• Title/Summary/Keyword: 과학자

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Program Development of Scientists' Episode: Focusing on Scientists' Joy, Anger, Sorrow, and Pleasure (과학자의 희로애락(喜怒哀樂)이 담긴 과학사 에피소드 활용 교육 프로그램 개발)

  • Lee, Yun-Kyung;Shin, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.469-478
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    • 2014
  • To provide students an alternative image of science and scientist, we developed five lesson plans that include scientists' joy, anger, sorrow, and pleasure in their life. Through the 10 hour lessons with the five topics, we investigated the effect of our program on students' image change toward scientists, their science learning, and their career development in science field. Twenty high school students participated in our program and five of them were analyzed. The qualitative data included opinionnaire survey before and after the program, field note, video recording, students' worksheets, and interview. The science episode lessons that reflect the human side of scientists were designed in five steps. The first step is the one about imaging of scientists, the second step is the one about reading scientists' episode in their life, the third step is the one about investigating human side of scientists, the fourth step is the one about feeling sympathy in scientists' context, and the last step is the one about judging human side of scientists. Students participated in this program got to feel familiarity in scientists as well as confidence in science. By obtaining the alternative image of scientists after the class, it is expected that students will play roles of well-prepared supporters with scientific literacy.

원로과학기술자의 증언 2-박동길박사편

  • Park, Dong-Gil
    • The Science & Technology
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    • v.12 no.3 s.118
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    • pp.51-54
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    • 1979
  • 과학자가 되려면 다른 학문에 비해 어렵고 특히 기초과학연구를 하는 과학자의 경우는 더욱 어려운 공부를 계속하여야 한다. 그러나 이것은 과학자 스스로 택한 고난의 길이기에 이들은 한결같이 과학자가 된 것을 만족하게 생각하고 있다. 과학자가 되기위해 험난한 인생의 가시밭길을 무수히 헤치고 살아온 박동길박사. 박동길박사는 약관 20세에 도일, 과학자가 되기 위해 살을 여의는 듯한 고생을 무릅쓰고 오직 학업에만 열중했다. 박동길박사가 과학기술에 관심을 갖고 지금까지 걸어온 배경과 지질학을 연구하게 된 동기를 알아보는데는 까마득한 박박사의 어린시절로 돌아가야 할 것 같다. 이래서 본지는 이번호부터 박동길박사를 모셨다. <편집자주>

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Gifted Children′s Perceptions of Scientists (초등학교 영재 학생들의 과학자에 대한 인식 조사)

  • 임희준;여상인
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.39-57
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    • 2001
  • In this study, gifted children's perceptions of scientists were investigated. The subjects were 91 elementary students who were registered in educational program for the gifted. This study was conducted using Draw-A-Scientist-Test (DAST) and questionnaires about the life of scientists. As the results, most scientists were depicted as well-featured and young people. There was a tendency that boys mainly described scientists as male, but girls as female. Many of the students perceived scientists as those who did significant works to try to help other people and pursue the novelty The general perceptions of the gifted on scientists were positive. Majority of students, however, perceived that scientists worked indoors with glassware or chemicals. Relatively, fewer students described books, other materials, and technologies including computer. Many of the students perceived scientists'work as research or invention. Concerning working pattern, students mainly replied that scientists worked alone. In order to make students'restricted perceptions enhance for opened and flexible manner, various educational methods need to be implemented.

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Contemplation of Scientist's Social Role, Responsibility and its Educational Methods (과학자의 사회적 역할과 책임 및 교육 방법에 대한 고찰)

  • Choi Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.5 no.2 s.10
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    • pp.49-67
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    • 2005
  • With increasing interest on scientists and the influence of science technology, their role in the modem society has been expanding. Scientists work in the laboratory as researchers, work in their expertise area as professionals, and work socially as social agents. Scientists are responsible to keep up the regulations during the research, and also are responsible for the results of the research. Therefore, there is a need of contemplation in terms of what their identity is and what their responsibilities are. Despite of this need, there hasn't been much discussion or education on the scientists social role or responsibilities as of now. This study purported to contemplate on the scientists role and responsibility, its qualification, and what it means to be a scientist as a social agent. Also the study further explored the efficient educational strategies and methods relevant to the contemplated issues.

