• Title/Summary/Keyword: 교대근무

Search Result 181, Processing Time 0.173 seconds

General Health Questionnaire-30을 이용한 정상.교대 근무자의 정신의학적 특징조사

  • 이철호;서유진;박영만
    • Proceedings of the ESK Conference
    • /
    • 1998.04a
    • /
    • pp.137-142
    • /
    • 1998
  • 본 조사는 1996년 9월무터 12월에 걸쳐 마산.창원 공단지역 사업장에서 근무하는 정상근무 근로자 1,640명과 교대근무 근로자 1,360명을 대상으로 General Health Questionnaire(GHQ-30)을 이용하여 정신의 학적 특징 및 점수 분포를 검토하였다. 전체 문항에 대한 상관관계와 Cronbach .alpha. 계수에 의한 내적 일관성(Internal consistency)은 정상근무, 교대근무 모두 만족할 만한 수준이였고, Varimax 회전에 의한 주요인 분석으로부터 추출된 GHQ-30의 정신의학적 특징은 정상근무가 5개, 교대근무는 6개 요인이 추출되 었다. 정상근무에서 추출된 5개의 요인은 '심리적 요인', '신체적 요인', '사회적 요인', '스트레스 요인', '자신감 요인'이였고, 교대근무는 상기의 5개 요인 외의 '직무 요인'이 추출되었다. 상기의 공통된 5개 요인 구조는 대체로 비슷하였다. GHQ-30의 점수 분포는 정상.교대근무보다 왼쪽으로 치우치는 경향을 보였다. (Skewness: 정상근무=0.42, 교대근무=0.27). 인구동태학적 요인에 따른 감정적 혼란의 정도는 교대근무가 정상근무보다 높았으며, 정상.교대근무 모두 연령별, 자녀의 수, 결혼 유무에 대해서 유의한 차이를 보였으며, 각각 20대이하, 무자녀, 이혼.미혼의 집단에 있어서감정적 혼란이 큰 것으로 나타났다.

  • PDF

The Effect of the Shift Work on Drinking and the Mediating Effect of Sleep (교대근무가 음주에 미치는 영향 및 수면의 매개효과)

  • Jeong, Heeju;Kong, Ji-Sook;Kim, Mi Kyung;Kim, Seok Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.111-120
    • /
    • 2021
  • Objectives : Shift work has been known to cause various health problems by making it difficult for humans to adapt to their natural circadian rhythms. In particular, shift workers tend to complain of sleep difficulties associated with work schedules, and sometimes use alcohol as a self-medication to induce sleep. To date, no clear mechanism has been identified regarding the link between shift work and sleep, between shift work and drinking. This study aims to confirm the relationship between shift work and sleep, and to analyze whether the change in sleep caused by shift work causes drinking. Methods : This study included 11360 people (5704 men and 5656 women) among the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey data in 2014, 2016 and 2018. The work type between 6am-6pm was defined as day work, and other work types were defined as shift work. Using logistic regression analysis, the relationship between shift work and sleep quality, shift work and high risk drinking, drinking amount at 1 time, drinking frequency were analyzed. In addition, we analyzed whether sleep mediates the relationship between shift work and drinking using mediated analysis. Results : Shift work showed a significant negative relationship with sleep quality in men and women (male OR=1.37, 95% CI 1.11-1.70, female OR=1.26, 95% CI=1.05-1.50). There was no significant relationship between shift work and alcohol in the case of men, but in the case of women, there was a significant positive relationship between shift work and the number of alcohol consumption (OR=1.34, 95% CI=1.04-1.72). When mediation analysis was conducted, it was found that women's sleep quality partially mediated the relationship between shift work and the frequency of drinking. Conclusions : The results of this study suggest that shift work causes sleep difficulties, and in the case of women, drinking can be induced through the partial mediating effect of sleep. Considering that women are more likely to choose drinking as a coping method for sleep problems, more active interventions for female shift workers are needed.

