• Title, Summary, Keyword: 강우상태

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The Variation of Hydrologic Performance Characteristics for Small Hydro Power Plant with Rainfall Condition (강우상태에 의한 소수력발전소의 수문학적 성능특성 변화)

  • Park, Wan-Soon;Lee, Chul-Hyung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1369-1372
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    • 2008
  • 소수력자원은 신재생에너지 중에서도 온실가스 배출량이 가장 적고 에너지밀도가 매우 높기 때문에 개발할 가치가 큰 청정부존자원으로 평가되고 있다. 강우상태의 변화는 Weibull분포의 축척모수와 형상모수를 인위적으로 변화시켜 소수력발전소의 설계인자들의 변화를 모사하였다. 분석 결과, 소수력발전입지의 수문학적 성능특성은 해당유역의 강우상태에 따라 변하는 것으로 밝혀졌다.

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A Study on the Modification Value for Estimation of Traveling Speed During Rainfall in Interrupted Traffic Flow (단속교통류에서 강우시 평균통행속도 산정을 위한 보정계수에 관한 연구)

  • Mo, Moo Ki;Lee, Seung Joo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.837-844
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    • 2017
  • Generally, V/C ratio in uninterrupted traffic flow and average travel speed in interrupted traffic flow are utilized as measure of effect for assessing operational situation of roads. The set of road conditions and traffic conditions are considered to be major variables for assessing operational situation in the traffic flow. However, weather conditions such as rainfall also affect the operational situation of roads. The studies reflected by the rainy situation are conducted in the uninterrupted flow, but the related studies are insufficient in the interrupted flow. In this study, the modification factors during rainfall in the interrupted flow were suggested, and the factors could be used when calculating the average travel speed during rainfall in the interrupted flow. By utilizing the data that were investigated in the same road and traffic conditions and the different weather conditions (rainy day or clear day), the modification factors were founded on regression analysis of the travel speed during rainfall as a dependent variable. Modification factors was suggested in dividing peak time, non-peak time, and whole period. Based on this study, the modification factors can be used to complementing the average travel speed model for assessing the operational situation of urban streets during rainfall.

Effect of Hydraulic Conductivity on Suction Profile and Stability of Cut-Slope during Low Intensity Rainfall (저강도 강우시 절토사면의 흡인력 분포와 안정성에 대한 투수계수의 효과)

  • Khalid, Mahmood;Kim, Jin-Man
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2012
  • The authors discuss the effect of hydraulic conductivity on the suction profile and stability of a typical cut-slope subjected to low intensity rainfall. The initial suction value above the ground table in the unsaturated zone is assumed to be 15 kPa. The uncoupled approach of finite element and limit equilibrium method is used to evaluate the stability of the cut-slope at different elapsed times of rainfall. The finite element seepage analysis shows that the soil in the unsaturated zone always remains unsaturated during the course of low intensity rainfall. Furthermore, the slope stability remains practically unchanged so long as the wetting front remains in the unsaturated zone but it decreases noticeably when the wetting front reaches and elevates the ground water table level.

A study on soil drainage characteristics of undisturbed soil columns and their responses to rainfall (불교란 토양칼럼에서의 자연강우에 대한 토양배수특성 연구)

  • Lee Ju-Young;Lee Ki-Chul;Chon Chul-Min;Kim Jae-Gon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.379-382
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 다양한 토지이용의 불교란 토양칼럼 시료를 대상으로 토양 물리화학 특성 및 자연강우에 대한 토양배수 양상을 분석하였다. 공극률은 토양컬럼에서의 유효공극률과 투수계수 및 자연강우에 대한 배수율과 대체로 정의 상관관계를 보인다. 미국 통일분류법에 따라 토양을 분류하였을 때 소성성이 낮은 실트질 토양과 점토질 토양은 유효공극률이 낮으면서 배수율도 낮고, 소성성이 없는 실트질이 섞인 자갈(유구-논)과 실트질 모래는 유효공극률이 비교적 높으면서 배수율이 다소 높았다. 불교란 토양컬럼을 완전 포화상태에서 자연배수할 때 대부분의 토양은 50시간 전후로 거의 다. 배수되며 $150{\sim}200$시간 경과되면 거의 모든 토양에서 완전배수가 되었다. 일부 500여시간이 경과되어도 지속적으로 배수되는 토양이 있는데 이는 토양수분보유특성에 기인하는 것으로 사료된다. 배수량으로 가정한 함양량 실측실험에서는 오송(전의)임야 > 무주-밭, 무주-논 > 유구-임야 > 김해-밭 > 유구-논, 유구-밭 순으로 높았으며 이들 시료들의 함양률은 50% 이상이었다. 토성에 따른 자연강우 배수상태를 보면, 소성성이 낮은 실트질 토양의 배수율이 낮고, 실트질 모래는 다양한 배수상태를 보이나 대체로 배수율이 높다. 그리고 1차, 2차 실험에서 선행 강우 5mm 미만은 토양배수에 영향을 미치지 않았다.

