• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공유리더십

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A Participatory Action Research of Social Workers on the Practice Methods for Single Parents Self-help Groups in Community Welfare Centers (지역사회복지관 한부모 자조집단 지원 실천 방안 모색을 위한 사회복지사 참여실행연구)

  • Yang, Haewon;Kim, Heesoo;Choi, Jung Sook;Kim, Sun Hwa;Kim, Eun Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.61
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    • pp.93-136
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to find specific practice methods of single parents self-help groups in community welfare centers. A participatory action research was conducted to achieve the purpose. Six social workers and three researchers participated in the study who shared the problem of lack of specific practice methods even though a self-help group was useful for self-reliance and empowerment of low-income single-parents. Various activities such as reading articles, analysis of each self-help group, case studies, and learning facilitation methods were conducted during 10 meetings. At the same time, peer supervision proceeded at each meeting. The progress of each group was shared, the application of practice methods and plans were discussed, and applying discussed methods to group practice and reviewing the process and outcomes of the practice were repeated in the peer supervison. As a result, the following positive changes appeared: First, the goals and vision of each group became clearer. Second, initiative of the members was promoted. Third, intimacy, mutual cooperation, the attatchment to the group were strengthened. A qualitative analysis was also conducted on the content discussed. As a result, 17 practice methods were derived in four themes such as initiative/ empowerment, cohesion, leadership, and destandardization. Practice issues concerning single parents self-help groups in community welfare centers were discussed based on the results.

Collaboration Development Factors and Consideration for Community Health Promotion Practice (지역사회 건강증진을 위한 협력개발 요인과 논점)

  • Yoo, Seung-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2010
  • Background: Although collaboration for community health is emphasized, the concept and process of collaboration are rather unclear. International research has classified the types of collaboration and focused on the factors influencing successful collaboration. Greater attention is needed for collaboration practice and research domestically. Findings: By the level of intensity, the types of collaboration range from simpler networking to more formal and sophisticated collaboration. A 4-stage collaboration development consists of formation, implementation, maintenance, and institutionalization stages. Influential factors for collaboration development include: shared goals; operational structure and process; sufficient resources; member and leadership characteristics; environment and climate for collaboration; and information exchange and communication. Discussion: Most of collaboration research so far has dealt with partnerships and coalition building with community-based organizations, and much attention is given to private-public partnership for health. Contextual understanding and collaborative environment are the foremost tasks for us to enhance collaboration for community health in our centralized public health system.

How Does Communication Structure Influence Team Performance in Complex Tasks (커뮤니케이션 구조가 팀 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • TANG, WEI;Jeon, Sang-Gil;Choo, Shi-Gak
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.221-230
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    • 2016
  • This is an experimental study which is designed to identify the joint relationship between communication density and centrality as independent factors to team performance, discovering how they would jointly affect work team performance. Specially different from existing studies, separating team performance into team efficiency and team effectiveness, we identified differential influences to the two independent factors. Findings suggest a competing relationship between communication density and centrality. A framework was proposed to help managers understand the joint effect of density and centrality on performance. Work team has high communication density and low centrality is "Innovating", which is likely to have a great extent of ideas, knowledge and information sharing, and reach high effectiveness. Team with high centrality and low density is characterized as "centralized". Such communication structure may reduce diversity of perspectives and accelerate team decision making. When both density and centrality are low, the team is "Autonomous". To increase external validity, other factors such as leadership, organizational climate influencing on team performance should be reflected in the future research.

The Determinants of Organizational Cynicism of Hospital Nurses and Its Mediating Effect on the Organizational Effectiveness (병원간호사의 조직냉소주의 영향요인 및 조직효과성에 대한 매개효과 검증)

  • Lee, Ju-Hyun;Jeong, Ae-Suk;Seo, Youngjoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.575-586
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influential factors of organizational cynicism of nurses in hospitals, and to examine data contributing the effective organizational management and the organizational effectiveness. Data were collected from 320 nurses working in a hospital in 2005. A total of 295 questionnaires were analyzed by the SPSS WIN 21.0. The leadership, job interdependence, job stress, positive and negative affectivity had significant effect on the organizational cynicism of hospital nurses. Also, the organizational cynicism had significant mediating effects on job satisfaction and organization commitment, and organizational climate showed significant indirect effects on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment. In conclusion, hospital managers and nursing directors need to adopt following strategies; open communication, friendly feedback, trust among staff, co-operation between departments and intra-departments, sharing information, creating joyful organizational climate, adequate organizational supports, fair compensation, and favorable organizational culture.

