• Title, Summary, Keyword: 근로자

Search Result 2,493, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

The Oral Health Behaviors of Workers by Dental Caries (근로자의 치아우식수에 따른 구강보건형태)

  • Jang, Kyeung-Ae;Hwang, In-Chul
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.211-217
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate into company workers' general characteristics and their awareness or oral health examinations. Answer sheets for questionnaire for 267 industrial workers at Changwon city, Korea, were collected and analyzed using SPSS 12.0. Among workers who haven't visited a dental clinic for last one year, 75.6% of them didn't have dental caries. 74.0% of workers who haven't received dental scaling didn't have dental caries. 84.4% of workers who thought of themselves as having good oral health had good oral health and none of them had dental caries. 9.1% of people who had dental caries of 4 or more had bad breath. 73.4% of workers didn't need to treat dental caries, while scaling in 57.7% of them was required. To reform and improve of the system, incremental dental health care system for industrial workers is needed. Oral health education is needed to increase the motivation of industrial workers to control their basic disease.

  • PDF

Occupational Injuries in Korea : A Comparison of Blue-Collar and White-Collar Worker's Rates and Underreporting (특집 - 제2회 산업보건학술제 수상 논문 - 한국의 산업재해 : 사무직과 생산직 근로자의 손상률 비교와 낮은 산재 보고율 -)

  • Won, Jong-Uk
    • 월간산업보건
    • /
    • /
    • pp.69-81
    • /
    • 2009
  • $\bullet$ 목적 본 연구는 한국의 생산직 근로자와 사무직 근로자의 직업성 손상 및 질환의 차이를 비교하고 산재보고 축소(underreporting)의 규모를 추정하고자 수행되었다. $\bullet$ 방법 한국의 경인지역에서 구축된 근로자 건강진단 수진자 코호트와 1999-2001년 사이에 재직 중이었던 근로자의 건강보험 청구자료를 이용하였다. 근로자의 직무내용과 건강진단의 종류(특수건강진단 및 일반건강진단)로 사무직과 생산직 근로자로 구분하였으며, 이들 사이의 근골격계질환과 손상 및 중독에 해당하는 건강보험 이용률의 차이를 신고되지 않은 산재로 추정하였다. 이를 바탕으로 도수율, 산재발생률 및 재해율을 계산하였다. $\bullet$ 결과 생산직 근로자는 사무직 근로자보다 100 인년 당 3.47건 더 높은 건강보험이용률을 보였다. 이를 토대로 추정한 한국의 도수율은 12.57-18.1, 재해율은 2.74-3.29, 산재발생률은 3.62-5.44이었다. $\bullet$ 결론 한국 제조업의 산재발생률은 공식적인 통계보다 2-3배 더 높을 것으로 추정되지만, 연구의 제한점을 고려하여 이해할 필요가 있다.

  • PDF

Comparative Analysis on the Impact of Construction Site Working Conditions on Worker Satisfaction - Regarding the Korean and Korean-Chinese Workers - (건설현장 근로조건이 근로자의 직무만족에 미치는 영향에 관한 비교 분석 - 한국인과 조선족 근로자를 대상으로 -)

  • Lee, Hoon-Sook;Yun, Sue-Yeon;Kim, Kyung-Hwan;Kim, Jae-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.527-536
    • /
    • 2015
  • This research focuses on comparing the impact that working conditions have on the job satisfaction of Korean and Chinese-Korean construction workers. The data shows that factors such as the quality of wages, food catering, and leisure facilities showed a positive correlation on the workers' satisfaction. Further comparative analysis showed differences between the effect these factors have on the satisfaction of Korean workers and Chinese-Korean workers, who occupy the highest portion of the foreign workforce in Korea. The analysis concluded that to the Chinese-Korean workers, wage had the strongest impact on their satisfaction over other factors, whereas this difference was not present in the Korean workers. The results of this study highlighting these differences between the worker groups can contribute to developing the efficiency of the management of construction sites in Korea.

Health Habits and Health Promotion Among Rural Workers in Korea (창원지역 근로자의 생활습관과 건강증진의 관련성 연구)

  • Lee, Myung-Sun
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.159-167
    • /
    • 1997
  • 창원지역 산업장 근로자의 생활습관과 건강증진의 관련성을 분석하고자 창원에 위치하는 중공업 근로자 1,374명을 대상으로 1993년 7월 7일-7월 17일까지 10일간 자기기입식 설문조사를 이용하여 조사한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 연령이 20세 미만이며 근무년수가 2년 미만인 근로자의 건강상태는 연령이 30세 이상이며 근무년수가 긴 근로자에 비하여 양호하지 못하였으며 이 차이는 통계학적으로 유의하였다(p<0.05). 2. 건강과 관련된 생활습관을 4~5가지 또는 6~7가지 실천하고 있는 근로자의 건강상태는 건강과 관련된 좋은 생활습관을 3가지 이하로 실천하고 있는 근로자에 비하여 양호하였고 이 차이는 통계학적으로 유의하였다(p<0.01). 3. 단계별회귀분석 결과에 의하면 건강상태는 좋은 생활습관을 더 많이 형성할수록, 연령이 높을수록, 근무년수가 길수록 건강상태가 양호하였으며 이들 변수도 근로자의 건강상태를 21.11% 설명할 수 있다($R^2$=21.11).

