• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공기주입

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Lab-Scale Air/Bio-Sparging Study to Remediate Diesel-Contaminated Soil and Groundwater : The Effect of Air Injection Rate and Pattern (디젤오염 토양 및 지하수 복원을 위한 공기주입정화법 실험실 연구 : 공기주입량과 공기주입방식의 영향)

  • Chang, Soon-Woong;Lee, Si-Jin;Cho, Su-Hyung;Yoon, Jun-Ki
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.10-17
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    • 2006
  • Laboratory-scale two-dimensional aquifer physical model studies were conducted to assess the effect of air injection rate and air injection pattern on the removal of disel contaminated soil and groundwater by air/bio-sparging. The experimental results were represented that the optimal conditions in this experiment were as air injection rate of 1,000 ml/min and pulsed air injection pattern(15 min on/off). The results of the TPH reduction, DO consumption and $CO_2$ production indicate the effective biodegradation evidence of diesel. Based on our results, The minimal $O_2$ supply and pulsed air injection pattern could effectively enhance the diesel removal and the pulsing air injection had effect on oxygenation in this system. Thus, the cost of operating air/bio-sparging system will be reduced if optimal air injection rate and pulsed air injection pattern are applied to remediate contaminants.

Field Study on Stabilization of Landfill Gas by Air Injection Mode (공기주입방식에 의한 매립지가스 안정화에 관한 현장연구)

  • Kim, Kyung;Park, Joonseok
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to evaluate air injection mode on stabilization of landfill gas and to predict the time for landfill mining. It took 8 times longer for pulse aeration to get to aerobic condition, compared to continuous aeration. It was evaluated that continuous aeration mode is more preferable than pulse mode for rapid air exchange in landfill mining. High correlation ($r^2$ = 0.95) was found between continuous aeration time and time to maintain aerobic condition when $0.2m^3/min$ of air was continuously injected and stopped. The aerobic condition ($CH_4$ < 5%) was maintained for 1.5 times longer than aeration time.

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The Effect of Air Injection Quantity on Stabilization of Screened Soil in Aerobic Bioreactor Landfill (호기성 Bioreactor 매립지에 있어서 공기주입량이 선별토사의 안정화에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jin-Kyu;Lee, Nam-Hoon;Kim, Nack-Joo
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.104-109
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    • 2004
  • In this study, we stabilized the screened soil from landfills by using aerobic bioreactor and evaluated aerobic decomposition of it. Four lab-scale bioreactors (anaerobic and 1 PV/day aeration, 5 PV/day aeration, 10 PV/day aeration) filled with screened soil were operated to investigate the effect of air injection quantity on stabilization of screened soil. In case of aerobic bioreactors, the decomposition of organics in screened soil was higher than anaerobic bioreactor. According to the results of landfill gas and soil respiration test, the air injection quantity of 5 PV/day was most efficient in stabilization of screened soil.

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Comparison of effectiveness of Aeration Modes on the Removal of Landfill Gases for Landfill Mining (폐기물매립지 굴착사업을 위한 가스치환시 공기공급방법의 효율성 비교)

  • 남궁완;박준석;김정대
    • Journal of Korea Soil Environment Society
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.79-88
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to estimate the removal potential of landfill gases during landfill mining project. Air injection mode and landfill gas extraction mode were tested. A mode that air injected at one injection well and landfill gas extracted at another extraction well at the same time was also tested to compare. The flow rates of all modes were the same as 15$\textrm{km}^2$/min. Air injection mode was the most effective in removing $CH_4$. Air injection/extraction mode didn't improve the effectiveness of removing CH$_4$compared with air injection mode. Air injection mode were more advantageous than air injection/extraction mode in respect to energy consumption because that of air injection/extraction mode were doubled.

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Permeation Characteristics of the Tubular Membrane Module Equipped wtih the Air Injection Nozzle Tube (공기주입 노즐관이 장착된 관형막의 투과특성)

  • Park, Mi Ja;Chung, Kun Yong
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2017
  • The air injection nozzle tube was inserted inside of the tubular membrane module to reduce membrane fouling and improve the permeate flux. The average pore size of membrane was $0.1\;{\mu}m$ and the yeast was used as a foulant. All of permeate experiments were started without air injection for the module equipped with the nozzle tube, then carried out continuously with air injection. Finally, the nozzle tube was removed from the module and the permeate was measured without air injection. The measured permeate fluxes were compared to examine the effect of air injection. The fluxes for air injection were consistently maintained or increased. The fluxes of no-air injection with the nozzle tube were greater than those of the empty tubular module. As operating pressure decreased to 0.4 bar, the flux enhancement of air injection based on no-nozzle case increased to 21%. Flux enhancements of air injection were above 30% as the gas/liquid two-phase flow was changed from the stratified-smooth to the intermittent pattern due to increase of gas flowrate.