The Psychophysicosocial Distresses in Nurses with Shift Work (교대근무 간호사의 정신신체사회적 문제에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Beom-Mo;Yang, Chang-Kook
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-67
    • /
    • 1999
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of shift work on psychological, physical and social adjustment in nurses. Methods: Two hundred ninety-nine female nurses(179 shift worker, 120 non-shift worker) filled out a questionnaire, which consisted of fifty-six items including demographic characteristics. Subjective ratings of psychological, physical, social and sleeprelated distresses were assessed with a visual analogue scale(100mm). Results: Shift work exerted significantly negative impacts on all psychological, physical, social and sleep-related variables of the shift work nurses. The subjective perception about psychological and physical health of shift work nurses was significantly negative as compared to that of non-shift work nurses. Shift work nurses complained of more shift work related social dysfunction and limited social activity. Shift work nurses were also suffering from significant sleep difficulties as compared to non-shift work nurses. Conclusions: This study suggests that shift work can exert a negative impact on psychological and physical health of nurses as it can cause disturbances of the normal circadian rhythms of the psychophysiological functions, beginning with the sleep-wake cycle. Shift work can also cause difficulties in maintaining the usual relationships both at family and social levels. These results may suggest that we need appropriate coping strategies to overcome adverse effects of shift work.

  • PDF

Influences of Rotating Shift Work and Quality of Sleep on Depression in Nurses (간호사의 순환 교대근무 및 수면의 질이 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Heeja
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.323-329
    • /
    • 2020
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the level of depression among female hospital nurses and the influence of rotating shift work and quality of sleep on depression. A total of 295 nurses in Seoul were recruited and the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. The number of depressed nurses was 71.2%(CES-D total score ≥ 16) and factors influenced on nurses' depression were quality of sleep, rotating shift work, and work experience in nursing(1-2.9 years, more than 10 years). Based on the result of this study, nurse managers and hospital organization should use appropriate interventions to improve quality of sleep and negative effects of rotating shift work for nurses.

A Comparative Study on Women's Health of Female Workers on Daywork and Shiftwork (주간근무 및 교대근무 여성근로자의 여성건강 비교연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Sook;Hong, Gyeong-Ju;Kwon, Ryeo-Won
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.46-53
    • /
    • 2021
  • This study aimed to compare general and female health-related factor between day-work and shift-work worker. It is based on the data of the Korea National Health&Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES) 2nd year on 7th period. The number of participants was 10,430. Out of the participants, 1,995 workers' dara was analyzed. The age, marital status, education level, occupational status and childbirth experience of female workers indicated significant differences between day and shift work. By contrast, health-related quality of life did not represent significant differences these factors; income, subjective health cognition, stress perception, depression experience, menarcheal age, menopausal age and breastfeeding period. The shift work is inevitably implemented as an industrial development and flexible work hours. Therefore, social and national attention and measures as well as those of individual workers are required to reduce the side effects from shiftwork.

The Effects of Health Promotion Behavior of Shifting Nurses' on the Health Conditions (교대근무 간호사의 건강증진행위가 건강상태에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Kyung;Lee, Tae-Yong;Kim, Kwang-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1126-1132
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research was to analyze the health promotion behavior of shifting nurses' and its effects on their health conditions. The survey was performed for 357 nurses who worked in general hospital during July 2006. The results for behavior of health promotion and health conditions were as follow; Better health conditions of shifting nurses' on the aspects of physical status, the younger age, a fewer night duties in a month, more regular menstruation cycles and married rather than un-married, they were in better health conditions(p<0.05). In conclusion, in spite of shift works, the efforts for health promotions improved health conditions. It is necessary to set up the systems for minimizing obstacles of health promotions.

A Study on the Improvement of the Shift Pattern for Field Employees in Busan Container Terminal (부산항 컨테이너터미널 현장인력의 교대근무제 현황 및 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Nam, Do-Gi;Kim, Jong-Tae;Shin, Yong-John
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.144-171
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to propose the effective method to improve the competitive power in the Busan container terminal. To achieve this, we analyzed the present of the shift pattern in the container terminal, and identified the problems in the pattern. This study shows the issues of shift pattern for field employee in Busan container terminal and also improvement plan to solve them. We suggested two approaches as an effective approach; the flexible use of employees through overtime, use of workers pool among terminals, and outsourcing; the promotion of welfare by leisure, fitness, and community service.

