• Title, Summary, Keyword: 곡선차선검출

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Curve Lane Detection of Real Time Image using RANSAC Method (RANSAC 기법을 이용한 실시간 영상에서의 곡선 차선 검출)

  • Kamg, Kyeung-min;Lee, Jae-min;Seo, Ji-Yeon;Lee, Hae-Ill;Kim, Kwang Baek
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.427-429
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    • 2017
  • 본 논문에서는 실시간으로 주행 중인 차량의 영상을 대상으로 ROI 영역을 추출하고 추출된 ROI 영역에 Warping 기법과 RANSAC 알고리즘을 적용하여 곡선 차선을 검출하는 방법을 제안한다. 제안된 방법은 실시간 영상에서 관심 영역을 ROI 영역으로 설정하고 영상의 원근감을 제거하기 위하여 Warping을 적용한다. Warping이 적용된 영상에서 차선의 밝기는 도로의 밝기보다 높다는 특징을 이용하여 노란색과 흰색 차선의 영역을 추출한다. 추출된 차선의 영역에서 곡선을 검출하기 위하여 RANSAC 알고리즘을 적용하여 곡선을 검출하기 위한 기준점을 설정한 후, 스플라인 기법을 적용하여 곡선을 검출한다. 실시간적으로 주행 중인 차량에서 촬영한 동영상을 대상으로 실험한 결과, 곡선 차선이 효과적으로 검출되었다. 따라서 제안된 방법이 자율 주행에 효율적으로 적용될 수 있는 가능성을 확인하였다.

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A Curve Lane Detection Method using Lane Variation Vector and Cardinal Spline (차선 변화벡터와 카디널 스플라인을 이용한 곡선 차선 검출방법)

  • Heo, Hwan;Han, Gi-Tae
    • KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering
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    • v.3 no.7
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    • pp.277-284
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    • 2014
  • The detection method of curves for the lanes which is powerful for the variation by utilizing the lane variation vector and cardinal spline on the inverse perspective transformation screen images which do not required the camera parameters are suggested in this paper. This method detects the lane area by setting the expected lane area in the s frame and next s+1 frame where the inverse perspective transformation and entire process of the lane filter are adapted, and expects the points of lane location in the next frames with the lane variation vector calculation from the detected lane areas. The scan area is set from the nextly expected lane position and new lane positions are detected within these areas, and the lane variation vectors are renewed with the detected lane position and the lanes are detected with application of cardinal spline for the control points inside the lane areas. The suggested method is a powerful method for curved lane detection, but it was adopted to the linear lanes too. It showed an excellent lane detection speed of about 20ms in processing a frame.

An Efficient Image Processing Scheme of Consequtive Images for Robust Lane Detection (강인한 차선검출을 위한 연속영상의 효율적인 신호처리 기법)

  • Kim, Min-Gyu;Yi, Un-Kun;Ko, Deog-Hwa;Baek, Kwang-Ryul
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2770-2773
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    • 2002
  • 본 논문은 지능형 안전 자동차(ASV)의 범주인 차선이탈경보 및 방지시스템에 적용을 위한 차선검출 알고리즘을 나타낸다. 그러기 위해서는 차선검출의 높은 신뢰도가 우선 되어야 한다. 대부분의 고속도로는 직선로와 곡선로로 이루어져있고, 곡선 도로는 차선을 검출하는데 여러 가지 제약이 있다. 본 논문에서는 곡선 차선의 직선 근사화를 통한 신뢰성 있는 차선 검출을 위해서 입력되는 연속영상의 효율적인 처리 기법을 제안하고자 한다.

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Lane and Curvature Detection Algorithm based on the Curve Template Matching Method using Top View Image (탑뷰(top view) 영상을 이용한 곡선 템플릿 정합 기반 차선 및 곡률 검출 알고리즘)

  • Han, Sung-Ji;Han, Young-Joon;Hahn, Hern-Soo
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, lane and curvature detection algorithm based on the curve template matching method is proposed. To eliminate the perspective effect of the original image, the input image is transformed to a top view image. From this top view image, its edge image is created. To increase the accuracy of detection, a novel edge detection method, which shows a strength in lane detection, is proposed. In the first step, straight lanes are detected from the edge image, and then the Curve Template Matching(CTM) method is applied to detect the curved lanes and to find their curvatures. Since the proposed CTM method uses only the simple equations, such as line and circle equations, to detect the curved lane, the algorithm is simple. Moreover, we used the detected lane information in the previous frames to detect the current frame's lanes, the detection results become more reliable. The proposed algorithm has been tested in various road conditions (highway, urban street, night time highway, etc.). Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can process about 70 frames per second with the successful lane detection rate over 95% and curvature detection rate about 90%.

Design of Curve Road Detection System by Convergence of Sensor (센서 융합에 의한 곡선차선 검출 시스템 설계)

  • Kim, Gea-Hee;Jeong, Seon-Mi;Mun, Hyung-Jin;Kim, Chang-Geun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.253-259
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    • 2016
  • Regarding the research on lane recognition, continuous studies have been in progress for vehicles to navigate autonomously and to prevent traffic accidents, and lane recognition and detection have remarkably developed as different algorithms have appeared recently. Those studies were based on vision system and the recognition rate was improved. However, in case of driving at night or in rain, the recognition rate has not met the level at which it is satisfactory. Improving the weakness of the vision system-based lane recognition and detection, applying sensor convergence technology for the response after accident happened, among studies on lane detection, the study on the curve road detection was conducted. It proceeded to study on the curve road detection among studies on the lane recognition. In terms of the road detection, not only a straight road but also a curve road should be detected and it can be used in investigation on traffic accidents. Setting the threshold value of curvature from 0.001 to 0.06 showing the degree of the curve, it presented that it is able to compute the curve road.

