• Title/Summary/Keyword: 골프선수

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The Structural Relationship Among Self-Leadership, Self-Management, and Sport Confidence of Golf Players (골프선수의 셀프리더십과 자기관리 및 스포츠자신감의 구조적관계)

  • Kim, Soon-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.268-277
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships among self-leadership, self-management, and self-confidence of golf players. In order to accomplish the purpose of this study, 447 of them were sampled through the convenience sampling. The instruments for data collection were Self-Leadership Questionnaire, Self-Management Scale1, and Sport Confidence Questionnaire. Collected data were put to exploratory factor analysis and correlation analysis, using the SPSS 18.0 program and to confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation model(SEM), using the AMOS 18.0 program. The results were as follows : First, self-leadership had positive effects on self-management, Second self-leadership had positive effects on sport confidence, Third, self-management had positive effects on sport confidence, Forth, the unstandardized path coefficient among self-leadership, self-management and sport confidence in the men was no different from that in the women.

The Relationships between Sports Ability Beliefs, Achievement Goal Orientation, Exercise Flow, and Perceived Performance in College Golf Athletes (대학 골프선수들의 운동능력믿음, 성취목표성향, 운동몰입 및 인지된 경기력의 관계)

  • Bum, Chul-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.268-276
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to verify the theoretical relationship between sports ability beliefs, achievement goal orientation, exercise flow, and athletic performance in college golf athletes. The results of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 18.0 and Analysis of MOment Structures (AMOS) 18.0 performed on the data collected from 211 participants are as follows. First, hypothesis testing showed that college golf athletes with incremental beliefs set task-oriented goals (C.R.=3.780, p<.001). Second, the task-oriented goals (C.R.=4,082, p<.001) and ego-oriented goals (C.R.=3.819, p<.001) in achievement goal orientation raised the level of flow during golf. Third, in achieving goal orientation, only task orientation led to a higher perceived level of golf performance (C.R.=3.020, p<.01). Fourth, a higher level of flow led to higher levels of golf performance (C.R.=4.642, p<.001). Other sub-factors were not statistically significant in the current study. These results could be applied in the field of sports as they show what results can be achieved depending on the athlete's belief in their sports ability.

A Study of Factors influencing the Attitudes and Dispositions of Doping in Elite Golf Players (엘리트 골프선수들의 도핑에 대한 사고방식 및 성향에 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Tae-Gyu;Cha, Jung-Hoon;Cha, Kwang-Suk;Kim, Kee-Hyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.527-536
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the factors influencing the attitudes and dispositions of doping in elite golf players. 136 elite golfers (75 male, 61 female) were participated in this study and responded to Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale, Perfectionism in Sport Scale and Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2. Data that were collected analyzed by hierarchical multi regression. In male golfers, unequal recognition (UR) of coach had a positive effect on the attitudes and dispositions of doping, and rivalry (R) had a negative effect on that. In female golfers, Coach's criticism (CC) had a positive effect on the attitudes and dispositions of doping. The effective anti-doping program which reflects the results of this study should be developed and implemented for elite golf players who need the anti-doping education.

Psychological implications for golf players' golf-wear choices (골프선수들의 의류선택에 대한 심리적 의미)

  • Han, Jee-Hoon;Lim, Jin-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.1229-1238
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify the psychological importance of golf player's clothing selection by phenomenological analysis. The study subjects were male and female golf players who participated in the golf tour from October 2017 to March 2018, and a total of 4 male players and 2 female players were selected using the snow ball sampling method. For data analysis, we first coded what we got through in-depth interviews and observations of participation to be organized and analyzed first. Second, classification was conducted based on major themes or phenomena, and meaningful interpretation and research were conducted. In addition, to increase the truth and validity of this study, the true value, applicability, consistency and neutrality of the qualitative research process proposed by Guba & Lincoln (1981). The results of the analysis are as follows. Golf-wear for me, Jinx, My golf wear are my face. Conclusion, Through this study, you can understand the psychological implications of the golf-wear chosen by the golf player and expect positive effects to provide golf player's feedback in the course of making the golf-wear.

