• Title/Summary/Keyword: 구체적목표

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A Case Study of Transcription Programs Based on Citizens' Contribution to Overseas Archival Institutions (해외 기록관의 시민 참여 전사 프로그램 사례 연구)

  • Kim, Jihyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.51-86
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to examine conceptual discussions in transcription programs based on citizens' contribution and to discuss the operation and implications of the transcription program by investigating cases on transcribing records held in overseas archival institutions. With regard to conceptual discussions, the study identified the characteristics and significance of the transcription programs predicated on the notions of citizen archivists, participatory archives, and crowdsourcing. For case analysis, the study selected five transcription programs in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia, which are known to be managed successfully. The analysis was conducted following six criteria, including institution and goals, records for transcription, management of participation, infrastructure, policies and guidelines, and evaluation. The transcription programs were differentiated from community archives based on self-directed participation as the programs had a specific goal to improve access to historical records moderated by institutions. Therefore, it is necessary that strategies be built to attract the sustainable participation of the public. In this respect, the study made the following suggestions to domestic services similar to the cases. The purpose of a program needs to be described, and the topics, creators, and record types that could induce interests have to be considered when selecting transcription records. It is also important that a partnership is made with a small number of participants who made a significant contribution to the program and to provide interface and tasks for the transcription, which meet the participants' needs. In addition, it is necessary that simple and effective guidelines for transcription and policies be provided for use in transcription results, and that visible participants' contribution is recognized by applying the transcription results actively to search and access records.

Integrated Approach for Watershed Management in an Urban Area (도시 유역 관리를 위한 통합적인 접근방법)

  • Lee, Kil-Seong;Chung, Eun-Sung;Kim, Young-Oh
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.39 no.2 s.163
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    • pp.161-178
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    • 2006
  • Heathcote (1998) identified a systematic, seven-step approach to general watershed planning and management. It consists of 1) understanding watershed components and processes, 2) identifying and ranking problems to be solved, 3) setting clear and specific goals, 4) developing a list of management options, 5) eliminating infeasible options 6) testing the effectiveness of remaining feasible options, and 7) developing the final options. In this study the first five steps of that process were applied to the Anyangcheon watershed in Korea, which experiences streamflow depletion, frequent flood damages, and poor water quality typical of highly urbanized watersheds. This study employed four indices: Potential Flood Damage(PFD), Potential Streamflow Depletion(PSD), Potential Water Quality Deterioration(PWQD) and Watershed Evaluation Index(WEI) to identify and quantify problems within the watershed. WEI is the integration index of the others. Composite programming which is a method of multi-criteria decision making is applied for the calculation of PSD, PWQD and WEI (Step 2). The primary goal of the study is to secure instreamflow in the Anyangcheon during dry seasons. The second management goals of flood damage mitigation and water quality enhancement are also set (Step 3). Management options include not only structural measures that can alter the existing conditions, but also nonstructural measures that rely on changes in human behavior or management practices (Step 4). Certain management options which are not technically, economically, and environmentally feasible, are eliminated (Step S). Therefore, this study addresses a Pre-feasibility study, which established a master plan using Steps 1 through 5.

A Study on the Influence of College students' Grit on Their Self-determination with a Focus on the Mediating Effect of Resilience (대학생의 그릿이 자기결정성에 미치는 영향: 회복탄력성의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Oh, eun heui;Choi, in sun;Jung, chul sang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.258-267
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we examine the mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between grit and self-determination in college students in order to provide basic data for ensuring the positive development required for college students to understand their collective, as well as their individual, abilities. This study comprised college students sampled from three cities in Chungcheong province: Daejeon, Sejong, and Cheonan. The collected data were analyzed using AMOS 22.0 statistical software. The results of this study are as follows. First, firmness of mind and courage in the face of hardship (based on the resilience of college students) was found to have a statistically significant, positive effect on that resilience. Second, this grit in college students has a statistically significant, positive effect on their self-determination. Third, the resilience from college students' self-determination revealed that resilience has a statistically significant, positive impact on their self-determination. Fourth, we found after verifying the mediating effect of resilience in the relationship between grit and self-determination of college students that resilience has a mediating effect in the relationship between grit and self-determination. This study is significant in that it provided empirical grounds for self-determination in college students by identifying the relationship between the motivational variables affecting their self-determination.

