• Title, Summary, Keyword: 글로벌네트워크

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The Uneven Regional Developments of Global Production Networks in the ICT Parts and Components Industry (글로벌 생산 네트워크의 지역별 불균형 발전: ICT 부품·소재 산업을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Soh Eun;Kim, Jung-Ho
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.205-229
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    • 2014
  • Global production networks (GPNs) emerged as multinational companies strategically relocated different stages of their value chain over many regions. Since GPNs require moving materials, parts, components and finished products across national borders multiple times, as well as coordinating it efficiently, they are intensified further within an integrated region. Within the region, developed countries which enjoy a comparative advantage in higher value-added tasks specialize in the production of ICT parts and components and exhibit high export RCA indices while developing countries show high import RCA indices. But, as developing countries upgrade technological capabilities and achieve industrial upgrading through participation in GPNs, their level of sophistication improves. East Asian countries have participated in GPNs to a greater degree when compared to countries in other regions because of a variety of factors. They have benefited much as shown by a significant increase in the level of ICT sophistication and export shares, which in turn led to uneven regional developments of GPNs in the ICT parts and components industry.

Tracing the Evolution of the Global Production Network Discourse: An Alternative to the Firm- and Industry-Centered Governance Analysis (글로벌 생산네트워크 담론의 진화: 기업 및 산업 중심 거버넌스 분석을 넘어서)

  • Lee, Jae-Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.667-690
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    • 2016
  • This paper reviews the evolution process of global production network(GPN) discourse, from its origin to the recent theorization, namely GPN 2.0. In so doing, the discursive formation of global production networks is introduced in comparison with a competing discourse global commodity/value chains, with particular attention to conceptual and analytical lacunae in the latter. This article also outlines how the global production network perspective has become a useful discursive and practical tool that allows the examination of the nexus of global economy, transnational corporations, and regional development. Subsequently, a theoretical dearth in the approach is discussed in reference to key critiques, and in this context Yeung and Coe's recent theorization GPN 2.0, which is centered on casual mechanisms and network configurations is reviewed. This paper suggests that the theory adequately addresses the problem of casuality lacking in its precedented conceptual framework, and that it helps exploring the formation and evolution processes of varied production networks(including intrafirm coordination, interfirm control, strategic partnership, and extrafirm bargaining) in connection with competitive dynamics and risky environments. As a result of the theorization, the difference between GPN and the chain approaches has become more apparent, and the idea of extrafirm bargaining is particularly important in the differentiation. Extrafirm bargaining is seen to be a comprehensive networking form inclusive of such GPN 1.0 analytical concepts as value, embeddeness, and power, and research attentive to, and engaging with, the extrafirm networks is expected to help transcending the chain governance approaches' analytical excess of interfirm linkages and industry-centeredness.

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A Global Korean Networking Strategy for Tourism-related Firms' Internationalization (관광관련기업의 국제화를 위한 글로벌 코리안 네트워킹 전략)

  • Kim, Min-Sook;Bang, Ho-Yeol
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.55-79
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    • 2012
  • The previous studies based on a resource-based view of firm highlighted the role of resources within a firm in creating and sustaining competitive advantage. Recent research, however, the relational view points to the importance of inter-firm sources(or relational capital) in creating firm competitiveness. In international business field, the studies on born-global firms also states that when firms are lack of ownership-specific advantages in their internationalization process, they resort to the external partners and social networks to complement their resource scarcity. By adopting the relational view and born-global firms concept, a network-based approach needs to be applied to explain the international strategy of Korean service firms. This is because most of Korean service firms own less ownership-specific advantages than global competitors. This study proposes Korean firms' global network building and exploiting strategy to enhance their international stages of development. The network, for example, Global Korean Tourism Network, enables network members access to the valuable resources and capabilities they are lack of when undergoing internationalization process. This study's contribution is along two dimension. First, even global Korean network is emerging as a major issue in recent years, we could not figure out how to build global Korean network for service firms. This studies gives an answer. Second, we derived what benefits can be gained from the network if Global Korean Tourism Network is developed for hotel, tourism, convention firms' internationalization.

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A Study on the Effects of Technology, Marketing, Network Competencies on Rapid Globalization in Korea (한국진출 글로벌 기업의 신속한 글로벌 성과에 관한 영향연구)

  • Han, Sang Seol
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.319-342
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, we aim to advance our knowledge about factors influencing rapid globalization of firms in Korea. Through analysing empirically, this study focuses on the effect of technology competencies and marketing competencies and network in Korea rapid globalization. The subject of this study was foreign subsidiaries that entered in korea to expand their business overseas. This study are examined by the sample of 186 foreign subsidiaries operating in Korea. The empirical results from structural equation modeling and regression analysis. Our findings show that marketing competencies, technological competencies and network are key drivers of rapid globalization in Korea market. Meanwhile, we also find that marketing competencies related to overseas market development in B2C foreign subsidiaries and technology competencies related to overseas market development in B2B foreign subsidiaries. And it was revealed in the path analysis using AMOS model that the relevancy of the study model was higher for B2C foreign subsidiaries than B2B foreign subsidiaries and the explanatory power(statistic index) revealed to be 31.9% higher for B2C foreign subsidiaries than B2B foreign subsidiaries in the effect relation on the rapid globalization in Korea market. Company type (B2C/B2B) was revealed moderating factor on the rapid globalization. Our study confirmed that marketing, technological competencies and network of firms effects on the rapid globalization in Korea.

