• Title/Summary/Keyword: 금연의도

Search Result 29, Processing Time 0.115 seconds

A Study on Smoking Knowledge, Smoking Attitude, and Smoking Cessation Intention of College Student Smokers (흡연대학생의 흡연지식, 흡연태도가 금연의도에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Hee-jung;Hong, Sun-yeun
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.525-532
    • /
    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate among smoking knowledge, smoking attitude, and smoking cessation intention and factors which influence in college student smokers. The subjects of this study were completed by 240 college student smokers from 2 colleges in D City. Data were collected from October 1 to Nomember 15, 2018. Data were analyzed using the t-test, the ANOVA, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis by SPSS ver. 21.0. The participants' knowledge was 0.51 out of 1 points, attitude was 3.63 out of 5 point and smoking cessation intention level was 2.71 out of 5 points. There were significant positive correlations among knowledge, attitude and smoking cessation intention. Factors influencing smoking cessation intention were smoking attitude(β=0.20, p=0.002), smoking amount(β=0.19, p=0.002), age of starting smoking habit (β=0.20, p=0.004), try to quit smoking(β=0.16, p=0.012)). Smoking cessation intention 17.7% of the variance in smoking attitude, smoking amount, age of starting smoking habit and try to quit smoking. The development of smoking cessation education program that focuses attitude change is needed. Maybe, well-designed program will enhance their knowledge, attitude and smoking cessation intention.

Factors Affecting Intention to Quit Smoking of Current Smokers by Gender (성별에 따른 흡연자의 금연의도 관련 요인)

  • Noh, Young-Min;Lee, Yejin;Kim, Ji-yeon;Noh, Jin-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.19 no.9
    • /
    • pp.321-328
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study is to identify the factors related to smokers' intention to quit smoking and the differences between male and female smokers. We used data from Community Health Survey of 2017 and a total of 39,435 participated in the study. It was analyzed through IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 to conduct frequency analysis and binary logistic regression analysis. We found that gender, age, marital status, education, household income, subjective health, attempts to quit smoking, exposure to quit smoking campaigns, education to quit smoking, and number of cigarettes per day are related to the smokers' intention to quit smoking. For male smokers, education and household income are relevant to their intention to quit smoking, unlike female smokers. The findings suggest that smoking cessation campaigns and education are necessary for smokers with low level of education or income. Further, it indicates that gender differences should be taken into consideration upon intervention program.

Pathway Analysis on the Influence of Health Promoting Behavior(HPB) and Depression Cognitive Scale(DCS) on Smoking Cessation Thoughts and Intention to Quit Smoking of College Students who Smoke (일개 대학생 흡연자의 금연 생각과 금연의도가 건강증진행위와 우울인지에 미치는 영향에 대한 경로분석)

  • Kim, Hee-Jeong;Ju, Se-Jin;Kim, Gyeong-Suk;Kim, Mi-Ok;Mi, Yu;Choi, Jeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1830-1840
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study attempts to set a pathway on smoking cessation behavior and to verify it by an analysis of the students who smoke. The study was performed with an analysis of the data of 160 students at N university. There were statistically significant differences among the students who desired to quit smoking (or who expressed interest in quitting smoking) in the following areas: thoughts about smoking cessation, intention to quit smoking, health promoting behavior (HPB), and depression cognitive scale (DCS) (p<.01). The student's major was also shown to have a statistically significant influence on one's intention to quit smoking (p=.034) and HPB (p=.044). As thoughts about smoking cessation increased, HPB also showed a significant increase (p<.05). Additionally, as HPB scores increased, DCS scores decreased significantly (p<.001), and thoughts about smoking cessation increased, while DCS scores decreased significantly (p=.027). This study confirmed the pathway that the intention to quit smoking influences DCS by mediating the effects of HPB and that thoughts about smoking cessation influence DCS.

Factors Associated with Intention to Quit Smoking in Community-dwelling Male Adult Smokers (지역사회 거주 성인남성의 금연의도 관련요인)

  • Ahn, Hye-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.364-371
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors associated with intention to quit smoking in community-dwelling male adult smokers in Korea. Methods: This study was cross-sectional research that used data of 4,010 male smokers. Data from the 2013 Community Health Survey were analyzed through multiple logistic regression. Results: Of the male adult smokers, 65.64% reported that they had an intention to quit smoking. In the logistic regression analysis, age, amount of smoking per day, previous attempts to quit smoking, exposure to smoking-quitting campaigns, and toothbrushing after lunch were significantly associated with intention to quit smoking. Conclusion: These factors should be considered in developing policies and population-based smoking cessation programs to increase smoking cessation among Korean men.

Factors Contributing to the Intention to Quit Smoking in Community-dwelling Elderly Smokers (지역사회 거주 노인의 금연의도 영향요인)

  • Kim, Jung Soon;Yu, Jung Ok;Kim, Myo Sung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.358-365
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with the intention to quit smoking in community-dwelling elderly smokers. Methods: From the database of the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES-IV), the researchers selected 448 elderly smokers over the age of 65. Data were analyzed with the $x^2$ test and multiple logistic regression using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: Of the respondents, 45.5% intended to quit. The factors associated with the intention to quit were relative youth, having limit of activity day living and having past attempts to quit. Conclusion: Population-based smoking cessation programs, especially those targeted at the elderly, should take these predictors into consideration in the design of interventions.