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The Effects of 'MEETING WITH SCIENTISTS' Program on the Fifth Graders' Physical Images of Scientists ('과학자와의 만남' 프로그램 적용이 초등학생의 과학자에 대한 신체적 이미지에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Sung-Kwan;Jang, Myoung-Duk;Jeong, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.490-498
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    • 2002
  • This study investigated the effects of the 'Meeting With Scientists' program on children's stereotypical images of scientist. To do those, 36 children of a fifth grade class participated in the program for one month. The program consisted of two main activities:(l) participating in scientists' lectures and exchanging e-mail with them; and (2) visiting web sites about scientist and science, and exchanging e-mail with scientists at the sites. The results of the study can be summarized as follows: First, after participating in the program, children showed the significant decrease of several stereotypical items, such as facial growth of hair(bald hair beard), symbols of research, and age of the scientist. Second, the most popular source of the images was the visual media at the pretest but the source was changed to the visiting and participating scientist's lecture, and internet at the posttest. The latter items appeared a significant difference between the pretest and the posttest, The results indicate that the program is effective to decrease of children's stereotypical physical image of scientist.

'도서관에서 작가/과학자를 만나다' 프로젝트를 진행하며

  • Yu, Tae-Hyeong
    • KLA journal
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    • v.45 no.11 s.354
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    • pp.27-28
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    • 2004
  • 우리 협회는 2004년 9월에서 10월까지 약 2달 동안 한국과학문화재단, 21세기한국생명과학발전연구회와 여러 출판사들의 후원과 협조로 문화소외지역(인구 15만명 미만)의 공공도서관 및 대학도서관을 대상으로 '도서관에서 작가/과학자를 만나다' 강연회 행사를 개최하였다. 우리 협회는 이번 사업을 통하여 ▲ 도서관을 통한 지역문화 활성화에 기여하고, ▲ 직접 만나기 어려웠던 작가/과학자를 직접 만날 수 있는 기회를 제공하여 지역 주민들의 독서 문화 진흥에 도움을 주고자 하며, ▲ 청소년들과 시민들에게 과학문화에 대한 이해를 높이고 자연과학분야에 대한 관심을 끌어낼 수 있는 기회를 갖고자 하였다. 본지 11월호 특집에서는 총26개 공공도서관과 1개 대학도서관 그리고 18명의 작가와 14명의 과학자가 참여한 '도서관에서 작가/과학자를 만나다' 행사를 돌아보는 의미에서 협회 사무국 담당자, 행사에 참여한 작가와 과학자, 도서관측 담당자, 출판사측 담당자의 글을 준비했다. 행사현장의 분위기와 사업추진 경과, 성과 등을 함께 나누어보기를 바란다.

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Science High School Students' Images of the Scientist before and after the Green Investigation with Scientists

  • Hong, Hang-Hwa
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.327-341
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to obtain science high school students' perceptions of scientists and their work before and after the Green Investigation program with scientists. This study also attempts to determine whether the program affected the participants' perceptions of scientists and their work. A modified DAST was carried out with 64 high school students. Findings revealed that Korean science high school students had normal perceptions of scientists, such as images of 20 to 30 year old males wearing laboratory coats and working alone in research labs with test tubes, flasks, and several machines in the background. After the intervention, students drew fewer typical items representing scientists and had significantly different perceptions of their work places between the pretest (M=1.69, SD=1.14) and posttest (M=1.96, SD=1.24, t=4.43, p<0.001) with the eta squared statistics (.24). These findings reflect the need for continued efforts of developing green investigation programs with scientists for students. Some future studies based on this study are also introduced.

