• Title/Summary/Keyword: 갱년기 증상

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The Effects of Estrogen Replacement Therapy on Blood Pressure, Heart Rate Variability, and Climacteric Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women (에스트로젠 호르몬 대치요법이 혈압, 심박동변이, 갱년기증상에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Hae-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.151-164
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    • 2002
  • PURPOSE: Estrogen replacement therapy is indicated for the relief of hot flushes and urogenital atrophy, the prevention of osteoporosis and the reduction in risk of cardiovascular disease. The present study assessed by blood pressure, heart rate variability, and climacteric symptoms in menopausal women before treatment and at 1 month during estrogen replacement therapy. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 16 healthy menopausal women (range 49 to 59 years, mean : 53.4 years) attending menopausal clinics for the complaint of climateric symptoms at S. hospital in Chunchoen. They were all non-smokers and no patient had symptoms or evidence of cardiovascular disease. They took estrogen replacement therapy (conjugated estrogen 0.625 mg with or without medroxy progesteron 2.5mg) for 1 month. Blood pressure, heart rate variability(heart period and vagal tone) through ECG, and climacteric symptom were measured in all subjects before treatment and at 1 month during treatment. Climacteric symptom questionnaire which was developed by Neugarten et al.(1963) was modified with 20 items of question(Cronbach's alpha = 88 -.89). The data was collected from Sept. 1. 2000 to July. 30. 2001. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in mean systolic and diastolic pressure between the baseline and at 1 month during treatment. The mean heart period and vagal tone were slightly increased, but difference of mean heart period and vagal tone were not statistically significant between the baseline and at 1 month during treatment. The score of climacteric symptoms decreased significantly from the baseline after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Even though, this study did not show that estrogen replacement therapy led decrease of blood pressure and increase heart rate variability, climacteric symptoms reduced much in all subjects after taking drugs. These results suggest that there is need to repeat study with long term period.

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The Menopausal Age and Climacteric Symptoms, and the Related Factors of Korean Women (한국 여성의 폐경연령.갱년기 증상 관련요인)

  • Park, Young-Joo;Koo, Byoung-Sam;Kang, Hyun-Choel;Chun, Sook-Hee;Yoon, Ji-Won
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.473-485
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    • 2001
  • This cross-sectional design was to identify the age at menopause of Korean women and the levels of bothersome menopausal symptoms. In addition, examining relationships between the levels of bothersome menopausal symptoms and sociodemographic factors, body mass index, menopause-related factors, and life-style behavior factors including smoking, alcohol use, physical activity, and diet was done. Two thousand eight hundred seven naturally postmenopausal women aged between 41-65 years were recruited by self-selection from 7 metropolitans and 6 provinces in Korea from Dec. 20, 1998 to April 30, 1999. The age at menopause of Korean women was 49.2 years(mean) and 50.0 years (median). The menopausal age of Korean women has slightly increased compared to a previous study. Based on the demographic factors, residential area and socioeconomic status were associated with the bothersome levels of climacteric symptoms. In the case of the life-style behaviors analysis, only alcohol use and a preference for wheat were associated with the bothersome levels of climacteric symptoms, especially physical symptoms.

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A Study on Climacteric Symptoms, Depression and Quality of Life in Middle-Aged Women (일지역 중년여성의 갱년기증상, 우울, 삶의 질에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Hyoung-Sook;Kim, Sang-Keum;Cho, Gyoo-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.479-488
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between self reported climacteric symptoms, and depression, and the quality of life in middle aged women. Method: The subjects of this study were 149 women from 40 to 64 years of age. Climacteric symptoms were measured with Neugarton's tool(1965) and depression with Zung's tool. Quality of life was related to self reported climacteric symptoms were education level (F=3.011, p=.035), income measured by Rho's tool(1988). Result: The general characteristic variables significantly level (F=2.670, p=.057), income satisfaction (F=3.413. p=.011), perceived subjective health condition(F=28.623, p=.000). The general characteristic variables significantly related to depression were age(t=-2.476, p=.014), education level (F=4.492, p.013). income satisfaction (F=2.845, p.026), perceived subjective health condition (F = 8.468, p=.000). The general characteristics variables significantly related to quality of life were income level (F= 5.010, p=.000), income satisfaction (F=6.314, p=.000), perceived subjective health condition (F=3.516, p<=.032). menstruation cycles(t=-2.66, p=.023). The relationship between self reported climacteric symptoms and depression had a statistically a positive correlation (r=.357, p=.000). The relationship between depression and quality of life had a statistically with a negative correlation(r=-.397, p=.000). Conclusion: These results may contribute to a better understanding of depression and quality of life in middle aged women. Therefore, health programs for prompting climacteric women´s health should be a planned based on results of the study.

