• Title/Summary/Keyword: 경사각

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Evaluation of Screw Conveyor Model Performance depending on the Inclined Angle by Discrete Element Method (개별요소법을 활용한 경사각에 따른 스크루 컨베이어 모델 성능 평가)

  • Park, Byungkwan;Choi, Soon-Wook;Lee, Chulho;Kang, Tae-Ho;Chang, Soo-Ho
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.379-393
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    • 2019
  • For the economical construction of a tunnel by TBM, the selection of TBM optimized with the various project conditions is important, and also necessary to predict the performances of selected TBM in advance. This study was conducted to comprehensively evaluate the performance of the EPB shield TBM screw conveyor by the discrete element method. The sticky particles were used for the excavated material models, and screw conveyor with 11 different inclined angles were simulated to evaluate the performance depending on the different inclined angles. The four different rotational speed conditions of the screw were used, and torque, required power, extra energy for muck discharge, and the muck discharge rate were selected as four performance indicators. As a result, the optimized inclined angle was selected, and selected angle accords with the fact that EPB shield TBM screw conveyor is generally installed and adjusted at the inclined angle between 20.0° and 30.0° in the field.

Development of Detachable IORT Table for Colorectal Cancer (장착-탈거 및 경사각 조절이 가능한 대장직장암의 수술 중 방사선 치료대의 개발)

  • Kim, Myung-Se;Lee, Joon-Ha
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 1994
  • In spite of remarkable improvement of surgical skills and anesthesia, local failure still occurred in 36-45$ \% $ of locally advanced colorectal cancer after curative resection with or without pre-or post-operative irradiation. Intraoperative radiation therapy(IORT) is the ideal modality which resectable lesions are removed surgically 3nd the remaining cancer nests are sterilized by irradiation during a surgical procedure. Therefore, the excellent local control without the damage of the adjacent normal tissues can be achieved. In IORT, judicious set up of the treatment cone on the treatment surface of the patient is required for accurate and homogenous dose distribution within treatment field, especially on the slopping surface of sacrum and pelvic sidewall which are the common sites of the local recurrence in rectal cancer. For this purpose, adequate co-ordination of gantry rotation and table tilting are essential. Adjusting gantry rotation is not difficult but tilting of the table is impossible inconventional treatment couch. Department of Therapeutic Radiology in Yeungnam University Medical Center developed the IORT table for colorectal cancer which is easy to set up and detach on the Linac treatment couch within 5 minutes. The range of tilting with head-up and head-down is about 30 degree which is efficient and easy-to-use, not only for IORT but also for colorectal surgery. So far, authors performed IORT with newly developed treatment table in 2 patients with rectal cancer and we found that this newly developed table could contribute in improving the dose distribution of IORT and surgical procedure for colorectal cancer.

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Characteristics and Sensitivity Analysis of Scour in the downstream of Inclined Weir (경사형보 하류부 세굴특성 및 민감도 분석)

