• Title, Summary, Keyword: 거부민감성

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Mothers' Attitude on Child-Rearing and Sensory Processing Ability of their Children in Ordinary Multi-cultural Families (다문화와 일반 가정의 어머니의 양육태도 및 아동의 감각처리능력 비교)

  • Ham, Bo-Hyeon;Kim, Su-Kyoung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2010
  • Objective : The purpose of the study is to investigate and compare multi-cultural families in terms of mother' s attitude on child-rearing and their children's sensory processing ability. Methods : 19 multi-cultural families and 38 ordinary families were investigated and all the targeted families had children aged 3 to 7 years. Data were collected by a questionnaire asking general characteristics of mother-child; mother's attitude on rearing; and child's sensory processing ability, the Korean-translated version of Short Sensory Profile [SSP], and the Mother nurturing attitude. Data analysis has been done by Descriptive Statistics for subject characteristics and by Mean-Whitney U test for comparison between multi-cultural family group and ordinary family group. Results : There are significant differences between the two family groups in terms of the rearing attitude, especially in sub-item 'refusing(p=.000)'and 'autonomous(p=.000)'. Result of the SSP also indicate significant differences between the two groups in total score(p=.002) and sub-items such as taste/smell sensitivity(p=.004), movement sensitivity(p=.021), underresponsive/seeks sensation(p=.010), auditory filtering(p=.016), low energy/weak(p=.003), visual/auditory sensitivity(p=.029). Conclusion : The results of this study well describe differences between multi-cultural families and ordinary families in maternal child-rearing attitude and sensory processing ability of the children. It is suggested to collect data regarding adaptation of multi-cultural families and their child development through more profound qualitative studies in further.

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Comparative Analysis of Price Sensitivity for Using Environmental-Friendly Agricultural Products in University Foodservices Between Jeonnam and Gyeongnam Areas in Korea (대학급식의 친환경 농산물 이용에 대한 전남.경남지역 대학생의 가격민감성 비교)

  • Lee, So-Jung;Kim, Hyun-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.1220-1230
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    • 2010
  • The purposes of this study were to compare price sensitivity analysis for using environmental-friendly agricultural products in university foodservice between Jeonnam and Gyeongnam areas in Korea and to suggest the optimum guideline for price increase. The questionnaires were distributed to 600 university students respectively in Jeonnam and Gyeongnam area from July 15 to July 25, 2008; among them, 570 students from Jeonnam area and 490 students from Gyeongnam area responded. The results of this study were as follows. First, Indifference price (IDP) were 890 won (Jeonnam area) and 1,050 won (Gyeongnam area); Optimum price point (OPP) were 1,030 won (Jeonnam area) and 1450 won (Gyeongnam area). Price stress range were 140 won (890~1030 won) in Jeonnam area and 400 won (1050~1450 won) in Gyeongnam area. Second, point of marginal cheapness (PMC) were 500 won (Jeonnam area) and 790 won (Gyeongnam area) whereas point of marginal expensiveness (PME) were 1,170 won (Jeonnam area) and 1820 won (Gyeongnam area). Range of acceptable price (RAP) were 670 won (500~1170 won) in Jeonnam area and 1030 won (790~1820 won) in Gyeongnam area. Third, on the basis of IDP percentage and RAP, students in Jeonnam area were more sensitive to meal price increase than students in Gyeongnam area. In contrast, on the basis of Price Stress, students in Gyeongnam area were more sensitive to meal price increase than students in Jeonnam area. Hence, when using environmental-friendly agricultural products in university foodservice, in Jeonnam area, meal price increase should be recommended to be in RAP (500~1170 won), and in Gyeongnam area, meal price increase should be recommended to be in RAP (790~1820 won).

Potential Role of Hedgehog Signaling in Radiation-induced Liver Fibrosis (방사선에 의한 간섬유증에서 헤지호그의 잠재적 역할)

  • Wang, Sihyung;Jung, Youngmi
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.710-720
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    • 2013
  • Radiotherapy is commonly used in treating many kinds of cancers which cannot be cured by other therapeutic strategies. However, radiotherapy also induces the damages on the normal tissues. Radiation-induced fibrosis is frequently observed in the patients undergoing radiotherapy, and becomes a major obstacle in the treatment of intrahepatic cancer. Hedgehog (Hh) that is an essential in the liver formation during embryogenesis is not detected in the healthy liver, but activated and modulates the repair process in damaged livers in adult. The expression of Hh increases with the degree of liver damage, regulating the proliferation of hepatic progenitors and hepatic stellate cells (HSC). In addition, Hh induces epithelial-to-mesencymal transition (EMT) and activation of myofibroblasts. In the irradiated livers, up-regulated expression of Hh signaling was associated with proliferation of progenitors, EMT induction, and increased fibrosis. Female-specific expression of Hh leaded to the expansion of progenitors and the accumulation of collagen in the irradiated livers of female mice, indicating that gender disparity in Hh expression may be related with radiation-susceptibility in female. Hence, Hh signaling becomes a novel object of studies for fibrogenesis induced by radiation. However, the absence of the established experimental animal models showing the similar physiopathology with human liver diseases and fibrosis-favorable microenvironment hamper the studies for the radiation-induced fibrosis, providing a few descriptive results. Therefore, further research on the association of Hh with radiation-induced fibrosis can identify the cell and tissue-specific effects of Hh and provides the basic knowledge for underlying mechanisms, contributing to developing therapies for preventing the radiation-induced fibrosis.