• Title/Summary/Keyword: 경사각

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Experimental Study on Effect of Inclination Angle on Natural Convection from Cylindrical Heatsinks with Plate Fins (평판-휜을 갖는 기울어진 원통형 히트 싱크의 자연 대류에 경사각이 미치는 영향에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Park, Kuen Tae;Kim, Hyun Jung;Yoo, Jaisuk;Lee, Moon Gu;Kim, Dong-Kwon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.343-350
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    • 2015
  • The natural convection heatsink is the most commonly used cooling device, especially for high-power LED lights, because of its reliability and low long-term cost. High power LED lights are generally used in an inclined configuration for street lamps and security lamps. However, it was difficult to estimate the thermal performance of an inclined heatsink, because the results from previous studies are not applicable to the inclined configuration. In this study, we measured the thermal performance of an inclined cylindrical heatsink with plate fins. Various fin numbers, fin heights, base temperatures, and inclination angles ($30^{\circ}$ and $60^{\circ}$) were examined. Based on the experimental results, the Nusselt number correlation is presented. This correlation is applicable when the Rayleigh number, ratio of the fin height to cylinder diameter, and fin number are in the ranges 100,000-600,000, 1/6-1/2, and 9-72, respectively.

Estimation of Stroage Capacityat at Urban Stream Using Image (영상을 이용한 도시하천에서의 저수량 평가)

  • Lee, Hyun-Seok;Lee, Geun-Sang;Chae, Hyo-Sok;Koh, Deuk-Koo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2007.05a
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    • pp.517-521
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    • 2007
  • 최근 위성영상의 해상도가 증가함에 따라, 하천을 대상으로 한 연구 사례가 많이 보고되고 있다. 하지만 대부분이 환경 생태학적 분야에서 이루어진 연구 결과들이고, 수자원 관리 분야에서의 위성영상 활용 사례는 아직 그 예를 찾아보기가 어렵다. 갑천은 1988년 이후 급속도로 도시화가 진행되어 현재는 잘 정비되어 있는 전형적인 도시하천의 모습을 갖추고 있다. 그러나 아직까지 하천 내에는 많은 양의 초지나 사주가 분포하고 있으며, 이러한 초지나 사주의 존재는 자연형 하천으로서의 역할을 담당하지만 이수 및 치수차원에서는 많은 양의 저수량 손실을 야기하는 문제도 함께 공존해 있다. 본 연구에서는 도시하천을 효율적으로 관리하기 위한 방안으로서 영상을 이용한 수자원 관리 기법을 제안하였다. 다시 말해 본 연구에서 수행한 "도시하천에서의 저수량 평가"는 보와 보사이의 흐름에 의한 유량변화가 전체 저수량에 크게 영향을 미치지 않는다는 가정 하에 다음의 세 단계로 이루어진다. 첫째, 현하천을 사주구역, 초지구역 및 그 외 구역으로 구분한다. 둘째, 현장조사를 실시하여 사주나 초지가 수면과 이루는 경사각을 조사하고, 적절한 통계적 기법을 이용하여 대상 하천의 대표 경사 값을 구한다. 또한 현장조사 시 사주나 초지로부터 충분히 떨어진 지점들의 수심을 측량하여 그 외 지역의 평균 수심을 구한다. 셋째, 영상을 해석할 수 있는 도구를 이용하여 구분된 각 구역의 면적을 계산한 후, 두 번째 단계에서 구한 경사각과 수심을 이용하여 저수량을 산정한다. 본 연구에서는 도시하천을 효율적으로 관리하기 위한 방안으로서 영상을 이용한 수자원 관리 기법을 제안하였다. 특히 도시하천에서의 저수량 산정을 위한 기초연구로서 사주 및 초지가 수면과 이루는 방위별 경사각을 조사하였으며, 그 결과를 분석하여 사주와 초지 각각의 경우에 대한 거리와 수심 간의 회귀곡선식을 구하였다. 하지만 세 번째 단계인 "저수량 산정"은 영상의 확보가 어려워, 본 연구에서는 수행되지 못하였다. 향후, 대상지역 뿐만 아니라 전국 어느 곳이라도, 하루빨리 고해상도의 위성영상이 저가에 보급되어 지기를 기대한다.

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The Optimum Installation Angle of Reticulated Root Piles under Lateral Loads (횡방.향하중을 받는 그물식 뿌리말뚝의 최적 타설경사각)

  • 이승현;김명모
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 1997
  • In order to investigate the influence of installation angle of reticulated root piles(RRP) on their lateral load capacities, model tests of lateral loads on RRP with various installation angles $0^{\circ}\;, 5^{\circ}\;, 10^{\circ}\;, 15^{\circ}\;, 20^{\circ}\;,and 25^{\circ}$ are carried out. One set of RRP consists of 12 piles which are installed in circular patterns forming two concentric circles, each of which has 6 piles. Each pile made of a steel bar of 5mm in diameter and 350mm in length, is coated with sand until the bar has the diameter of 6.5mm. According to the test results, RRP's response is travily influenced by the displacement level. At low displacement level(1m), lateral load capacity increases as the installation angle is increased. However, the value of the optimum installation angle decreases as the displacement level is increased. In fact, it is found to be $17.5^{\circ}$ at 6mm lateral displacement. The ratios of the lateral resistances for the optimum installation angles to those for the vertical RRP decrease as the lateral displacements are increased. Thus the effect of slant ins angle of RRP is expected to be reduced at higher level of lateral displacement.