A Study on the Police Organizational Health Diagnosis Index Development (경찰 조직건강 진단지표에 관한 시론적 논의)

  • Kwon, Hye-Rim;Joo, Jae-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 2014
  • This study explored the police organizational health diagnosis index development. and the ultimate purpose of this study is to suggest the ways for the police to develop the police organizational health diagnosis index and then to raise the organizational effectiveness. A police organizational health diagnosis index comprises three categories; Organizational Behavior, Group Behavior, and Individual Behavior. A Organizational Behavior questionnaire comprises five categories; Organizational Structure, Organizational atmosphere, Environmental Compliance, Transformational Leadership, and Communication & decision-making. Secondly, A Group Behavior questionnaire comprises five categories; How to manage the personnel, Conflict management style, Group cohesion, Vision and Strategy, and Community-oriented & shared responsibility. Thirdly, An Individual Behavior questionnaire comprises five categories; Job Motivation, work-related factors, Trust, Vitality, and Organizational Cynicism. This author expects this study to contribute to the development of an adequate measuring instrument of the police organizational health diagnosis index.

The Application of Mission Command for the Korea Coast Guard (임무형 지휘의 해양경찰 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Moon, Joong-Sik;Cho, Jun-Eok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.444-453
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    • 2016
  • In this study, I suggested 'Mission command' as the on-scene commander's leadership intended to save people's lives quickly and safely when occured marine accident. First, I considered the concepts and limitations, efforts to introduce and settle the mission command, discussed why the introduction of mission command for Korea Coast Guard, the scope and specific way when applied. Korea Coast Guard must apply the Mission command as the on-scene commander's leadership to achieve efficient rescue work at the scene of an accident, even for incidents that can-not be foreseen. However, mission command cannot be established overnight: long-term, systematic efforts to stably develop mission command at the organizational level are required. We will strive to apply mission command across all aspects of the system, including education, training, personnel, and procedures, equipping each component with the basic requirements for mission command.

The Implementation and Evaluation of Learning Experience-Based Professionalism Program in Medical School (의과대학의 학습경험 중심 전문직업성 프로그램 운영 및 평가)

  • Yoo, Hyo Hyun;Kim, Young Jon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.164-172
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    • 2018
  • This study explores how to implement a learning experience-based professionalism program for a medical students and evaluates its program through effectiveness and usability test. This study aims to provide practical implications for experience-based learning in an undergraduate level. Seventy four first-year medical students enrolled in PDS1(Patient-Doctor-Society 1): professionalism, one-week block (30 hours), one-credit program based on a experience-based learning model. All of the students were given six learning themes and learning resources and supporting tools, and conducted stepwise learning activities; preparation, organization, sharing, reflection and evaluation of experiences. The effectiveness of learning was evaluated by comparing the pre and post results of student's self-assessment on 24 questionnaire items about professionalism. After the course, the students and instructors conducted a usability evaluation of the program through questionnaires or group interviews. Learners' self-assessment results of professionalism such as leadership, self-directed learning, professional attitude, and social accountability all showed significant differences between the pre- and post-test. Satisfaction of the program was distributed to 3.58~3.78 according to items. Instructors and learner interviews confirmed practical usability throughout the course design, implementation and students evaluation. The results of the study showed the feasibility of implementing learning experience-based professionalism program in medical school. This study provides practical implications to develope and evaluate the learning experience-based professionalism program in medical education.

