• Title, Summary, Keyword: 교사

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Childcare Teachers Educational Beliefs and Self-efficacy according to Psychological Preferences of the MBTI Test (MBTI 성격유형검사의 선호경향에 따른 보육교사의 교사신념과 자기효능감)

  • Kim, Hyo Eun;Lee, So Eun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.171-185
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the pervasive MBTI psychological preferences of childcare teachers and to examine the effects of MBTI psychological preferences and teachers' educational beliefs on childcare teachers'self-efficacy. The participants of this study were 141 childcare teachers. An independent samples t-test, Pearson's productive correlation, and step-wise multiple regression were employed to analyze the data. The results are as follows: First, Depending on the MBTI psychological preferences trends in childcare teachers, there were differences in self-efficacy. Second, personality type Sensing(S) was positively correlated with preference for easy tasks. Personality type Thinking(T) was negatively correlated with behavioral education belief, and was positively correlated with interactional education belief, self-regulated efficacy and total score of self-efficacy. Personality type Judging(J) was positively correlated with interactional/maturational education belief and self-regulated efficacy. Third, interactional education belief and MBTI psychological preferences of childcare teachers had asignificant influence on self-efficacy.

A Relationship between Teacher Commitment and Teacher Efficacy in Workplace Child-Care Center (직장어린이집 교사헌신과 교사효능감과의 관계)

  • Moon, Yeou Sim;Kang, Kyung Min
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.173-190
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to identify the difference in teacher commitment at workplace child-care centers and understand the relationship between teacher commitment and teacher efficacy. To achieve this, the data were collected from 176 teachers who were working at workplace child-care centers in Gyeonggi province, One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Scheff$\acute{e}$ test, and Pearson's correlation analysis were performed. According to the results, it was found that there is a high positive correlation between teacher commitment and teacher efficacy. The teacher commitment appears high and especially the teacher commitment to infants and toddlers appears the highest at the workplace child-care centers. It was also found that there is a significant difference in teacher efficacy depending on academic ability and work experience of teachers, age of infants and toddlers, and total number of teachers in the centers. This study is significant in that it provides the basic data for drawing up the measures to support the teacher commitment as one of the internal characteristics of the teachers working at the workplace child-care centers. Further studies need to explore the relationship between teacher commitment and teacher efficacy depending on the type of kindergarten or day care center.

The Effectiveness of a Program for Enhancing Parent Education and Counseling Competence for Child Care Teachers (보육교사를 위한 부모교육 및 상담능력 강화 프로그램의 효과)

  • Kim, Min Jung
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.311-332
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    • 2015
  • The present study employed a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of a teacher education program for child care teachers. Twenty-seven teachers were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups with 12 and 17 teachers in each group. Teachers in the intervention group participated in the program. After termination of the program, differences between pre- and post-tests were examined in regards to teachers' emotional regulation, efficacy, parent-teacher communication and job satisfaction. There were four major findings. First, self-reported teachers'emotional regulation, teachers'efficacy and job satisfaction were significantly improved in the intervention group, but not in the control group. Second, parent-teacher communication difficulty was significantly reduced in the intervention group, but not in the control group. These findings emphasize the importance of the teachers' positive characteristics in improving the outcome of preschoolers.

An analysis of Science Class According to Inquiry Score by Pre-Service Science Teacher (예비 과학 교사가 탐구 점수표에 따라 분석한 현장 과학 수업)

  • Kim, Young-Shin
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.561-573
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    • 2003
  • The teacher plays important role at students' achievement. This study analyses science class by pre-service science teacher. An survey tool for analysis of science class was composed of the lesson, student behavior, teacher behavior and questioning techniques. Pre-service science teacher analyzed the science class of 100 science teacher. The results of this study showed that pre-service science teacher analysis that current science class did not focused on inquiry-oriented. The score of science class did not statistically significantly difference by science teacher's characteristics as gender and age. Also, they analyses that science teacher use concept-oriented and teacher-oriented method.

