• Title, Summary, Keyword: 근대 양식건축

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Symbolic Meanings of Architectural Style of Expo Buildings during Japanese Ruling Era of Korea (일제강점기 박람회 건축을 통해 본 건축양식의 상징성)

  • Kang, Sang-Hoon
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.7-25
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    • 2006
  • This research examines symbolic meanings of architectural style of Japanese ruling era of Korea through analysis of Expo buildings. Expo buidings of Joseon Product Evaluation Expo(1915), Joseon Expo(1929), and Joseon Grand Expo(1940) are chosen as subjects of this research. Expos held in Korea since 1945 were creatures of colonial reign and their objectives are advertising the advancement of Japan. New and latest architectural styles of Western countries were used as a symbol of advancement in non-western countries. Renaissance style and Secession style in Joseon Product Evaluation Expo and Modernism style in Joseon Expo were introduced as architectural styles that symbolize advancement. On the contrary, the traditional architectural style of Joseon Dynasty was distorted as symbol of backwardness. Latest Western Architectural Styles were used elaborately and Intentionally to symbolize advancement and industrialization by Japanese ruling power and companies. Specially, Modernism style operating as 'symbol of advancement' is characteristic of non-western society in attempt to proceed Modernization through Westernization. Also, it can be suggested that architectures in Modernism style are used in ways to symbolize the advancement of the colonial reign authorities within the colonial society.

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Characteristics of the Use of the Western Building System with the Change of the Architectural Design in the Japanese Colonial Period - Focused on the Facility Built by Japanese Government-General in 1910s - (일제강점기 양식건축구법(洋式建築構法) 사용의 특징과 계획적 변화 - 1910년대 조선총독부 관립시설을 중심으로 -)

  • Joo, Sang-Hun
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics of the use of the western building system with the change of the architectural design in the Japanese colonial period focused on the facility built by Joseon Government-General in 1910s. Through the 131 cases of governmental building, the tendency of the use of western building system. After 1910, Japanese Imperialism adopted the western wooden building system which main structure was made with combination of small pieces of timber for building the modern governmental facility because of the political and financial intention. So, all facilities were designed similarly by the structural module and the facade was finished by the feather boarding in the same with the 'sitamitakei-giyohu' in Japan. the functional requirements of each facility was not revealed. Such an western wooden building system was used until 1920s with the change of the facade by the mortar coating. But, in 1920s-1930s, the building system have begun to change. The use of the brick system caused some changes although the planing concept was still lasted. On the other hand, the use of the reinforced concrete led to more changes on the overall scheme.

Study for Expressional Characteristics of Minimal Architecture -Based on the Theory of Marshall Mc Luhan- (미니멀건축 표현의 특성에 관한 연구 -마샬 맥루한 이론을 바탕으로-)

  • Shin, Moon-Ki
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.426-435
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    • 2013
  • Minimal architecture is generally expressed in a simple and pure form, this characteristic of minimal architecture was first introduced by the architect, Mies Van der Roche, in the beginning of 20th century. The objective of this study is to identify wether minimal architecture is just a reappearance of the beginning of 20th century's modern architecture or a suitable form for contemporary aesthetics. As a result, it can be concluded that minimal architecture is based on human emotion and one's experienced perception which is very different from the modern architecture which is more focused on functionality and mechanical esthetics. Minimal architecture uses two systems which are multi-sensual perception and conceptual perception; however, it focuses more on conceptual perception which is also used in comtemporary architecture. In conclusion, simplicity is just one of the necessary conditions which is not sufficient enough to represent minimal architecture.

A Study about Urban Screenization of Modern Architecture Surface as Interface (현대 건축 표면의 인터페이스로서의 Urban Screen화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Yeon;Park, Seung-Ho
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2006
  • 뉴미디어의 특성을 지니며 더욱 다양한 가능성과 관계를 열어나가게 된 오늘날의 현대 건축은 근대 이전의 구축적 양식 중심의 형식으로부터의 탈피, 디자인 분야의 심미적 발달, 자연 친화적인 관점으로의 발달, 그리고 무엇보다 인간 중심의 건축 발달 등으로 인해 구조, 실체와의 관련성 이외에 표면(surface)으로의 관심이 집중되면서 감상적인 공간 구조를 낳고 있다. 이는 표면이 공간적인 효과를 내는 표면을 통해 새로운 소통의 길이 열리게 되고 건축물 그 자체의 자율성을 표현하는 동시에 주변 컨텍스트에 동참하게 되므로 경계 영역으로서의 의미를 전달하는 인터페이스로 발전해 가고 있음을 시사한다. 또한 최근에는 더욱 적극적인 미디어 재료의 사용으로 건축의 표면이라기보다는 오히려 독립된 스크린으로써의 모습을 보여주고 있고, 그에 더해 다양한 미디어 아트 작업의 차용으로 표면의 스크린화는 더욱 진화하며 이전과는 또 다른 효과와 의미를 전달하고 있는데, 이는 공간 사용자의 능동적인 수용 형태를 인지하고 건축을 완성하는데 있어서 중요한 주체가 됨을 시사한다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 건축 표면이 가진 인터페이스로서의 특성과 최근의 적극적인 미디어 재료 사용 및 미디어 아트 차용을 통한 다양하고 새로운 소통의 시도를 분석해 봄으로써 건축 표면이 가지는 더욱 넓은 범위에서의 가능성과 잠재력을 건축 그 자체가 가지는 특성 안에서 뿐만 아니라 수용자와의 상호관계 안에서 또한 연구해 보고자 하였다.