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An Analysis of the Relationship of Menopausal Symptoms of Midlife Women between Urban Area and Rural Area (중년여성의 갱년기 증상 호소에 대한 도시와 농촌간의 비교 분석 연구)

  • Baek, Sun-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.332-347
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed for the purpose of analyzing the relationship of menopausal symptoms of midlife women between urban area and rural area. A total of 129 midlife women who have lived in seoul, Kyeung ki and Kangwon were selected conveniently and data were collected by structured questionnaire from May to June, 1998. The instruments were the menopausal symptoms scale developed by Neugarten, Ci Sung-Ai & Kim Hy-Eun. Data analysis was done by Chi-square test, ANOVA, t-test. The results of this study were summarized as follows ; 1. The mean score for the menopausal symptoms of midlife women was 2.12. Serious menopausal symptoms which could be found in this study were "joint pain and numbness of arm and leg"(2.63), "fatigue and powerlessness"(2.58), "nervousness"(2.44). Over 97.8% of women complained menopausal symptoms. 2. In the relationship between social demographic variables and menopausal symptoms of midlife women were significant difference in urban area and rural area(t=-4.569, P=.000), marriage status(F=4.809, P=.010), education(F=7.359, P=.000), married son and daughter(F=7.359, P=.000), mensturational status(F=5.993, P=.003), and satisfaction to husband(F=9.093, P=.000). 3. In the relationship of menopausal symptoms of midlife women between two groups were statistically significant differences(t=-4.569, P=.000). The mean score of menopausal symptoms of rural women(2.34) were higher than those of urban women(1.85). This study shows the possible implication for nursing intervention of midlife women's health to prevent and relieve menopausal symptoms.

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On the Relationship Between Menopausal Symptoms and Spiritual Well-being (중년여성의 갱년기 증상과 영적 안녕에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Hyang
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.47-66
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between menopausal symptoms and spiritual well-being. In order to collect the research data, 350 questionaries were sent to the middle aged women who were 40-59 years old. During the collection period, March 20, 1977-April 20, 1977, 264 questionaries were collected. The questionnaire was prepared by using other researchers' scale, such as menopausal symptom scale by Neugarton and spiritual well-being scale by Paloutzian & Ellison. The research data were analyzed by various testable methods, such as frequency, t-test or ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation. The main results of this study were as follows ; Among the general characteristic variables, some variables have statistical significancy in explaining the difference of the menopausal symptoms. Such variables include age(F=5.17, p=0.002), years get married(F=4.23, p=0.002), number of children(F=3.08, p=0.028), income level of family(F=3.07, p=0.017), life style at leisure time(F=2.47, p=0.045). Some variables related to health condition could explain the differences of the menopausal symptoms among middle aged women. current menstruation stage(F=9.82, p=0.000), current health condition(F=9.82, p=0.000), and experience being operated in the past(F=9.82, p=0.000) are related to the menopausal symptoms. Serious menopausal symptoms which could be found in this study were 'back pain and joint pains(2.6)', nervousness(2.4), and psychosomatic symptom(1.97). Spiritual well-being inquiries could be classified into two subgroups, existential and religious. The mean score of existential well-being(3.04) was higher than that of religious well-being(2.76). Relatively higher existential well-being(3.10) was found in the women who have stable menstruation cycle. The age when the menopause began was related to spiritual well-being(F=3.29, p=0.046). The correlation between menopausal symptoms and spiritual well-being was statistically significant(r=-0.133, p=0.031). Based on the above results, nursing intervention program of menopausal symptoms is recommended in order to promote the health of middle-aged women.