A strategic Approach for Establishing Korea's Cyber Terrorism Policy : Focusing on the UK's cyber terrorism policy (국내 사이버테러 정책수립을 위한 전략적 접근방안 : 영국의 사이버테러 정책을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Byung-Hwa
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.51
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    • pp.173-195
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    • 2017
  • Recently, in South Korea, security management has been strengthened, but there have been an increasing number of cases where the main infrastructure of the country is hacked in the cyber space. South Korea is equipped with sophisticated information and communication technologies, such as Internet, but is threatened by cyber terrorism of North Korea and terrorist organizations. Nevertheless, there is a limit to how to develop a policy and strategic plan for the country, which is related to domestic terrorism and lacks legal and regulatory facilities, and therefore, in this study, proposed suggestions for building adaptive and efficient policy formulation. Based on the theoretical analysis framework of the Strategic Plan for achieving the objectives of the research, we compared the UK 's security strategy with the national security policy of the domestic government. As a result, several problems were derived: First, the domestic security strategy did not take into account the external environment. Secondly, lack of coordination with domestic cyber security goals setting and strategy is causing ambiguity and confusion. Third, the detailed plan of implementation of national security in each province is designed to ensure that there is a possibility that a mixed side effect between ministries and agencies will arise. Fourth, it was found that there was a limit to prepare the evaluation standards for the evaluation and return of domestic security policies in the country. Therefore, in order to establish a policy for the response of domestic cyber terrorism, we set up a vision from long-term perspectives and concrete targets based on the strategic approach of the security policy, It is necessary to present an assignment and formulate an efficient execution plan. It is necessary to maintain and improve the domestic safeguards in order to be able to complement the problems through evaluation and feedback.

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The effects of Leisure activity, Self esteem, Achievement on Mental Wellbeing among the Aged (노인의 여가활동, 자아존중감, 성취감이 정신적 웰빙에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Jong Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.645-652
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the effects of leisure activity, self-esteem, and the achievement on mental wellbeing among the elderly. The participants in this cross-sectional, descriptive study were 149 elderly who completed a self-report structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple linear regression analyses with SPSS statistics 20 program. The mental well-being averaged 51.5 (${\pm}15.1$); leisure activity averaged 26.2 (${\pm}6.5$); self-esteem averaged 30.2 (${\pm}5.2$), and self-esteem averaged 44.4 (${\pm}8.3$). The mental well being of the elderly was positively correlated with all three variables. The leisure activity, self-esteem, and achievement were strong predictors of the mental well-being among the elderly. These variables explained 42.7% of the variance in mental wellbeing. The results suggest that the elderly are satisfied with their own situations and abilities, have a positive mind by accepting their present state of being, continue social interactions through active leisure activities, and set specific goals. The mental well-being of the elderly can be improved.

Suggestion for Technology Development and Commercialization Strategy of CO2 Capture and Storage in Korea (한국 이산화탄소 포집 및 저장 기술개발 및 상용화 추진 전략 제안)

  • Kwon, Yi Kyun;Shinn, Young Jae
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.381-392
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    • 2018
  • This study examines strategies and implementation plans for commercializing $CO_2$ capture and storage, which is an effective method to achieve the national goal of reducing greenhouse gas. In order to secure cost-efficient business model of $CO_2$ capture and storage, we propose four key strategies, including 1) urgent need to select a large-scale storage site and to estimate realistic storage capacity, 2) minimization of source-to-sink distance, 3) cost-effectiveness through technology innovation, and 4) policy implementation to secure public interest and to encourage private sector participation. Based on these strategies, the implementation plans must be designed for enabling $CO_2$ capture and storage to be commercialized until 2030. It is desirable to make those plans in which large-scale demonstration and subsequent commercial projects share a single storage site. In addition, the plans must be able to deliver step-wised targets and assessment processes to decide if the project will move to the next stage or not. The main target of stage 1 (2019 ~ 2021) is that the large-scale storage site will be selected and post-combustion capture technology will be upgraded and commercialized. The site selection, which is prerequisite to forward to the next stage, will be made through exploratory drilling and investigation for candidate sites. The commercial-scale applicability of the capture technology must be ensured at this stage. Stage 2 (2022 ~ 2025) aims design and construction of facility and infrastructure for successful large-scale demonstration (million tons of $CO_2$ per year), i.e., large-scale $CO_2$ capture, transportation, and storage. Based on the achievement of the demonstration project and the maturity of carbon market at the end of stage 2, it is necessary to decide whether to enter commercialization of $CO_2$ capture and storage. If the commercialization project is decided, it will be possible to capture and storage 4 million tons of $CO_2$ per year by the private sector in stage 3 (2026 ~ 2030). The existing facility, infrastructure, and capture plant will be upgraded and supplemented, which allows the commercialization project to be cost-effective.