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A Study of Hybrid Characteristics in Architectural Elevations Seoul, between 1876 and 1905 (개화기(開化期) 서울에서 양식적 건축 요소를 차용한 절충적 한옥(韓屋)의 입면에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-In
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.11-24
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    • 2015
  • There have not been many debates on the subject of Korean architecture during the transformative period of Gae Wha Gi (開化期: Enlightenment Period of Korea), when Western-style buildings first appeared in Seoul. This study begins by finding and recording those buildings in Seoul that show the gradual adoption and appropriation of Western architectural elements at the turn of the 20th century. By exploring the confluence of two different architectural styles, this paper attempts to look carefully at the hybrid conditions that resulted from encounters between the Koreans and the Westerners in the late 19th and early 20th century. Beginning with discovering the first products of the Western architectural influence in Seoul, this study explores the uneasy co-existence between the traditional Korean architectural style, and the Western architectural style. This co-existence ultimately bred new building techniques, and interior layouts; the appearance of these hybrid buildings illustrate the gradual transition from the traditional way, in which users modified, combined and appropriated various elements from both styles. Analyzing historical documents and photos, this study tries to capture a detailed image of the period when the influence of the Western architecture had an unavoidable impact and brought change to the traditional architecture of Korea.

The Yongsan Governor General Official Residence in Korean Landscape Architectural History (용산 총독관저 정원의 조경사적 의의)

  • Kim, Hai-Gyoung;Yu, Joo-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.118-129
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    • 2011
  • This study is about the governor general's official residence and its garden in Yongsan that were constructed during the Japanese occupational time. The garden design drawing was also made while planning such Neo-Baroque style building, and it contains particular information of the garden unlike the other existing landscape drawings. The content of garden translated and landscape historical value drawn out by analysis of garden drawings, press articles and literatures are as follows; First, such governor general's official residence garden in Yongsan is likely to be the Korean first western style landscape form. For, from the point that it was completely constructed together with such official residential building in 1909, its construction time should be before that of the garden of Seokjojeon, Deoksu Palace, which was constructed in 1911. Second, it shows the garden style and garden planting factors introduced together with the modern architecture then. Such garden planting factors are placed from the center axis of the garden that is connected to the center of the building and monument as well. Such style and factors cover and show the flower bed appearing in Baroque style gardens, the monument that forms Vista playing the center of audience's vision, water space that is placed symmetrically against the axis, planting pattern that emphasizes the plants' space, flower bed shape and axis, and what kinds of plants were introduced then. Third, it shows the using pattern of western style gardens. Western style garden parties used to take in place in this garden while official dinner and reception were held in the evening in the official residence. Fourth, it shows the historical value as a modern landscape drawing, which is the Korean first landscape drawing that shows the plants' names and planting techniques marking the current height and planned height for change of topography and water system as a water landscape factor. That is, this drawing has the value that it was upgraded from the other existing ones that expressed only simple plants' symbols or flower bed shapes. I, therefore, hope that the studies on the modern landscape would be getting wider by excavation of new historical records in the future.

A Study on Characteristic of the Chosun Government-general Buildings (조선총독부 청사 실내공간의 표현 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Keun-Hye;Oh, In-Wook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2007
  • Modern architecture does a role in terms of connecting traditional and current architecture. In the same time, Which is important part of korean architecture history because of introduction of western architecture. Accordingly, At this meaninglessly going out and leaving of modern architecture, the purpose of this study is systematic researching of 'Cho-sun government-general' interior which is disappeared. I progressed this study to research into the period context at construction of Cho-sun government-general md tendency of architecture and interior at that time. And then understand interior space organization of it. Cho-sun government-general adopted Neo-Baroque style from tendency of that time. Also, showed composite order which is mixed in the Greek temple, the Renaissance and the classic style representing the power. This characteristic is different from current composit order, which is comprehended by our. In order to understand aesthetic value of current straight interior space, It have to be interacted the present and past. But It's averted because it was made in the period of Japanese imperialism. Therefore, We should explore history of interior design that is endowed with sociality and historicity between modern and future interior space as well as current.