  • PDF

Effect of the Health Behaviors on Subjective Sleep Problems in an Employees (근로자의 건강행위가 주관적 수면문제에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Chaebong;Ko, Jesuk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.337-345
    • /
    • 2015
  • Korea worker is well known for its long work and amongst employees and to change un-healthy lifestyle. This study aims to investigate the association between health behaviors and sleep problems in employees. It employed data from the Third Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). The total number of individuals included in the analysis was 34,788 employees, from the 2011 survey. The outcome was sleep problems, which had a prevalence rate of 2.5% in men and 2.3% in women. An adjusted odds ratios were as follows: 2.26(1.75-2.91) for hypertension, 2.21(1.60-3.06) for obesity, 26.82(21.51-33.45) for depression and 2.02(1.64-2.49) for high level of job stress. We need to invest to identify relevant and various health service promotion for sleep problem that un-healthy workers want will use.

PRECEDE factors associated with workers' participation in safety and health education by business size in Korean manufacturing sector (사업장 규모별 제조업 근로자의 안전보건교육 참여도와 관련된 PRECEDE 요인)

  • Park, Kyoung-Ok
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.11-29
    • /
    • 2018
  • 목적: 산업장 안전보건교육에서 근로자의 자발적인 참여는 그 효과와 관련된 핵심적인 도전과제이다. 본 연구는 PRECEDE 모델을 중심으로 일부 제조업 사업장 근로자의 안전보건교육 참여도와 관련된 요인을 규명하는데 그 목적을 두었다. 방법: 전국 133개 제조업체의 450명(50인 미만 사업장 근로자 160명, 50인 이상 사업장 근로자 290명)의 근로자를 대상으로 자기기입식 설문조사를 실시하였다. 설문지는 일반적 특성과 함께 산업재해 및 안전보건교육과 관련된 역학적, 교육적, 생태학적 특성에 관한 문항으로 구성되었다. 결과: PRECEDE 특성 중 대규모 사업장 근로자의 사내 안전보건교육 관련 교육.생태학적 여건이 소규모 사업장 근로자보다 나은 것으로 나타났다. 근로자의 사내 안전보건교육 참여도와 관련된 PRECEDE 특성은 소규모 사업장에서는 안전보건교육 담당자에게 필요한 연수교육요구도, 안전보건교육을 위한 사회적 지지, 전체적인 사내 안전보건관리 수준이었는데, 사업장 규모 50인 이상의 사업장에서는 근로자의 연령, 사내안전보건교육 효능감, 사내교육을 위한 사회적 지지도, 사내 안전보건교육담당자의 교육역량이었다. 결론: 소규모 사업장 근로자의 사내 안전보건교육 참여도와 관련된 요인은 주로 조직 수준의 특성이었는데 반해(사내교육을 위한 환경적, 사회적 지지), 50인 이상 사업장에서 유의미한 특성은 주로 개인 수준의 특성으로(안전보건교육 효능감, 사내교육담당자의 교육역량) 사업장 규모에 따라 다른 양상을 보였다. 이를 기반으로 사업장 규모에 따라 차별화된 사내 안전보건교육 지원이 이루어져야 하겠다.

보호구 미착용시 과태료 부과 - 보호구 올바른 선택과 사용방법

  • Korea Environmental Engineers Federation
    • Environmental engineer
    • /
    • v.22
    • /
    • pp.78-81
    • /
    • 2005
  • 지난 6월 1일부터 사업주가 안전모 · 안전대 · 안전화를 지급하고 착용토록 했으나 이를 착용하지 않은 근로자에게는 1차 경고 없이 현장에서 즉시 5만원의 과태료가 부과된다. 만약 사업주가 보호구를 지급하지 않아 근로자가 이를 착용하지 못했다면 근로자에게 과태료를 부과할 수 없으며, 사업주에게 5년 이하의 징역 또는 5천만원 이하의 벌금이 부과된다. 노동부가 이처럼 근로자에게 즉시 과태료를 부과키로 한 것은 지난해 사망사고 분석 결과 564명(전체의 52.8%)이 추락이나 낙하 · 비래로 인해 사망했고, 이런 사망사고를 예방하기 위해서는 안전모 · 안전대 착용이 필수적이기 때문이다. 이번 FOCUS에서는 근로자의 안전에 가장 직접적인 영향을 주는 보호구에 대해서 알아본다.