The perception of undergraduates of the college of education on the importance of trainee teacher certification areas and sub-factors (사범대학 재학생의 예비 교사 인증 영역 및 하위 요소에 대한 중요도 인식 분석)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Lee, Tae-Ho
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.164-188
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the perception of undergraduates of the college of education on the importance of certification areas and factors suggested by the certification system at each department level as well as the college as a whole, in order to come up with measures for further improvement. The specific objectives of this study are first, verifying different perception on the importance of certification areas and factor per department, second, verifying different perception on the importance of certification areas and factor per grade. The population of this study is undergraduates of the college of education at A University, and the survey on the different perception on the importance was conducted on 758 students of 10 departments. Total 800 copies of survey were distributed, and 299 copies or 37.3% were retrieved. First, it was found that undergraduates of the college of education at A University highly recognize the necessity of a new system to produce excellent teachers. when it comes to different department, in the area of teaching personalities, there is difference in the importance of teaching aptitude test and completion of social intelligence development program. In the area of teaching expertise, there is different perception in the importance of completion of curriculum education subjects per major, completion of curriculum contents per major, and participation in teaching demonstration contest. In the area of student guidance expertise, there is difference by department in completion of creative character development related education programs and "teaching practice" course. In the area of communication skills in the information society, minimum score requirement for a second foreign language is considered less important than others. Second, as for grade, freshmen highly recognize the importance of validity of teaching training course, integrity of the course, validity of the teaching training course in producing excellent teachers, graduates' job performing ability development as a teacher, appropriacy of curriculum of the college of education in producing excellent teachers, compared to other grades. In particular, seniors consider the necessity of a new system to produce excellent teachers the most.

How Customer Experience Management in the Hotel Industry can Lead to a Willingness to Pay More (호텔 기업의 고객경험관리(CEM)는 기꺼이 더 지불하게 하는가?)

  • Choi, Wook-Hee
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.267-280
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    • 2016
  • Customer Experience Management (CEM) appeared as a complementary solution to overcome CRM limitations. CEM enhances profitability through building long-term relations with customers by understanding their experiences. This study aims at investigating the impact of customer experience quality on the willingness to pay more through customer satisfaction in the hotel businesses. The survey for this study was carried out on customers who had domestic hotel experience s within the last 6 months. Out of the 306 questionnaires retrieved, 225 valid responses were used for the empirical analysis that utilizied the statistical package programs SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0. The research findings may be summarized as follows. First, as an outcome of the research hypothesis that each component of customer experience management would influence satisfaction, 'the peace of mind' & 'the moment of truth' were shown to have a significantly positive (+) impact on it. On the other hand, 'the product experience' was shown not to significantly influence it in a positive (+) way. Second, as an outcome of the research hypothesis that satisfaction would influence willingness to pay more. From the findings of the study, theoretical implications are as follows. It can be predicted that customer experience management will likely make customers more profitable because customers are willing to pay more with a sense of loyalty built through satisfaction of the hotel industry. In the practical implications, the dimension of experience quality examined by the study can be used as an index to measure and manage customer experience in the hotel industry.

Analysis of the Effectiveness of a University Affiliated Science-Gifted Educational Program: The Case of C Gifted Education Center (C 영재교육원을 통해 살펴본 대학부설 과학영재교육원 프로그램 효과성 분석)

  • Han, Ki-Soon;Yang, Tae-Youn
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.137-155
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of the present study was to analyse the effectiveness of a gifted education program. To analyse the effectiveness of an education program for the gifted affiliated with a university, the study carried out a quasi-experimental design to compare the 153 gifted students who enrolled in an education center for the gifted and the 131 potentially gifted students who were nominated by teachers for their high achievements and interests in science but without any education services for the gifted. These two groups of students were compared in the aspects of problem finding ability in science, motivation, self regulation, science-related attitudes, and science anxiety through the pre- and post-treatment settings. The results indicated that the gifted group showed a significant improvement in originality and elaboration of problem-finding ability, but the potentially gifted group showed significant decrease in most variables of problem finding. Related to motivation and self-regulated learning, gifted students showed an increase in cognitive strategy use and decrease in intrinsic value, but the potentially gifted students showed significant decreases in most variables related to motivation and self-regulation, except intrinsic value. Related to the scientific attitudes and science anxiety, there were no significant changes between pre- and post-tests in the gifted group, but significant decreases in most variables were found in the potentially gifted group. The results of paired t-test and Ancova indicate that significant differences between the gifted and the potentially gifted groups are mainly due to the significantly lowered performance in post tests in the potentially gifted group, rather than a significant increase in gifted group.