조직적 환경에 따른 ERP 구축방법이 변화관리와 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • 김승윤;장윤희;손정희;이재범
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 2003
  • 90년대부터 많은 ERP를 도입하여 회사의 전체 업무를 통합시키고 실시간으로 모든 업무를 동시에 처리함에 따라 경영환경과 정보기술의 급격한 변화에 대처하고 있다. 이러한 ERP 시스템을 도입하던 기존의 업무 수행절차와 방법대신 ERP 패키지가 제공하는 프로세스와 기능을 적용하여 기업 내 업무기능을 혁신한다는 특징을 가지고 있어 조직변화를 수반하게 된다. 따라서 효과적인 ERP 구면을 위해서는 기업의 환경에 적절한 구축방법을 정하고 변화관리 이행 프로그램을 필요로 하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 ERP를 구축하는데 어떠한 조직적 환경요인이 영향을 미지고. ERP 구축방법에 따라 변화관리의 특성이 어떻게 달라지며. 변화관리가 ERP 성과에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 파악하기 위한 프레임워크를 제시하고 이틀 근간으로 하여 상이한 구축방법을 통하여 ERP틀 구면탄 두 기업을 대상으로 심도있게 비교 분석함으로써 ERP 구축환경의 특성과 ERP 구축방법에 따른 변화관리 특성 및 ERP성과를 살펴보았다. 연구결과 ERP 구축방법은 ERP 구축환경에 따라 차이를 보였으며, ERP 구축 방법에 따라서 변화기법이 달라진다는 사실을 알 수 있었다. 그러나 변화관리 방법 중에서도 최고 경영자의 리더십과 현업 직원의 적극적인 참여 및 전사적인 커뮤니케이션은 ERP 구축방법과 관계없이 중요한 요인으로 나타났다. 그리고 ERP 구축방법에 있어서 변화관리 활동은 ERP 성과에 긍정적인 영향을 미쳤다. 본 사례연구로 얻은 시사점은 ERP의 구현하고자 하는 국내 기업들이 ERP 구축방법을 선정하고 적합탄 변화관리 방법의 전개를 위하여 실질적인 도움을 줄 것이다.6 전문가 그룹을 통해 시범적으로 적응하는 것으로 시작해, 학교 및 연구소를 통한 정보지식 공유 그리고 기업 정보화 솔루션으로 활용 될 수 있다.을 제시한다. 이렇게 함으로써 최대한 고객 납기를 만족하도록 계획을 수립할 수 있게 된다. 본 논문에서 제시하는 계획 모델을 사용함으로써 고객 주문에 대한 대응력을 높일 수 있고, 계획의 투명성으로 인한 전체 공급망의Bullwhip effect를 감소시킬 수 있는 장점이 있다. 동시에 이것은 향후 e-Business 시스템 구축을 위한 기본 인프라 역할을 수행할 수 있게 된다. 많았고 년도에 따른 변화는 보이지 않았다. 스키손상의 발생빈도는 초기에 비하여 점차 감소하는 경향을 보였으며, 손상의 특성도 부위별, 연령별로 다양한 변화를 나타내었다.해가능성을 가진 균이 상당수 검출되므로 원료의 수송, 김치의 제조 및 유통과정에서 병원균에 대한 오염방지에 유의하여야 할 것이다. 확인할 수 있었다. 이상의 결과에 의하면 고농도의 유기물이 함유된 음식물쓰레기는 Hybrid Anaerobic Reactor (HAR)를 이용하여 HRT 30일 정도에서 충분히 직접 혐기성처리가 가능하며, 이때 발생된 $CH_{4}$를 회수하여 이용하면 대체에너지원으로 활용 가치가 높은 것으로 판단된다./207), $99.2\%$(238/240), $98.5\%$(133/135) 및 $100\%$ (313)였다. 각각 두 개의 요골동맥과 우내흉동맥에서 부분협착이나 경쟁혈류가 관찰되었다. 결론: 동맥 도관만을 이용한 Off pump CABG를 시행하여

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Quality Improvement Nurses' Experiences of Working for Healthcare Quality in Public Hospitals (공공병원 의료 질 관리 전담자의 의료 질 향상 활동 경험연구)

  • Hwang, Jeonghae;Park, Seong-Hi;Choi, Yun-Kyoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2017
  • Purpose : To describe and understand the experience of QI (quality improvement) nurses related to the hospital QI activities in public general hospitals. Methods : Purposive sampling was conducted 10 QI nurses and who have QI work experience for more than 1 year. Data were collected through focus group interviews. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed with qualitative content analysis using Strauss and Corbin's methodology. Results : The core categories of experience with QI activities were 'the success and failure of the medical care and overall health service sector', 'the degree of activation of current QI activities', 'characteristics of public hospital QI activities', 'what is needed to activate future QI activities'. The key themes were derived as follows. 'Success of quality enhancement activities according to the characteristic of public hospitals', 'activation of public hospital QI activities through leadership and QI education', 'reorganizing the role of regional hospitals in public hospitals'. Conclusion : Physician participation is important in the success of QI activities in public hospital practice. To lead these physician participation, Sharing doctor's QI experience and providing the necessary knowledge in QI activities and helping their leadership in QI activities are needed. QI nurses at public hospitals should lead QI activities to improve national hospitals' care quality through cooperating with local hospitals.

Inviting Strategies of Foreign Capital in Regional Governments Focused on Chungnam Province (지방정부의 해외투자유치전략 -충청남도를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Byeong-Youn
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.39-54
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    • 2009
  • As of July, 2009, Chungnam Province get DI (Direct Investment) of 2,502 corporations as the amount of 31 billion US dollars only for 3 years. Especially, Chungnam provincial governor make a excessive performance of 2.5 times comparing to the target number, 1,000 of inviting capital, that is public promise in the election. Now, the amount of inviting foreign capital is 1.2 billion dollars, at the end of this year it might be 1.4 billion dollars just in case of making a success on going negotiations. This outstanding performance comes from governor's leadership and aggressive strategies of well-trained subordinates. Chungnam Province has nation-wide multiple targets focused on interdisciplinary industries including strategic industries of display, auto-parts, steel, and oil-chemistry. Also, it has organic network system based on the very descriptive and accurate informations managing the task force team consisted of 35 competent members. In conclusion, the core competence of inviting foreign capital in a regional government is governor's strong leadership, activated organization consisted of specially well trained subordinates, and predominant differentiated strategies in details.

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