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Network Theory Based Empirical Studies on the Factors Affecting Global Liners' Port Selection : Focused on Major Trade Port in Korea and China (Network 관점에서 본 글로벌해운선사의 항만선택 결정요인에 관한 연구 - 한국과 중국의 주요 무역항만을 대상으로 -)

  • Jang, Heung-Hoon;Han, Byoung-Sop
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2009
  • Transportation decisions of ship liners are crucial for policy formulation in ports and shipping lines. Ship liners' port selection depends on the location characteristic of port. With network theory based, we empirically investigated determinants of global ship liners' port selection focused on major trade ports in China and Korea during 1995-2007. We present a detailed discussion on the related literatures about port selection, and develop hypothesis using network-based view. With conditional logit model, empirical results show that global liners select globally positioned ports rather than domestic oriented ones. Global ship liners select ports which have intra national network centrality, global ship network centrality and global network linkage.

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Performance analysis of data network at the PLSI global file system (PLSI 글로벌파일시스템에서 데이터 네트워크 성능 분석)

  • Woo, Joon;Jang, Ji-Hoon;Hong, Tae-young
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.71-72
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    • 2017
  • PLSI 통합 슈퍼컴퓨팅 서비스 환경에서는 다수의 사이트에서 클러스터 시스템 간 데이터 공유를 위해 글로벌 파일시스템을 사용하고 있으나, 수백 노드 이상의 클라이언트와 파일 서버 간 통신이 이루어지는 병렬 I/O에서 네트워크 병목 현상 이 발생할 수 있다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 네트워크 병목 현상이 PLSI 글로벌 파일 시스템의 I/O 성능에 미치는 영향을 분석한다. PLSI 글로벌 파일시스템 테스트 베드에서 실험을 통해 네트워크 스위치의 버퍼 크기가 병목 현상을 유발하며, 네트워크 스위치의 버퍼 용량을 증가하여 I/O 성능을 개선할 수 있음을 보여준다.

INKE 한민족 글로벌 벤처 네트워크

  • Jeon, Ha-Jin
    • Venture DIGEST
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    • pp.4-11
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    • 2006
  • 현재 INKE(International Network of Korean Enterpreneurs)는 20개국에 28개의 지부를 가진 세계적 조직망으로 성장했다. 전 세계에 퍼져있는 지부와 회원들은 한민족이라는 공통점을 바탕으로 국내 벤처기업의 글로벌화를 위해 동분서주하고 있다. 창립 7년, 수출 2억달러라는 적다면 적고 많다면 많은 성과치는 해외수출에 많은 어려움을 겪어왔던 우리나라 벤처생태계에 숫자 이상의 의미를 가지고 있다. 벤처인으로서, 한민족으로서 우리를 묶고 앞으로 향하게 하는 INKE의 탄생과 성장을 회상한다.

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Regional Innovation and Global Networks: Critical Review of Theoretical Arguments and the Role of Transnational Ethnic Communities (지역 혁신과 글로벌 네트워크: 이론적 논의의 비판적 검토와 초국가적 민족 공동체의 역할)

  • Kim, Hyung-Joo
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.159-180
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    • 2010
  • Research on regional innovation has recently emphasized the significance and necessities of global networks. However, theoretical arguments have not provided the answers for how global networks are actually formed and work, and the related discussions have not been cohesive while introducing separate concepts originated from diverse disciplines without connecting them with each other. This paper intends to critically review theoretical concepts on spatialities of regional innovation networks and demonstrate limits of each concept, arguing that a synthetic perspective is necessary for understanding how global innovation networks work. The author introduces, specifically, the concept of transnational ethnic communities, which has been recently given much attention to investigate global innovation networks, and provide its theoretical and policy implications.

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Determinants of Effective Coordination Mechanisms for Global Operations (글로벌 생산경영을 위한 효과적인 협력.조정 메커니즘의 결정요인)

  • 김보원;이경진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.193-196
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    • 1998
  • 효율적인 글로벌 생산경영은 각국에 위치한 생산시설을 통제·운영(control)해야 하는 글로벌 기업(다국적기업)에게 중요한 문제가 되고 있다. 각 나라에 위치한 생산시설은 글로벌기업의 생산네트워크를 구성하는데, 효율적인 글로벌 생산경영을 위해서는 이러한 글로벌 생산네트워크가 최적으로 운영되어야 한다. 글로벌기업은 협력·조정 메커니즘(coordination mechanism)을 통하여 이를 달성할 수 있다. 글로벌 협력·조정 메커니즘(global coordination mechanism)이란 글로벌 기업의 본사와 해외자회사 모두의 생산활동에 상호 영향을 미치는 의사결정을 하는데 있어서 서로 협력하고 조정할 수 있도록 해주는 조직적 의사결정지원 시스템의 하나이다. 이는 협력·조정의 영역, 방법, 구조 등 세가지 기본 틀을 살펴봄으로써 이해될 수 있다는 것이 본 논문의 기본 전제이다. 이 논문에서는 한국 글로벌기업의 본사와 해외 자회사간 협력·조정 활동을 분석하여, 해외 자회사의 생산성과를 높이기 위한 효과적인 협력·조정 메커니즘의 결정요소를 파악하고자 한다. 실증분석을 통하여 다음과 같은 가설을 검증한다. (1) 산업의 특성은 협력·조정 메커니즘과 글로벌 생산성과 간의 상호관계에 영향을 미친다. (2) 글로벌기업의 특성(예를 들어, 기업의 글로벌화 정도, 규모)은 협력·조정 메커니즘과 글로벌 생산성과 간의 상호관계에 영향을 미친다. (3) 산업과 기업의 특성을 반영하여 협력·조정 메커니즘의 구성요소 (협력·조정 영역, 방법, 및 구조) 간의 적합성(fit)이 이루어졌을 때 글로벌 생산성과는 가장 높다.

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