• Title, Summary, Keyword: 감정이입

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Preschoolers' Empathy and Prosocial Behavior: Conceptual and Methodological Issues (유아의 감정이입과 친사회적 행동과의 관계 : 연구의 개념적, 방법론적 문제 분석)

  • Cho, Eun Jin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.137-147
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    • 1993
  • 감정이입은 친사회적 행동의 잠재적 동기요인으로서 발달심리학자들 (e.g., Feshbach, 1978 ; Hoffman, 1975)로부터 지대한 관심을 받아왔다. 어려움에 처한 다른 사람에 대해 감정이입적으로 자극된 사람은 상호 체험하는 심적 고통(distress)으로부터 벗어난다는 기대에 의해서, 또는 지원적 행위 후에 대리체험할 수 있는 긍정적인 감정에 대한 기대에 의해서, 그 사람을 지원하도록 동기유발 되어질 수 있다(Barnett & Thompson, 1985; Hoffman, 1975). 감정이입과 친사회적 행동 사이의 긍정적 관계에 대한 충분한 이론적 근거에도 불구하고, 그 관련성을 실증하는데 실패한 많은 연구들에서 나타난 개념적, 방법론적 문제들이 본 논문에서 분석되었다. 성인의 감정이입과 친사회적 행동과의 관계에 대한 연구들은 상당히 일관된 긍정적 결과를 제시해온 반면, 아동들, 특히 어린 유아들을 대상으로 한 경우, 명백하거나 쉽게 해석할 수 있는 패턴의 관련성이 확립되지 못했다. 이러한 종전 연구에서의 문제점은 감정이입에 대한 개념적 논쟁 및 측정방법의 어려움에 기인할 수 있다. 감정이입과 친사회적 행동 사이의 실험적인 관련성의 강도는 이 변인들을 측정하기 위해 사용된 방법들의 특성과 제한성에 다분히 의존하는 것으로 보인다. 친사회적 반응에 영향을 미치는 것으로 가정되어지는 다양한 상황적, 동기적 요소들을 감안하여, 유아의 감정이입 능력이 구체적인 사회적 상황에서 작용되는 과정이 보다 면밀하게 연구되어져야 한다.

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The Mediating Roles of Empathy, Cognitive and Affective Responses to Animated Spokes-Characters (애니메이션캐릭터에 대한 감정이입, 인지적, 감정적 반응의 매개적 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Woon-Han;Lee, Hyun-Woo
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.179-192
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    • 2009
  • This study investigates the effects of empathy responses towards animated spokes-characters in advertising on brand likability. This study also examines the mediating role of cognitive and affective responses towards character advertising in the effect process of empathy. Statistically, several significant results are found. First, empathy has positive effects on cognitive responses and affective responses. Second, both cognitive and affective responses have positive influence on brand likability, but the effects of cognitive responses show relatively weaker than those of affective responses. Third, empathy has a positive influence on brand likability mediated by cognitive responses, but affective responses as a mediator do not show statistically significant differences. The results of this study indicate consumers can have emotional responses to advertising characters just as they do to human information sources. And the results also imply that enhancement of the empathy intensity should be considered to make effective animated characters in advertising, and that advertising appeals should be practiced to form cognitive responses positively and strongly to strengthen consumers' empathy responses.

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Korean Social Workers' Struggles to Be Empathic with Their Battered Women Clients (가정폭력피해여성들과 일하는 한국 사회복지사들의 감정이입 갈등에 관한 연구)

  • Chong, Hye-suk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.37
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    • pp.145-170
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    • 2008
  • This qualitative study explores social workers' phenomenological experiences with battered women, including their struggles and needs for building and maintaining an empathic identification with their battered women clients. Twelve interviews were conducted with social workers who have provided services in the domestic violence field over the last two years. They identified their clients prejudices and unfamiliarity with counseling and social work profession in Korea as related to battered women clients' initial resistance to social workers' empathic engagement. The nature of victimization between intimate partners (i.e., emotional bounds, continuing risks of victimization) requires workers' enormous energy to maintain their need for an empathic identification with their clients. Social workers emphasized the importance of clinical supervision and supportive networks that enable them to maintain their professional energy and commitment as an empathic helper.

An Exploratory Study on the Role of Empathy for Facilitating Smart Work (스마트워크 활성화를 위한 감정이입의 역할에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 2017
  • Social scientists have studied interaction between human beings, while computer scientists have expanded the research domain from human-human to human-machine, human-agent, or machine-machine. The reason why an adoption of Smart Work is failed is an anxiety about ICT usage which middle managers have. It is important to explore the concept both to reduce an anxiety on an application and to increase continuance to use it. Therefore this study takes "empathy" as a key factor to play a leading role both to relieve the anxiety about the application and to improve the intention to use it. The data is gathered from a survey of undergraduate who have experience to use MS-Access. The findings show that application empathy decrease the application anxiety, but the empathy increase the continuance mediated by cognitive and affective attitude.