  • Yeo, Chang Geon;Seo, Guen Soon;Song, Jai Woo;Lee, Seung Oh
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2011.02a
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    • pp.98-98
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    • 2011
  • 중소규모 하천에서 많이 설치되어 있는 경사형보를 대상으로 하류부 세굴에 대한 수리모형실험과 수치모의를 통하여 경사형보 하류부 세굴특성과 세굴영향인자들에 대한 민감도 분석을 실시하였다. 수리모형실험은 폭 0.8m, 길이 20m의 가변경사 직선 개수로에서 1 : 2(H/L)경사를 가지는 경사형보의 높이, 월류수심, 하류부 수심 변화에 따른 최대 세굴심과 세굴길이의 변화를 관측하였고, 수치모의는 유사이동 모의가 가능한 3차원 수치모형인 FLOW-3D를 이용하여 경사형 보의 경사 변화에 따른 하류부 세굴특성을 모의하였다. 수리모형실험 결과 최대 세굴심 및 세굴길이에 가장 영향을 크게 미치는 인자는 월류고이며, 하류부 수심은 최대 세굴심과 세굴길이의 감소효과 뿐만 아니라 세굴공의 형상에도 영향을 미쳤다. 낙하류의 유입 각도가 예연보에 비하여 작은 경사보는 예연보에 비하여 수평방향 유속이 상대적으로 증가하여 세굴길이가 증가하였으며 이로 인하여 세굴공 하류부 천이영역의 사면경사가 상대적으로 완만하게 형성되었다. 세굴공의 상류부에 재순환 영역이 발생되어 천이영역에서 이송되는 유사의 최대세굴심 발생 위치에 퇴적되는 현상을 방해하며 세굴공의 모양은 완전히 발달된 이중(double) 세굴공을 생성하였으며, 특히 낙하류의 유입각도와 하류부 수위의 영향으로 하류수심($h_t$)과 낙차고(H)의 비($h_t/H$)가 1.0 미만인 경우에 이중(double) 세굴공이 발생하였다. 경사형보의 경사각 영향에 따른 하류부 세굴 영향은 3차원 수치모형을 이용하여 모의하였으며, 경사각을 1V/2H, 1V/3H, 1V/4H로 변화시키며 수치모의를 수행하였다. 수치모의 결과 경사각이 증가할수록 최대 세굴심은 증가하는 경향을 보이고 그에 따른 증가율은 감소하였다. 보 높이, 월류고, 하류부 수심, 경사각 변화에 따른 세굴심의 변화는 상대민감도 방법을 이용하여 비교하였으며 주요 영향인자에 대한 민감도비는 월류고가 보 하류부 세굴에 가장 큰 영향을 미치고, 경사각, 보 높이, 하류부 수심 순이다. 특히 보 하류부의 수심은 음의 민감도를 보이며, 이는 보 하류부 수심이 증가할수록 세굴심이 감소하는 것을 의미한다. 추후 보완 실험 및 수치모의를 추가 활용한다면, 경사형보 하류부 물받이 및 하상보호공 설계를 위한 정량적인 기초자료를 제공할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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Clinical convergence angle and rounding radius on tooth preparation for zirconia all-ceramic crown (지르코니아 전부도재관 지대치 삭제시 축면 경사각과 만곡 반경에 대한 조사)

  • Kim, Hye-Eun;Woo, Yi-Hyung;Pae, Ah-Ran;Kim, Hyeong-Seob
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This article attempted to examine how teeth for restoration is made in a clinical practice and utilize it as future educational material of teeth formation and basic data for additional research. Materials and methods: This experiment investigated the models sent to milling center for production of zirconia crowns. After scanned with Lava CAD/CAM System (3M ESPE, Seefeld, Germany), they are measured on 'ImageJ (version 1.32j, National Institutes of Health, USA)' program and compared and analyzed. Convergence angle from mesio-distal surfaces and bucco-lingual surfaces of each teeth are measured. Also, bucco-lingual diameter of the region lowered as much as 0.4 mm from incisal edge in anterior teeth except canines.(This measure is defined as the Peak 0.4) The analysis of data between each group was conducted by Windows SPSS statistic program, and was proved significant on 95% confidence level by independent t-test, one-way ANOVA and multiple analysis (Sheff${\'{e}}$ test). Results: The mean value of convergence angle was $18.67^{\circ}$ It is ranked as molar ($26.70^{\circ}$) > premolar ($16.87^{\circ}$) > anterior teeth ($14.81^{\circ}$) in the order of mesio-distal convergence angle; anterior teeth ($22.32^{\circ}$) > molar ($20.93^{\circ}$) > premolar ($15.41^{\circ}$) in the order of bucco-lingual convergence angle. The mean value of Peak 0.4 was 1.18 mm. Conclusion: Convergence angle of abutment of zirconia all ceramic crown has difference depending on the location in the arch. Due to the nature of production of zirconia all ceramic crown, convergence angle of abutment and line angle finishing degree can have an effect on internal suitability of restoration.