Architectural Features of Naedeok-dong Cathedral, Cheongju Diocese under the Jurisdiction of Maryknoll Missioners (메리놀회 관할 청주교구 내덕동 주교좌성당의 건축적 특징)

  • Kim, Myungsun;Lee, Jeong-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.259-268
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    • 2020
  • Eighteen catholic churches, built in the Chungbuk area(Cheongju diocese) under the jurisdiction of the American Maryknoll missioners in 1953-1969, are not constrained by specific architectural styles, unlike those built by other foreign Catholic missionary organizations. The same is true of Naedeok-dong cathedral in Cheongju, which is the highest hierarchy and representative church of the diocese. Nevertheless, it has unique architectural features that distinguish it from other churches in the diocese. This study examined what those features were, how they were embodied, and their origins. This study also shows that the features are common in the missioners' churches in Pyeogyang diocese in 1923-1942 and that Father James V. Pardy and the architect Tae-Bong Park, played a bridging role in having the same features between the Pyeogyang and Cheongju diocese. In conclusion, this study summarizes the significance of Naedeok-dong cathedral in relation to the missioners' ideology, in the history of the churches in 1923-1969 and Korean modern Catholic church architecture. To this end, a literature search that utilized mainly primary sources, such as newly discovered architectural drawings, photographs, and text related to the cathedral, was performed.

The study on immaterial role of traditional furniture

  • Lee, Dae-Woo;Moon, Dae-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.439-448
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    • 2010
  • Furniture world which is closely associated with human life had been constantly developed, but traditional furniture disappeared after modernization almost. The reason lies rather in the importance of the diversity of Western-style furniture pursuing convenience and shapes, than in change of life style meanwhile. The diversity however reached the limit and it made a new advanced role of not only furniture, also design sector in general necessary, and as solution to solve this problem the immaterial value based on Eastern philosophy/mental was suggested in architecture and all around design sector overall as well. It means that the immaterial point which traditional furniture involved should be focused now and furthermore it's emotional and mental value which is more natural and has close relation with human being accordingly could be judged rightly. The reason why traditional furniture had been used since long time is the immaterial tendency which is well harmonized with the surrounding environment rather than the function. To verify this, the present study aimed to analyze not only the basic, also additional function of traditional furniture used in Hanok (traditional Koran-style house) by the inductive method for investigating the additional effects which users felt. Such immaterial role offers the user more convenience besides the original function of furniture and this made it available that furniture dominates the space. As good examples of such roles it was investigated that traditional furniture played meaningful roles like extensional serviceability, variable space, formation & movement of space, expression of grade of rank. That allowed that this study suggested the sustainable design and also the direction of development of interactive function of furniture through the expected effect having been showed in the modern space where the immaterial role of traditional furniture was applied to and the related cases.

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A Study on Monumental Expression of Korean War Memorials in Korea (6.25전쟁 기념공간에 나타난 기념적 표현)

  • Lee, Sang-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.98-108
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the monumental expression of Korean War Memorials(KWM) in Korea(KWMK). Through site survey and internet searching, the researcher selected 17 KWMK and analyzed four analysis categories: contents, spatial form, landscape elements, sculptures and architectural elements. The results are as follows: 1. The analysis revealed that main contents of KWMK were to cherish victims of the Korean War, honor military merit, and explain Korean War. 2. Most KWMK built battlefield had the form of symmetry and spatial axis arranged monuments and sculptures for solemnity and heroism. Though the sites were terraced by traditional spatial order, spatial sequence wasn't seen except Yang-gu KWMK and Chumomyeongbi in United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Korea. 3. Stone monument-like towers, tablets, podium, monoliths, cenotaphs, and exhibit halls to explain Korean War and combat history were used as main elements of KWMK and also, war weapons were often displayed the flags of countries taking part in Korean War were raised with Taegeukgi and the United Nations flag. 4. Most sculptures were used as important media to represent the Korean War and assumed realistically the form of heroic combat. But a few architectural memorial built in recent were designed in contemporary style to have spatial sequence and represent Korean War symbolically and narratively. 5. In memorial culture, KWMK were strongly influenced by ideology and patriotism, impacted by conventional value, and designed by some sculptors and designers in a certain circle. Further study will be required to analyze the characteristics of KWMK in the point of design style and diachronic.