• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공급망 성과

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Effects of Inter-Organizational Partner's Relationship Characteristics and IOS Visibility on Supply Chain Performance (파트너 관계특성과 조직간 정보시스템 가시성이 공급망 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Moon-Sun
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.13-31
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    • 2013
  • This paper proposes a new concept of inter-organizational systems (IOS) visibility, considering the key role of IOS in IT-enabled supply chain (SC) cooperation. Further, antecedents and consequences IOS visibility have been studied. Antecedents of IOS visibility are identified from the two conflicting theories of inter-organizational relationships, i.e., RDT(resource dependence theory) and RV(relational view). Investigating SC cooperation from the perspectives of both partners (buyers and suppliers) is important, especially when channel partners depend on each other and when asymmetries in IOS visibility can exist. Hence, this study attempts to accommodate both partners' perspectives in IOS visibility and to look into the consequences of IOS visibility from each participant's perspective.

Exploration of Antecedents and Moderators in Supply Chain Integration and Performance (공급망 통합 및 성과의 영향요인과 조절변수 탐색)

  • Um, Myoung-Yong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.428-443
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    • 2018
  • Recently, many firms have been more interested in how the competitiveness of the supply chain can be enhanced, rather than that of the respective company. The purpose of this study is not only to investigate the relationships among the trust between companies, the supply chain integration, and the supply chain performance, but also to demonstrate how the firm size and the absorptive capacity can moderate these relationships. To conduct the hypothesis test including the causal relations between two factors and the moderating effects, 111 data were collected through a survey. As a result, the supply chain performance was positively affected by the supply chain integration as well as the trust between the companies. In addition, the trust had a significant effect on the supply chain performance. The result of the moderating effect of firm size indicates that, compared with a larger group, a smaller group has a stronger relationship between the trust and the supply chain performance, while the relationship between the supply chain integration and the supply chain performance is much stronger in the large group than the small group. As for the moderating effect of absorptive capacity, a higher absorptive group has stronger relationships between the trust and supply chain integration, and supply chain integration and supply chain performance than a lower absorptive group. The findings would provide significant implications for supply chain partners with different sizes and absorptive capacity.

Examining the Influence of Fit between Project Radicalness and Organizational Innovativeness on the Supply Chain Integration (프로젝트 급진성과 조직 혁신성 간의 조화가 공급망 통합에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Dae Hong;Jeong, Seung Ryul
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.95-107
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to empirically examine the impact of fit between project radicalness and innovativeness of the supply chain on the degree of supply chain integration. In order to test the research hypotheses, a survey was employed. The results show that the degree of supply chain integration varies on the fit between project radicalness and innovativeness of the supply chain. Specifically, when a supply chain consists of two morphogenetic organizations and the supply chain integration project is radical, we see very highly integrated supply chain. We also find high-level integration of supply chain when project is radical even though both a morphogenetic and a homeostatic organization compose a supply chain. However, we find opposite result, which is low integration, if a project is incremental rather than radical and a supply chain is composed of same types of the organizations mentioned above. Interestingly, degree of integration seems to be always low when a supply chain is composed of two homeostatic organizations, regardless of project radicalness. With these findings, this study concludes that a project whose radicalness is match with the supply chain's innovativeness should be chosen for successful supply chain integration.

Supply Chain Management Decision Making With Arena (Arena를 이용한 SCM 의사결정에 관한 연구)

