• Title, Summary, Keyword: 근로연계복지

Search Result 32, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

Collision between Welfare and Work in a South Korean Welfare-to-Work Program (사회복지와 노동시장의 연계가 초래한 근로연계복지의 딜레마 -자활사업의 사례를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Su-Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.64 no.3
    • /
    • pp.203-229
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study aims to analyze fundamental dilemmas of welfare-to-work programs, which aim to introduce labor market principles to the welfare system. Through a qualitative case study of a South Korean welfare-to-work program (the self-sufficiency program), this study demonstrates that various institutional problems are an inevitable consequence of such welfare-to-work programs because they have tried to combine two contradictory values and principles of the labor market system and the social welfare system in one policy. The analysis of the collisions between social welfare and market labor in the self-sufficiency program suggests that not only institutional reforms, but also profound debates on the values and principles underlying welfare-to-work programs are necessary to solve the phenomenal conflicts and problems with such programs.

  • PDF

Workfare in the United Kingdom : A Study on New Deal under the New Labour Government (영국의 근로연계복지에 관한 평가 : 신노동당 정부의 New Deal을 중심으로)

  • Shin, Dong-Myeon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.56 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-43
    • /
    • 2004
  • The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the performance of New Deal under the New Labour government in Britain and examines the nature of New Deal with respect to workfare. The time difference of five years after the New Deal was put into effect shows that New Deal has contributed not only to include the socially excluded groups such as the young unemployed, the long-term unemployed, single parents, and the disabled into the labour market, but also to decrease the amount of income-based benefits providing for working generation. It can be said that the nature of New Deal under the New Labour is near to human capital development model rather than labour force attachment model. New Deal provides the opportunity of policy learning for the countries which pursue the reform of social security system to moving welfare beneficiaries being able to work into jobs. Policy learning can be summed up as follows. First, imposing mutual responsibility and obligations on unemployed person should be accompanied by implementing active labour market programmes of education and job training. Second, the delivery system which administrates workfare programmes should be decentralized in a local society. The cooperation between local government and enterprisers will be critical in implementing various employment programmes and moving unemployed person into jobs. Third, the case management for individual participating in workfare programme is necessary. The personal adviser should continue to provide employment services for the unemployed until he or she get a job and enter the state of self-reliance. Finally, the workfare programme should be firmly backed by the political leadership in order to overcome the oppositions of beneficiary groups under the existing social security system.

  • PDF

The Comparison of Workfare in UK and Australia from the View Point of Social Contract Theory (사회계약론적 관점에서 본 영국과 호주의 근로연계복지 비교연구)

  • Kim, Eun-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.58 no.3
    • /
    • pp.169-193
    • /
    • 2006
  • The Purpose of this paper is to compare workfare system in UK with in Australia from the view point of social contract theory. There are two kinds of social contract theory - Hobbesian and Kantian theory. In view of these two types, this paper makes a comparative study of New Deal in UK and Mutual Obligation in Australia. The results of analysis can be summarized as follows. Firstly, in this respect of compulsive program formation background, Mutual Obligation and New Deal is all similar with Hobbesian social contract theory. Secondly, With regard to concern for the disadvantaged, Mutual Obligation is among Hobbesian social contract but New Deal is among Kantian social contract. Lastly, concerning orientation of compulsion, Mutual Obligation is close to Hobbesian social contract but New Deal is close to Kantian social contract.

  • PDF

An Efficient Unemployment Benefit System with Income-Contingent Loans (소득연계식 대출(ICL)을 활용한 효율적 실업보호제도의 모색)

  • Yun, Jungyoll
    • Journal of Labour Economics
    • /
    • v.37 no.1
    • /
    • pp.29-57
    • /
    • 2014
  • Using unemployment insurance and income-contingent loan (ICL) that conditions repayment by debtors upon their incomes this paper characterizes an efficient income support system for the unemployed, which maximizes their lifetime utilities by effectively enhancing inter-state and inter-temporal consumption-smoothing subject to incentive constraints on the part of the beneficiaries. This paper also emphasizes the generality of the argument for a mix of ICL and subsidy that may be applied potentially to many types of government welfare program.

  • PDF

Reconstruction of the Experience of Single Mothers in Poverty -The Meaning of Self-Sufficiency, Welfare Dependency, and Work- (빈곤 여성 한부모 자활 경험의 재구성 -자활, 복지의존, 일의 의미-)

  • Chong, Hye-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.67 no.4
    • /
    • pp.251-277
    • /
    • 2015
  • This qualitative study is designed for the reconstruction of the experience of single mothers in poverty based on the bottom-up approach. Welfare dependency is identified as vital help to protect their own and children's lives, through their stories telling that welfare services provided by government and community take care of them "in place of their husbands", and "raise them up by hand." What is self-sufficiency to them is more of a process-orientation through welfare dependency than a state out of it, and a way to look through building their self-esteem and working to discover their self-worth except their economic power. Restoring their potential to self-sufficiency through dealing with their psycho-social stresses and expanding services for them related to child-care(education) and occupation ability development for long-term self-sufficiency, rather than hasty focusing on welfare exit, should be built on the foundation of helping them self-sufficient. In order for the self-sufficiency program to overcome the participant's images of "subordination and stigma" and to convey the original meaning of "welfare to work", the performance and evaluation system of self-sufficiency programs that reflects the insider's perspectives on their participation motive and process, and the self-sufficiency program customized for their needs and interests should be encouraged to develop.

