• Title, Summary, Keyword: 경관유형

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GIS를 이용한 광역도시경관의 투시 조망적 특성에 관한 연구

  • 한갑수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.68-69
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구에서는 광역적 도시경관을 파악하기 위하여 수치표고모델과 토지이용 데이터를 이용한 CG화상을 작성하고 경관을 유형화하였다. 또한 각 유형의 시점장에서 도시중심에 위치한 봉의산을 시대상으로 하는 가시권 분석을 실시하였다. 춘천시의 도시경관은 3개 유형으로 분류되었다. 유형1은 개발제한구역 중심의 경관, 유형2는 녹지 중심의 경관, 그리고 유형3은 시가지와 수역을 중심으로 한 경관특성을 나타내었다. 가시권 분석의 결과, 유형1은 수역, 유형2와 유형3은 개발제한구역에서 피시빈도가 높았다. 특히. 시가지와 인접한 의암호가 경관상 중요한 곳으로 분석되었다. 또한 토지이용에서 개발제한구역이 경관상 중요한 곳에 분포하여, 개발제한구역의 해제 정도에 따라 대상지의 도시경관이 영향을 받게 될 것으로 사료된다.

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A Study on the Classification Criteria of Landscape Type for Urban Landscape Planning (도시경관계획을 위한 경관유형 분류기준에 관한 고찰)

  • Bang, Jae-Sung;Yang, Byoung-E
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.78-89
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to build fundamental data for the classification of landscape type as a base for landscape planning and management practices. To do this, prior dissertations and landscape plan reports were analyzed, which presented the classification criteria for landscape type. Based on this, classification criteria for landscape type which could be usable in zoning ordinances has been suggested. The result is as follows: Firstly, in landscape analysis and assessment study based on ecological and formal aesthetic models, landscape type is classified by the character of the landscape element. Secondly, there is no logical classification of landscapetype in urban landscape planning according to mixed use of landscape type for analysis and planning. It is therefore difficult to identify the object of landscape planning, which is intimately linked with the shortage of concrete practice for landscape management. In connection with this issue, classification criteria for landscape type are suggested based on utility in landscape planning. This could be divided into internal criteria and external criteria. The former are land-use, topographical characteristics, characteristics of the view object, and landscape elements while the latter are viewpoint, distance to view object, and urban form. Applying the landscape type classified by the criteria suggested in this paper, it is possible to manage an entire urban area. In addition, landscape type could be reference data for operating a zoning system.

천공사진을 이용한 경관구성요소의 물리적 특성과 경관심리평가와의 상관관계분석

  • 한갑수;윤영활;조현길
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.146-148
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구에서는 경관의 정량적 객관적 분석을 위해 시점에서 360도의 경관을 얻을 수 있는 천공사진의 활용을 제안하였다. 각 유형별 천공사진을 이용한 경관 동화상을 이용하여 심리평가를 실시하여 경관구성요소의 면적률과 심리평가와의 관계를 분석하였다. 각 유형의 종합만족도에서는, 녹지요소의 면적이 가장 많은 유형에서 평가자의 약 67%가 $\ulcorner$조금 만족$\lrcorner$ 또는 $\ulcorner$만족$\lrcorner$으로 평가하였으며, 건물면적이 많고 녹지면적이 가장 작은 유형에서 $\ulcorner$조금 불만$\lrcorner$ 또는 $\ulcorner$불만$\lrcorner$의 비율이 타 유형에 비해 매우 높은 73%로 나타나 녹지면적비율에 의해 경관의 평가가 좌우되는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 종합만족도는 녹지만족도와, 녹지만족도는 녹지량과 높은 상관관계를 나타내었다.

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An Advanced Methodology of Landscape Character Assessment (진보된 경관특성평가 방법론)

