• Title, Summary, Keyword: 경구피임약

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Relationship Between Oral Contraceptive Use and Periodontal Disease in Korean Women (제4기 국민건강영양조사 자료에 근거한 한국 여성의 경구피임약 복용과 치주질환의 관련성)

  • Kim, Ki-Rim;Noh, Hie-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.569-576
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to evaluate the influence of oral contraceptive(OC) on periodontal disease. Research data was used the results derived from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES), and 1,101 Korean women, aged 19 to 50 years with non-pregnant and premenopausal, were selected. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the relationship between OC use and periodontal disease, according to factors of demographic and socioeconomic, oral health behavior, OC use period, and periodontal status. In the results, OC use was statistically related with age, marital status and smoking. No significant differences were found in between the gingival condition and current OC use. The prevalence of periodontal disease increased with age, but did not have significant correlations with period of OC usage, smoking and oral health behavior. Final analysis was indicated that OC use is not associated with periodontal disease, regardless of adjustment for confounding variables.

A Study of Convergence Factors involved in Malignant Tumors in the Breast (유방 악성종양에 관여하는 인자 융합 연구)

  • Kim, Jean-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.133-138
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to identify malignant tumor-related factors in breast diseases and to find out how recently reported oral contraceptives affect women in Korea. The research method is data from the 7th National Health and Nutrition Survey conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and was provided according to the procedures for use guided through the website of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The analyzed data covered a total of 9,981 people, 3,341 in 2016, 3,263 in 2017 and 3,377 in 2018. The results from the study showed the significance of age, smoking, drinking, hyperlipidemia and unmarried related variables, especially the significance of oral contraceptives. Based on this study, it can contribute to active prevention of related factors and cancer-causing suppression policies, especially since the use of oral contraceptives is on the rise, it is believed that continuous research of the subjects to be taken, such as the period and dosage, should be carried out.

A Study on Knowledge and Attitude about Oral Contraceptives in University Students (일 지역 대학생의 경구 피임약에 관한 지식과 태도 조사연구)

  • Lim Hyun Ja;Cho Yoo Hyang
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.412-422
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate knowledge and attitude about oral contraceptives in university students in order to provide better sex education programs and direction. The subjects of this study were 337 university students in M city, during the period from April 1 to April 20, 2001. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients with SPSS package. The results from this study were summarized as follows : 1. Oral contraceptives related knowledge marked $52.6\pm7.2$ of male students and $53.9\pm5.9$ of females with a range of 14 to 70. The level of female students' knowledge was higher than that of male's but there is not statistically a significant difference(p= .080). Oral contraceptives related attitude marked $60.0\pm10.0$ of male students and $57.4\pm7.8$ of females with a range of 18 to 90. The level of male students' attitude was higher than that of female's and there is statistically a significant difference(p= .011). 2. General characteristics related to oral contraceptives review grade and religion but not related variables statistically significant. 3. Wanted age of oral contraceptives taking medicine and age was correlated positively (r=.178, p=.004). Total knowledge score of oral contraceptives and total attitude score were correlated positively(r=.467 p=.000).

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Clinical use of oral contraceptives (경구피임약의 다양한 적응증)

  • Kim, Jeong Sook;Cho, Sihyun
    • Journal of the Korean Medical Association
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    • v.60 no.8
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    • pp.687-693
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    • 2017
  • Since first introduction of oral contraceptive pills in 1960, with increased women's right of sexual decision, oral contraceptives had been used widely around the globe as a highly effective and safe contraceptive method. The physiological mechanisms of oral contraceptives were a reduced maturation of ovarian follicles and blocked ovulation to fertile women. Also, oral pills induce uterine endometrial decidualization, thickening of cervical mucus, disturbance of intrauterine sperm movement and embryo implantation. However, in addition to providing effective reversible contraception to fertile women, oral contraceptive pills offer various non-contraceptive benefits to numerous conditions. In this review, we summarize the list of currently available oral contraceptive pills in Korea and discuss non-contraceptive indications of oral contraceptives pills.

