• Title, Summary, Keyword: 교육성취도

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Analysis of Change of Achievement Standards according to Curriculum of Mathematics in Elementary School: Focusing on Number and Computation Area (초등학교 수학과 교육과정에 따른 성취기준 변화 분석: 수와 연산 영역을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyunmi;Sihn, Hanggyun
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.19-41
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we present an analysis framework based on the 2015 revised curriculum to analyze how mathematical contents and achievement standards for domains of numbers and computations have changed in the curriculum of elementary mathematics in Korea. Based on this, we classified the achievement standards by type and investigated their characteristics. The achievement standards for numbers and computations can be divided into the successive, the extinctive, and the additive achievement standards depending on their characteristics. The successive achievement standards are the ones that have consistently existed without being removed from the 1-st curriculum to the latest revision in 2015. The extinctive achievement standards are the ones that have been removed at some point during the revisions of nine times and do not remain in the current revision in 2015. The characteristics of the extinctive achievement standards were analyzed to be different before and after the 4-th curriculum. The additive achievement standards refer to the ones that have been newly added to the curriculum or that have been removed at a certain moment but added back in later and thus exist in the current revision in 2015. The characteristics of each type according to the changes of the achievement standards can be thought to be the results that the revision for the mathematics curriculum in Korea has been faithfully conducted. Based on the results of this study, we suggest some implications for organizing the achievement standards in the future curricular development.

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Korean students' mathematics achievement according to the TIMSS-R international benchmarks - focused on the relationship with mathematics curriculum and text - (TIMSS-R 국제성취수준에 따른 우리나라 학생들의 수학 성취도 분석-교육과정, 교과서와의 관련성을 중심으로-)

  • 나귀수
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.383-401
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    • 2003
  • This study intends to examine the characteristics of Korean students' mathematics achievement according to the TIMSS-R International Benchmarks in the relation with mathematics curriculum and text. The concrete contents of this study are as followings. First, we consider the Korean students' mathematical abilities according to the TIMSS-R international benchmarks classified into Top 10% Benchmark, Upper Quarter Benchmark, Median Benchmark, and Lower Quarter Benchmark. Second, we examine the precent correct and the error-types of Korean students on the anchor items of such benchmarks. From these examinations, we grasp the mathematical titles that Korean students showed insufficient performance and lead the educational implications.

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An Analysis of Korean Middle School Student Science Achievement in Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS 2003) (수학.과학 성취도 추이변화 국제 비교 연구(TIMSS 2003)에서 우리나라 중학생들의 과학 성취도 분석)

  • Jeong, Eun-Young;Park, Chung;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.99-113
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    • 2006
  • In this study, Korean middle school student science achievement results in the "Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study" (TIMSS 2003) were analyzed according to international benchmarks, content area, gender and student attitudes toward science. Overall Korea ranked the third internationally and had a mean score of 558. Korean students achieved top ranking in physics, but fell to the ninth place in chemistry. Unliked their counter parts in similar countries such as Singapore and Chinese Taipei, Korean students did not reach the highest benchmark. Compared to previous assessment, Korean girls showed improved performance; however, significant gender differences still exist in Korea; apparent from the better performance of boys than girls in the study. It is also noteworthy that Korean students were found to have the lowest self-confidence in learning science, a lower valuing science, and less enjoying learning science even though they produced high achievement scores.