Direct and indirect effects of Job satisfaction of early child teacher on the teacher-child relationship according to child temperament and adatation to child-care institutions (영아기질 및 어린이집 적응에 따른 교사의 직무만족이 교사-영아 관계에 미치는 직.간접효과)

  • Choi, Hang-Jun;Moon, Hyoun-Kyoung;Kim, Sun-A
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.219-223
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 D시와 G시에 소재한 어린이집 13기관에 재원 중인 영아 238명과 해당 영아의 어머니와 아버지 각 238명, 담임교사 45명(총 45학급)을 대상으로 영아의 기질과 어린이집 적응 변인이 교사의 직무만족과 교사-영아 관계에 어떠한 직 간접적인 영향력을 갖는지를 알아보고자 구조방정식 모형을 통해 분석하였다. 본 연구결과, 영아의 기질이 교사의 직무만족에 의해 매개되어 교사-영아관계에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며 영아의 어린이집 적응 또한 직무만족에 의해 매개되어 교사-영아관계에 영향을 미치는 것을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 교사의 직무만족은 교사-영아관계에 영향을 미치는 영아의 기질과 어린이집 적응, 두 잠재 변인 간의 매개 변인이다. 특히 영아의 기질은 교사의 직무만족과 교사-영아관계에 미치는 영향력이 영아의 어린이집 적응보다 크게 나타났으며, 영아-교사관계에는 기질이나 적응이 미치는 직접효과가 직무만족을 매개로한 간접효과보다 크게 작용하고 있었다. 이러한 결과는 영아와 교사관계에 있어서 영아의 기질변인이 중요함을 드러내준다. 그러므로 본 연구는 다양한 변인간의 관계를 규명함으로서 영아 연구 범위의 폭을 확장하였다는 의의가 있다.

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A Study on the Development of Interaction Scale between Teachers and Children for Childcare Teachers (보육교사의 교사-유아 상호작용 평가 척도 개발 연구)

  • Kim, Hyoun Ji
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2005
  • Interaction Scale between Teachers and Children for childcare teachers (ISTC) was constructed based on the research data completed by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family with a participation of childcare teachers and early childhood educators. The results of this study were; First, the study found that the 42 items of the ISTC were categorized into eight factors by 205 childcare teachers: a positive language and behaviors of teachers, encouragement of positive interactions among peers, offering a nap time, toilet use, emotional intervention, free play participation, an equal care of children, and meals and snack time. Second, these factors exhibited a high correlation interactively. Third, the ISTC showed a high correlation with teachers' performance scale.

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Impacts and Tasks of Teacher Education Programs Revealed by Preservice Teachers: Students' Intact Beliefs (예비교사들을 통해 알아본 교사양성 프로그램의 효과 및 과제: 학생들의 변하지 않는 신념들)

  • Kwak, Young-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.309-323
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    • 2002
  • This qualitative study investigated preservice teachers' understandings of the ontology and epistemology underlying constructivist notions of learning through four in-depth interviews. Of the sixteen participants in a larger study, five significantly changed ontological and epistemological beliefs and eleven did not. This study focused on these eleven teachers who have hardly changed their philosophical beliefs throughout the teacher education program. Ten teachers who consistently maintained the scientific realist beliefs were presented as a composite case (Young's case). Among the eleven teachers, there was one outlier who had consistently maintained an idealist and relativist epistemological position from the beginning of the study and was subjected to another case analysis (Ben's case). These cases corroborated the assertion that each individual's deeply entrenched ontological and epistemological beliefs are very hard to change. For researchers, this study offers insights into the reasons that preservice teachers give for non-changes in their thinking about learning to teach. The study also examines preservice teachers' perceived constraints in implementing their ideal pedagogies and the influence of the teacher education program on their pedagogical beliefs changes. The benefits and influences of the M.Ed. program's theoretical coursework and the field experiences on these teachers' learning-to-teach experiences are addressed with rich data. The implications for teacher educators as well as for the instructional practices of preservice teacher education programs are discussed. This research emphasize necessity of the field-based teacher education program and the need of empowering experienced school teachers as teacher educators in teacher preparation and professional development.