Analysis of Rana coreana Behavior According to the Slope Angle Degree of Escape Ramp (콘크리트 수로 탈출로 경사각에 따른 한국산개구리 행동 분석)

  • Lee, Taeho;Kim, Jungkwon;Seo, Jihye;Jang, Moonjeong;Choi, Taeyoung;Chang, Minho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2022
  • The purpose of this study is to propose the angle-limit of the escape ramp by analyzing the frog behavior characteristics according to the inclination angle of the waterway escape ramp installed in the concrete U-bench plume pipe channel. Forthe experiment, an escape test device was manufactured with the same shape and number of materials applied in the field. And Rana coreana living in paddy wetlands were sel selected. The main behaviors of frogs on the slope were 'jumping', 'crawling' and 'slipping', and afterrecording the behavioralresults according to the inclination angle, statistical analysis was conducted using the chi-square test method. As a result of the analysis, there was no statistically significant difference between 30° and 40°. This result is an evidence for expanding the standard of inclination angle 30° suggested in the 'Guidelines for Installation and Management of Ecological Pathways' to a maximum of 40°. However, further research is required in that the escape ramp targets not only Korean frogs but also various small wild animals. However, considering that various wild animals are affected by artificial canals, additional studies using various target wild animals are needed.

THE BEAM POINTING OF COMMUNICATIN SATELLITE IN GEOSYNCHRONOUS INCLINED ORBIT (궤도경사각을 가진 통신위성의 빔 포인팅에 대한 연구)

  • 김방엽;최규홍
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.112-122
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    • 1995
  • We assume that the KOREASAT fails the entry of the geostationary orbit due to the error at the apogee kick motor firing. A simulation is done for the satellite that has a geosynochronous orbit with a non-zero degree inclination angle due to the failure at the apogee kick motor firing caused by the unbalance of the fuel storage and the spin of the thrust vector, etc. We analyzed the evolution of the orbit using the perturbation theory and calculated the changes of the eccentricity and the inclination. WHen a communication satellite has the figure eight trajectory, the beam point also traces the satellite. In this paper, We develope an algorithm to attack the above problem by stabilizing the beam point using the adjustment of the roll angle of the satellite. The spin action on the polarization plane that occurs when a satellite passes the ascending node and descending node affects the efficiency of the communication a lot, so we did another simulation for the better yaw angle adjustment for the KOREASAT to reduce the spin actino on the polarization plane.

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Effect of Anteromedial Cortex Oblique Angle on Change of Tibial Posterior Slope Angle in High Tibial Osteotomy Using Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) (Computer Assisted Surgery(CAS)를 이용한 개방형 근위경골절골술 시 전내측피질골경사각이 경골후방경사각에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ho-Sang;Kim, Jay-Jung;Wang, Joon-Ho;Kim, Cheol-Woong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.351-361
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    • 2012
  • The leading surgical method for correcting the misalignment of the varus and valgus in the knee joint is the high tibial osteotomy (HTO). In the opening wedge HTO (OWHTO), there is no concern about damaging the peroneal nerve on the lateral tibia of the proximal fibula. OWHTO has been the preferred choice, as the opening of the correction angle can be modulated during the operation. The correction of the varus and valgus on the coronal plane are performed adroitly. Nevertheless, there have been numerous reports of unintended changes in the medial tibial plateau and posterior slope angle (PSA). The authors have developed an HTO method using computer-assisted surgery with the aim of addressing the abovementioned problems from an engineer's perspective. CT images of the high tibia were reconstructed three-dimensionally, and a virtual osteotomy was performed on a computer. In addition, this study recommends a surgical method that does not cause changes in the PSA after OWHTO. The results of the study are expected to suggest a clear relationship between the anteromedial cortex oblique angle of each patient and the PSA, and an optimal PSA selection method for individuals.