• Title, Summary, Keyword: 공격신념

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The convergence study of beliefs supporting aggression and aggression in elementary students: Focusing on mediating effects of self-esteem (초등학생의 공격신념과 공격성에 대한 융합 연구: 자아존중감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Sun-Yee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.327-334
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to understand the relationship between elementary students' beliefs supporting aggression, aggression and self-esteem. In addition, we aimed to provide basic data for controlling the aggression of children and developing effective coping strategies. This study population consisted of 184 elementary school students. Data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 program. As a result, the aggression of elementary school students showed a significant positive correlation with beliefs supporting aggression(r=.39, p<.001) and a significant negative correlation with self-esteem(r=-.46, p<.001). In addition, Results of the hierarchical regression analysis revealed that self-esteem has the mediating effect on the relationship between beliefs supporting aggression and aggression(${\beta}=.26$, p<.001). In other words, the higher the beliefs supporting aggression, the higher the aggression, and self-esteem means to act as a mediating effect in the relationship between them. Therefore, when arranging an intervention plan to control the aggression of elementary school students, it is necessary to find strategies to control the beliefs spporting aggression and increase self-esteem.

Differences of Irrational Belief, Anger-Thought, and Satisfaction with Life among Four Groups Classified based on the Levels of Hostility and Verbal Aggression (적대감 및 언어적 공격행동수준에 따른 네 집단 간의 비합리적 신념, 분노사고 및 삶의 만족도의 차이)

  • Lim, Jeeyoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.281-291
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the relationships between factors of aggression and satisfaction with life and the differences of irrational belief, primary secondary anger thought, and satisfaction with life among four groups classified based on the levels of hostility and verbal aggression. 268 middle school boys in Chungnam areas served as subjects. The results showed that hostility showed the most negative correlation with satisfaction with life. Stepwise regression analyses showed that hostility negatively predicted satisfaction with life, whereas verbal aggression positively predicted satisfaction with life. Factors of irrational belief, primary/secondary anger thought were negatively correlated with satisfaction with life. Analyses of variances revealed that covert hostility group showed higher scores on self-depreciation, disregard and disappointment in intimate relationship situation, hopelessness, whereas overt hostility group showed higher scores on derogation of others/revenge. In addition, covert hostility group showed lower scores on satisfaction with life than other groups. Finally, limitations of this study and suggestions for future study were discussed.

The Effects of Narrative Therapy Group Counseling on Children's Dysfunctional Beliefs and Aggression (이야기치료 집단상담이 아동의 역기능적 신념과 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Da-Young;Kim, You-Me
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.125-136
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    • 2010
  • The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of narrative therapy group counseling on children's dysfunctional beliefs and levels of aggression. The subjects were 20 students in grade 5 who had been randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group was treated with narrative therapy group counseling. The experiment was performed over 10 sessions for 10 weeks. In order to test the experimental effects, post testswere administered after treatment. The results were analyzed by means of MANOVA. The findings of the study were as follows : Compared to the control group, the experimental group experienced a significant reduction in dysfunctional beliefs and levels of aggression.

The Effects of Maternal Beliefs and Childrearing Behavior on the Preschoolers' Aggressive and Social Withdrawal Behavior (어머니의 신념 및 양육행동이 유아의 공격.위축행동에 미치는 영향)

  • 김미해;옥경희;천희영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 2003
  • Maternal beliefs about preschoolers' displays of aggression and social withdrawal and the extent to which their strategies for dealing with these behaviors can be predicted from beliefs were examined. And the extent to which maternal childrearing behavior and preschoolers' social problematic behaviors can be predicted from beliefs. 202 mothers of 5-year-old(114 boys; 88 girls) were presented with descriptions of hypothetical incidents of peer-directed aggression and social withdrawal. Maternal beliefs were different according to kinds of problematic behaviors. Thus most mothers attributed preschoolers' aggression to situational factors, social withdrawal to disposition. Mothers felt embarrassed about aggression and concerned about social withdrawal. The power assertive strategies were more used for dealing with aggression than social withdrawal. The choice of strategies for dealing with these behaviors and maternal childrearing behavior were related to maternal beliefs. Also preschoolers' social problematic behaviors were effected from maternal beliefs and childrearing behavior.