  • Kim Keun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2005
  • 오늘날 지속가능한 발전의 주요 목적으로서 환경의 효과적 보호와 신중한 자연자원의 이용이 강조된다. 이와 같은 목적들을 성취하기 위해서 종합적인 경관 정보가 필수적이다. 한국의 경우, 도시화는 전통적인 농촌 경관 변화, 산림 손실과 단편화 등 많은 환경 문제를 야기했다. 특히 산림이 높은 생물 다양성 가치를 갖고 있는 한국으로서는 산림 손실과 단편화는 생태관점에서 보면 아주 치명적이다. 현재 개인 또는 공공 부분 개발 프로젝트를 위한 환경 영향 평가의 일부분으로 시각 경관 영향 평가가 요구된다. 그러나 이런 시각 경관 영향 평가는 단지 전체 경관의 일부분의 경관 정보만을 제공하고, 특히 현재 경관 평가에서는 경관의 생물 다양성 가치를 평가하지 않는다. 본 연구는 이와 같은 문제점들을 극복하고 한국 상황에 맞는 지속가능한 경관 계획을 위한 필수적인 종합 경관 정보를 제공하기 위해서, 경관 특성과 생물 다양성 가치 평가를 위한 생태 이질성 지수를 결합한 진보된 경관 특성 평가 방법론을 제시하는데 그 목적이 있다. 이 방법론을 통해 경관 특성 평가에서 12가지 경관 특성 유형(type)을 분류하였고 그것의 분포, 경관 특성적 형태, 경관 특성에 부정적인 영향을 줄 수 있는 개발 압력 등을 분석하고 서술하였다. 분석 결과, 주택과 산업 단지 개발, 농지 형질 패턴 변경, 수변 공간 개발 등이 주요 개발 압력으로 나타났다. 경관 생태 이질성 평가 결과에서는 도시근교 지역과 농촌 경관 특성 유형 지역에서 잠재적 생물 다양성 가치가 높았다. 산림 지역 경관 특성 유형에서는 잠재적 생물 다양성 가치가 중간 수치로 나온 반면 도시 경관 특성 유형에서의 잠재적 생물 다양성 가치는 아주 낮았다. 비록 제한된 데이터와 경관 생태 이질성 지수 사용으로 인한 문제점들(스케일 종속적, 변화 패턴이 예측하기 힘든 지수, 자의적인 분류시 다른 결과 발생, 더 종합적인 생물 다양성 잠재력을 평가하기 위해서는 더 많은 다른 경관 생태 지수 필요 등)이 제기되었지만, 이 연구에서 제시된 진보된 경관 특성 평가 방법론을 통해 얻은 종합적인 경관 정보가 지속가능한 경관계획을 할 때 어떻게 잘 활용되어질 수 있는지 예로써 증명하였다. 그 결과 진보된 경관 특성 평가 방법론이 지속가능한 경관 계획을 위한 수단으로 사용될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

A Study on the Landscape Lighting Characteristics of metropolis in Korea (우리나라 대도시 경관조명의 특성분석)

  • Lee, In-Hyo;Kim, Hyun-Ji;Park, Min-Kyung;An, Ok-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.125-128
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 우리나라 대도시 경관조명의 유형 및 특성을 분석하여, 경관조명 디자인에 필요한 기초자료를 얻고자 한다. 일간지의 관련기사를 분석한 결과, 서울특별시와 부산광역시는 경관조명의 유형이 다양하였으며 공간적 범위 또한 시 전역에 분포하고 있었으나, 그 외 5개 광역시는 경관조명의 연출이 부족하였다. 그리고 우리나라 대도시의 경관조명 중 가장 일반적인 유형은 교량의 경관조명이었다.

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A Study on the Current Status and Future Tasks of the Landscape Resources Survey in Korea (국내 경관자원 조사 현황과 향후 과제)

  • Joo, Shin-Ha;Shin, Yunji
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.27-42
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    • 2015
  • This study reviews the current status of the Korean landscape resources survey and foreign cases in order to determine the meaning and importance of it. Several cases are compared based on the evaluation method, the evaluation criteria and the application plan. Twelve domestic cases of landscape resources survey are reviewed to understand the current status and limitations of the Korean status, and 5 foreign cases to determine the implications for the Korean system. As the result of the analysis, some implications are drawn for domestic landscape resource system. First of all, it is suggested to establish more objective criteria to evaluate and select landscape resources. Various values of landscape resources should be included into the criteria and more people, as well as experts, should participate to reflect local conditions. Secondly, the management for the landscape resources must be implemented continuously. It is important to introduce a periodic reassessment system and to construct and manage a database of the landscape resources. Lastly, the landscape resource system should be integrated into other programs such as an environmental impact assessment and landscape planning. For a better landscape resource management system and efficient evaluation, resources should be comprehensively managed including various landscape types. It is essential to establish supporting policies and legislation. This research covered only the current status of the landscape resource survey and reviewed a limited number of foreign cases. Despite these limitations, it is meaningful for showing the importance of landscape resource management and to suggest some future tasks for better landscape resources management.

An Analysis of Landscape Type Characteristics using the Technology of GIS and Remote Sensing (GIS와 원격탐사를 이용한 경관유형의 특성분석)

  • Han, Gab-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.117-128
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of the landscape type on Chunchon by CG(computer graphics) pictures and visibility analysis. The land use CG picture and the land cover CG picture are created by using Zoning area data and DEM(digital elevation model), and by using data of land cover classification and DEM. According to the analysis result of the land cover from 1989 to 2000, the city area has increased to $7.7km^2$, the green area has diminished to $12.7km^2$. The tendency of the city area increases and the green area decreases which appear in the city area, developmental restriction zone and green area on land use. The landscape is classified into three types by cluster analysis using the area rate of the element which constitutes the land use CG picture. Type 1 is a landscape characteristics of developmental restriction zone. Type 2 is a landscape characteristics of green land and type 3 is a landscape characteristics based on city area and water area. The increase of city area and decrease of green area are shown in all landscape types of land cover CG pictures. The same tendency is seen in the place where the scenery is of high importance as a result of visible analysis. The preservation and management of the scenery to the green area are requird in developmental restriction zone are required.