  • 윤만영;임상환;엄완섭
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.750-754
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    • 2002
  • 현대 기업 경영환경의 가장 큰 변화는 개개의 기업들이 기업전체의 효율성과 이익의 향상을 위해서 공급망 (Supply Chain)에 대하여 많은 관심을 기울이기 시작했다는 것이다. 여기서 공급망이란 원료의 조달부터, 중간재로의 가공 및 유통, 최종제품의 생산 및 배송까지의 기능을 수행하기 위한 설비와 유통 채널의 네트워크를 말하며, 모든 기업들은 원자재에서 최종소비자의 형태로 공급망에 참여한다, 결국 공급망의 형태는 산업과 기업에 따라서 매우 복잡하고 다양할 수밖에 없는데, 원재료의 수급에서 고객에게 제품을 전달하는 자원과 정보등 일련의 흐름전체를 경쟁력 있는 업무의 흐름으로 관리하려는 관리 시스템이 공급망 관리(SCM :Supply Chain Management )인 것이다. 기업들의 공급망 관리에 대한 관심이 증대하는 반면에 고객 수요패턴의 불확실성이나 급변하는 기업환경 등 여러 외부 입력 값들의 변화에 따라 효율적인 공급망 구성을 위한 연구는 부족한 실정이다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해 최근 시뮬레이션을 적용한 공급망 시뮬레이터(SCS : Supply Chain Simulator )에 많은 관심이 집중되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 SCS 의 일종인 Arena Professional Edition과 공급망 관리의 성과를 측정하고 개선분야를 직접적으로 파악할 수 있는 SCOR (Supply Chain Operations Reference Model)을 이용하여 제조기업의 효율적인 SCM 의사결정에 대해서 알아보고자 한다.

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Interorganizational Information System Asymmetry and Supply Chain Performance (조직간 정보시스템 비대칭과 공급망 성과)

  • Kim, Kyung Kyu;Lee, Ae Ri
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.460-475
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    • 2019
  • Notwithstanding the big potential benefits from interorganizational information systems (IOS), not very many companies have realized these benefits. In an attempt to explain this phenomenon, this study proposes a new construct of IOS asymmetry which refers to the asymmetry in information transparency between supply chain (SC) partners. When there is IOS asymmetry in SC relationships, IOS may not facilitate seamless information exchange among SC partners. Instead, IOS asymmetry may result in SC inefficiencies due to a lack of information sharing. The objective of this study is to empirically investigate whether IOS asymmetry exists in practice and whether it influences SC performance negatively. The data was collected from 130 matched pairs of upstream SC partners in manufacturing industries. The results show that IOS asymmetry indeed decreases overall SC performance. Also, the relationship between IOS asymmetry and SC performance is strengthened under the conditions of high environmental uncertainty.

Understanding Service Supply Chain Management : Issues and Challenges (서비스 공급망관리의 이해 : 이슈와 과제)

  • Cho, Namhyung;Park, Seong Taek;Rhee, MoonKi Kyle
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.291-301
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    • 2018
  • Supply chain in service sector has been established on the premise that firms need to manage their process uncertainties to satisfy customers in an efficient manner. Information sharing and synchronization play key roles in minimize uncertainties from their involved supply chain. The duality of customers being inputs providers as well as consumers, differentiates service supply chains from manufacturing and is a challenging issue to traditional supply chain management. The service supply chain is a structured network which should be managed with supply chain theory and principles. Various key operations need to be carried out through a highly integrated and collaborated service supply chain and supporting information hub. The purpose of this paper is to present the issues and key components in the service supply chain, where the repetitive service is provided along the value chain, such as tourism, restaurant, mega-sized hospital supply chain.

A Study on the Impact of Supply Chain Partnership on Performance of Suppliers (공급망 파트너십이 협력업체 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sung-Wook;Park, Seong-Taek
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.169-179
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    • 2013
  • Small and medium-sized firms are increasingly dependent on the knowledge and expertise of the supply chain as a whole to innovate and improve supply chain performance. This research examines the capabilities that enable firms to collaborate successfully, and aims to identify the determinants of SCM performance of the suppliers participating in supply chains managed by Global Korean companies. This study proposes the technology support, the collaboration with tier two companies, incentives and information sharing as major research variables, and collected the survey responses from 58 domestics suppliers. The statistical results indicate that the incentives, technology support and the collaboration with tier two firms influence the level of co-work with the firm leading supply chain, and that information sharing has some impact on SCM performance of the suppliers. But on the contrary to our expectation, the co-work with the firm leading supply chain has only moderate impact on SCM performance with p value just over 5%. We conclude this paper with some suggestions for future research.

