• Title, Summary, Keyword: 결정요소

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Multi-Criteria Ranking Model in Promotion Screening Systems (진급추천심사에서의 다기준 순위결정 모델)

  • Mun Chi-Ung;Jeong Chan-Seok;Lee Jin;Jo Su-Hyeong;Han Gwan-Sik;Park Seong-Cheol;Yun Yeong-Su;Hwang Heung-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.1684-1689
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    • 2006
  • 본 논문에서는 진급추천 문제를 과학적이고 체계적으로 시행하기 위한 방안으로 정량적인 요소들과 불확실하고 모호한 정성적인 요소들을 고려하여 최적의 진급 대상자를 선정하는 다기준 순위결정 모델이 제시되었다. 모델은 평가요소에 대한 중요도 계산과 의사결정자들이 부여한 각 대상자들의 평가치를 통합하여 우선순위를 결정하는 방법을 제공한다. 진급추천 심사는 공정성, 객관성, 투명성의 확보를 통해 신뢰성 있는 심사 결과를 제시할 수 있어야 하며, 이를 위해 본 논문에서는 (가) 인사 관련 전문가들이 평가요소를 결정 (나) Internet을 이용하여 전자식 명목집단법으로 평가요소에 대한 중요도 결정 (다) 심사위원들이 진급 대상자별, 평가요소별로 평가 등급을 부여 (라) 심사위원들의 점수를 통합하여 순위를 결정하는 절차를 제시하였다. 평가등급의 부여는 퍼지이론의 소속함수을 응용하여 나타내었으며, Simulation을 통해 적정수의 심사위원 수를 결정하는 방법도 함께 제시되었다.

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Determination of Hypocentral Parameters using Phase Identification and Two Point Ray Tracing (파형 분석과 두 점을 잇는 파선추적을 이용한 진원요소 결정)

  • 박종찬
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2000
  • 파형분석과 두 점을 잇는 파선추적은 진원요소 결정의 정확성을 향상시키는 주요한 요인이다. 본 연구에서는 3성분 지진기록의 직선형도(rectilinearity) 함수와 방향성(directionality)함수를 사용하여 파형분석한 결과와 두 점을 잇는 파선추적을 기존의 진원요소결정 프로그램에 적용하여 진원요소 결정의 정확성을 증가시켰다. 지진의 규모가 작을 때 Pn이 보이지 않고 PmP가 초동파로 기록된 것처럼 보인다. 이러한 지진에서는 주어진 진앙거리에서 최소 주행시간이 걸리는 P파와 S파의 초동파만 사용한 기존의 진원요소 결정 방법과 본 연구에서 PmP와 SmS를 사용한 결과는 매우 큰 차이를 보인다.

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A Study on Segmentation and Priority of Tactical Considerations (METT+TC) (전술적 고려요소 (METT+TC)의 세분화 및 우선순위 결정에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Seung-Jo;Park, Joon-Hyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.173-181
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study is to subdivide the tactical considerations (METT+TC; Mission, Enemy, Terrain & Weather, Troops available, Time available, Civil considerations) through Delphi method and prioritize those via AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process). Though it has been taken for granted that the tactical considerations were inevitable for decision making relating to military operations, their segmentation and priority have not been studied sufficiently in military. The data for Delphi method and AHP were based on interview with military experts and questionnaires answered by those. Six tactical considerations were segmented into 34 sub-considerations by Delphi, and Six tactical considerations and 34 sub-ones were prioritized through AHP in attack and defense aspects. If the research results will be embedded into database of automatic command and control system (e.g. ACTIS; Army Tactical Command Information System), effective decision-making process will get easier and faster.

The radiation heat transfer among surface elements at initial stage of crystal growth in Czochralski system (Czochralski 법에 의한 단결정 성장 초기 단계에서 표면 요소 사이의 열전달)

  • 정형태;이경우
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1992
  • Radiation heat transfer was calculated for initial stage of crystal growth in Czochralski crystal growth system. View factors among surface elements were calculated for the estimation of heat evolution and all the surfaces were assumed to be diffuse-gray. The values of view factors were greatly different along the position of surface elements. The dissipated amounts of heat flux from the melt surface were 3.6 times larger than those from the crystal surface at the initial stage of crystal growth and this amounts were greater when the surface elements were not considered. The trijunction part of the crystal was greatly affected by the melt surface near the crystal. Consequently radiation heat transfer between surface elements must be considered in order to correctly simulate the initial crystal growth.

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함정 경제수명 분석에 관한 연구

  • Yun, Jong-Jun;Choe, Bong-Wan
    • Proceedings of the Military Operations Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.1-34
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    • 2005
  • 함정은 수많은 장비 및 무기체계로 구성된 복합무기체계로서 장비유지비용이 타 무기체계에 비해 크며, 운용 및 교체시 막대한 국방예산이 소요된다. 본 연구의 목적인 함정교체를 위한 도태시기, 즉 함정수명 결정시 고려요소로서는 첫째, 전략, 전술상의 요소 둘째, 장비의 성능 요소 셋째, 운영유지비의 비용 요소 넷째, 군수지원상의 문제 다섯째, 예산상의 문제 등이 고려된다. 그러나 본 연구는 함정이란 복합무기체계의 수명을 결정하는 요소 중 정책적인 고려사항 등은 제외하고, 경제성 측면을 고려한 함정의 수명을 추정, 제시한다. 연구 절차는 무기체계 획득단계에서 경제성 평가를 수행하기 위한 방법으로 앞으로 도입될 장비에 대한 수명주기비용을 추정하고, 그 결과를 활용하여 장비의 경제수명을 결정할 수 있는 방법을 제시하였다. 즉, 현재 국방 분야에서 비용추정을 위해 널리 사용되고 있는 PRICE 전산모델을 이용하여 운영유지비용을 포함한 수명주기 전반에 대한 항목별 비용을 추정하는 방법을 제시하고, 이 자료를 바탕으로 경제수명 결정 모형 중 적합하다고 판단된 등가 연간 비용방법을 적용하여 등가 유지비용과 자본회수비가 최소가 되는 시점을 장비의 경제수명으로 결정한 것이다. 제시된 절차를 이지스 구축함(KDX-III)에 적용하여 경제수명을 결정한다. 본 연구에서 제시된 방법을 통해 보다 과학적이고 경제적으로 함정의 도태시기를 결정하는데 사용함으로써 국방예산 절감에 기여하게 될 것으로 판단된다.