데이터 마이닝 기법을 이용한 직무교육 성취집단 예측모형 개발

  • Gwak, Gi-Hyo;Seo, Yong-Mu
    • 한국경영정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.318-323
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    • 2007
  • 국방부에서 발표한 ‘국방개혁에 관한 법률’ 에 따라 2014년까지 현역병들에 대한 복무기간이 단계적으로 단축될 예정이다. 이에 따라 좀 더 효율적인 직무교육 방안이 필요하게 되어, ‘차등제 교육’을 시행하고 있다. 이 교육의 효과를 향상시키기 위해서는 훈련병들의 예상 학업 성취도를 미리 정확하게 예측하는 것이 필수적이다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 입교 초기에 얻을 수 있는 신병들의 제한된 자료들을 이용하여 교육 성취도 예측 모형을 개발하였다. 본 모형의 목적 변수는 ‘일반관리 인원’, ‘집중관리 인원’의 값을 갖는 이진형 성취집단 변수이며, 사용된 기법은 k-means 군집기볍과 Decision Tree 기법을 혼합한 모형, k-means 군집기법과 Neural Network 기법을 혼합한 모형, Decision Tree 모형, Neural Network 모형, Bayesian 모형, 그리고 Logistic 모형 등을 사용하였다. 그 결과 k-means 군집기법과 Decision Tree를 혼합한 모형이 가장 좋은 예측력올 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 교육 성취집단 예측 모형은 향후 군에서 이루어지는 다양한 교육 프로그램에 적극적으로 이용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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Analysis of Change of Achievement Standards According to Curriculum of Mathematics in Elementary School: Focusing on Geometry Domain (초등학교 수학과 교육과정에 따른 성취기준 변화 분석: 도형 영역을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyunmi;Sihn, Hanggyun
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.437-457
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we analyzed how the content and achievement criteria of the Geometry domain of Korean elementary school mathematics curriculum have changed. To this end, based on the analysis framework based on the 2015 revised curriculum, the achievement standards for each period were classified into continuous, extinct, and additional types, and their characteristics were examined. In the domain of Geometry, continuous achievement standards accounted for 51% of the total, and there were many achievement standards that remained unchanged in grade and domain. The extinctive achievement standard is 20.4% of the total, and the mathematics contents that were rapidly introduced due to the modernization of mathematics in the 3rd curriculum were eliminated the most from the 4th curriculum, and after the 7th curriculum, With the introduction of staged curriculum and the system of school year group, the contents of learning were either integrated or moved to middle school. The additional achievement standard was 28.6% of the total, and the achievement standard was added the most with the introduction of spatial sensory development in the 7th curriculum. The GAct that the additivel achievement standard is more than the extinction achievement standard in the Geometry domain is the result of the efforts to actively introduce the geometric contents appropriate to the times despite the great flow of curriculum revision of the curriculum reduction. It is hoped that the results of these studies will be used as basic data in the formation of new achievement standards in future curriculum development.

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Representative items for each achievement level in the National Assessment of Educational Achievement of Mathematics : the Concept and Use for Individualized Education (성취수준별 대표문항의 개념 및 수준별 수업에의 활용 방안)

  • Do, Jong-Hoon;Ko, Jung-Hwa
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.109-124
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    • 2008
  • A characteristic of the national mathematics curriculum revised in 2007 is to repeal the level-oriented individualized curriculum and choose substance of individualized teaching and learning based on the student's achievement level and quality. To do this we first have to think through how to compare students' achievement and differentiate classes. In this paper, we introduce the (modified) Angoff method as a method for comparing students' achievement and the concept of representative items for each achievement level in the National Assessment of Educational Achievement of Mathematics, and discuss how to use them in individualized teaching and learning, especially comparing students' achievement.

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An Exploration of the Direction of Gifted Education through Deep Interview of Socially Succeeded People (성공적인 성취자의 심층 면담을 통한 영재교육의 방향성 탐색)

  • Park, Kyungbin;Lee, Jaeho;Park, Myungsoon;Lee, Sunyoung;Chun, Miran;Ryu, Jiyoung;Ahn, Seonghun;Byun, Soonhwa
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.217-236
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that affected achievement of socially succeeded people, and to draw ways to improve gifted education. To do this, we interviewed 60 achievers. The interview was administrated as semi-structured deep interview about 6 areas - education, major, family and parent, personal relationship, leisure time activity, achievement and motivation of success. The results showed that achievers were active students during their school days. They thought differentiated education and student-centered lessons are important. Many achievers answered they do not have any personal mentee, and decision of majors and education should be matched with the perception of one's potential and interest. Exercises, music, and reading books were strongly suggested as leisure time activities, and the key inner factors for success were curiosity and self-confidence. Beneficiaries of gifted education perceived their experience of gifted education had a positive influence on their achievement. Based on the these results, ways to improve gifted education were discussed.