Comparative Analysis of Game-Theoretic Demand Allocation for Enhancing Profitability of Whole Supply Chain (전체 공급망 수익성 개선을 위한 게임이론 기반의 수요 할당 메커니즘의 비교 연구)

  • Shin, Kwang Sup
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.43-61
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    • 2014
  • This research is an application of game theory to developing the supplier selection and demand allocation mechanism, which are the essential and major research areas of supply chain planning and operation. In this research, the most popular and widely accepted mechanism, the progressive reverse auction is analyzed and compared with the other game theoretic approach, Kalai-Smorodinsky Bargaining Solution in the viewpoint of holistic efficiency of supply chain operation. To logically and exquisitely compare the efficiencies, a heuristic algorithm based on Genetic Algorithm is devised to find the other optimal demand allocation plan. A well known metric, profit-cost ratio, as well as profit functions for both suppliers and buyer has been designed for evaluating the overall profitability of supply chain. The experimental results with synthesis data and supply chain model which were made to mimic practical supply chain are illustrated and analyzed to show how the proposed approach can enhance the profitability of supply chain planning. Based on the result, it can be said that the proposed mechanism using bargainging solution mayguarantee the better profitability for the whole supply chin including both suppliers and buyer, even though quite small portion of buyer's profitability should be sacrified.

A Study on e-SCM Framework in Small and Medium Enterprises with Agent (에이전트를 이용한 중소기업의 e-SCM 프레임워크에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yeong-Hun;Im, Sang-Hwan;Eom, Wan-Seop
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.237-240
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    • 2004
  • 공급망관리(SCM:Supply Chain Management)는 자신의 비즈니스를 개선하고자 노력하는 대부분의 기업들에게 있어서 핵심 목표가 되고 있다. 공급망최적화(SCO:Supply Chain Optimization)는 이러한 개선 노력의 중심 목표로서 등장했으며, 보다 높은 수준의 고객 만족을 제공하기 위해, 공급망 구성원들이 최상의 업무 수행 사례를 공유하여 공급망 상호작용의 최저 원가와 최고 효율 시스템을 개발하기 위한 조직화 된 노력을 의미한다. 이러한 공급망에서 성과를 내기 위해서는 각 구성 요소들 사이의 조정과 협력이 필요하다. 그러나 기업내부와 기업외부의 환경의 동적인 면으로 인해 이러한 조정에 어려움이 있다. 예를 들면 공급업체로부터 원자재 도착시간의 지연, 생산 설비의 고장, 작업자의 질병, 고객의 주문에 대한 취소 및 변경을 계획의 변화를 유발시킨다. 몇 가지의 경우에는 지엽적으로 다루어 질 수 있지만 대부분의 경우는 공급망의 여러 기능들 사이에서 다루어져야만 한다. 이에 따라 본 연구에서는 중소기업의 각 프로세스를 최적화시키기 위해 에이전트를 이용한 e-SCM 프레임워크를 구축하고, 시뮬레이션 기법을 통해 그에 따른 성과를 제시한다.

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Developing a Supply Chain Assessment Framework for Ship Building Industry: A Case study of A Company (조선 산업의 공급망 수준진단 프레임워크 개발: A조선소 사례를 중심으로)

  • Jeong, Seok-Bong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.243-253
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    • 2013
  • As global competition is more intensive, SCM is becoming more and more important in order to achieve competitiveness. It is necessary for firms to understand weak points among the integrated supply chain through supply chain assessment in order to implement SCM successfully and cost-effectively. In this paper, we review previous studies of SCM performance measurements and propose a supply chain assessment framework for shipbuilding industry, which is one of the major ETO industry. Based on 3 supply chain domains which are demand, supply, and product management, we decompose the whole supply chain process into 3 level lower processes and propose capability measurement matric for shipbuilding firms. A case study has been conducted to validate the proposed framework and results are presented at the end.