Assessment of Sludge Solubilization by Aeration and Zero-valent Iron As a Pre-treatment for Anaerobic Digestion (공기주입과 영가철을 이용한 하수슬러지 가용화 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Jun;Park, Jin-Kyu;Tameda, Kazuo;Lee, Nam-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2016
  • The reaction of zero-valent iron (ZVI) with oxygen can produce reactive oxidants capable of oxidizing organic compounds. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pre-treatment on sludge solubilization by ZVI and aeration. The results demonstrated that the aeration pre-treatment with ZVI method was more effective than the only aeration for improving sludge solubilization, indicating that ZVI increased the extent of sludge solubilization. In addition, removal rate of $NH_3-N$ by ZVI and aeration was found to be 34%, while only aeration was 24%. Thus, ZVI and aeration can be employed as an efficient pre-treatment option to achieve higher sludge solubilization and decrease the toxic effect of $NH_3-N$ for sludge digestion.

Optimization of aeration for the fermentation of food wastes by lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus (남은 음식물의 중온발효 시료화에 대한 공기의 영향)

  • Lee, Kyung-Seok;Kim, So-Young;Oh, Chang-Seok;Lee, Ki-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.101-101
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 남은 음식물을 유산균을 이용하여 발효 사료화 하기 위해 실시하였다. 발효를 촉진시키기 위한 균주로는 Lactobacillus acidophilus를 사용하였고 최적의 발효조건을 갖는 공기 주입량을 알아보기 위해 시료의 발효 조건을 각각 달리 하였다. 시료는 교반하지 않고 공기주입 또한 없는 혐기적 조건의 것과 50rpm의 속도로 교반하면서 0.25v.v.m의 공기를 주입한군, 70rpm의 속도로 교반하면서 0.5v.v.m의 공기를 주입한 군으로 나누었다. 시료는 모두 $37^{\circ}C$로 유지하면서 48시간 발효 시키며 12시간 단위로 시료를 채취하였다. p.H와 유기산함량, 환원당함량과 유산균수를 측정하여 남은 음식물을 발효시키기 위한 최적의 공기 주입량을 알아보았다. 실험결과 50rpm 0.25v.v.m에서 가장 낮은 p.H를 보여주었고 유기산 함량과 환원당 함량은 70rpm 0.5v.v.m에서 가장 높은 함량을 보였다. 유산균은 50rpm 0.25v.v.m에서 가장 많은 증식되었음을 보여주어 적절한 공기의 주입이 남은 음식물의 발효를 촉진하는 것으로 보여진다.

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토양의 특성에 따른 토양증기추출법 (Soil Vapor Extraction)의 Trichloroethylene (TCE)과 Toluene 정화 효율 실험