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남성 갱년기

  • KOREA ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION
    • 건강소식
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    • v.30 no.12
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    • pp.6-11
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    • 2006
  • 남성도 갱년기를 겪는다. 중년 여성의 전유물로 여겨졌던 갱년기가 남성에게도 나타나는 것이다. 40세 이후 남성의 신체기능 저하는 최근까지 자연적인 노화현상으로 치부됐다. 그러나 평균수명의 연장과 의학의 발달 등으로 건강한 노년 생활에 대한 욕구가 커지면서 남성의 갱년기 증상이 발견되기 시작했다. 특히 20대에 최고조로 증가하는 남성 호르몬(테스토스테론)이 점차 줄어들다가 40~55세 사이에 급격히 감소하면서 여러 가지 신체적, 정신적, 심리적 변화가 나타난다. 남성호르몬 감소의 첫 번째 징후는 부부관계에 관심이 없어지고, 좀 더 진행되면 만성피로를 느끼고 얼굴이 달아오르거나 식은 땀을 흘리며 손발이 저리기도 하다. 그리고 감정이 잘 조절되지 않아 사소한 일에도 짜증을 내게 되는데, 남성 호르몬 부족 때문에 나타나는 이러한 증상들을‘남성 갱년기’라 한다. 이번 호에서는 서울아산병원 비뇨기과 안태영 교수와 성의학클리닉 연구소 강동우 전문의의 도움으로 남성 갱년기에 관해 자세히 알아본다.

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Effects of Foot Reflexology Massage on Climacteric Symptom, Fatigue and Physiologic Parameters of Middle Aged Women (발반사마사지가 중년여성의 갱년기 증상, 피로 및 생리지수에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Yun Mi
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.284-292
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    • 2006
  • Purpose; This study was aimed to identify the effect of foot reflexology massage on climacteric symptom, fatigue and physiologic parameters of middle-aged women. Method; A non-equivalent pretest-posttest experimental design was used. Participants were recruited from the Community Health Center in Busan, Korea. Forty participants were assigned to either an experimental group(20) or a control group(20). Foot reflexology massage was administered twice a week for 6 weeks in the participant in experimental group. Results: There were statistically significant differences in climacteric symptom, fatigue, total cholesterol and cortisol level. However, there were no statistically significant differences in triglyceride, high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein. Conclusion; These results suggest that foot reflexology massage could be utilized as an effective nursing intervention to reduce climacteric symptom and fatigue in middle-aged women.

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The Relationship between the Stress and Climacteric symptoms of Middle-Aged Women (중년여성의 스트레스와 갱년기 증상과의 관계)

  • Park, Bok-Hee;Lee, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.383-397
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    • 2000
  • This study of purpose was to define the relationship between the stress and climacteric symptoms of middle-aged women in order to provide basic data for the development of women's health care program as nursing intervention. The research tools used were a Soon-Young Park's stress questionnaire (4 points scale) and a self diagnostic MENSI scale (3 points scale) developed by a research team of Ill-Yang Pharmacy Co. This research was conducted in Korea in Muan-Gun. Chonnam province, from 22th November to 20th December 1999. The research used a survey design. Seven hundred eleven healthy middle-aged women, aged 40 to 64, and were a convenience sample by stratified ratio using the matching fixed residential and aging blocks. The data were analyzed by GLM. Pearson correlation coefficient and Scheffe test using SAS/ PC+. The results were summarized as follows : 1. The percentage of psychological stress with the following items was: fatigue and enervation, 70.0%; nervous, 61.8%; weakness, 58.5%; The percentage of physical stress with the following items were ; fatigue of eye. 82.3%; backache, 78.0%; headache, 73.8%. 2. The level of psychological stress was 40% of below average level (0-5 points), 31.7 of average level (6-12points), 20.8% of precaution level (13-19 points), and 7.5% of warning level (over 20points). The level of physical stress were 20.1% of below average level (0-5 points), 34.8 of average level (6-12 points), 29.4 of precaution level (13-19 points), and 15.7% of warning level (over 20 points). There were higher physical stress level than psychological stress level of the subjects. 3. The percentage of climacteric symptoms with the following items were : numbness, 75.3%; forgetfulness, 71.0%; pain of joints, 71.0%. The level of climacteric symptoms were 61.8% of mild level 1(10-15 points), 33.0% of moderate level (16-30 points), 5.2% of severe level (over 31 points). 4. There were high positive correlations significantly between the climacteric symptoms and the psychological stress (r=.564. P<0.000), and between the climacteric symptoms and the physical stress of the subjects(r=.678, P<0.000). 5. There were significant differences in the climacteric symptoms of the subjects among below average level, average level, precaution level, and warning level of the psychological stress (F=74.108. P<0.000. Scheffe test). 6. There were significant differences in the climacteric symptoms of the subjects among below average level, average level and precaution level, and warning level of the physical stress ((F=128.181, P<0.000, Scheffe test). In summary, climacteric symptoms complained by middle-aged women are high positive correlated to the level of the stress. Also climacteric symptoms were affected by stress.