A Convergence Study on the Relationship between Perfectionism, Stress, and Burnout among College Golf Athletes (대학 골프선수들의 완벽주의성향, 스트레스, 그리고 탈진 간의 관계에 대한 융합적 연구)

  • Bum, Chul-Ho;Yoo, Chung-Keyng;Jung, Chan-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.243-252
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among perfectionism, stress, and burnout in college golf athletes. Participants were 221 college students. Self-oriented perfectionism and socially prescribed perfectionism were found to be the antecedent variables causing stress. Self-oriented perfectionism reduced personal accomplishments, and socially prescribed perfectionism increased the level of burnout. Additionally, perceived stress not only engendered emotional exhaustion but also reduced personal accomplishments. Regarding indirect effects, self-oriented perfectionism and socially prescribed perfectionism increased the level of stress and affected athletes' emotional exhaustion and lack of accomplishments. The results will be of use for helping athletes to escape from the perfectionism that occurs due to their obsession with winning, thus laying the foundation for athletes to continue to enjoy their sports.

Characteristics of Sleep Patterns in Korean Women Golfers (여자 골프선수들의 수면양상조사)

  • Park, Soo Yeon;Shin, Won-Chul
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.80-84
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    • 2014
  • Introduction: Sleep has numerous important physiological and cognitive functions that may be particularly important to elite athletes. Sleep deprivation can have significant effects on athletic performance. However, there are few published data related to the amount of sleep obtained by elite athletes. We investigated sleep patterns of Korean women golfers using sleep-related questionnaires. Methods: For this study, 98 Korean university women golfers and 46 age- and sex-matched controls were recruited. All subjects were asked to complete the self-administered sleep questionnaire consisting of questions about habitual sleep patterns (sleep onset time, sleep latency, awakening time in the morning, day time napping time), exercise habits, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Insomnia Severity Index (ISS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), validation of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Results: The sleep onset time was significantly earlier (pm 23 : $05{\pm}00$ : 52 and 00 : $14{\pm}00$ : 51 ; t = 5.287, p < 0.001), the waking time was later (am 07 : $21{\pm}01$ : 09 and 6 : $35{\pm}00$ : 32; t = -2.715, p = 0.008), the weekday total sleep time was greater ($417.77{\pm}78.18$ minute and $351.52{\pm}77.83$ minute ; t = 4.406, p = 0.001), and the daytime nap time was greater ($77.73{\pm}41.28$ minute and $20.22{\pm}33.03$ minute ; t = 7.623, p < 0.001) in the golf athletes compared to the controls. The PSQI scores were significantly lower, but estimated sleep latency and ESS, ISS, PSS, and BAI scores were not different among the two groups. Conclusion: This study suggests that Korean university women golfers have good sleep patterns resulting in no difference in sleep-related stress compared to age- and sex-matched control students.

The Effect of Positive Feedback and Reinforcement on the Enhancement of Performance and the Regulation of Anxiety (긍정적 사고가 운동 수행 능력의 향상과 불안조절에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Doug-Hyun;Cho, Kyu-Hyun;Min, Kyung-Joon;Na, Churl
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2007
  • Introduction : A positive thinking has been known to affect the enhancement of performance. One of temperament characters, harm avoidance is thought to be associated with anxiety related behaviors. Golfer showed highest anxiety and lowest score of harm avoidance, compared to any other sports. We hypothesized that positive feedback and reinforcement in golfer would decrease the anxiety and improve the performance. Methods : Fifty one golfers with the age from 15 to 19 were classified into two groups; 25 golfers who used Zinsser's Changing Negative thoughts to Positive thoughts and Beswick's positive self talk when exercise and competition (P-FB) and 26 golfers who had not (controls). Harm avoidance, Spielberg's Trait and State Anxiety, and Golf scores has been assessed at baseline and 6 months later. Results : There was no significant difference in baseline harm avoidance, anxiety, and golf scores between P-FB and controls. The total golf scores in both groups have improved after 6 month later. However, P-FB group showed greater improvement of total scores and putting scores, compared to controls. The state anxiety in PFB group has been decreased, while there was no change in controls. The change in the state anxiety was correlated with harm avoidance and the change in total golf scores. Discussions : The positive thinking has enhanced performance and state anxiety. The improvement of performance and anxiety in golfers was associated with high harm avoidance. The current study showed that the regulation of anxiety with positive thinking was helpful to the performance enhancement in subject with high harm avoidance.