Construction of a Model of Aggression in the Upper Grades of Elementary School (초등학생 고학년의 공격성 구조모형)

  • Yoo, Sun Yee;Ahn, Hye Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.425-434
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to construct a structural model that explains the factors affecting aggression among elementary school students and to verify their suitability. Methods: The study period was from June to August 2018. The study subjects were fifth- and sixth-graders at an elementary school. In total, 291 surveys were collected, of which 259 were analyzed. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 24.0 and AMOS version 24.0. Results: The fit of the final model was acceptable ($x^2=160.08$ [p<.001], GFI=.921, AGFI=.869, CFI=.919, SRMR=.057, and RMSEA=.086). Thus, eight of the 10 hypotheses were shown to be statistically significant. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that positive and open parenting behaviors and training children to engage in self-control are needed to reduce their aggression. In addition, considerable attention and education are required in the home, school, and society so that children can learn to properly recognize and express their emotions and establish suitable beliefs regarding aggressive behavior.

The Influences of Paternal Parenting Behavior on the Relational Aggression of Children: The Mediating Effects of Internal Attribution and Normative Beliefs About Aggressive Behavior (아버지의 양육행동이 아동의 관계적 공격성에 미치는 영향: 내적 귀인 및 공격행동에 대한 규범적 신념의 매개효과)

  • Kim, So Rah;Kim, Hee Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore whether there are gender differences in the influences of paternal parenting behavior on the relational aggression of adolescents and to examine the mediating effects of internal attribution and normative beliefs about aggressive behaviors. Methods: This study assessed 492 fifth to sixth graders from an elementary school (237 males and 255 females). Results: The results of this study were as follows: First, the effect of paternal affectionate parenting behavior on girls' reactive aggression was partially mediated by internal attribution. Second, the effect of paternal coercive parenting behavior on boys' proactive aggression was completely mediated by normative beliefs about aggressive behavior. Third, girls' proactive aggression was partially mediated by normative beliefs about aggressive behavior. Conclusion: These results suggest the need to further examine relational aggression and to help children gain positive relationships with peers.

Research on direction of future Korean military force establishment -focus on North Korea's nuclear threat and neighboring countries' counter military threat operation- (미래 한국군 군사력 건설방향에 대한 연구 - 북한 핵위협과 주변국 위협대비를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Yeon Jun
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2014
  • South Korea should not be in subordinate position in international relationships like the past. As the status of middle power. South Korea achieves peaceful unification through overcoming North Korea's nuclear and conventional threats, and builds military power in Northeast Asia as a 'balancer'. This can firstly be achieved by constructing "attack systems triad". 'attack systems triad' can be established through integrating the C41SR as a common strategy for the purposes of preemptive deterrence and retaliatory deterrence against the dangers of the present and the future. Second, denial deterrence can be achieved by establishing "defense system triad" by combining common military power and defensive weapon system. Finally, development of independent advanced technological strategies can be achieved by building defense industry and combination of research and development through constructing "Infra triad". As for constructing and reinforcing the future of the ROK military, a unilateral principle and policy efforts to achieve the aforementioned force construction models are needed. This can only be achieved through the government's national vision to take on the role of mediator and a basis founded upon the consensus of the public.

A Study on the North Korean's Modern Adaptation of the Classic Folktale (설화 <해와 달이 된 오누이>에 대한 북한의 현대적 수용 방식 고찰)

  • Park, Jai-in;Han, Sang-hyo
    • Journal of Korean Classical Literature and Education
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    • no.32
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    • pp.193-224
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    • 2016
  • The North Korean animation is a puppet movie that is adapted The Brother and Sister Who Became the Sun and the Moon, a traditional Korean lore. The quality of this animation is acknowledged because of not only North Korea's considerably advanced animation technology but also the animation's retention of the folklore's traditional essence rather than intention to disseminate ideological propaganda. Nevertheless, the animation reveals the trasformation of its original purpose from general educative intentions for children to the educative concept of salvation by heaven is replaced by salvation by people and cultural education insteadof salvation by heaven. The appearance of the hero Jangsoe is the key adaptation of this animation, and it suggests the main principal of salvation lies in man rather than in heaven. Such adaptation complies with the requirements of children's literature suggested by the North Korea's literary history office. Furthemore the hero Jangsoe as the examplary figure of revolutionary self-reliance ideology and as a leader. Theory of self-reliance literature stipulates that children's literature is used for ideological education that develops people to be successors of revolutionary feats and become active workers for the construction of socialism and communism, therefore it is possible to understand the purpose of the adaptation to reflect the educational aims. This study investigates the change in meaning form the original folktale through such adaptation, and highlights problems related to limiting the meaning implied in "heaven's salvation" in the original story only to the vague meaning of religious hope. This vague implied meaning is considered as "an awareness activity to examine their own existence in the universe". With regard to this, the concept of heaven's salvation that is prevalent in the classic stories can be interpreted as a positive self-belief that enables the use of rationality in any helpless situation that cannot be understood with existing empirical knowledge. It considers that heaven expresses the power that exists in the human mind through self-viability and self-belief. This creates the power of reason in the character to fight against the evil disguised as the mother, in the absence of the real mother.