Effect of working patterns on eating habits in manufacturing workers of Gwangju area (광주지역 제조업 근로자의 근무형태가 식습관에 미치는 영향)

  • Yim, Ji-Suk;Heo, Young-Ran;Jeong, Eun;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.49 no.6
    • /
    • pp.495-505
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate and analyze the association between stress from shift and non-shift work as well as the effects living habits have on eating habits in order to identify why and how workers can improve their health and form proper eating habits for higher working efficiency. Methods: The subjects of this study were 361 workers from K manufacturing company from April 7 to 11, 2014 and they were surveyed using a questionnaire. The subjects were divided into two groups according to working pattern: shift workers (n = 216) and non-shift workers (n = 110). Results: In the general characteristics, there were significant differences in age, work career, work time, marriage, monthly income, and education levels between the two groups. For healthy behaviors, significant differences in subjective health status, moderate physical activity, drinking, smoking, and sleep time were observed between shift workers and non-shift workers. For eating habits, scores of non-shift workers having a regular mealtime, balanced meal composition, and vegetable and seaweed intakes were significantly higher than those of shift workers. The sum score of dietary habits in non-shift workers was also significantly lower than that in shift workers (p < 0.05). Total job stress score did not significantly differ between the two groups. Conclusion: The sum of eating habit scores according to work types was $16.1{\pm}0.6$ in non-shift workers and $14.0{\pm}0.3$ in shift workers. These results suggest that it is necessary to provide food suitable to characteristics of different workers according to work type which should be provided along with daily nutrition counseling to help subjects recognize their status.

The Influence of Stress Response, Physical Activity, and Sleep Hygiene on Sleep Quality of Shift Work Nurses (교대근무 간호사의 스트레스 반응, 신체활동, 수면위생이 수면의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Ji-Yeong;Gu, Mee-Ock
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.546-559
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to analyze the relationship between sleep quality, stress response, physical activity and sleep hygiene in shift work nurses and identify factors influencing sleep quality. The participants were 168 shift nurses from university hospitals and general hospitals located in C city, Gyeongnam. Data were collected from March 25 to 31, 2016. The study instrument use to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Stress Response Inventory, Korean version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form and Sleep Hygiene Scale. Date were analyzed by frequency, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple regression using SPSS/win18.0. The sleep quality index was 7.35 (range 0-21), stress response was 2.20 (range 1-5), physical activity was 3986MET-min/week, and sleep hygiene was 2.73 (range 1-6 points). There were significant differences in sleep quality according to shift work experience, health status and circadian rhythm type. Factors influencing sleep quality included shift work experience, sleep hygiene, stress response and physical activity, which together explained 40% of the total variance of sleep quality. Therefore, it is recommended that sleep hygiene education be implemented as a strategy to reduce stress response, and that shift work nurses engage in a moderate level of physical activity to improve their sleep quality.

The Effect on the Life Satisfaction of the Workers in the Shift Work Service: The Fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey (교대근무 서비스 종사자의 생활만족도에 미치는 영향: 제 5차 근로환경조사를 이용하여)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Ah;Lim, So-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.178-187
    • /
    • 2021
  • This study is a descriptive correlation study to identify the factors affecting life satisfaction for shift service workers and is a secondary data analysis study using the raw data from the Fifth Korean Work Environment Survey. Five hundred and seventy-seven study subjects were selected from 20-year-old wage workers who had more than one year of work experience at the time of the survey and had worked more than 40 hours a week. The analysis used SPSS 23.0 WIN, including a t-test, one-way ANOVA by Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation oefficients, and Hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Regarding the general characteristics of the subjects, there was a difference in life satisfaction according to age, educational level, industrial type, and subjective health status. The higher the work-life balance and work satisfaction of the shift service worker, the higher the life satisfaction. In addition, social support had a moderating effect on the relationship between work-life balance and work satisfaction of shift service workers. Active social support, work satisfaction, and work-life balance improvement promotion programs were developed and applied to shift work service workers considering the factors influencing life satisfaction, thereby improving the life satisfaction of work shift service workers.