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Categorization of two different swing styles using weight transfer patterns of golf swing (압력 중심 및 지면반력 이동 패턴에 의한 두 가지의 다른 골프 스윙 스타일 분류)

  • Linm, Young-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.179-186
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구의 목적은 숙련된 골프선수들의 골프 스윙동작 시 상이한 무게중심 변환 형태가 존재하는지 그리고 만약 이 상이한 무게중심 변환 형태가 존재한다면 어떤 형태로 나타나는지를 알아보고자 하였다. 본 실험을 위해 13명의 남자 대학 엘리트 골프 선수들을 대상으로 드라이버를 이용한 스윙을 실시하게 하였다. 수직 지면 반력과 압력중심 이동 패턴을 측정하기 위해 지면반력기 2대와 스윙 동작 시 critical event 설정을 위해 1대의 고감도 비디오 카메라를 사용하였다. 또한 스윙 결과로 나타나는 비거리, 클럽헤드 속도를 측정하기 위해 스윙 분석기를 이용하였다. 피험자 간 상호 비교를 위해 측정된 수직 지면반력 성분은 몸무게를 이용하여 표준화하였고 압력중심은 어드레스시의 압력중심을 원점으로 재 계산하였다. 또한 임팩트 시 측정된 좌우 수직 지면반력 성분을 이용하여 두 가지의 상이한 스윙 스타일로 구분하였다. 연구결과 8명(62%)의 피험자에게서 좌측 수직력 성분이 상대적으로 높은 전족(FFS) 스타일임이 밝혀졌고 5명(38%)은 그 반대인 리버스(RFS) 스타일임이 밝혀졌다. 이 전족 스타일은 대부분의 골퍼들이 선호하고 또 그렇게 하여야만 한다고 믿고 있는 스윙방식이다. 이와 반대인 리버스 스타일은 코치들이 금기시 하는 스윙의 형태로서 초보자, 즉 비숙련 자에게만 나타나는 전형적인 스윙형태라고 인지되고 있다. 하지만 이 두 가지 스윙 스타일이 초보자가 아닌 숙련된 골프 선수들에게서도 실제 존재한다는 것이 본 실험 결과로 나타났다. 평균 압력중심 이동 패턴은 전후축 방향의 경우 RFS 스타일 그룹이 RFS 스타일 그룹에 비해 압력중심 이동이 크게 나타났고 좌우축의 경우에도 RFS 그룹이 FFS 그룹에 비해 압력중심 이동이 크게 나타났다. 특히 임팩트 시 압력중심의 위치가 FFS 그룹은 전족 근처에 있는 반면 RFS 그룹은 후족(rear foot)에 위치하여 두 스윙 스타일의 차이점을 분명하게 보여주었다. 따라서 비록 이 RFS 스타일이 대부분의 코칭 이론과는 상반되는 무게중심 이동 패턴을 보여주었지만 이 스윙 스타일이 잘못된 것이 아닌 실제 존재하는 하나의 스윙 스타일로 인식하여 스윙 지도 시 이에 알맞은 적절한 교습법을 마련해야 할 것이다.

Effect of Occlusal Stabilization Appliance on Driving Distance in Golf (교합안정장치가 전문골프선수들의 드라이버 비거리에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Tae-Hoon;Shin, Sang-Wan;Ryu, Jae-Jun;Lee, Richard Sung-Bok;Ahn, Su-Jin;Choi, Yeo-Jin
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.157-168
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    • 2010
  • Many athletes have been using occlusal stabilization appliances to improve their performance. Few studies have examined the benefits of such an appliance in golf. We determined the effect of such appliances on the masticatory muscle activities and driving distances of professional golf players. The appliances were customized for each player and adjusted using a computerized device. The electromyographic muscle activities and driving distances with and without the appliance were measured and compared using the K7 Analyzer and the GolfAchiever II assembly. A paired t-test was used for statistical analysis. The muscle activities of the temporo-frontal and masseter muscles with the appliance were significantly more stable than those without the appliance, and the driving distances with the appliance were significantly different from those without it. Although there were intra-individual differences, professional golf players with temporomandibular disorders showed a greater improvement in performance.

A Study on the Structure of Three Dimentional Spine, Pelvic Deviation and Foot Pressure in Golf Players (골프선수의 3차원적 척추구조, 골반변위 및 족압에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Dae-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.151-158
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate variables of significantly difference as the structure of the spine, pelvic deviation and foot pressure between undergraduates and golf player subjects. The subjects of study were composed of 20 male golf players and 20 male undergraduates. Both groups were right handed persons. The measurement tools of this study were Formetric 4D(Diers, Germany) which is a three dimensional measure. The result are the follows: there were a significant difference between golf players and general students of trunk imbalance, pelvic tilt, pelvic torsion, pelvic rotation, surface rotation, lumbar lordotic curve, foot pressure(fore & behind foot), weight distribution(right & left foot). In conclusion, golf players might cause transform of spine and foot pressure due to golf exercise for several years. Such as imbalance affect to induce functional impairment and pain of musculoskeletal system, and appropriate evaluation and treatment were necessary for golf players.