoking, Motivation Enhancement for Smoking Cessation Programs tailored to each student should be held.