• Title/Summary/Keyword: 공공부문

Search Result 560, Processing Time 0.13 seconds

A Study on the Selection Method of Construction Management based on Public Construction Projects (공공건설사업의 건설사업관리방식 선정 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kwan-Su;Park, Hyung-Keun;Son, Bo-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
    • /
    • v.14 no.5
    • /
    • pp.65-73
    • /
    • 2013
  • Even though the construction management (CM) system was introduced for the purpose of increasing the efficiency of the domestic construction industry along with the establishment of construction industry fundamental laws in December of 1996, now it is very difficult that the public institutions can judge their application of construction management methods due to the lack of clear guidelines or directions to select construction management methods when the public institutions were executing public construction projects. Therefore, this study was executed to prepare for the selection criteria which could be referred in reviewing the application of construction management ordering methods according to public institution's competences and project characteristics. It is expected that future domestic demand of construction management will be gradually increasing both in public and private construction sectors. However under the current construction management systems, it is judged to be difficult that the construction projects that apply the construction management methods will be activated with full-scale. Therefore, it could be said that active efforts in domestic sectors are required in order that the construction management systems of developed countries levels could be activated. Additionally in order to vitalize the construction management systems, it is expected that public institutions could use this study results as the review data for feasibility of construction projects for the consignment of construction management in selecting the ordering methods.

A Study of the Development of Marine Tourism Destination Indicators Importance which Applies AHP (AHP를 활용한 해양관광지개발지표 중요도 연구)

  • Kim, Hye-Young;An, Hyung-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.763-773
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study is the basic data to design development directions and development standards of resources and facilities for establishing provision-oriented marine tourism development plans, and it aims to help develop provision-oriented marine tourism by drawing planning index and considering its priority necessary for provision-oriented marine tourism development. The findings of the study are as follows. As the result of analysis on four aspects, specific standards and plans for marine tourism development index, it showed environmental aspect, socio-cultural aspect, management aspect, and economic aspect in order. According to the result, the environmental aspect is considered important as the plan to solve problems working as inhibition factors instead of local development, due to local culture and environment disruption. Besides, as the result of iult of iuland priority of 13 items w of iure specific factors and specific plans, durability of resource use, iulroveand envisurrf rdings, receptive culacity, conservesidesand transmissidesnvicultures, and iulroveand ein the quality of life, stability of resource use, quality management of tourist attractions, competency intensificesidesof residents, income increase of residents, PR marketing, role of public sectors, increase in the local industry, and increase in employment were shown in order. Software-oriented plans should be made to preserve overall nature of local areas rather than hardware-oriented plans and development of environmental aspect that merely considers preventing environment destruction.

  • PDF

The development of the comics studies in Korea (우리나라 만화 연구 경향 분석과 향후 과제)

  • Lee, Sang-Min;Yim, Hak-Soon
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
    • /
    • s.16
    • /
    • pp.1-20
    • /
    • 2009
  • This paper explores the research trends in the area of the comics studies in Korea. In this article, the 664 academic articles are examined in terms of the characteristics of the researchers, the field of comics studies, the research theme and the research methodology. This study is on the basis of the recognition that there have been no consensus on what the core essence of comics studies is. As a result, there are a few articles on the academic identity of the comics studies. The comics studies have not consider the distinctive characteristics of the Korean comics significantly. In Korea, over 50% of the academic articles on the comics have been published by comics scholarships in the field of pedagogy and human sciences. Since the 1990's, comics studies have started to consider the value of the comics positively. The comics text studies also have increased since the 1990's in Korea. The comics studies on the comics policy and comics industries have been increased since 2000. The rise of comics studies is concomitant with the increased awareness of comics in Korea. The article concludes that the comics studies need to become an independent academic discipline in the future. The interdisciplinary studies on the comics is necessary to study the diverse aspects of the comics. In addition, the infrastructure for the comics studies should be established in order to improve the comics studies.