Relationship between the oral contraceptive pill and periodontal disease in Korean women: The 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey data analysis phase3(2012) (경구피임약을 복용하는 한국여성과 치주질환의 관련성 연구: 제5기 3차년도(2012) 국민건강영양조사 자료 분석)

  • Lee, Jong-Hwa;Yoo, Jin-Yeong;Jung, Gi-Ok;Park, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.795-804
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between the oral contraceptive pill and periodontal disease in Korean women aged from 19 to 50 years old. Methods: This study selected 1,579 women of childbearing age from 19 to 50 years old from the 5th National Health and Nutrition Survey data analysis(phase 3, 2012) taking the oral examination. The questionnaire consisted of socioeconomic demographic characteristics, health behavior, use of oral contraceptive pills, and periodontal disease. Socioeconomic demographic characteristics included age, marital status, education, monthly income, and vocation. The health behavior included obesity, stress, smoking, subjective oral health status, use of dental floss, tooth brushing, and diabetes mellitus by fasting blood sugar level. Use of oral contraceptive pills was recorded by monthly use and duration. The periodontal disease was documented by yes or no and selected as dependent variable by logistic regression analysis. Results: After revising the taking period of oral contraceptive pill for this study, there was the correlation between the prevalence of periodontal disease and odds ratio(95% CI) 1.288(1.027-1.617). Conclusions: This study will contribute to the direction of policy for an oral contraceptive pill and provide the basic data for counseling for the oral health and the side effects of oral contraceptive pills.

A Comparative Study of Knowledge and Attitude on Oral Contraceptive between Korean and Japanese University Students (한.일 대학생의 경구피임약에 관한 지식과 태도 비교 연구)

  • Lim, Hyun-Ja;K, Uchiyama;Cho, Yoo-Hyang
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.471-481
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate knowledge and attitude about oral contraceptive between Korean and Japanese university students in order to provide better sex education programs and direcrion. Korean subjects of this study were 337 university students in M city, during the period from April 1 to April 20, 2001 and Japanese subjects 245, during the period from June to August, 2001. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients with SPSS package. The results from this study were summarized as follows : 1. The mean age of Koreans and Japanese students was $21.0{\pm}3.2$ and $19.6{\pm}3.2$ years old. The number of Japaneses youths having the parter with sexual intercourse was larger than that of Korean university students. 2. Comparison of knowledge and attitude about oral contraceptives between Korean and Japanese university students ; 1) Comparison of sexual differences : Oral contraceptives related knowledge of Korean university students marked $55.7{\pm}7.5$ of male students and $56.7{\pm}6.2$ of females with a range of 15 to 75. The level of female students' knowledge was higher than that of male's but there is not statistically a significant difference (p=.080). Oral contraceptives related attitude of Korean university students marked $81.1{\pm}12.2$ of male students and $76.9{\pm}10.3$ of female's with a range of 24 to 120. The level of male students' attitude was higher than that of female's and there is statistically a significant difference(p= 002). Oral contraceptives related knowledge of Japanese university students marked $55.3{\pm}6.7$ of male students and $57.0{\pm}6.3$ of female students. The level of female students' knowledge was higher than that of male's but there is not statistically a significant difference (p=.159). Oral contraceptives related attitude of Japanese university students marked $80.3{\pm}10.1$ of male students and $80.4{\pm}9.9$ of female students. The level of female students' attitude was higher than that of male's and there is not statistically a significant difference(p= .928). 2) Comparison between the country : Oral conceptives related knowledge of Korean university students marked $56.2{\pm}6.8$ and $56.7{\pm}6.4$ of Japanese university students with a range of 15 to 75. The level of Japanese university students' knowledge was higher than that of Korean's but there is not statistically a significant difference(p= .361). Oral conceptives related attitude of Korean university students marked $78.9{\pm}11.4$ and $80.4{\pm}9.9$ of Japaneses with a range of 24 to 120. The level of Japanese university studentss' attitude was higher than that of Korean's and there is not statistically a significant difference(p=.100). 2. Wanted age of oral contraceptives taking medicine and age was correlated positively (r=.178, p=.004) and total knowledge score of oral contraceptives and total attitude score were correlated positively(r=.467 p= .000) in Korean university students. Wanted age of oral contraceptives taking medicine and age was correlated positively (r=.289, p=.004), age and total attitude score were correlated positively(r=.196 p=.002) and total knowledge score of oral contraceptives and total attitude score were correlated positively (r=.671 p=.000) in Japanese university students. 3. Korean university students lifted side effect by the greatest factors in investigation about leading person that disturb work oral contraceptive, and the following appeared by knowledge insufficiency, sexual feeling inflammation worry, social prejudice, sexual morality decline, supernumerary prescription being not right, other person reverse and economical burden. Japanese university students can know that it is appearing by side effect, supernumerary prescription being not right, knowledge insufficiency, sexual feeling inflammation worry, economical burden, social prejudice, sexual morality decline and other person reverse. Think that this is result by dissimilar health medical system and cultural difference between two countries.