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Rainfall Prediction of Seoul Area by the State-Vector Model (상태벡터 모형에 의한 서울지역의 강우예측)

  • Chu, Chul
    • Water for future
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.219-233
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    • 1995
  • A non-stationary multivariate model is selected in which the mean and variance of rainfall are not temporally or spatially constant. And the rainfall prediction system is constructed which uses the recursive estimation algorithm, Kalman filter, to estimate system states and parameters of rainfall model simulataneously. The on-line, real-time, multivariate short-term, rainfall prediction for multi-stations and lead-times is carried out through the estimation of non-stationary mean and variance by the storm counter method, the normalized residual covariance and rainfall speed. The results of rainfall prediction system model agree with those generated by non-stationary multivariate model. The longer the lead time is, the larger the root mean square error becomes and the further the model efficiency decreases form 1. Thus, the accuracy of the rainfall prediction decreases as the lead time gets longer. Also it shows that the mean obtained by storm counter method constitutes the most significant part of the rainfall structure.

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Temporal and Spatial Variability of Rainfall Erosivity in South Korea (한국의 강우침식인자의 시공간적 변동성 분석)

  • Shin, Ju-Young;Lee, Joon-Hak;Kim, Taereem;Heo, Jun-Haeng
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.164-164
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    • 2018
  • 강우침식인자는 토양침식에 영향을 주는 한 인자이다. 강우침식인자는 강우강도, 강우량, 강우빈도 등과 같은 강우패턴으로 산정되는 값으로 기후변화로 인해 많은 지역에서 강우패턴의 변화가 관측되었기에 강우침식인자 또한 기후변화로 인한 변화가 예상된다. 한국의 강우의 시공간적인 변동성에 대한 연구는 많이 진행되었으나, 강우침식인자에 대한 연구는 아직까지 미흡한 상태이기 때문에 본 연구에서는 한국의 강우침식인자의 시공간적 변동성을 분석하였다. 강우강도, 강우량, 강우빈도, 강우지속기간 등 강우패턴을 결정하는 인자들 중 어떤 인자가 강우침식인자의 시간적인 변동성에 영향을 주는지 조사하였다. 시간적인 변동성을 조사하기 위해서 경향성 검사를 진행하였다. 적용된 경향성 검사는 Mann-Kendall test, 수정된 Mann-Kendall test, Block Bootstrapping Mann-Kendall test, T-test를 적용하였다. 검사결과 대부분의 지점에서는 강우침식인자에서는 경향성이 발견되지 않았다. 경향성이 발견된 지점에 대하여 경향성의 원인을 검토해본 결과, 복합적인 강우패턴 인자의 영향으로 인하여 강우침식인자의 경향성이 발생하는 것을 확인하였다. 강우패턴 인자 중에서는 유효강우사상의 강우량이 가장 큰 영향인자인 것을 확인 할 수 있었다.

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Flooding Risk Assessment Using Flooding Characteristic Values (침수특성치를 이용한 침수위험성 평가)

  • Ahn, Jeonghwan;Kim, Kunwoo;Cho, Woncheol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.957-964
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    • 2013
  • This research is on the methodology of flood risk assessment using flooding characteristic values. Necessity of design magnitude for flood control considering floods was judged by plotting peak flow with respect to frequency and duration, and flooding magnitude was defined with 6 flooding characteristic values which were proposed to be significant factors when assessing flooding magnitude. Precipitation data used in the assessment modeling were applied by combining all the possible precipitation events. After overlapping the simulated results with precipitation matrix by flooding characteristic values, contour map was drawn, and Flooding characteristic contour graph for possible rainfall events were suggested in respect of all possible precipitation. Flooding characteristic contour graph for possible rainfall events was confirmed that reducing of damage magnitude of each flood characteristic value was figured out easily. The flood risk assessment methods suggested in this study would be a good reference for urban drainage system design, which only focuses on pipe conduit.