A Comparative Analysis of South Korean and the U.S. Home Economics Curricula and Achievement Standards (한국과 미국의 가정과 교육과정과 성취기준 비교 분석 연구)

  • Kwon, Yoojin;Kim, Eun Jeung;Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.29-46
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    • 2013
  • The concepts of core competencies and achievement standards were newly introduced within national curriculum documents since the 2009 Revised National Curriculum. The purpose of this introduction was to develop a curriculum that reflects unique characteristics of each subject and for the effectiveness of student evaluation. The purpose of this study was to suggest a direction for the future national curriculum and achievement standards development through comparing the national curriculum and standards between South Korea and the U.S. In particular, this study focused on two aspects: 1) the hierarchical relationships and the structural system of achievement standards in the curricula of two countries, and 2) the details of differences in two countries' achievement standards of a specific content area, 'family'. The results are as follows: the Korean national curriculum includes core competencies was included in the objective statement, and standards were provided as a lower-level system, while the U.S. national standards was composed of hierarchical system of comprehensive standards(higher-level), contents standards(middle-level), and competencies(lower-level). This may be attributable to the difference in the definition of competencies. The analysis results of detailed contents of the curriculum was related to the terminologies used in curriculum documents of the two countries. For example, work and family balance was frequently mentioned in Korean document, while the U.S. national curriculum just displayed multiple roles of individuals rather than using the term explicitly. Also, terms such as happiness and welfare were frequently mentioned in Korean curriculum, while 'well-being' was more frequently used in the U.S. curriculum. These differences in usage of terms reflects the differences in cultural values and perspectives of the two countries.

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Sociocultural Factors Influencing Gender Differences in Mathematics Attitude and Achievement for Korean Students in TIMSS 2011 (사회문화적 요인들이 수학학습태도와 수학성취도의 성별차이에 미치는 영향: TIMSS 2011를 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Yang-Seok
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.463-478
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    • 2014
  • 우리나라 중학교 2학년 학생들은 TIMSS와 같은 국제적인 평가에서 높은 수학 성취도를 보이고 있다. 성별 성취도를 분석하면 TIMSS 1995부터 TIMSS 2011까지 남학생이 여학생보다 지속적으로 높은 평균점수를 받고 있다. TIMSS 1995와 TIMSS 2011의 성별 점수 차이는 유의한 것으로 나타났다. TIMSS 2011에 참가한 42개국 중 성차가 없거나 여학생이 더 높은 성취도를 보인 국가는 35개국이며 남학생이 더 높은 성취도를 보인 국가는 우리나라를 포함하여 7개국이다. 수학 성취도의 성차는 사회문화적 요인과 수학학습태도와 연관이 있다는 여러 연구 결과가 있다. 본 연구는 TIMSS 2011에 참가한 중2학년 5,165명 남녀학생들의 수학성취도 결과를 분석하여 사회문화적 요인이 수학학습태도와 수학성취도에 미치는 영향을 찾아보았다. 연구결과 남녀학생의 교사선호도는 유의한 성차가 없었는데 학부모의 교육 참여도에 유의한 성차가 있었다. 여학생의 수학에 관한 가치와 수학에 관한 자신감은 남학생보다 유의하게 낮았다. 학부모의 교육 참여도는 여학생의 수학학습태도와 수학성취도에 더 높은 영향력을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 학부모들의 교육 참여도를 높이고 여학생들의 수학에 관한 가치와 자신감을 높이기 위해서는 여학생들의 롤 모델과 여성들의 과학 분야의 진출을 장려하는 사회적 요인의 조성이 함께 필요하다.

An Analysis of Chemistry achievement in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study-Repeat (TIMSS-R) (제3차 수학 . 과학 성취도 국제비교 반복연구(TIMSS-R)$^{1)}$ 중 화학 영역 성취도 분석)

  • Jeon, Kyung-Moon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.299-307
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구의 목적은 1999년에 38개국이 참가하여 시행된, 제3차 수학 과학 성취도 국제비교 반복연구(TIMSS-R)중 화학 영역 성취도를 분석하는 것이다. 우리 나라 중학교 2학년 학생의 화학 성취도를 외국 및 다른 과학 영역과 비교하고, 소영역(물질의 분류, 물질의 구조, 화학반응과 변환, 에너지와 화학 변화)별로 각 문항의 정답율을 분석하였다. 우리 나라 학생들의 화학 점수는 국제 평균보다 높았으나, 다른 과학 영역과 비교하면 그 성취 수준이 상대적으로 낮았다. 특히, 에너지와 화학 변화 영역에서 중학교 2학년까지의 교육과정상 다루지 않는 주제가 많았다. 화학 성취도에 영향을 미치는 주된 요인은 교육과정에 따른 학생들의 학습 경험이었다. 이에 대한 교육학적 함의를 논의하였다.