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A Study on Urban Flower Landscape Type Classification - Focused on Literature and Expert FGI - (도시 화훼경관 유형화에 관한 연구 - 문헌 및 전문가 FGI를 중심으로 -)

  • Yoon, Duck-Kyu;Kim, Gun-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.42-58
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to classify types of urban flower landscape. As a result of the study, first, through literature and case review, it was found that the four elements of place element, form element, natural element, artificial element, should be included in the sentence and key expression for defining the concept of flower landscape. In contemplating these four elements, a newly reconstructed concept of flower landscape was presented. This is expected to be the basis for the flower landscape integration theory. Second, flower landscape was defined as a genre and a unit of urban landscape. In addition, in order to build a system of flower landscape as a specialized area, after considering the concept, characteristics, and functions of a large category of urban landscape, its hierarchical categories with flower landscape were newly arranged. Thus, the flower landscape as an urban landscape was suggested. Third, in order to provide rational selection materials to consumers through type classification, related theories were investigated by expanding not only to the flower field, but also to the urban planning and urban ecology fields. 41 elements for the type classification were extracted, and 4 core elements were derived through the clustering process. Based on the 4 elements as the classification criteria, through the opinion verification from the FGI with experts, 9 types of middle-classification and 30 types of small-classification were derived. As a follow-up research suggestion, if a valid type is additionally established through a monitoring in the type application process, and more specified application types are developed and organized by expanding second-level classification hierarchy to the third-level hierarchy, this will lead to great studies improving the system of the types.

A Study on Rural Landscape Change by Government's Development Policy (농촌개발정책이 농촌경관 변화에 미친 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Young-Eun;Choi, Dong-Wook;Hong, Sung-Hee;Jung, Yun-Hee;Kim, Sang-Bum;Im, Seung-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.21-35
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    • 2011
  • This study is basic research which aims to compare and analyze changes in rural areas in modern times. The main purpose of this study is to comprehend the characteristics of changes in the Korean rural landscape and to suggest the implications for preservation and maintenance of the rural landscape. To help in understanding the rural landscape systematically, it should be divided into six types: housing landscape, cultivation landscape, green landscape, waterside landscape, streetscape and symbolic and religious landscape. According to this step, the contents and the procedures of changes were analyzed generally. Based on the literature review and field survey, the styles of changes were deduced to be formation, alternation, relocation, damage and restoration on landscape elements. Lastly, it was concluded that complex changes of landscape in rural areas from the government's development policy have been continued from macroscopic changes like overall structure and system of landscape to microscopic changes like shape, material, size and color of each landscape element. Rural villages which have not had the government's development policy applied to them may not be appropriate for this study. However, this study has significance in that it can suggest the direction for desirable rural planning. Future studies need to consider landscape change through not only the development policy but also economic, social and cultural factors.

A Study on Inventory and Grade Evaluation of the Visual Landscape Resource in Mt. Chiak National Park (치악산국립공원의 시각적 경관자원 인벤토리 구축 및 등급평가에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sook-Hyang
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted a visual landscape resources inventory and grade assessment on natural resources and cultural resources of Chiaksan National Park. Landscapes of National Parks are categorized into four types: seascape, mountain landscape, village landscape, and temple historical landscape. Landscape lists were constructed for each district for a total of 120 lists through field research on 7 trails. The landscape list per trail has Guryong~Birobong(31%), Seungnam~Namdaebong(22%), Geumdae~Namdaebong(16%), Bugok~Hanenggu(165), Hwanggol~Ipseoksa(6%), Hyangrobong~Nandaebong(5%) and Godeunjae~Wontonggol(4%). Landscape Assessment items were divided into five characteristics of view, unique, use, history culture, natural reflected by item. Items were divided into three grades of landscape by 4, 3, 2, 1 for each item of the assessment criteria and Delphi survey. Mountain landscapes were assessed in I grade of 72 sites, II grade of 26 sites, III grade of 7 sites. Temple Historical landscapes were assessed in I grade of 4 sites, II grade of 7 sites, III grade of 4 sites. The study results can be used as a basis for mountain parks management. It is necessary to focus on managing the landscape of I grade site. The higher ratings of the Mountain landscapes are related to the view and natural score. Also, the grading of Temple Historical landscapes is related to the history cultural, natural and use score. In addition, the mountain landscape were identified as being included outside landscape resources, the place of landscape resources with outside ratings were higher and the view was related. Landscape management is needed for the conservation of Mountain landscape and Temple Historical landscape type rating as excellent areas on the basis of the results of the inventory and assessment. For future improvement the Guryong-Birobong trail is judged as a harmonious representative landscape of the Mountain and Temple Historical landscape and will require conservation as a focus management area. In the case of Mountain landscape improvements, maintenance such as pruning trees, wood observatory and interpretation sign for a landscape with minimal inhibitory landscaping is needed. When installing artificial facilities in the Temple Historical landscapes, the use of materials harmonizing with the surroundings landscape must be considered as well as the standards of facilities limitation.