• Title, Summary, Keyword: 광릉숲

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The Distribution and Life-form of Ferns in Gwangneung Forest (광릉숲 양치식물의 분포와 생활형)

  • Lee, Kang-Hyup;Yeo, Kyung-Taek;Jung, Seung-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.592-597
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    • 2006
  • To understand the status of ferns' distribution of Gwangneung forest, flora survey was done during the period of April 2003 to November 2005. The results obtained from this study were as follows: Ferns identified and surveyed were 46 taxa including 9 families 17 genera 43 species 3 varieties were recorded in Gwangneung Forest. Hemicryrtophyte (H) was the most common dormancy from recorded in surveyed area. Epiphyte (E) and Hydatophyte (HH) were calculated as 4.3%, 2.2%, respectively and they were the lower value compared to those of other dormancy form. Consequently, $H-R_{3}-D_{1}-t$ was recorded as the most common life-form of ferns in Gwangneung Forest. Pteridophyta-Quotient (Ptph.-Q.) was calculated as 1.28 and it was the higher value compared to those of other neighboring mountains.

Community Characteristics and Biological Quality Assessment on Benthic Macroinvertebrates of Bongseonsa Stream in Gwangneung Forest, South Korea (광릉숲 내 봉선사천의 저서성 대형무척추동물의 군집 특성 및 생물학적 하천평가)

  • Jung, Sang-Woo;Cho, Yong-Chan;Lee, Hwang-Goo
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.508-519
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    • 2017
  • There have been many studies on monitoring of biodiversity changes and preservation of Gwangneung Forest Biosphere Reserve (GFBR) in South Korea in recognition of the rare ecosystem that has been preserved for a long period. However, there are few studies on diversity and community characteristics of benthic macroinvertebrates as an indicator of stream health of GFBR. The purpose of this study was to assess the water quality of Bongseonsa Stream that penetrated through Gwangneung Forest and the nearby torrents by analyzing the benthic macroinvertebrates community during April to September 2016. The investigation collected a total of 114 species of benthic macroinvertebrates belonging to 56 families, 17 orders, 8 classes, and 5 phyla from the Bongseonsa Stream and Kwangneung Stream. Ephemeroptera and Trichoptera were the largest groups in species diversity with 30 species (32.3%) and 16 species (17.2%), respectively, and Tubificidae sp., Baetis fuscatus, Antocha KUa, and Cheumatopsyche brevilineata, which usually habit in contaminated streams, appeared frequently. Among the feeding function groups, the gatherers and hunters appeared relatively frequently, and the shredders and scrapers appeared frequently in the torrents. Among the habitat oriented groups, the clingers and burrower appeared more frequently and represented the microhabitats in the shallow areas. The result of the analysis of benthic macroinvertebrates community showed that the dominant index was $0.48{\pm}0.10$ in average while it was lowest with 0.33 in GS 8 of the Gwangneung Forest torrent and highest in BS 1 of Bongseonsa Stream. The diversity and richness indices were inversely proportional to the dominant index and were 2.53 and 4.22, respectively, in GS 8 where the dominant index was low. The result of the analysis of community stability showed that area I, which had high resistance and restoration, was high in Bongseonsa Stream while the area III, which had low resistance and restoration, was high in Gwangneung Forest, indicating that the water system in Gwangneung Forest had a wider distribution of specifies sensitive to agitation. The biological water quality assessment showed ESB of $50.88{\pm}17.69$, KSI of $1.11{\pm}0.57$, and BMI of $78.55{\pm}11.05$. GS 8 of Gwangneung Forest torrent was judged to be the highest priority protective water area with the best water environment and I class water quality with ESB of 63, KSI of 0.55, and BMI of 89.9. On the contrary, BS 1 of Bongseonsa Stream was judged to be the high priority improvement area that had the lowest water quality rating of III with ESB of 25, KSI of 2.13, and BMI of 62.7. Although the diversity of water beetle was higher in the water system of nearby Bongseonsa Stream than the water system inside the Gwangneung Forest, the annual community structure appeared to have distinct differences.

