• Title/Summary/Keyword: 공통성

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A Novel Glycine-Rich Region in Sox4 is a Target for the Proteolytic Cleavage in E. coli (전사활성 인자인 Sox4의 단백질 분해효소에 의한 표적 부위에 관한 연구)

  • 허은혜;최주연;장경희;김인경;임향숙
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.153-161
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    • 2002
  • Sox4, a transcription factor, consists of three functional domains: an HMG-box domain as a DNA binding domain, serine rich region as a transactivation domain and glycine rich region (GRR), an unknown functional domain. Although Sox4 is known to be functionally involved in heart, B-cell and reproductive system development, its physiological function remains to be elucidated. We used pGEX expression system to develop a simple and rapid method for purifying Sox4 protein in suitable forms for biochemical studies of their functions. Unexpectedly, we observed that full-length Sox4 appears to be protease-sensitive during expression and purification in E. coli. To map the protease-sensitive site in Sox4, we generated various constructs with each of functional domains of Sox4 and purified as the GST-Sox4 fusion proteins using glutathione beads. We found that the specific cleavage site for the proteolytic enzyme, which exists in E. coli, is localized within the novel GRR of Sox4. Our study suggest that the GRR of Sox4 may a target for the cellular protease action and this cleavage in the GRR may be involved in regulating physiological function of Sox4. Additionally, our study may provide a useful method for investigating the proteolytic cleavage of the target molecule in E. coli.

An Analytical Study on the Growth Factors of Bamboo Culm by the Multivariate Analysis (다변량분석(多變量分析)에 의(依)한 죽간(竹稈)의 성장해석(成長解析)에 관(關)하여)

  • Lee, Kwang Nam;Cha, Gyung Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.76 no.4
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    • pp.338-347
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    • 1987
  • The research was carried out to investigate the related phenomena, the latent structures and synthetical characteristics in various growth factors of Phyllostachys bambusoides Sieb. et Zucc. growing at Damyang gun, Chollanamdo, using multivariate analysis. 1. By synthetical characteristics in canonical correlation between height-growth factor group and diameter-growth factor group, the former was determined by the culm height ($x_1$), and the latter by the. diameter of the largest internode($x_7$). And for those between quantitative growth factor group and qualitative growth factor group, the former was determined by the surface area($x_{10}$), and the latter by the diameter of the largest internode ($x_7$). 2. The ten growth factors of bamboo culm were simplified by two principal components on the basis of accumulated proportion aimed at 90%. The first principal component($Z_1$) as a "size factor" showed high correlation with growth factors except eye-height diameter($x_5$). The second principal component($Z_2$) as a "shape factor" showed high correlation only with $x_5$. 3. The bamboo culm, and the latent phenomenon between their growth factors could be determined by two common factors showing high communality(94.16%). The ten growth factors can be grouped into two attribute factors: quantity and quality. 4. The bamboo culms can be classified into five types: total, volume, shape-quality, inferior and middle.

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A Study on the Influence of Information Security on Consumer's Preference of Android and iOS based Smartphone (정보보안이 안드로이드와 iOS 기반 스마트폰 소비자 선호에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jong-jin;Choi, Min-kyong;Ahn, Jong-chang
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.105-119
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    • 2017
  • Smartphone users hit over eighty-five percentage of Korean populations and personal private items and various information are stored in each user's smartphone. There are so many cases to propagate malicious codes or spywares for the purpose of catching illegally these kinds of information and earning pecuniary gains. Thus, need of information security is outstanding for using smartphone but also user's security perception is important. In this paper, we investigate about how information security affects smartphone operating system choices by users. For statistical analysis, the online survey with questionnaires for users of smartphones is conducted and effective 218 subjects are collected. We test hypotheses via communalities analysis using factor analysis, reliability analysis, independent sample t-test, and linear regression analysis by IBM SPSS statistical package. As a result, it is found that hardware environment influences on perceived ease of use. Brand power affects both perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use and degree of personal risk-accepting influences on perception of smartphone spy-ware risk. In addition, it is found that perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, degree of personal risk-accepting, and spy-ware risk of smartphone influence significantly on intention to purchase smartphone. However, results of independent sample t-test for each operating system users of Android or iOS do not present statistically significant differences among two OS user groups. In addition, each result of OS user group testing for hypotheses is different from the results of total sample testing. These results can give important suggestions to organizations and managers related to smartphone ecology and contribute to the sphere of information systems (IS) study through a new perspective.