Exploring How a High School Science Teacher's Understanding and Facilitation of Scientific Modeling Shifted through Participation in a Professional Learning Community (교사학습공동체에 참여한 한 고등학교 교사의 과학적 모델링에 대한 이해 및 수업 실행 변화 탐색 -프레임 분석을 중심으로-)

  • Shim, Soo-Yean
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to explore how a high school science teacher (Teacher E) shifted her understanding and facilitation of scientific modeling through participation in a professional learning community (PLC) for over a year. Based on socially situated theory of learning, I focused on examining Teacher E's frames about scientific modeling from her social interactions. Teacher E participated in her school-based PLC over a year and collaborated with other science teachers, coaches, and researchers to improve science instruction. I qualitatively explored her participation in 6 full-day professional learning opportunities-studios-where the PLC members collectively planned, implemented, and debriefed modeling-based lessons. Especially, I focused on two Studios (Studio 2, 6) where Teacher E became the host teacher and implemented the lessons. I also examined her classroom teaching in those Studios. To understand how the PLC inquiry affected the shifts observed in Teacher E's understanding and practice, I explored how the inquiry evolved over the 6 Studios. Findings suggest that in Studio 2, Teacher E viewed students' role in scientific modeling as to fill out the worksheet with "correct" answers. Meanwhile, in Studio 6, she focused on helping students collaborate to construct explanatory models of phenomena using evidence. The PLC inquiry, focused on supporting students' construction of evidence-based explanations and collaboration in scientific modeling, seemed to promote the shifts observed in Teacher E's understanding and facilitation of scientific modeling. These findings can inform educational researchers and practitioners who aim to promote teachers' professional learning to support students' epistemic practices.

초등학교 교사의 수학에 대한 신념과 교수 실제에 관한 사례 연구

  • Jang, In-Ok;Jeon, Pyeong-Guk
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.11
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    • pp.85-105
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 수학 교육에 관심이 많은 초등학교 ‘초보 교사’와 ‘경력이 많은 교사’의 수학에 대한 신념과 신념 형성의 주요 요인을 조사하였다. 그리고 교사의 수학에 대한 신념이 교수 실제에 반영되는 정도가 초보 교사와 경력이 많은 교사간에는 어떻게 차이가 나는지를 알아보았다. 또한 신념이 실제에 반영되지 못하는 주요 요인을 조사함으로써 교수 실제를 변화시킬 수 있는 근거를 마련하고자 하였다. 이러한 목적을 달성하기 위하여 ‘초보 교사’와 ‘경력이 많은 교사’ 각 한 명씩을 선정하여 불변의 비교 분석에 기초한 질적 사례 연구를 실시하였다. 그 결과 ‘초보 교사’와 ‘경력이 많은 교사’ 모두 비슷한 신념을 가지고 있었으나, 그러한 신념이 형성된 주요 요인은 달랐다. 그리고 신념이 교수 실제에 반영된 정도에서도 차이를 보였으나, 반영시키지 못하는 주요 요인은 환경적인 요인보다는 교사 자신의 의지 부족이라는 공통된 의견을 보였다.

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Curriculum Orientations of Home Economics Teacher Educators (가정과 교사교육자들의 가정과 교육과정 관점)

  • Ryu, Sang-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 가정과 교사교육자(전국 국 사립 대학의 가정교육과에 재직하고 있는 교수)들의 교육과정 관점을 조사함으로써 실천적 비판 중심 가정과 교육과정 개발을 위한 기초자료와 교사교육자들을 위한 세미나 프로그램 개발을 위한 유용한 자료를 제공하고자 한다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. (1) 가정과 교사교육자들은 하나의 두드러진 교육과정 관점을 선호하지는 않았지만 인지과정중심 교육과정에 가장 높은 선호도를 보였다. (2) 석사과정에서 가정학 세부영역을 전공한 교사교육자는 가정교육학을 전공한 교사교육자보다 학문중심 교육과정과 기술중심 교육과정을 가정과 교육을 위한 적절한 관점으로 인식하였다. (3) 박사과정에서 가정교육학을 전공한 교사교육자는 가정학 세부영역을 전공한 교사교육자보다 개인중심교육과정을 가정과 교육을 위한 적절한 관점으로 인식하였다. (4) 가정교육학 관련 교과목을 가르치는 교사교육자는 가정학 세부영역 관련 교과목을 가르치는 교사교육자보다 기술중심 교육과정을 가정과 교육을 위한 적절한 관점으로 인식하였다.

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