Effects of Haiku Writing on Mindfulness and Empathy Cultivating of the Graduate Students Majoring in Clinical Psychology (하이쿠 시 짓기가 임상심리학 전공 대학원생들의 마음챙김과 감정이입 함양에 미치는 효과)

  • Kang, HyeJa;Son, ChongNak
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.505-512
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Haiku writing on mindfulness and empathy cultivating of the graduate students majoring in clinical psychology, and that it would also serve as enhancements of self-compassion and acceptance. Twenty-two graduate students in clinical psychology were to writing a Haiku poem about nature, the situation and themselves during a semester. Before and after the Haiku Writing Programme, mindfulness, empathy, self-compassion, and acceptance were measured and the subjective responses were analyzed after the programme was completed. The results of the study are as follows : First of all, quantitative analyses shows that Haiku writing has a significant effects on mindfulness, empathy, self-compassion and acceptance. Even in qualitative analyses, there are positive changes on those constructs in Haiku writing. Finally, the meaningfulness of the study, limitations, and recommendations for future work were discussed.

Design Process by the Empathy (감정이입에 의한 디자인 접근방법)

  • 최명식;박인찬
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.305-315
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    • 1999
  • Most people react emotionally and are impressed for natural seen such as act, paint, sculpture, music, science, discovery, act include movie, opera. For empathy, people should make efforts feeling about sense from watching by themselves. Usually we are looking for meaning from art and intend to relate wth the content of music, drama, paint, and movie. The trend of statical order in modern design is strong in this time. However, we need to research the motive order for progressive design. And also, designer who want to give motive order to something must need to study motive order in design. This thesis explains the way of effective approach so that designer can apply the thinking such like bring in emotion. Also this research introduces the way of thinking to do progressive imagination and try to research through case study.

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Causal Relationships of Adolescent Aggression : Empathy, Prosocial Behavior, Self-esteem, and Social Support (청소년의 공격성과 관련변인간의 인과관계 : 친사회적 행동, 감정이입, 자기존중감 및 사회적 지지를 중심으로)

  • Ha, Young Hi;Edwards, Carolyn Pope
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2004
  • In this study of adolescent aggression, the subjects were 320 male and female 7th and 8th grade students in Changwon. Data were collected with questionnaires and analyzed by Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that, 1) low friend support, empathy, and prosocial behavior had direct paths to adolescent overt aggression. 2) Low teacher and friend support, empathy, and prosocial behavior had direct paths to adolescent verbal aggression. 3) Low empathy and self-esteem were indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low prosocial behavior. 4) Low teacher support was indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low empathy and self-esteem. 5) Low friend support was indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low self-esteem.

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Moral Emotion and Aggression among Early Adolescence - Focusing on Guilt, Shame, and Empathy - (초기 청소년의 도덕적 정서와 공격성 - 죄책감, 수치심, 감정이입을 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Sae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.7
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    • pp.17-33
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between aggression and moral emotion including guilt, shame, and empathy in early adolescence. In a sample of 359 early adolescents (187 boys, and 172 girls) in Daejeon city, data were analyzed by frequency, t-test, Pearson's correlations, and multiple regressions. The following study results were obtained: 1. Boys showed more linguistic and roundabout aggression, and girls showed more anger, guilt and empathy. Older adolescents showed more shame than younger adolescents did, whereas younger adolescents showed more guilt and empathy than did older adolescents. 2. Shame had significant relationships with all types of aggression, whereas guilt and empathy had significant relationships with different types of aggression. 3. Moral emotions - guilt, shame, and empathy - showed significant effects on aggression among early adolescents. The degree of the effectiveness of moral emotions on aggression depends on the types of aggression, gender, and age of participants.

Relationship of University Students' Definition of Parenthood, Empathy, and Self-esteem with Their Motivation of Parenthood (대학생의 부모됨의 동기에 대한 부모됨의 의미와 감정이입 및 자아존중감과의 관계)

  • Cho, Songyon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.219-233
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate university students' motivation for parenthood related to their definition of parenthood, empathy and self-esteem. Participants were 447 junior and senior students(male 263, female 184) in 5 universities throughout Korea. Results were : (1) Male students and employed mothers were higher than female students and unemployed mothers' 'motivation for strengthening biological family ties' but there were reversed results in 'motivation for traditional norms.' Students majoring in home economics showed the highest score in 'altruistic-emotional motivation.' (2) There were positive correlations between motivation for parenthood and definition of parenthood and empathy. 'Motivation for traditional norms' correlated positively with self-esteem. (3) Motivations for parenthood were explained by about 4~28% by their definition of parenthood, empathy, and self-esteem.

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