Neuropsychological Mechanism of Delusion (망상의 신경심리학적 기전)

  • Lee, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Dong-Wha;Park, Yun-Zo;Park, Hae-Jung;Shin, Yoon-Sik
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2000
  • Objectives: The Psychopathology of schizophrenia was expected to be related with focal dysfunction of brain while schizophrenia is recognized and studied as the brain disease. Authors studied correlation between neuropsychological tests and delusion which is representative symptom of schizophrenia in patients with head trauma and psychiatric patients in order to explore the functional localization of brain in delusional symptom. Methods: Halstead Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery and Korean Weschler Intelligent Scale and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI) were administered to one hundred ninteen patients consisted of sixty nine psychiatric patients and fifty patients with brain damage. We tested correlation between results of neuropsychological tests and delusional scale made from twenty four items related with delusion in MMPI. T-test between eighteen higher delusion scorers and twenty one lower scorers was examed in psychiatric group. Results: In brain damage group, signigicant correlations were found in the tests related with function of frontal lobe such as category test, trail making AB test, tactual performance test, digit symbol test and fingertip number writing test, and significant correlations were also noted in the tests related with function of left temporal and parietal lobes such as information, comprehension, vocabulary, similarities and speech sound perception test. The tests related with the function of right hemisphere such as tactual performance test location, picture completion and performance, and the tests related with subcortical function such as arithmetic, digit span, attention, digit symbol test, digit symbol and trail making AB test were signigicantly corelated with delusional scale too. In psychiatric group there were significant difference of delusional score in the tests related with function of left hemisphere such as vocabulary, vocable IQ, comprehension and language, and in the tests related with subcortical function such as N 120 voltage, digit symbol and arithmetic. Conclusions: Delusion seems to be related with function of frontal lobe, left hemisphere and subcortex in both groups. Right hemisphere may be also partially related with delusion.

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A Direction of Developing a Traditional Cultural Content of Korean Court Dance Oyangseon - With a Base on the Historical Transmission, Reception of Asian Traditional Dance - (궁중정재 <오양선>의 전통문화콘텐츠화 시론 - 아시아 전통춤의 전파와 변용을 바탕으로 -)

  • Huh, Dong-sung
    • (The) Research of the performance art and culture
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    • no.35
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    • pp.509-541
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    • 2017
  • The basic intent of this thesis lies in proposing a meaningful direction of developing cultural content by combining Asian traditional dance forms which hold cultural closeness in common historically. For this study, this paper selected Oyangseon(五羊仙; 'Five Taoist Hermits on Five Sheep'), a Korean court dance of Chinese origin as an example as the Oyangseon story is commonly found in ancient Vietnam and China as well as Korea. Its original narrative is a mythic story that five hermits had come down to ancient Vietnam region riding on five sheep of five colors to bestow 6 ears of milets to people. Later, the story was spread to other regions to be reformed into Woljeongjeon(越井傳; Vietnam), Choi Wee(崔?; China) and Oyangseon(Korea) that have different plot and background. While Woljeongjeon and Choi Wee were adapted into novels that describe the hero Choi Wee's mysterious adventure to be repaid his father's previous devotion to ancient King's shrine. Meanwhile, the epic narrative of Korean Oyangseon proves the modification of the original myth by adding a Seowangmo(西王母; a Chinese mythic heavenly queen) motif while it was enacted as a court dance to praise king's long life and pray country's prosperity following Confucian concept. Based on this historical lineage of Oyangseon story, I searched for the possiblity of constructing a cultural content program by combining the Oyangseon dance of three countries. While there was Oyangseonmu(五羊仙舞) in China which was recently composed by referring to Korean Oyangseon, any traditional dance item based on Oyangseon story was not available in Vietnam. Thus, I tried to propose the Vietnam Dance College to choreograph a new dance item with Woljeongjeon story while using the traditional dance technique, music, costume, etc. of Vietnam as most as possible. As a result, I could display a direction of developing a cultural content by staging three countries' dance items based on Oyangseon story at Korean National Haneul Theater in Oct 2016.