Change of Butterfly Communities After Clear Cutting in Gwangneung Forest (광릉숲에서 개벌 후 나비군집의 변화)

  • Lee, Cheol Min;Kwon, Tae-Sung
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.347-354
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to clarify the change of butterfly community after clear cutting. Butterfly survey was conducted in clear cutting area, forest road, and forest using line transect method from May to November in 2011. A total of 32 species and 398 individuals of butterflies were observed. Abundance of food niche breadth and habitat type was significantly higher in clear cutting area than in forest. Estimated species richness and species diversity were significantly higher in clear cutting area than in forest. In clear cutting area, Leptidea amurensis and Argynnis niobe, vulnerable species, were abundant. This result suggests that grasslands formed by clear cutting play an important role to increase butterfly diversity in forest ecosystem.

Occurrence of Callipogon relictus Semenov (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the Gwangneung Forest, Korea with Suggestions for the Conservation (광릉숲에서의 장수하늘소(딱정벌레목; 하늘소과) 서식실태 조사결과 및 보전을 위한 제언)

  • Byun, Bong-Kyu;Kwon, Tae-Sung;Weon, Gap-Jae;Jo, Dong-Gwang;Lee, Bong-Woo;Lee, You-Mi;Choi, Hyeok-Jae;Kim, Cheol-Hak;Lee, Seung-Hwan;Bae, Yang-Seop;An, Seung-Lak;Hong, Ki-Jeong;Park, Shin-Young
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2007
  • A survey to investigate the inhabitation of Callipogon relictus Semenov and evaluate the population of the species in the Gwangneung Forest was conducted during last seven years. During the study, a female was observed in the forest in 2006 which confirmed a possibility of the inhabitation with a small population. Fortunately, a ovipositing female was observed in the forest during this study period in 2006. The female laid more than 20 eggs singly in the crack of bark of the Carpinus laxiflora Blume. We collated the all available data for the species with the present study including the previous reports to provide the information far the conservation plan. It will be needed the long term monitoring and various efforts for the conservation of the species will be need hereafter.

Edge Preference of Forest-dwelling Birds in Temperate Deciduous Forests (온대 활엽수림에 서식하는 산림성 조류의 가장자리 선호도 분석)

  • Choi, Chang-Yong;Nam, Hyun-Young;Hur, Wee-Haeng;Lee, Woo-Shin;Kim, Hyun-Joong;Hwang, Geun-Yeoun
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.191-203
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    • 2006
  • To understand the effect of forest fragmentation on forest-dwelling birds, it is more effective to analyze on the selected specialists than on the whole bird community. We investigated the edge preference of forest-dwelling birds to discriminate habitat specialist species in the interior and on the edge of temperate deciduous forests in central Korea. Point count and line transect census were conducted at Gwangneung forest from February to October. Our result shows that there was no consistent tendency in abundance of birds between in the interior and on the edge because of the different landscape characteristics and the high proportion of habitat generalists. Five habitat specialists in 73 bird species were identified by the differences in both population densities; three forest interior and two forest edge specialists. Asian Stubtail Warblers (Urosphena squameiceps), Pale Thrushes (Turdus pallidus) and Coal Tits (Parus ater) were included in the forest interior group, but Black-billed Magpies (Pica pica) and Black-naped Orioles (Oriolus chinensis) were classified as the forest edge group. We suppose that a selective monitoring on patterns and changes in spatial use of these five habitat specialists is needed to estimate the effects of forest fragmentation in temperate deciduous forests. And, moreover, systematic monitoring methods for field survey should be established based on the point count method and line transect census to ensure the equality of data.