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A Study of the Relationship Among Health Promoting Behaviors, Climacteric Symptoms and Depression of Middle-Aged Women (중년여성의 건강증진행위와 갱년기 증상, 우울과의 관계 연구)

  • 유은광;김명희;김태경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.225-237
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship among the health promoting behaviors, self-reported climacteric symptoms and depression on a cross-sectional survey desist The subjects were 108 middle-aged women who were nonhystrectomized and ranged in age from 40 to 60. They were selected in Seoul and Kyoung-ki province. Korea. Data were collected from Oct. 25 to Nov. 10, 1997 by a structured Questionnaire. The instrument used for this study was the revised Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile(HPLP) developed by Walker, Sechrist and Pender, revised Climacteric Symptoms Scale developed by Chi, Sung Ai, and the Beck's Depression Inventory(BID). The data were analyzed by the SPSS /PC$^{+}$ program using t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe test as a post hoc and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. The results of the study were as follows ; 1. The mean score of health promoting behaviors was low(2.42$\pm$0.35). There were statistically significant difference in the score of health promoting behaviors according to the educational background. family income, marital satisfaction, and whether or not taking a restoraitve food(t =-2.07, F=2.60~7.57, p<0.05). 2. The mean score of self-reported climacteric symptoms was 1.69 ; 99% of middle-aged women had symptoms. There were statistically significant difference in the score of middle-aged women's self-reported climacteric symptoms according to the age, number of children, educational background, occupation, family income, marital satisfaction, whether or not receiving hormone replacement therapy(HRT) or consultation experience with a professional, and perceived health status(t=-2.04~3.69. F=2.87~11.63, p<0.05). 3. The mean score of depression was 10.84. There were statistically significant differences in the score of the depression according to the age, number of children, educational background, occupation, marital satisfaction, whether or not receiving menopausal treatment or consultation by a professional, and perceived health status(t =-2.25~3.00, F=3.50~9.24, p<0.05). 4. Women's degree of health promoting behaviors was a negative correlation with the degree of climacteric symptoms(r=-0.19, p=0.03) and the degree of depression(r=-0.23, p=0.01). The degree of climacteric stmptoms was a positive correlation with the degree of depression(r=0.64 p=0.01). In conclusion. health promoting behavior should be considered when developing nursing strategies for middle-aged women. especially when dealing with climacteric symptoms and depression.

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Effects of Dendropanax morbifera extracts on postmenopausal syndrome in ovariectomized rats (황칠추출분말이 난소적출 흰쥐의 여성 갱년기 증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Ga-hui;Oh, Sung-moon;Lee, Seung-sik;Kim, Ji-hyeon;Oh, Jueon;Park, Young-joon;Kim, Joo-eun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.361-368
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    • 2019
  • The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of Dendropanax morbifera (DM) extract on postmenopausal syndrome and to develop DM extract as an alternative for hormonal therapy. The following seven groups of rats; normal control (sham), ovariectomized (OVX) control, Punica granatum (PG)-treated group (770 mg/kg), estradiol treated group (0.5 mg/kg), and three DM-treated groups (200, 500, 1000 mg/kg) were compared. Indicated compounds were administrated once a day for eight weeks. To evaluate the estrogenic effect of DM extract, western blot analysis was performed on the liver tissue to confirm the expression of estrogen receptor ($ER-{\alpha}$, $ER-{\beta}$). Our analysis showed that after DM administration, collagen cross-linked C-telopeptide (CTX) value decreased while $ER-{\alpha}$ protein expression increased in a dose-dependent manner through the MAPK/ERK pathway in OVX rats. These results suggest that Dendropanax morbifera exerts estrogenic effect by inducing estrogen receptor expression and activating MAPK/ERK pathway.