• Title, Summary, Keyword: 결혼이민여성

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A Study on the Change of Identity and Agency of International Marriage Migrant Women Changing with the Social Positionality : A Case Study of Gumi (국제결혼이주여성의 정체성 및 주체성의 사회적 위치성에 따른 변화 -구미 지역의 국제결혼이주여성의 생애사 분석을 중심으로-)

  • Park, Shin-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.40-53
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    • 2008
  • A case study has been conducted on the changes in the identity and agency of international marriage migrant women who experienced a shift from a immigrant worker to a foreign spouse and a Korean citizen. The life histories of the eight female migrants living in Gumi area, a representative inland industrial complex in Korea, have been investigated by in-depth interview. The aim is to examine how the female migrants reconstruct and interpret their lives. The results reveal that the identy of a female migrant is flexible depending on her social positionality. The identities established from the past experiences in their native countries have been changed by their situations and conditions in Korea. The female immigrants recognize that their problems have been an important issue both in government policy and mass media. However, the female migrants express a strong revolt against the fact that they are considered as underclass victims or innocent people from underdeveloped countries. This implies their ambivalence toward international marriage that they selected subjectively. There is a finding to show a new possibility; the Transnational Marriage & Family Support Center supported by Government may provide a good ground for the female migrants to be a active group agent. The results illustrate that the international marriage migrant women could not be classified into a single group as wives. Called for are diverse researches reflecting the complex situations of migrant women.

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Developing Parenting Stress Scale for International Marriage Immigrant Women in South Korea: Focused on Vietnamese and Filipino Marriage Immigrant Women (여성결혼이민자의 양육 스트레스 측정도구 개발: 베트남과 필리핀 여성결혼이민자 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jung;Kim, Sun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to evaluate parenting stress of international marriage immigrant women from Vietnam and the Philippines. Methods: The concept of parenting stress of international marriage immigrant women was analysed with a hybrid model. Data were collected from 273 international marriage immigrant women from Vietnam and the Philippines who were raising their children aged 1 to 6 years. These collected data were subjected to exploratory factor analysis, multitrait/multi-item matrix assessment, Pearson correlation coefficient analysis, and Cronbach's alpha internal consistency measurement. Results: The final instrument consisted of 28 items. The following six factors were extracted by exploratory factor analysis: 'insufficiency of parenting support system', 'role burden of mothers', 'maladjustment of children', 'confusion of parenting methods due to cultural differences', 'unskilled Korean communication', and 'ordinary difficulties'. Construct validity (factor analysis, convergent validity, and discriminant validity) and criterion-related validity were confirmed. Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ value of total items was .92(95% CI .91-.94). Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ of values for these factors ranged from .76 to .85. Conclusion: The parenting stress scale for international marriage immigrant women is a valid and reliable tool.

Convergence Study on Attitude toward Migrant Wives, Cultural Knowledge and Cultural Nursing Behavior by Nurses (병원 간호사의 결혼이민 여성에 대한 태도, 다문화 지식, 문화적 간호행위에 관한 융합 연구)

  • Jung, Eun-Young;Kong, Jeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.281-290
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate hospital nurses' attitude toward migrant wives, the nurses' cultural knowledge, and their cultural nursing behavior, to analyze the relations between them, and to find the factors influencing their cultural nursing behavior. A questionnaire was given to 161 nurses in two general hospital in S city from April 1 to April 30, 2017. The results were evaluated by the SPSS/SIN 21.0 program. As a result, the hospital nurses' attitude toward immigrant wives scored 2.70 out of 4 points; cultural knowledge 0.51 out of 1 points; their cultural nursing behavior 3.04 out of 5 points. Cultural nursing behavior has significantly positive correlation with their cultural knowledge. Cultural knowledge, religion, and position in hospital were found to be the factors influencing their cultural nursing behavior. These influential factors explained their cultural nursing behavior 20.9%. In order to improve hospital nurses' cultural nursing behavior, it is necessary to provide continuous multi-cultural education to improve their knowledge, and to offer various convergence programs to give them more opportunities to interact multi-cultural persons.