Application of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) Sensor to Monitor Multi-layer Canopy Phenology in Gwangneung Forest (LED 분광계를 활용한 광릉숲의 다층군락 생물계절 모니터링)

  • Lee, Galam;Ryu, Youngryel
    • Proceedings of The Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Conference
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    • pp.25-25
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    • 2013
  • 식생의 생물계절학적 특성은 지표면과 대기의 에너지와 물 순환에 큰 영향을 미친다. 일반적으로 상층군락과 하층군락의 식생은 미기후의 차이 등에 의해 서로 다른 생물계절학적 특성을 가진다. 이러한 식생의 생물계절학적 특성은 반사도 관측을 통해 추정할 수 있다. 과거부터 원격탐사 기법을 활용하여 식생의 생물계절학적 특성을 추정하는 많은 연구가 수행되어 왔다. 그러나 대부분의 연구는 상층군락과 하층군락의 반사특성을 구분하지 않았다. 본 연구에서는 상층군락과 하층군락 식생의 생물계절학적 특성을 구분하여 탐지하기 위해 red, green, blue 그리고 near-infrared 의 네 가지 파장대를 가진 LED 센서를 이용하였다. LED 센서는 광릉 시험림 내의 활엽수림과 침엽수림 관측지에 서로 다른 네 군데의 높이에 설치되어 각 파장대의 반사도를 산출하였다. 또한 반사도를 이용하여 세 가지 식생지수(NDVI, EVI, Greenness index)를 산출하여 상층식생과 하층식생의 개엽기를 추정하였다.

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Landform Classifications and Management Plan in Gwangneung Forest (광릉숲 지역 지형분류와 관리방안)

  • Kim, Nam-Shin;Cho, Yong-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.737-746
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to suggest plan of earth surface erosion by typifying landforms in Gwangeung Forest. Elements of landform were classifyed as hierachical system by scale. Scale for classification set a decision as four categories. We could classify landforms which level zero is 4 levels of elements, level one is 6, level two is twelve, level three is twenty seven. However, micro landforms of valley bottom which is hard to mapping made a categorization as upper valley, middle valley, artificial channel valley. Plan for soil erosion suggested yarding corridor, landform management for surroundings of slope and bridge using rock and gravel, road construction for forest management stable bedrock rather than soil layer, repose angles and piling up rocks for channel walls, and setting up buffer zone when forest thinning be carried out. The result of this research will be expected to provide information for forest management of mountainous areas by landform types.

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Bird Distribution in Relation to Forest Types in Gwangneung Forest (광릉숲의 임상별 조류의 분포 현황)

  • Kwon, Young-Soo;Park, Sung-Keun;Hwang, Geun-Yeoun;Kim, Mi-Ran
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted from February 2005 to October 2007 to investigate bird distribution at three types of forest (mixed, broadleaf and coniferous) in Gwangneung forest. As a result, more birds used mixed forests than broodleaf and coniferous forest. During forest was opened to public, more birds also frequently used mixed forests. When forest was closed to public, there was no preference among three forest types. We also compared the number of species and individuals between open and restricted area. More species and individuals used restricted area.

Estimation of Species Richness of Butterfly Community in the Gwangneung Forest, Korea (광릉 숲 나비군집의 종풍부도 산정)

  • Kwon, Tae-Sung;Byun, Bong-Kyu;Lee, Bong-Woo;Lee, Chi-Young;Shon, Jeong-Dal;Kang, Seung-Ho;Kim, Sung-Soo;Kim, Young-Kul
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.439-445
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    • 2009
  • Species richness (number of species) of the butterfly community in the Gwangneung forest, Korea, was estimated using data of the long-term butterfly monitoring, which had been carried out 291 times in the Korea National Arboretum or forest area of Gwangneung from 1998 to 2008. Abundance of each butterfly species was monitored using the line-transact method. In the present study, 13,333 butterflies belonging to 112 species were observed. Species accumulation curve and species richness was obtained using a software, EstimateS. The species accumulation curve shows an increase tendency even at 291 survey times, implying the possibility of the presence of a few unfound species. However, values of species richness estimated by the seven estimators were stabilized around 240-250 survey times. Species richness estimated by the estimators ranged from 120 species to 141 species with 128 species in average. However, the figure estimated by the previous studies since 1958 was 148 species. We estimated the reasonable scale of species richness on the base of recent analysis on the change of butterfly species. Species richness of the Korea National Arboretum was higher than that of natural forest and of plantation. However, species richness of butterfly was not different between natural forest and plantation. It is likely that increase of grasslands and habitat diversity in arboretum led to the increase of species richness of butterfly community.