Development and experimental verification of vortex typed nonfilter nonpoint source pollution reduction device (와류형 미필터 비점오염저감장치의 개발과 실험적 검증)

  • Jang, Suk Hwan;Lee, Jae-Kyoung;Lee, Hae-Kwang;Hwang, Sung-Gyu
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.265-277
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to develop and verify an effective vortex typed nonfilter nonpoint source pollution reduction device. To verify this pollution reduction device, a total of twelves scenarios (three rainfall intensities${\times}$two states${\times}$two steps) of experiments were conducted using pollutants. First, simulated inflow (rainfall intensity 2.5 mm/hr: $0.00152m^3/s$, rainfall intensity 3.395 mm/hr: $0.00206m^3/s$, rainfall intensity 6.870 mm/hr: $0.00326m^3/s$) was calculated. Second, pollutants (mixture of 25% of four particle sizes) were selected and injected. Third, pollutant removal efficiencies of this device at its initial state and operating states were measured. As a result of analysis based on rainfall intensity, the concentration of pollutants was decreased by the device at initial and operating states at all rainfall intensities. Its pollutant removal efficiency was more than 80%, the standard set by the Ministry of Environment. Its pollutant removal efficiency was gradually increased over time, reaching approximately 90%. Its pollutant removal efficiency was higher in its operating state than that in its initial state. Therefore, nonpoint source pollutants can be effectively removed by this vortex typed nonpoint source pollution reduction device developed in this study.

The Investigation of Rainwater Quality Variation and Rainfall Characteristic for the Effective Usage (우수이용 효율화를 위한 수질변화와 강우특성 검토)

  • Lee, Chang Soo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.3B
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    • pp.355-361
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    • 2008
  • A water quality analysis of rainwater collected from catchment equipment ($2m{\times}1m$) was conducted to determine its suitability for domestic purposes, in this study. As the results of analysis, the pH of rainwater was $6.3{\pm}0.3$, and the turbidity of rainwater was over the 5 times than drinking water guidelines. For the usage of rainwater as the domestic and drinking water, the rainwater is need to treat. The analysis values of heavy metal as the Pb, Cd, Fe, Mn, ${Cr_6}^+$ and Cu was satisfied with drinking guidelines. Rainwater quality was improved in the rainfall duration. Overall results of analysis support the possibility of rainwater as the domestic and drinking water.

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Estimation of Naturalized Streamflow using RRFS Model (RRFS 모형을 이용한 자연유량산정)

  • Ryoo, Kyong-Sik;Hwang, Man-Ha;Ko, Ick-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1777-1781
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    • 2006
  • 수자원장기종합계획 보고서 및 저수지운영상에서는 실측을 통해 자연유량을 산정하지 않고 간접적인 방법인 강우-유출모형을 이용하여 자연유량을 산정하고 있다. 그러나 일반적인 강우-유출모형의 검증은 인위적인 영향이 적을 것이라 판단되는 일부 특정지역을 대상으로 실시하며 이에 대한 결과를 전 유역에 동일하게 반영하였기 때문에 금강유역과 같은 대유역에서는 각 소유역별 유출특성이 반영되지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 모형의 안정성 고취를 위해 모형외적으로 강우, 생 공 농업용수 이용량 및 관측유량자료 등의 기본 수문자료에 대한 검 보정을 실시하였으며 모형내적으로는 적정매개변수의 선정을 위해서 토양습윤상태별 유출율, 침투량별 지하수 유입률, 지표수와 복류수 분리 등을 반복적인 수행과정을 걸쳐 적정한 매개변수를 산정하였으며 RRFS모형에 의한 일별 유출량산정 결과를 비교분석을 실시하여 모의유량의 신뢰도를 고취시킨 후 인위적인 요소를 모두 배제시켜 자연상태의 유출량인 자연유량을 산정하고자 한다.

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