  • PDF

New DNA of the Korean welfare state: Towards social liberalism and freecurity (한국 복지국가의 새로운 DNA: 사회적 자유주의와 자유안정성을 향하여)

  • Choi, Young Jun
    • 한국사회정책
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.39-67
    • /
    • 2018
  • The Korean welfare state has achieved remarkable development during the last two decades, but simultaneously we have witnessed growing prevalent social conflicts and exclusion in the society. This research argues that the source of current problems lies in the nature of the Korean welfare regime, so called, 'paternalistic liberalism'. The paternalistic liberalism has been formulated by the combination of legacies of the developmental state and neo-liberalism. Paternalism with the growth-oriented and employment-centered approach has been a significant factor to restrict individuals' freedom and happiness in the Korean welfare state. It has also been embedded in the Korean welfare state such as social insurance, workfare programs, and centralized social services. In this context, this research proposes social liberalism, pursuing real freedom for all, as a new paradigm for the Korean welfare state. Breaking from the old path, Freecurity, combining freedom and security, which is argued to be the upgraded version of flexicurity, is also newly proposed as the operating model of social liberalism.

Labor Market Participation Effects of the Earned Income Tax Credit in Korea (근로장려세제가 노동시장 참여에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Jihye;Lee, Jungmin
    • Journal of Labour Economics
    • /
    • v.41 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-59
    • /
    • 2018
  • The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a policy that supports low-income households financially as well as provides an economic incentive to participate in the labor market. Thus, estimating the causal effect of the policy on the labor force participation rate of low-income households is critical for the policy evaluation. In this paper, we exploit the variation in the eligibility to the EITC and the size of the benefit over several reforms of the EITC in South Korea since 2008 and estimate the impact on the participation in the labor market. Using data from four major household surveys, we find that the results are mixed; in some samples and specifications, we find that the effect is positive and statistically significant, while it is insignificant in others. The estimated effect is more likely to be positive and significant when we restrict the sample to the period before 2014. It is an important topic of future research whether the EITC's effect gets weaker because it is extended to cover the self-employed and beneficiaries of the National Basic Livelihood Security.

  • PDF

Life Experiences and Prospects of Welfare/Poverty Exit of the Poor with Work Ability: Mixed Methodology using Sequential Exploratory Design (근로능력이 있는 빈곤층의 경험과 탈수급/탈빈곤 전망에 대한 연구: 순차적 탐구전략에 따른 방법론적 융합)

  • Jo, Joon-Yong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.14 no.9
    • /
    • pp.19-29
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study analyzes life experiences and prospects of poverty/welfare exit of the poor with work ability utilizing Mixed methodology. Based on Sequential Exploratory Design, it qualitatively analyzes 3 waves of qualitative panel data linked to Korea Welfare Panel Study(KWPS) and presents life changes of 14 poor in the context of their prospects of welfare/poverty exit. Then it proposes hypotheses on the role of education, household economy expectation, self-esteem in the prospects of poverty/welfare exit following the sequential exploratory design to quantitatively test qualitative findings utilizing KWPS(7th). The outcomes of the Structural Equation Model(SEM) suggest that household economy expectation plays mediating role between education and the prospects of welfare/poverty exit. This implies that anti-poverty policy needs to consider a psychological approach to enhance household economy expectations of the poor as well as other material support.

The Growth of the Korean Welfare State and its implications for redistribution: Who has been excluded? (한국 복지국가 성장의 재분배적 함의: 누가 복지국가로부터 소외됐는가?)

  • Nahm, Jaewook
    • 한국사회정책
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.3-38
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study aims to analyse the redistributive impact of the welfare state growth in Korea after 2000s and establish whether there are people excluded from the benefits of the growth. The growth of the Korean welfare state has been achieved by universalizing welfare benefits under the social insurance-centered institutions which are the legacies of the productivist/developmental welfare regime. When it comes to redistribution impacts, the welfare state growth improved inequality among old age populations to a certain degree due to the introduction of the Basic Pension. On the other hand, welfare benefits for the working poor population has hardly been improved in spite of the growing welfare state. It can be said, therefore, that low-income working-age populations have been excluded from the growth of Korean welfare state. These groups are mostly in middle-old age, unemployed or precariously employed and half of them were female householders. The exclusion of these groups from the Korean welfare state shows that the growth of the Korean welfare state was unbalanced. To include the excluded into the Korean welfare state, it is necessary to increase non-insurance social provisions, extend the range of application of the social insurances, integrate income protection, employment service, and vocational training for the working poor, and combine universal and targeted welfare benefits.