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Oral Contraceptive Use and Breast Cancer in Korean Women (한국여성의 경구 피임약 이용과 유방암)

  • Choi, Bo-Ram;Kwon, Moon-Hee;Bang, Mi-Ran
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.221-229
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    • 2014
  • Breast cancer is increasing at a remarkable rate in Korea. We investigated the association between oral contraceptive use and breast cancer in Korean women. Using the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data, 8,495 women aged over 30 years are analyzed. Furthermore, the data used in this study is obtained using a complex sampling method in order that it is generalized. The previous studies in Korea, were not statistically significant due to the relatively short duration during which oral contraceptives had been available. However, the longer duration of oral contraceptive use exhibits tendency to increase the risk of breast cancer. Women using oral contraceptives, particularly for more than two years have an increased occurrence of breast cancer compared with women who do not use oral contraceptives. This result reflects the late introduction of oral contraceptives in Korea compared with developed countries. The recent increase in interest about the use of oral contraceptives has been increasing for a variety of reasons. Therefore, it is necessary for continuous and specific clinical studies to examine the connections between the first use of oral contraceptives, oral contraceptives use duration, adverse effects of oral contraceptives and breast cancer in order to develop strategies for preventing breast cancer.

Sociomedical Study on the Person Recieved Permanent Sterilization Method in Busan Area (부산 일부 지역의 영구불임 피술자들에 대한 사회의학적 조사)

  • Song, Ill-Yong
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.70-78
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    • 1979
  • This study was carried out for the evaluation on the sociomedical characteristics of 1,580 cases who had recieved vasectomy and laparoscopic sterilization at the Busan Family Planning Clinic from January 1975 to December 1973. The results obtained were as follows: 1. In age distribution, the most predominant age group consited of 30.34 years as 44.7%. In regional distribution, the most predominant region was Youngdo Ku in the vasectomy group and Dong Ku in the laparoscopic sterilization group. 2. The educational level showed that the high school graduates(49.2%) in the vasectomy group and the primary school graduates(47.0%) in the laparoscopic sterilization group were the highest each other. 3. The most predominant experienced contraceptive method before accepted permanant sterilization operation was oral pills and non-experienced contraceptive method group was 54.1% of the total. 4. By the span of marital life before accepted permanant sterilization operation, the 5-9 years group was the highest. 5. The average number of living children per family was 2.54 in the vasectomy group and 3.0 in the laparoscopic sterilization group. 6. The average frequency of pregnancy per case was 2 in the vasectomy group and 3 in the laparoscopic sterilization group and the most predominant frequency of induces abortion was 1 per case. 7. The most predominant motive of accepting the sterilization operation were family planning education at the reserve forces training in the vasectomy group and at the mother's club in the laparoscopic sterilization group. 8. By the residing status of the cases, rented room was the highest as 69.4%.