  • PDF

Cities as Place for Climate Mitigation and Adaptation: A Case Study of Portland, Oregon, USA (기후완화와 적용의 장소로서의 도시 - 미국 오레건주 포트랜드시 사례연구 -)

  • Chang, Hee-Jun;House-Peters, Lily
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
    • /
    • v.45 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-74
    • /
    • 2010
  • Cities are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions but also suitable places for implementing proactive climate mitigation and adaptation strategies. Based on the interdisciplinary review of literature, we categorize the current discussion about urban climate mitigation and adaptation planning, policy and practices into four perspectives - sustainability science, global change science, multilevel governance, and structural engineering. While these four schools of thought have distinct perspectives rooted in different disciplinary lenses, our synthesis of the literature identifies several universal themes that are common to all of the perspectives in the context of combating threats posed by climate change. The Portland case study illustrates that a city can make changes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase adaptive capacity to climate change impacts by implementing smart growth, devising local climate action plans that target emission reductions in various sectors, recognizing the interactions and influences of multiple scales of governance, and supporting the installation of various green infrastructures that contribute to green economy. Furthermore, a university can serve as a hub in this climate mitigation and adaptation arena by connecting various levels of community organizations in both public and private sectors, creating innovative research centers and spatially explicit green infrastructure, designing impact assessments and campus carbon inventories, and engaging students and the larger community through service learning.

A Study on Data Adjustment and Quality Enhancement Method for Public Administrative Dataset Records in the Transfer Process-Based on the Experiences of Datawarehouses' ETT (행정정보 데이터세트 기록 이관 시 데이터 보정 및 품질 개선 방법 연구 - 데이터웨어하우스 ETT 경험을 기반으로)

  • Yim, Jin-Hee;Cho, Eun-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
    • /
    • no.25
    • /
    • pp.91-129
    • /
    • 2010
  • As it grows more heavily reliant on information system, researchers seek for various ways to manage and utilize of dataset records which is accumulated in public information system. It might be needed to adjust date and enhance the quality of public administrative dataset records during transferring to archive system or sharing server. The purpose of this paper is presenting data adjustment and quality enhancement methods for public administrative dataset records, and it refers to ETT procedure and method of construction of datawarehouses. It suggests seven typical examples and processing method of data adjustment and quality enhancement, which are (1) verification of quantity and data domain (2) code conversion for a consistent code value (3) making component with combinded information (4) making a decision of precision of date data (5) standardization of data (6) comment information about code value (7) capturing of metadata. It should be reviewed during dataset record transfer. This paper made Data adjustment and quality enhancement requirements for dataset record transfer, and it could be used as data quality requirement of administrative information system which produces dataset.

Characterization of Greenhouse Gas by Emission Regions and Sectors using GHG-CAPSS(2006) (GHG-CAPSS를 이용한 지역별, 부문별 온실가스 배출 특성 분석(2006))

  • Lee, Sue-Been;Lim, Jae-Hyun;Lyu, Young-Sook;Yeo, So-Young;Hong, You-Deog
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.69-77
    • /
    • 2011
  • While increased use of energy and fossil fuel in the recent years could worsen air quality and climate change, only few studies have been conducted on estimation of greenhouse gas emissions and characterization of emission types by sectors and regions in Korea. In this study, greenhouse gases emissions based on resions(Si, Gun, Gu) and emitted sectors(industry, transport, cemmercial and institutional, residential, waste, agriculture, others) were investigated using GHG-CAPSS(Greenhouse GasClean Air Policy Support System) developed to support to national and regional greenhouse gases reduction strategies. GHG-CAPSS follows IPCC(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) Guideline methodology to categorize the emission sources and estimation of greenhouse gases using bottom-up approach. Estimated total greenhouse gases emissions were 588,011 thousand tons as $CO_2$ equivalent. Industry(50.1%) sector exhibited the highest portion followed by transport(17.6%), commercial and institutional(12.6%), residential(12.6%), waste(2.6%), agriculture(2.5%). Based on regional estimation, Gyeonggi(14.9%) demonstrated the highest emitted greenhouse gases among big cities followed by Jeonnam(12.4%), Gyeongbuk(11.0%), Ulsan(9.2%) and Seoul(8.9%).