  • 강현민;이민희;정상용
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.191-194
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    • 2002
  • 토양증기추출(Soil Vapor Extraction)법을 이용하여 대표적 휘발성 NAPL (Non-aqueous phase liquid)인 TCE (trichloroethylene)와 toluene을 토양으로부터 제거하는 칼럼 실험을 실시하였다. 토양특성 및 증기추출 조건들이 정화효율에 미치는 영향을 규명하는데, 균질한 Ottawa sand와 실제 오염지역의 토양들을 직경 2.5cm, 길이 30cm인 유리 칼럼이 충진시켰으며, 빨갛게 염색된 TCE 또는 toluene 4 g이 주입되었다 공기 유량계를 설치하여 0.03L/min의 일정한 속도로 공기가 주입되도록 하고, 퍼지장치를 설치하여 주입 공기의 습윤도를 99% 이상으로 유지하였다. 가스크로마토그래피로 유출 가스 농도를 분석하였다. Ottawa sand로 충진된 칼럼실험에서는 매질의 입자크기, 함수율, 토양 내 오염물 체류시간 등을 변화시켜 실험을 반복하였다. TCE로 오염된 세립질 Ottawa sand 칼럼실험에서 유출 공기의 최대 농도는 조립질 Ottawa sand 칼럼의 유출 농도보다 약 20% 정도 감소하였고, 오염지역의 실제토양 칼럼실험에서는 최대유출농도가 조립질 Ottawa sand 칼럼의 농도보다 약 50% 감소하였으나, 20 liter공기 주입 후부터는 모두 비슷한 농도감소 현상을 나타내었으며, 초기 주입량의 90 % 이상이 제거되었다. 함수율증가에 따른 유출공기의 농도 감소는 거의 나타나지 않았으며, TCE 주입 후 7일 동안 방치하였다가 SVE를 실시한 칼럼 실험에서도 잔류하는 TCE의 양이 약간 증가하였지만 20 liter 공기 추출 후에는 초기 주입량의 90% 가, 40 liter공기 추출 후에는 98% 이상이 제거되었다. Toluene으로 오염된 칼럼 실험에서도 TCE와 비슷한 제거 경향을 나타냈으며 200 liter 공기 추출 후에는 오염물 초기 주입량의 98% 이상이 제거되었다. 본 실험 결과로부터 증기추출법을 이용한 TCE, toluene 정화 효율성이 규명되었으며, 휘발성 NAPL로 오염된 실제 토양을 복원하기 위한 SVE법의 적용가능성을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Effects of Subsurface Drip Irrigation and Aeration in Green Pepper Cultivation (시설풋고추 재배에서의 지중관수 및 공기주입 효과)

  • Kwon, Joon-Kook;Kang, Nam-Jun;Cho, Myeomg-Whan;Kang, Yun-Im;Park, Kyoung-Sub;Lee, Jae-Han
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2009
  • 'Nokkwang' green pepper plants were grown in soil system (silty loam with pH 6.5) under the greenhouse, to determine the effects of subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) and subsurface drip irrigation plus aeration (SDIA) into root zone comparing with conventional surface drip irrigation (DI) in terms of water use efficiency, soil properties, and growth and fruit yield. Two drip lines per crop row were layed on the soil surface in DI system, buried at a depth of 20cm below the soil surface in SDI system, and also buried at a depth of20cm below the soil surface and aerated for 3minutes a hour during the daytime ($08:00{\sim}19:00$) by a air compressor in SDIA system. A automatic irrigation with starting point of -20kPa and ending point of -10kPa based on soil moisture contents was applied by controllers and electronic vacum soil moisture sensors. Reduction in soil moisture contents was delayed in SDI and SDIA, compared to DI. Irrigation amount applied in pepper cultivation was around 30% less in SDI than in DI. Electric conductivity and nitrate nitrogen content in the surface soil grown green pepper were significantly lowered in SSDI and SDIA, compared to DI. Better development of root system was observed in SDIA and SDI than in DI. Results showed that pepper fruit yield increased by 30% in SDIA and 22% in SDI in comparision with DI.

Diffused Aeration System(DAS)을 이용한 지하수내 TCE 제거 효율 평가: 주입 공기량에 따른 제거효율 비교

  • Kim Jin-Hun;Park Seong-Min;Seok Hui-Jun;Kim Hyeong-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.338-341
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 지하수내 TCE 농도가 높은 2개 지역을 선정하여 3회에 걸쳐 공기탈기법 시험을 실시하였다. 2개 지역의 지하수내 TCE 배경 농도는 각각 0.360, 0.317 mg/L이며 반응조에 주입된 공기는 각각 17.14, 44.78, 76.51 L/min의 비율로 주입하였다. 또한 반응조에서 배출되는 기체내의 TCE의 농도를 측정하기위해 PID(photo-ionization detector)를 장착하여 측정하였다. PID를 이용하여 배출되는 기체를 측정한 결과, TCE 농도는 $6{\sim}8$분만에 최고 농도로 배출되었고 시간이 지날수록 천천히 감소하는 형태를 나타내었다. 반응조내의 TCE 농도 변화는 공기 유입 속도에 따라 매우 큰 변화를 나타내었다. TCE가 17.14 L/min의 공기유입속도에서 160분 동안 64%, 44.78 L/min에서 135분 동안 93%, 76.51 L/min에서 120분 동안 95.3%가 제거되었다. 따라서 TCE를 제거하기 위한 DAS 기법은 공기의 주입비율에 따라 제거 속도의 큰 변화를 보였다.

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