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A Case of Atypical Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease Preceded by Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma (급성 폐쇄각녹내장을 동반한 비전형적인 보그트-고야나기-하라다병 1예)

  • Choi, Min Gyu;Chun, Yeoun Sook;Kim, Jee Taek
    • Journal of The Korean Ophthalmological Society
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    • v.59 no.10
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    • pp.978-983
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: To report a case of atypical Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease that occurred after an acute angle closure glaucoma attack. Case summary: A 48-year-old female presented with bilateral visual disturbance accompanied by headache and ocular pain. The patient had no specific past medical or family history except taking oral contraceptives for 10 years. Despite the normalization of intraocular pressure in a local clinic, a shallow-depth anterior chamber and forward displacement of the iris-lens diaphragm remained unresolved. The depth of the anterior chamber had increased in both eyes after laser therapy but without recovery of her visual acuity. B-scans showed ciliochoroidal effusion. Anterior chamber inflammation was observed in both eyes. Optical coherence tomography showed lobulated and serous retinal detachment involving the macula of both eyes. However, fluorescence angiography findings showed no multiple hyperfluorescence, which is unusual for typical cases of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. The patient was diagnosed with atypical Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease and was treated with eyedrops and intravenous steroid pulse therapy, after which she was converted to oral medications with immunosuppressants. After 1 month, no serous retinal detachment was detected. After 3 months, best corrected visual acuity (logMAR) was 0.0 in both eyes, and there has been no recurrence on follow-up. Conclusions: Atypical Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease at presentation can mimic acute attacks of angle closure glaucoma. Therefore, if there is no improvement after treatment for angle closure glaucoma including laser iridotomy, other diseases including Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease must be considered and the patient should be closely monitored.

A Follow-up Study of Fertility and Pregnancy Wastage of Women in Rural Area (추적조사에 의한 농촌 여성의 출산력과 임신소모율)

  • Park, Jung-Han;Kim, Sin-Hyang;Chun, Byung-Yeol;Kim, Gui-Yeon;Yeh, Min-Hae;Cho, Seong-Eok;Cho, Jae-Yeon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 1988
  • To measure the fertility rate and pregnancy wastage of women in rural area, 3,780 married women under 50 years old who were not sterilized either woman or husband in Gunwee county were followed up for 2 years. Seventeen Myun health workers visited these women periodically to check the status of their family planning practice and menstruation. Pregnant women were interviwed for their past obstetric history and followed up to the time of delivery. Family planning was practiced in 51.6% of the 6,826 women-years observed during the period from April 1, 1985 to March 31, 1987. Pregnancy, abortion and delivery covered 7.6% of the observed women-years and family planning was not practiced in 36.5% of the women-years. When sterilized women at the beginning of the study were included, the family planning practice rate was 72.1% which was slightly higher than the national family planning practice rate. However, 28% of the women of 30-39 years old had not practiced family planning although they had 2-3 children and they used more such less effective methods as safe-period method and condom than the women of 20-29 years old. Overall pregnancy rate was 14.3 per 100 woman-years. Women of 25-29 years old had the highest pregnancy rate of 27.4 per ,100 woman-years. Pregnancy wastage including spontaneous and induced abortions and still births was 22.0% of all pregnancies and it increased with the age of women; 15.8% in women less than 30 years old and 43.7% in women of 30 years and over. Women who terminated the pregnancy with induced abortion had more pregnancies, more previous induced and spontaneous abortions and shorter pregnancy interval than those women who terminated with live birth. Pregnant women terminated with a live birth had received 4.2 prenatal cares on the average. Eighty-five percent of deliveries occurred at a medical facility and 15% at home which was substantially lower home delivery rate than the other rural area of Korea. This may be due to the effects of the demonstration project for the primary health care in 1970s in Gunwee county. These findings suggest that family planning service in rural area should be strengthened by promoting the use of more effective contraceptive method among women over 30 years of age.

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