The Regional Distribution and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Female Transnational Marriage Migrants: In the Case of Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea (국제결혼이주여성의 지역적 분포와 사회.경제적 특성 -충청북도를 대상지역으로-)

  • Kim, Min-Young;Ryu, Yeon-Taek
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.676-694
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    • 2012
  • This paper investigates the regional distribution of female transnational marriage migrants by nationalities in South Korea. In addition, this research explores the regional distribution by nationalities, migration processes, and socioeconomic characteristics of female transnational marriage migrants in Chungcheongbuk-do in South Korea. Regarding the regional distribution of female transnational marriage migrants in South Korea, using location quotient, this study seeks to categorizes cities and counties in South Korea into five groups. Furthermore, using Thomas method, this paper tries to stereotype cities and counties in Chungcheongbuk-do into six groups, in order to identify significant nationalities in each group. The concept of transnationalism refers to the recent phenomenon that transnational social networks are prominent, linking societies at the global scale, as international migration has been rapidly increasing due to the globalization. Transnationalism provides insight into the in-depth understanding of socio-spatial structure of international migrants, transnational social networks, transnational identities, cultural hybridization, and so on.

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Female International Marriage Immigrants' Parenting Self-Efficacy: Focusing on Chinese, Filipinas, and Vietnamese (여성결혼이민자의 양육효능감에 관한 연구: 중국, 필리핀, 베트남 출신 여성결혼이민자를 중심으로)

  • Choe, Hyung-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.7
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated how the characteristics of female international marriage immigrants, their husbands, their children, and their families affected their parenting self-efficacy, using a sample of 187 female international marriage immigrants, from China, the Philippines, or Vietnam, now living in Pusan and Gyungnam, Korea. We used questionnaires were based on the studies by Choe & Chung (2001), Shin (1997), Lee (1996), and Lee & Song (1991), and with the addition of demographic characteristics. Analysis results showed that the mother's parenting self-efficacy subscales correlated positively with mother's educational level, social support, and Korean language level; husband's educational level; and family income, and negatively with mother's depression, husband's age, and mother's acculturative stress. Multiple regressions indicated that husband's support was the strongest predictor of female international marriage immigrants' parenting self-efficacy.

The Mediational Role of Parenting Self-Efficacy and Behavior on Child Problem Behavior : Femaile International Marriage Immigrants and Their Children (여성결혼이민자의 어린 아동의 문제행동 모형 탐색 : 중국, 필리핀, 베트남 출신 여성결혼이민자를 중심으로)

  • Choe, Hyung-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.197-211
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the relations between mother's parenting self-efficacy, perceived social support, parenting behavior, and acculturative stress, and young children's problem behavior, focusing on the mediational role of mother's parenting self-efficacy and parenting behavior. Mothers were female international marriage immigrant from China, Philippines, and Vietnam. The participants were 374mothers of young children and teachers of the children in Busan and Gyungnam, Korea. Questionnaires were based on Choe and Chung (2001), Shin(1996), Lee (1996), Hong (1995), and Han(1996). Structural equation modeling indicated that mother's parenting self-efficacy and parenting behavior were significant mediators of the relation between mother's perceived social support and child's problem behavior. The results will be useful for parent training programs for female international marriage immigrant.

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Content Analysis of the Life and Culture of the Primary Korean Textbook for Female Marriage Immigrants (여성 결혼이민자 대상 초급한국어교재의 생활문화 내용분석)

  • Choi, Bae-Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.107-125
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    • 2009
  • This paper analyzes the life and culture contents of the primary Korean textbook for female marriage immigrants and investigates ways to improve the textbook organization in future. The study results are as follows: 1. The textbook must reflect the demands of female marriage immigrants as learners that need to adapt to Korean society. 2. The textbook needs to adopt a circulating disposition in organizing such life and culture contents that female marriage immigrants can obtain and utilize while living in diverse life environments 3. The textbook should also provide multi-cultural elements in order to help female marriage immigrants with the internalization of the complex identity between their home countries and Korea.