The Distribution of Responsibility and Authority upon Public Record Appraisal : Focused on 'Citizen Participation Appraisal' (공공기록 평가의 책임과 권한의 분배 '시민참여 평가'를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyong Rae
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
    • /
    • no.60
    • /
    • pp.49-88
    • /
    • 2019
  • Today, the civil society plays a key role not only in criticizing and monitoring the functions of the state and the market, but also as an active producer of public services by complementing the government and the public sector. Public records management is also becoming more and more popular. In the case of appraisal and selection, which is the core area of record management, discussions about citizen participation are becoming more serious than any other areas. The concept of 'proactive appraisal', which has emerged as a paradigm of citizens' participation in appraisal, reminds us that citizens themselves are the subjects of public records and are no longer alienated from the appraisal system. The problem is, while the growth of the Korean civil society about institutional participation is spreading rapidly, but citizen participation is hard to find in the field of public records. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of citizen participation in the process of appraisal of public records, and to debunk the role of citizen participation in the appraisal processes by exploring the examples in the UK, Canada, and Australia. This paper emphasizes that the appraisal system of the national public records in crisis today could be largely restored through the domestic application of this active citizen participation cases. First of all, this study presents a conceptual appraisal model that could reflect citizen participation in the field of record management along with the analyses of the advanced cases in some western countries. Specifically, this paper focuses on presenting the models of 'appraisal documentation' and 'governance-based appraisal', reflecting the active citizen participation. This study suggests that these citizens' participatory evaluation models should be settled in Korea in the future and we should urgently discuss 'citizen participation appraisal'.

Development of Yóukè Mining System with Yóukè's Travel Demand and Insight Based on Web Search Traffic Information (웹검색 트래픽 정보를 활용한 유커 인바운드 여행 수요 예측 모형 및 유커마이닝 시스템 개발)

  • Choi, Youji;Park, Do-Hyung
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.155-175
    • /
    • 2017
  • As social data become into the spotlight, mainstream web search engines provide data indicate how many people searched specific keyword: Web Search Traffic data. Web search traffic information is collection of each crowd that search for specific keyword. In a various area, web search traffic can be used as one of useful variables that represent the attention of common users on specific interests. A lot of studies uses web search traffic data to nowcast or forecast social phenomenon such as epidemic prediction, consumer pattern analysis, product life cycle, financial invest modeling and so on. Also web search traffic data have begun to be applied to predict tourist inbound. Proper demand prediction is needed because tourism is high value-added industry as increasing employment and foreign exchange. Among those tourists, especially Chinese tourists: Youke is continuously growing nowadays, Youke has been largest tourist inbound of Korea tourism for many years and tourism profits per one Youke as well. It is important that research into proper demand prediction approaches of Youke in both public and private sector. Accurate tourism demands prediction is important to efficient decision making in a limited resource. This study suggests improved model that reflects latest issue of society by presented the attention from group of individual. Trip abroad is generally high-involvement activity so that potential tourists likely deep into searching for information about their own trip. Web search traffic data presents tourists' attention in the process of preparation their journey instantaneous and dynamic way. So that this study attempted select key words that potential Chinese tourists likely searched out internet. Baidu-Chinese biggest web search engine that share over 80%- provides users with accessing to web search traffic data. Qualitative interview with potential tourists helps us to understand the information search behavior before a trip and identify the keywords for this study. Selected key words of web search traffic are categorized by how much directly related to "Korean Tourism" in a three levels. Classifying categories helps to find out which keyword can explain Youke inbound demands from close one to far one as distance of category. Web search traffic data of each key words gathered by web crawler developed to crawling web search data onto Baidu Index. Using automatically gathered variable data, linear model is designed by multiple regression analysis for suitable for operational application of decision and policy making because of easiness to explanation about variables' effective relationship. After regression linear models have composed, comparing with model composed traditional variables and model additional input web search traffic data variables to traditional model has conducted by significance and R squared. after comparing performance of models, final model is composed. Final regression model has improved explanation and advantage of real-time immediacy and convenience than traditional model. Furthermore, this study demonstrates system intuitively visualized to general use -Youke Mining solution has several functions of tourist decision making including embed final regression model. Youke Mining solution has algorithm based on data science and well-designed simple interface. In the end this research suggests three significant meanings on theoretical, practical and political aspects. Theoretically, Youke Mining system and the model in this research are the first step on the Youke inbound prediction using interactive and instant variable: web search traffic information represents tourists' attention while prepare their trip. Baidu web search traffic data has more than 80% of web search engine market. Practically, Baidu data could represent attention of the potential tourists who prepare their own tour as real-time. Finally, in political way, designed Chinese tourist demands prediction model based on web search traffic can be used to tourism decision making for efficient managing of resource and optimizing opportunity for successful policy.