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Secondary Pre-service Science Teachers' Image of Scientists and Perception on the Science-Related Career (중등 예비 과학교사들의 과학자 이미지 및 과학 관련 직업에 대한 인식)

  • Song, Youngwook;Cho, Hyukjoon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.753-763
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    • 2018
  • The image of scientists that learners have has an important impact on science learning and on science-related career choices. The image of the scientist was mainly analyzed using the drawing analysis method. Drawing analysis has limitations on drawing, mainly analyzing the external image of scientist. Science teachers' images of scientists and their perception of science-related careers are important factors in students' science learning and science-related career choices. However, research on science teachers is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of measurement tools by developing and applying a scientist image measurement tool through the semantic analysis method, and to discuss the educational implications of the research by investigating the image of scientists and science-related professions of secondary pre-service science teachers. The subjects of the study were 79 male and 55 female for a total of 134 students in the 2nd and 3rd grades majoring in science education at a teachers college. The results of the research show that the image measurement tool consisted of four components: 'ability,' 'evaluation,' 'activity,' and 'emotion,' in 24 items. As a result of applying the developed measurement tool to the secondary pre-service science teachers, the image of the 'evaluation,' 'ability,' and 'activity' elements of the scientist were high, but 'emotion' was low. There was no statistically significant difference according to gender. It is found that science-related career perceive them as 'hard,' 'professional,' 'smart,' and 'complex.' In particular, male students perceive themselves as 'hard and difficult' while female students perceive it as 'challenging and complicated'. Finally, we discussed the usefulness of using the image measurement tool of the scientists, the image of the scientists of the secondary pre-service science teachers, and the educational implications on science-related career.

A study on social network service for stimulating online community of Korean scientists (국내 과학자 온라인 커뮤니티 활성화를 위한 소셜 네트워크 서비스 적용 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jayhoon;Yoon, Jungsun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • 2010.05a
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    • pp.545-547
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    • 2010
  • 소셜 네트워크 서비스가 발전하면서 사용자층을 세분화하여 차별화 한 소셜 네트워크 서비스가 출현하고 있다. 해외에서는 과학자에게 특화된 여러 소셜 서비스가 활성화 되고 있으며 과학자들의 인맥 연결은 물론, 정보 공유와 공동 연구를 지원하는 다양한 부가서비스가 개발되어 온라인 상에서의 협업 환경이 조성되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 해외 과학자 소셜 네트워크 서비스의 특징을 살펴 보고 국내의 과학자 온라인 커뮤니티 활성화를 위한 소셜 서비스 도입을 제안해 보고자 한다.

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Comparison between Mentor Scientists and Teachers' Perceptions of Research Ethics Education and of Creation of an Ethical Research Environment in the Mentoring Program for the Science-Gifted Students in High School (고등학교급 과학영재를 위한 사사교육에서 수행되는 연구윤리교육과 연구환경 조성에 대한 멘토 과학자와 교사의 인식비교)

  • Lee, Jiwon;Yi, Bumjin
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.427-439
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we investigated how scientists and teachers engaged in mentoring program are conducting research ethics education and how they are creating an ethical educational environment. A questionnaire survey was given to 32 scientists and 44 teachers conducting mentoring programs for gifted high school students. In the content of research ethics education, most of the respondents opined that they should teach against falsification, plagiarism, and fabrication. Teachers were most likely to teach ethical decision-making in each step of the research process. Most of the scientists said that they should teach how to write research note. For the difficulties, the teachers pointed out the challenging system that focuses only on college entrance exams while the scientists answered that it was difficult to recognize research ethics as the problem of the students themselves. For the teachers, the most affective factor in creating an ethical research environment is the amount of time to teach research ethics while for the scientists, it is the ethics of the mentors. For creating an ethical research environment, the teachers responded with making an atmosphere wherein failure is tolerated, and the scientists responded with increasing the degrees of freedom in results. For the difficulties of creating an ethical research environment, the teachers were constrained by research time while the scientists were pressured about the results. These results provide implications for ways to teach research ethics and for ways to create an ethical research environment in the mentoring program for science-gifted students.