A study on the Musical Characteristics of Traditional-Sangdanyebul - Focusing on the Jogye Order and Taego Order - (전통 상단예불의 음악적 특징 고찰 - 조계종과 태고종을 중심으로 -)

  • Cha, Hyoung-suk
    • (The) Research of the performance art and culture
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    • no.35
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    • pp.471-508
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    • 2017
  • The basic intent of this thesis lies in proposing a meaningful direction of developing cultural content by combining Asian traditional dance forms which hold cultural closeness in common historically. For this study, this paper selected Oyangseon(五羊仙; 'Five Taoist Hermits on Five Sheep'), a Korean court dance of Chinese origin as an example as the Oyangseon story is commonly found in ancient Vietnam and China as well as Korea. Its original narrative is a mythic story that five hermits had come down to ancient Vietnam region riding on five sheep of five colors to bestow 6 ears of milets to people. Later, the story was spread to other regions to be reformed into Woljeongjeon(越井傳; Vietnam), Choi Wee(崔?; China) and Oyangseon(Korea) that have different plot and background. While Woljeongjeon and Choi Wee were adapted into novels that describe the hero Choi Wee's mysterious adventure to be repaid his father's previous devotion to ancient King's shrine. Meanwhile, the epic narrative of Korean Oyangseon proves the modification of the original myth by adding a Seowangmo(西王母; a Chinese mythic heavenly queen) motif while it was enacted as a court dance to praise king's long life and pray country's prosperity following Confucian concept. Based on this historical lineage of Oyangseon story, I searched for the possiblity of constructing a cultural content program by combining the Oyangseon dance of three countries. While there was Oyangseonmu(五羊仙舞) in China which was recently composed by referring to Korean Oyangseon, any traditional dance item based on Oyangseon story was not available in Vietnam. Thus, I tried to propose the Vietnam Dance College to choreograph a new dance item with Woljeongjeon story while using the traditional dance technique, music, costume, etc. of Vietnam as most as possible. As a result, I could display a direction of developing a cultural content by staging three countries' dance items based on Oyangseon story at Korean National Haneul Theater in Oct 2016.

A practical analysis approach to the functional requirements standards for electronic records management system (기록관리시스템 기능요건 표준의 실무적 해석)

  • Yim, Jin-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.18
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    • pp.139-178
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    • 2008
  • The functional requirements standards for electronic records management systems which have been published recently describe the specifications very precisely including not only core functions of records management but also the function of system management and optional modules. The fact that these functional requirements standards seem to be similar to each other in terms of the content of functions described in the standards is linked to the global standardization trends in the practical area of electronic records. In addition, these functional requirements standards which have been built upon with collaboration of archivists from many national archives, IT specialists, consultants and records management applications vendors result in not only obtaining high quality but also establishing the condition that the standards could be the certificate criteria easily. Though there might be a lot of different ways and approaches to benchmark the functional requirements standards developed from advanced electronic records management practice, this paper is showing the possibility and meaningful business cases of gaining useful practical ideas learned from imaging electronic records management practices related to the functional requirements standards. The business cases are explored central functions of records management and the intellectual control of the records such as classification scheme or disposal schedules. The first example is related to the classification scheme. Should the records classification be fixed at same number of level? Should a record item be filed only at the last node of classification scheme? The second example addresses a precise disposition schedule which is able to impose the event-driven chronological retention period to records and which could be operated using a inheritance concept between the parent nodes and child nodes in classification scheme. The third example shows the usage of the function which holds or freeze and release the records required to keep as evidence to comply with compliance like e-Discovery or the risk management of organizations under the premise that the records management should be the basis for the legal compliance. The last case shows some cases for bulk batch operation required if the records manager can use the ERMS as their useful tool. It is needed that the records managers are able to understand and interpret the specifications of functional requirements standards for ERMS in the practical view point, and to review the standards and extract required specifications for upgrading their own ERMS. The National Archives of Korea should provide various stakeholders with a sound basis for them to implement effective and efficient electronic records management practices through expanding the usage scope of the functional requirements standard for ERMS and making the common understanding about its implications.

An inquiry concerning early philosophy of G. Deleuze (초기 들뢰즈 철학에 관한 연구)

  • Jin, Gi-haeng
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.123
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    • pp.409-440
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    • 2012
  • It is well known that Deleuze began his philosophical work from researching the biographies of many predecessors' such as D. Hume, Lucretius, I. Kant, B. Spinoza, F. W. Nietzsche, H. Bergson, and etc. Among them, especially Spinoza, Nietzsche, and Bergson constitute a foundation supporting the whole idea of Deleuze. He declared that the goal of his early biographical work is a theme converging the identity of two philosophers, Spinoza and Nietzsche, and it shows that these two philosophers had such a huge significance to Deleuze, at least by then. However, we may point out two issues here. The first is why Deleuze, who is recognized as a philosopher of 'difference', deals the identity. The other issue is, what kind of identity exists between the two philosophers, Spinoza and Nietzche. In a common sense, their ideas contradict to each other. Spinoza puts God at the center of his philosophical system, whereas Nietzsche declared 'God is dead'. Though Nietzsche expressed a concurrent opinion with Spinoza at first, it is well known that he turned his side against him soon after and criticized him sharply. There is a conflict at the core of this criticism concerning the existence or non-existence of God. Many think that Spinoza, however, cannot be free from the argument that his philosophy allows a possibility of atheism. Deleuze, who also called Spinoza an atheist, suggested a new viewpoint of the philosophy of Spinoza based on his attribution to the concept of 'power'. On the other hand, Deleuze reinterpreted Nietzsche, where he analyzed 'the will to power' in a totally inventive way. Likewise, the reciprocal communication of ideas connected by the concept of 'power' gives a foundation of identifying the two philosophers to Deleuze. In this paper, considering this reciprocal communication, I intent to reveal the foundation of identity of the two philosophers, Spinoza and Nietzsche, and as a result, investigate what the concept of identity means to Deleuze, the philosopher of difference. Furthermore, we will also take a look at how Deleuze presents a new perspective on the conflict on the existence of God of the two philosophers in the process of validating the identity.