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Determination of Hypocentral Parameters Using Phase Identification and Two-Point Ray Tracing (파형분석과 두 점을 잇는 파선추적을 이용한 지진요소 결정)

  • 박종찬;김우환
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.57-61
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    • 2001
  • This study introduces an algorithm for determination of hypocentral parameters using phase analysis and two-point ray tracing to enhance accuracy and stability of computations. When the magnitude of earthquake is relatively small(usually $m_{b}$<3.2), the PmP phase which looks like the first arrival phase may be observed without observing the Pn phase. In this case, the hypocentral parameters calculated by the existing method using the first arrival of P and S phases and by the method developed in this study using PmP and SmS phases show large differences. The computational results of determination of hypocentral parameters for actual earthquake events show that this method gives much smaller rms errors than the existing methods do.o.

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Random Distribution based Decision Model of Design Factor having Time Variable in Building Energy Conservation Design (시간변수를 가진 건물에너지 절약 설계요소의 디자인 결정을 위한 확률분포 결정모델)

  • Woo, Se-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2010
  • In the architectural design technologies being changed recently, there is the study to develop the way that will enable the designers to get access logically to the processes of deciding the values of design factors which depend on the experience of the designers. This study, which is one part of those studies, has been carried out to develop the model that can decide the values logically for the design factors having the character that the design values are changed by the time variation out of design factors involved in the building energy saving design. As a result, the structure of the decision model which can decide the design values logically from the computer simulation that solve the problem by interpreting the real world as the probability distribution, has been established through this study. For the application and verification of these decision model, the case study has been carried out for the outdoor climate factors that stand for the design factors having the time variation.

A Study on Direct Georeferencing by Combined Multi-sensor (다중센서 결합에 의한 외부표정요소 직접결정기법에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Youn-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2005
  • Direct Georeferencing by combined multi-sensor based on the direct measurement of the projection centers and rotation angle of sensor through loading the GPS and INS in aircraft. The method of combined multi-sensor can offer us to acquire the exterior orientation parameters with only minimum GCPs, even the ground control process could be completely skipped. Consequently, It is possible extreme to reduce the time and expense for the mapping process. In this study, a CCD camera is simultaneously used in combined multi-sensor surveying, and acquired CCD image through Direct Georeferencing produce digital orthoimage. In this process, methods of combining sensor and digital orthoimage are examined and estimated. For the comparison of the positioning accuracy digital orthoimage through Direct Georeferencing, GCPs determined by GPS surveying are used. Two digital orthoimage are produced; one with a few GCP and the other without them. The accuracy of orthoimages produced through combined multi-sensor with GCPs meets that of 1:1,000 maps. Without GCPs, it meets that of 1:5,000 maps.

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Selecting Sound-Field Control Factors in the Image Model Method Using Head-Related Transfer Function (머리전달함수를 이용한 영상 음원법에서 음장 제어 요소 결정)

  • 임정빈
    • Proceedings of the Acoustical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.56-59
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    • 1998
  • 머리전달함수(Head-Related Transfer Function, HRTF)를 이용한 영상 음원법(Image Model Method, IMM)을 적용하여 3차원 음장을 제어하기 위한 요소결정 방법을 제안한다. 제어 요소들은 직방체 내부에서의 음 에너지에 관한 이론을 토대로 결정하였다. 각 제어요소를 3차원 음장 모델에 적용하고, 헤드폰을 사용하여 청취자에 의한 심리음향 실험한 결과, 제어된 음장에서는 음상의 두외 정위, 거리감, 공간감이 실내에서와 같이 자연스럽게 형성됨을 나타냈다.

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An Instructional Model for the Improvement of Decision Making Skills in the 'Technological Innovation and Invention' Unit of Technology·Home Economics Curriculum (고등학교 기술·가정과 '기술 혁신과 발명' 단원에서 의사결정능력 향상을 위한 수업 모형 개발)

  • Seo, Joung-Wan;Lee, Yong-jin
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.108-127
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    • 2016
  • We confront incessant choices in life. A person or a group stands at a crossroad continuously and make decisions under limited conditions in each time in order to achieve a goal. These series of processions are referred to as decision making and dominates our actions. Based on this view, the decision making is crucial and it secures its own position in school education as well as in real life. The purpose of this study is to develop decision making skills instructional model that can be applied to improve decision making skills in technological subjects. The components of decision making skills in technological education was problem recognition, problem identification, alternative production, alternative assessment, optimum selection, optimum evaluate. An instructional models for improvement of decision making skills in technology education and examination was designed according to the components of decision making skills in technological education. Depending on the components of decision making skills developed a teaching material to experience each step. And in the teaching material was to verify the improved decision-making skill. Accordingly, a decision making instruction model in technology is expected to contribute to enhance students' decision making skills.