  • PDF

Effect of working patterns on eating habits in manufacturing workers of Gwangju area (광주지역 제조업 근로자의 근무형태가 식습관에 미치는 영향)

  • Yim, Ji-Suk;Heo, Young-Ran;Jeong, Eun;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.49 no.6
    • /
    • pp.495-505
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate and analyze the association between stress from shift and non-shift work as well as the effects living habits have on eating habits in order to identify why and how workers can improve their health and form proper eating habits for higher working efficiency. Methods: The subjects of this study were 361 workers from K manufacturing company from April 7 to 11, 2014 and they were surveyed using a questionnaire. The subjects were divided into two groups according to working pattern: shift workers (n = 216) and non-shift workers (n = 110). Results: In the general characteristics, there were significant differences in age, work career, work time, marriage, monthly income, and education levels between the two groups. For healthy behaviors, significant differences in subjective health status, moderate physical activity, drinking, smoking, and sleep time were observed between shift workers and non-shift workers. For eating habits, scores of non-shift workers having a regular mealtime, balanced meal composition, and vegetable and seaweed intakes were significantly higher than those of shift workers. The sum score of dietary habits in non-shift workers was also significantly lower than that in shift workers (p < 0.05). Total job stress score did not significantly differ between the two groups. Conclusion: The sum of eating habit scores according to work types was $16.1{\pm}0.6$ in non-shift workers and $14.0{\pm}0.3$ in shift workers. These results suggest that it is necessary to provide food suitable to characteristics of different workers according to work type which should be provided along with daily nutrition counseling to help subjects recognize their status.

Health Assessment of Shift Workers in a Automobile Manufacturing Plant (자동차공장 교대작업 근로자들의 건강상태평가)

  • Lee, Jung-Jeung;Chung, Jong-Hak
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.103-121
    • /
    • 1995
  • An investigation on psychophysiological health and social well-being of shift workers been carried out on workers of a automobile manufacturing plant in Ulsan, for 1 month from April, 1993. This cross-sectional survey compared shift workers(n=544) with day workers(n=115). Each subject completed a questionnaire about his personal habit, background, shift schedule, sleep and eating patterns, subjective digestive symptom and psychological well-being and distress using the General Well-Being Schedule(GWB) by self administrated questionnaire that was developed for the U.S. Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (HANES I). Chi-square analysis was used for discontinuous data and the t-test was used for continous data to determine whether differences noted between the two groups. In terms of sleep quality, a greater percentage of shift workers frequently had trouble getting back to sleep once awakend(p<0.01), and a greater percentage of shift workers awakend tired or sleepy frequently more often than day workers(p<0.05). In rating the quality of their sleep, more shift workers rated their sleep fair to poor than day workers, and greater percentage of shift workers felt tired or sleepy at work two or more times per week(p<0.01) and a much higher percentage of shift workers felt tired or sleepy after work every days(p<0.01). In terms of sleep patterns, a much higher percentage of day workers reported uninterrupted sleep per 24hours than shift workers. The shift workers reported different eating patterns from day workers but there were no statistically significant and rate of their appetite. Thirteen percent of day workers reported the best appetite but only 6.6% of shift workers had the best appetite. The gastric complaints is more frequent in shift workers than day workers(p<0.01). Among subscores in General Well-Being Schedule, anxiety, depression, positive well-being and vitality subscale of shift workers were lower than those of day workers(p<0.05) and general health and self control subscale of shift workers were lower than .those of day workers but there were no statistical significant difference. Based on these study result, it could be concluded that the shift work has significant effects on some psychophysiological conditions of the workers.

  • PDF

The Effects of the workforce Age Structure on Productivity or Labor Costs (사업체 근로자의 연령구성이 생산성과 인건비에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ki-Min
    • Management & Information Systems Review
    • /
    • v.37 no.1
    • /
    • pp.123-138
    • /
    • 2018
  • In this paper, we use panel dataset from Korean linked worker-firm to analyse the effects of the workforce age structure on the productivity or labor costs. We measure 'labor productivity' as added value per capita, 'cost of labor' as labor cost per capita and estimate a dynamic panel model to study the effects of the workforce age structure on the productivity or labor costs. Empirical analysis results show that the workforce age structure is positively related to productivity and labor costs, but only up to the aged of 35-39. That is, we find that an increase in the proportion of younger workers or elder workers rather than the aged 35-39 has a negative effect on productivity and labor cost. In particular, the difference between the estimation coefficient of productivity and labor cost when the share of workers aged 50 or older is increased instead of the aged 35-39 is higher than the difference between the estimation coefficient of productivity and labor cost when the share of workers aged 30 or younger is increased instead of the aged 35-39. Our results exhibit that it is reasonable for firms to worry about declining productivity of elderly workers, whereas firms already used older workers efficiently, such as by adjusting their labor costs.