The Factors Related to the Marital Satisfaction of the Foreign Wives who Live in Small Town (중소도시 여성결혼이민자의 결혼만족도에 영향을 미치는 변인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.83-94
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to identify what factors are associated with marital satisfaction of the foreign wives who live in small town. Data for the study were based on a snowball sampling of 101 foreign wives who married to Korean husbands and had residence in Changwon and Masan city, Gyeongnam, Korea. The respondents reported higher levels of marital satisfaction and lower levels of marital hardship. To identify the variables affecting marital satisfaction, a regression analysis was conducted. Independent variables included age difference, educational difference, monthly income, conformity of information about husband, marital hardship, relationship with parents-in-law and taking class with husband. While conformity of information about husband, marital hardship and taking class with husband had strong effects on marital satisfaction of the foreign wives, age difference, educational difference, monthly income and relationship with parents-in-law didn't show the significant effects on the marital satisfaction of the foreign wives.

A Study on the Plan of Social Welfare Practice a Case Study on Adaptation of Family Life to Married Women Migrant (결혼이주 여성의 가정생활 적응 사례연구를 통한 사회복지실천의 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Heo, Myeong-Jun
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 2020
  • This study is to find social welfare practices that married women migrant can provide to them in order to relieve the stress of cultural differences and enjoy a good family life. Results,First, action plans to overcome intercultural differences are needed. To overcome effective cross-cultural differences, interventions and goals are set for culturally diverse clients that match their racial, cultural, ethnic, gender and sexual orientation.Second, it is necessary to cultivate professional education personnel. In order to train professionals, cultural diversity should be addressed in existing social welfare courses.Third, the related laws need to be rearranged. The Multicultural Family Support Act continues to emerge as a need for supplementation, including the understanding of Korean family culture and the lack of counseling for immigrant women.As a result, married women immigrants recognize that Korean life is different from their own in many aspects of their daily lives, so they endeavor to have a lot of patience and high level of effort in the adaptation process. Therefore, there is a need for a social welfare practice that can support this.

Bicultural Identity and Marital Well-Being among Marriage Immigrant Women -Self-Positivity Derived from Taking Multiple Perspectives as a Mediator- (여성결혼이민자의 두문화정체성과 결혼의 안녕 -관점의 다각화에 기반 한 자기긍정성의 매개효과-)

  • Hyun, Kyoung-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.2
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    • pp.241-271
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    • 2012
  • This questionnaire study examined the processes linking bicultural identity to self-positivity derived from taking multiple perspectives that, in turn, affects marital well-being among marriage immigrant women. Data were drawn from 281 marriage immigrant women residing in large cities in Korea including Seoul metropolitan area. Results of covariance structural analyses supported most study hypotheses: As predicted, bicultural identity contributed to self-positivity composed of taking multiple perspectives, self-acceptance and self-regulation, and the self-positivity, in turn, promoted marital well-being, conceptualized as marital satisfaction and marital stability. Bicultural identity also showd a significant direct positive effect on marital well-being. In path analyses conducted with observed variables, Korean cultural identity and home cultural identity both had significant positive effects on multiple perspective taking, through which these identity variables were positively related to self-acceptance and self-regulation. While self-acceptance was, as expected, positively related to marital satisfaction, thus indirectly promoting marital stability, the positive effect of self-regulation on marital stability was not signifiant. Taking multiple perspectives was found to promote marital well-being through encouraging both self-acceptance and consensus with a spouse. The effect of Korean cultural identity on marital well-being was found to be completely mediated by self-acceptance and consensus with a spouse fostered by taking multiple perspectives. In contrast, the effect of home cultural identity on marital well-being was partly mediated by such paths, and home cultural identity also had a positive direct effect on marital satisfaction and a negative direct effect on marital stability, suggesting its effect on marital well-being is complicated. Yet total effects of both types of cultural identity on marital well-being turned out to be positive. These results suggest that bicultural identity, supposed to be a psychological strength among marriage immigrant women, may indeed function as psychological resources that promote positive attitude as well as marital well-being. Finally, implications for multicultural social work practice are discussed.

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