Married Women's Economic Dependency and the Welfare State (기혼여성의 경제적 의존과 복지국가)

  • Kim, Young-mi
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
    • /
    • no.36
    • /
    • pp.55-80
    • /
    • 2008
  • Research on the welfare state or income inequality has been concerned with variations in inequality between societies or families. These studies tend to view the family as a unit of shared interests where incomes are pooled and distributed equally. This study makes a theoretical and empirical case for why it is important to look at economic dependency within the family in comparative welfare state research. Using the Luxembourg Income Study data this study examined married women's dependency on their husbands' earnings in 16 western industrialized countries. The constructed measure for married women's level of economic dependency followed the procedure of Sørensen & McLanahan(1987), which stated : "her dependency is measured by the extent to which a woman's standard of living(as determined by her share of income) is derived from a transfer from her husband." The finding suggested that married women's economic dependence was lowest in Scandinavian countries. On the contrary, in Southern Europe countries most married women were dependent on husbands' earnings. In Netherlands, Austria, Germany where the share of part-time work among married women was high, married women's economic dependence was also high. This showed the women's labor force participation did not mean that the majority of couples were equal with respect to earnings, nor that a major shift in the sexual division of labour has taken place. This paper analysed the causal relationship between the married women's economic independence and the welfare state by using Ragin(2000)'s Fuzzy-Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis. This analysis considered the various conditions of the welfare state : namely, left power, union mobilization density, women's mobilization, public service sector employment and generous support on the family. The result showed that powerful union, high level of women's mobilization and the generous support on the family were necessary conditions for 'relatively high' level of married women's economic independence.

Differential Levels of Governance and Its Impact on Urban Park Management and Users' Satisfaction - The Case of Sheffield District Parks, UK - (도시공원관리 거버넌스 구축정도에 따른 이용자 만족도 차이 - 영국 셰필드 지구공원을 대상으로 -)

  • Nam, Jinvo;Kim, Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
    • /
    • v.47 no.4
    • /
    • pp.50-60
    • /
    • 2019
  • In the late 1980s, a financial crisis and Compulsory Competitive Tendering (CCT) in green space services brought with it a profound impact on the quality of parks in the UK. Such government projects, e.g. Urban Task Force (1999) and Public Parks Assessment (2001), aimed to raise the awareness of the severity of the declining standards of urban parks. Since the late 1990s, the UK governments (The New Labour (1997-2010) and The Conservative Government (2010-2019)), have often adopted community-led governance schemes to enhance the quality of parks and address problems derived from the financial crisis. Accordingly, community groups, notably 'Friends of', enlarged their involvement in the decision-making process of park management. However, there is little empirical evidence concerning the impact of community-led governance on park management, in particular, the effect on the users' perceptions of park use. This study explored the context of community-led park management to reclassify the level of build-up of governance underlined by 'A Ladder of Citizen Participation'. In addition, questionnaire surveys were conducted around two Sheffield district parks, which are located in deprived areas. As a result, community involvement in the status quo of UK urban park management has changed its form of governance based on the extent of involvement in the decision-making process. The forms of governance could be categorised in three levels: general, active, and predominant governance, where the extents of decision-making and sharing responsibility vary. The results obtained through the questionnaires show that one park (active governance), which has a stronger tendency of sharing responsibility to get involved in park management, had better contribution to park management and positive impacts on users' satisfaction than the other park (general governance). The findings highlight that stronger governance in partnerships with the non-public sectors can shed light on current and future park management through a shift in sharing responsibility for park management.