An Analytical Study on Stem Growth of Chamaecyparis obtusa (편백(扁栢)의 수간성장(樹幹成長)에 관(關)한 해석적(解析的) 연구(硏究))

  • An, Jong Man;Lee, Kwang Nam
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.77 no.4
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    • pp.429-444
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    • 1988
  • Considering the recent trent toward the development of multiple-use of forest trees, investigations for comprehensive information on these young stands of Hinoki cypress are necessary for rational forest management. From this point of view, 83 sample trees were selected and cut down from 23-ear old stands of Hinoki cypress at Changsung-gun, Chonnam-do. Various stem growth factors of felled trees were measured and canonical correlaton analysis, principal component analysis and factor analysis were applied to investigate the stem growth characteristics, relationships among stem growth factors, and to get potential information and comprehensive information. The results are as follows ; Canonical correlation coefficient between stem volume and quality growth factor was 0.9877. Coefficient of canonical variates showed that DBH among diameter growth factors and height among height growth factors had important effects on stem volume. From the analysis of relationship between stem-volume and canonical variates, which were linearly combined DBH with height as one set, DBH had greater influence on volume growth than height. The 1st-2nd principal components here adopted to fit the effective value of 85% from the pincipal component analysis for 12 stem growth factors. The result showed that the 1st-2nd principal component had cumulative contribution rate of 88.10%. The 1st and the 2nd principal components were interpreted as "size factor" and "shape factor", respectively. From summed proportion of the efficient principal component fur each variate, information of variates except crown diameter, clear length and form height explained more than 87%. Two common factors were set by the eigen value obtained from SMC (squared multiple correlation) of diagonal elements of canonical matrix. There were 2 latent factors, $f_1$ and $f_2$. The former way interpreted as nature of diameter growth system. In inherent phenomenon of 12 growth factor, communalities except clear length and crown diameter had great explanatory poorer of 78.62-98.30%. Eighty three sample trees could he classified into 5 stem types as follows ; medium type within a radius of ${\pm}1$ standard deviation of factor scores, uniformity type in diameter and height growth in the 1st quadrant, slim type in the 2nd quadrant, dwarfish type in the 3rd quadrant, and fall-holed type in the 4 th quadrant.

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Occurrence of Grapholita dimorpha in Korean Pear Orchards and Cross-trapping of Its Sibling Species, Grapholita molesta, to a Pheromone Lure (국내 배과원에 복숭아순나방붙이의 발생과 유사종 복숭아순나방의 페로몬 트랩 교차 유인)

  • Jung, Chung Ryul;Ahn, Jeong Joon;Eom, Hoon Sik;Seo, Jung Heun;Kim, Yonggyun
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.479-484
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    • 2012
  • The occurrence of plum fruit moth, Grapholita dimorpha, has been recently reported in apple orchards in Korea. It has been suspected that G. dimorpha and its related species, G. molesta, may occur simultaneously in other host plants. This study reports the occurrence of G. dimorpha in pear orchards of different localities in Korea. The identification of G. dimorpha was determined by morphological characters and the DNA marker. The cross-trapping of both species may be possible because the major sex pheromone (SP) compositions for the two species are similar. From the monitoring data, G. dimorpha and G. molesta were caught in SP lure traps of G. dimorpha and both species were also caught in SP lure traps of G. molesta. This cross-trapping of G. molesta to a SP lure of G. dimorpha varied significantly among pear orchards in different geographical localities. Furthermore, the occurrence peaks of the two species were not coincidental in all monitored orchards. These suggest that monitoring data obtained from each SP trap of both species in pear orchards may be mixed with two species, which would result in the over-estimation of population density and peak frequency on both species in pear orchards.