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A Study of the Application of Digital Photogrammetry to Railroad Rock Slope Investigation System (디지털 사진측량의 철도 암사면 조사시스템 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Tae-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.548-556
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    • 2009
  • In order to evaluate applicability of rock cut-slope investigation system, typical clinometer and photogrammetry investigation system were used for rock slopes; first for 7 discontinuities, and secondly, 10 discontinuities, and the results were compared. The first verification was performed depending on discontinuity joint shapes and slope angles, and the second verification was performed depending on shot time and shot locations. The results showed that differences of dip direction $1^{\circ}{\sim}4^{\circ}$, dip $0^{\circ}{\sim}4^{\circ}$. In the second verification test, the differences of dip direction was $0^{\circ}{\sim}6^{\circ}$, and dip $0^{\circ}{\sim}6^{\circ}$. The photogrammetry method for rock slope survey system is quite reliable when clinometer generally shows ${\pm}10^{\circ}$ errors due to surface roughness and investigator.

Study on Analysis of Skew Grillage Girder Bridges by Transfer Matrix Method (전달행렬법에 의한 경사 격자교의 해석에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Hee;Lee, Yoon-Young;Kim, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.159-170
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    • 2005
  • The grid structure is parallel main girders intersected with crossgirder. It distribute the loads to adjoining main girder through the crossgirder when a girder is subjected to a load. grillage girder bridge has high load-carrying capacity, it can save materials and become more economical type of bridge. In this paper, the grillage girder bridge analysis program developed by using the transfer matrix method deals with following problems: the comparision with Leonhardt, Szabo, FEM yang and jung in the analysis of grillage girder bridges, quality of straight and curved bridges with skew angle, forces of straight and curved bridges according to skew angle and bending stiffness/torsional stiffness ratio.

Flow Characteristics around Underwater Triangular Structure with Different Inclination (경사도가 다른 수중 삼각형상구조물 주위의 유동특성)

  • Choe, Sang-Bom;Cho, Dae-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the flow characteristics around underwater triangular structure with various inclination and Reynolds number. A flow fields around the triangular structure model were measured by visualization method and PIV in the circulating water channel. The result of the experiment is where the triangular structure that has a inclination of $45^{\circ}$ and the reynolds number at $Re=2.9{\times}10^3$ showed rising velocity component to 2.7 times of the structure height. When the reynolds number is steady and when the inclination is greater the descending velocity component of the structure's rears current form is greatly shown and for the areas where it's more than y/hs=1.75 has a change in the angle of inclination but it doesn't give a great effect to it.

A Study on the Vertical Bearing Capacity of Batter Piles Subjected to Vertical Load (연직하중을 받는 경사말뚝의 연직지지력에 관한 연구)

  • 성인출;이민희;최용규;권오균
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 2003
  • In this study, based on the relationship of the vertical force - settlement of batter piles obtained by pressure chamber model tests, the vertical bearing capacity of vertical and batter piles according to the increase of pile inclination was analyzed. A model open - ended steel pipe pile with the inclination of 5$^\circ$, 10$^\circ$ and 15$^\circ$ was driven into saturated fine sand with relative density of 50 %, and the static compression load tests were performed under each confining pressure of 35, 70 and 120 kPa in pressure chamber. The vertical bearing capacity of pile obtained from pressure chamber tests increased with the pile inclination. In the case of the inclination of 5$^\circ$, 10$^\circ$, 15$^\circ$, increasing ratios of pile bearing capacity were 111, 121, 127 ~ 140 % of vertical bearing capacity respectively. In the case of the inclination of above 20$^\circ$, the model tests could not be performed because of pile of pile head during compressive loading on the pile head.

Development of a Cooling System for a Concentrating Photovoltaic Module (고집광 태양전지 모듈의 냉각시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Do, Kyu-Hyung;Choi, Byung-Il;Han, Yong-Shik;Kim, Myung-Bae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.551-560
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, a cooling system that includes a heat spreader and a natural convective heat sink is proposed for the cooling of a concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) module. The heat spreader and the natural convective heat sink are designed on the basis of previous analytical investigations. In order to evaluate the proposed cooling system, we conducted experimental investigations varying the heat rate and the inclined angle of the cooling system. From the experimental results, it is found that the proposed cooling system satisfies the design constraints for good operation of the CPV module. Finally, a correlation is suggested for estimating the effects of the heat rate and the inclined angle on the thermal performance of the natural convective heat sink is suggested.

Sensitivity Analysis According to Fault Parameters for Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Curves (단층 파라미터에 따른 확률론적 지진해일 재해곡선의 민감도 분석)

  • Jho, Myeong Hwan;Kim, Gun Hyeong;Yoon, Sung Bum
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.368-378
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    • 2019
  • Logic trees for probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment include numerous variables to take various uncertainty on earthquake generation into consideration. Results from the hazard assessment vary in different way as more variables are considered in the logic tree. This study is conducted to estimate the effects of various scaling laws and fault parameters on tsunami hazard at the nearshore of Busan. Active fault parameters, such as strike angle, dip angle and asperity, are adjusted in the modelling of tsunami propagation, and the numerical results are used in the sensitivity analysis. The influence of strike angle to tsunami hazard is not as much significant as it is expected, instead, dip angle and asperity show a considerable impact to tsunami hazard assessment. It is shown that the dip angle and the asperity which determine the initial wave form are more important than the strike angle for the assessment of tsunami hazard in the East Sea.