A Study on Health-related Quality of Life, Smoking Knowledge, Smoking Attitude, and Smoking Cessation Intention in Male Smokers (직장 흡연남성의 건강관련 삶의 질, 흡연지식, 흡연태도 및 금연의도간의 관계연구)

  • Kim Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.344-352
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the relationship among health-related quality of life, smoking knowledge, smoking attitude, and smoking cessation intention in male smokers. Method: The subjects were 259 male smokers in J city. The data was collected using structured questionnaires from Nov. to Dec. of 2003. The data was analyzed by the SPSS (ver. 10.0)computer program, and it included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and Stepwise Multiple Regression. Result: The smoking cessation intention had a significant positive correlation among health-related quality of life (r=.159), smoking knowledge (r=.161), and smoking attitude (r=.127). These variables account for $26.8\%$ of smoking cessation intention. Conclusion: These results suggested that the smoking cessation program to enhance the health-related quality of life, smoking knowledge, and smoking cessation intention and to increase a negative influence on smoking attitude need to be developed. Therefore, these findings give useful information for constructing a smoking cessation program in male smokers.

Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking among Patient with Coronary Heart Disease (관상동맥질환자의 금연의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • 김은경;김매자;송미령
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.355-363
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the level of intention to quit smoking and to identify factors influencing intention to quit among patients with coronary heart disease. Method: The subjects consisted of 80 male patients with coronary heart disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction) at three hospitals in Seoul. The data were collected with self reporting in a structured questionnaire. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify predictors of intention to quit. Included variables were attitudes toward smoking cessation, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, usefulness of smoking cessation, and previous attempts to quit. Result: 1. The mean score for intention to quit was 11.1($\pm$6.1) which was lower than median score of the scale. 2. There were significant correlations between the all predictive variables and the intention to quit(r=.24-.48, p<.05). 3. usefulness of smoking cessation, perceived behavioral control, and previous attempts to quit explained 34.6% of the variance for intention to quit. Conclusion: usefulness of smoking cessation, perceived behavioral control, and previous attempts to quit were identified as important variables in explaining the intention to quit smoking among patients with coronary heart disease. Thus, it is necessary to try to enhance this factors for increasing intention to quit among patients with coronary heart disease.

Factors Related to Quit-Smoking Intention among Out-of-school Youths : Based on the Planned Behavioral Theory (학교 밖 청소년의 금연의도 관련요인: 계획된 행위이론 변수를 중심으로)

  • Yim, So Youn;Park, Min Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.354-363
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was undertaken to identify factors related to quit-smoking intention based on the planned behavior theory among out-of-school youths. Methods: This study was a quantitative research, data were collected during Nov. 1. 2018 to Feb. 28, 2019, study subjects were 189 out-of-school youths in Youth support Center located in A, B, C area city. The data were analyzed using independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression. Results: There was a significant differences of quit smoking intention according to age, weekly allowance, participate of antismoking program. There were positive correlations between quit smoking intention and attitude to non-smoking and perceived behavior control. In smoking cessation intention influenced by predictive variable, age, weekly allowance, attitude to non-smoking, and perceived behavior control explain 26.8% smoking cessation intention. Conclusion: We believe that findings from this study will help to develop the specific smoking cessation education program for out-of-school youth's health behaviors.

The influence of threat perception and psychological reactance to cigarette warning labels on intention to quit smoking among smoking adolescents -with focus on industrial specialized high school students (특성화 고등학교 흡연 청소년의 담뱃갑 경고그림 위협인식, 심리적 저항이 금연의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Suhyun;Park, Jiyoung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.283-296
    • /
    • 2021
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of threat perception and psychological reactance to graphic health warnings on cigarette packages on intention to quit smoking among smoking adolescents. Methods: The participants were 185 smoking adolescents attending two industrial specialized high schools, who had witnessed graphic health warnings on cigarette packages within the previous 30 days. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis using SPSS/WIN Ver. 25.0. Results: The results showed that participant threat perception (𝛽=.14, p=.037) after witnessing a cigarette warning message had a positive influence on intention to quit smoking. On the other hand, psychological reactance (𝛽=-.23, p=.001) showed a negative influence on intention to quit smoking. Conclusion: When designing and developing a message for smoking adolescents, customized messages are required to reflect teenagers' characteristics and raise threat perception and lower psychological reactance. In addition, we propose a future study be conducted to determine the influences of various psychological determinants, including self-efficacy and skills, on threat perception and psychological reactance to graphic health warnings on cigarette packages among smoking adolescents.

Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Intention of Female Workers: Using Community Health Survey, 2014 (여성 근로자의 금연의도 영향요인: 2014년 지역사회건강조사 자료를 활용하여)

  • Jang, Hye-Young;Han, Song Yi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.352-361
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing smoking cessation in female workers. Methods: This study was secondary analysis based on the data from the Community Health Survey, 2014 with the subjects of 2,007 female workers. The data were analyzed using $x^2$ test and multiple logistic regression. Results: 29.2% of female workers had the intention to quit smoking. The subjects with office jobs showed higher smoking cessation intention than non-office jobs. Smoking cessation intention was influenced by the amount of smoking per day, previous attempts to quit smoking, sleeping time, the presence of chronic disease, the presence of depressive symptoms, weight control behavior and subjective body images. Conclusion: These findings show that tailored interventions should be provided depending on the types of occupations in order to increase smoking cessation in female workers. In addition, smoking cessation programs need to consider not only the smoking related factors but also physical and psychological health including chronic disease, weight, and depression.