Driving Assist System using Semantic Segmentation based on Deep Learning (딥러닝 기반의 의미론적 영상 분할을 이용한 주행 보조 시스템)

  • Kim, Jung-Hwan;Lee, Tae-Min;Lim, Joonhong
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 2020
  • Conventional lane detection algorithms have problems in that the detection rate is lowered in road environments having a large change in curvature and illumination. The probabilistic Hough transform method has low lane detection rate since it exploits edges and restrictive angles. On the other hand, the method using a sliding window can detect a curved lane as the lane is detected by dividing the image into windows. However, the detection rate of this method is affected by road slopes because it uses affine transformation. In order to detect lanes robustly and avoid obstacles, we propose driving assist system using semantic segmentation based on deep learning. The architecture for segmentation is SegNet based on VGG-16. The semantic image segmentation feature can be used to calculate safety space and predict collisions so that we control a vehicle using adaptive-MPC to avoid objects and keep lanes. Simulation results with CARLA show that the proposed algorithm detects lanes robustly and avoids unknown obstacles in front of vehicle.

An Efficient Lane Detection Algorithm Based on Hough Transform and Quadratic Curve Fitting (Hough 변환과 2차 곡선 근사화에 기반한 효율적인 차선 인식 알고리즘)

  • Kwon, Hwa-Jung;Yi, June-Ho
    • The Transactions of the Korea Information Processing Society
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    • v.6 no.12
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    • pp.3710-3717
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    • 1999
  • For the development of unmanned autonomous vehicle, it is essential to detect obstacles, especially vehicles, in the forward direction of navigation. In order to reliably exclude regions that do not contain obstacles and save a considerable amount of computational effort, it is often necessary to confine computation only to ROI(region of interest)s. A ROI is usually chosen as the interior region of the lane. We propose a computationally simple and efficient method for the detection of lanes based on Hough transform and quadratic curve fitting. The proposed method first employs Hough transform to get approximate locations of lanes, and then applies quadratic curve fitting to the locations computed by Hough transform. We have experimented the proposed method on real outdoor road scene. Experimental results show that our method gives accurate detection of straight and curve lanes, and is computationally very efficient.

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Lane Detection & Prediction of Vihicle's Progress-Direction Using improved Hough Transform (차선 인식을 위한 Hough Transform과 차량 진행 방향 예측)

  • Kang, Sei-Bum;Yang, Seung-Ju;Kim, Eun-Ju;Lyu, Sung-Pil
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.165-168
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    • 2009
  • 차선 검출을 위한 영상처리연구는 Hough Transform을 이용하는 방법과 주파수 변환 방법, 히스토그램을 이용하는 방법, 템플릿을 이용하는 방법등이 사용되고 있다. 차선 검출에 가장 많이 사용되는 Hough Transform은 연산 과정이 복잡하여 차량의 속도가 증가하면 실제 상황과 오차가 생길 확률이 높다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해 영상을 분할하여 최소한의 영역을 처리하여 처리량을 줄였으며, 차선 이외의 선이 추출될 경우 그 선의 각도와 위치를 고려하여 연산에 방해되는 선을 삭제한다. 또한 고속으로 진행하는 차량의 경우, 점선으로 이루어져 선이 보이지 않는 부분에서는 차선의 인식이 불가능하여 위험한 상황을 초래한다. 따라서 최소한의 차선을 이용하여 차선을 연장하고, 여러 직선으로 곡선을 표현하여 차량 진행 방향을 예측할 수 있다.

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Hardware Architecture Design and Implementation of IPM-based Curved Lane Detector (IPM기반 곡선 차선 검출기 하드웨어 구조 설계 및 구현)

  • Son, Haengseon;Lee, Seonyoung;Min, Kyoungwon;Seo, Sungjin
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.304-310
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we propose the architecture of an IPM based lane detector for autonomous vehicles to detect and control the driving route along the curved lane. In the IPM image, we divide the area into two fields, Far/Near Field, and the lane candidate region is detected using the Hough transform to perform the matching for the curved lane. In autonomous vehicles, various algorithms must be embedded in the system. To reduce the system resources, we proposed a method to minimize the number of memory accesses to the image and various parameters on the external memory. The proposed circuit has 96% lane recognition rate and occupies 16% LUT, 5.9% FF and 29% BRAM in Xilinx XC7Z020. It processes Full-HD image at a rate of 42 fps at a 100 MHz operating clock.

A Study on Candidate Lane Detection using Hybrid Detection Technique (하이브리드 검출기법을 이용한 후보 차선검출에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Joo;Oh, Joong-Duk;Park, Roy C.
    • Journal of the Institute of Convergence Signal Processing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2016
  • As more people have cars, the threat of traffic accidents is posed on men and women of all ages. The main culprit of traffic accidents is driving while intoxicated or drowsy. The method to recognize and prevent the cause of traffic accidents is to use lane detection. In this study, a total of 4,000 frames (day image: 2,900 frames, night image: 1,100 frames) were used to test lane detection. According to the test, in the case of day image, when the threshold of Sobel edge detection technique was detected with second-order differential equation, there was the highest candidate lane detection rate which was 86.1%. In the threshold of Canny edge detection technique, the highest detection rate of 88.0% was found at Low=50, and High=300. In the case of night image, the threshold of Sobel edge detection technique, when horizontal calculation and vertical calculation had second-order differential equation, and when horizontal-vertical calculation had 1.5th-order differential equation, there was the highest detection rate which was 83.1%. In the threshold of Canny edge detection technique, the highest detection rate of 89.9% was found at Low=50, and High=300.