• Title, Summary, Keyword: 감정노동

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Emotional Labor and Human Rights Protection in the case of airlines (감정노동과 인권보호 - 항공사를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Dong Chun
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.87-108
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    • 2014
  • Recent examples of abuse by black consumers (including air travellers) against emotional laborers have become a serious social issue in Korea in that they are likely to violate human rights of those laborers. Emotional labor is a form of emotion regulation that creates a publicly visible facial and bodily display, and also emotional management within the workforce that creates a situation in which the emotion management by workers can be exchanged in the marketplace. Example professions that require emotional labor are: nurses, doctors, waiting staff, and television actors. However, as the economy moves from a manufacturing to a service-based economy, many more workers in a variety of occupational fields are expected to manage their emotions according to employer demands when compared to the past. One of symptoms deriving from emotional labor is smile mask syndrome abbreviated SMS, which is a psychological disorder proposed by professor Makoto Natsume where subjects develop depression and physical illness as a result of prolonged, unnatural smiling. And higher degree of using emotion regulation on the job is related to higher levels of employees' emotional exhaustion, and lower levels of employees' job satisfaction. In most part, emotional laborers are more abused and hurt by so called black consumers who are raising complaints relating to products and services purchased against service providers for the purpose of maliciously getting compensation. Against this background, the Korean Government abolished "the Consumer Protection Act" and instead promulgated "the Basic Consumer Act" in September 2006 which stipulates that consumers are expected to have protection as well as responsibility and duty. The Aviation Security Act cites the examples of prohibited behaviors (unruly passengers) while they are travelling. In addition, human rights of emotional laborers could be more protected by the enhancement of etiquettes and cavalry and improvement of culture and working environment.

Structural equation modeling on nurses' emotional labor including antecedents and consequences (간호사 감정노동의 선행 및 결과 요인을 포함한 모형구축)

  • Kim, Miyeon;Choi, Heejung
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.143-154
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    • 2016
  • This study was designed to construct and test structural equation modeling on nurses' emotional labor including antecedents and consequences based on the model of Morris and Feldman (1997). A total of 247 nurses working at secondary and tertiary hospitals in three provinces responded the questionnaires. Emotional labor was measured by frequency of emotional labor, attentiveness of required display rules and emotional dissonance. Routineness of job, job autotomy and organizational support were measured as antecedents; and emotional exhaustion, job satisfaction and organizational commitment were included as the consequences of nurses' emotional labor. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. The model fitness indices for the hypothetical model showed NFI=.94, CFI=.97, and RMSEA=.07. Job autonomy and perceived organizational support had significant effects on emotional labor. The emotional labor influenced positively emotional exhaustion and negatively job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Nurses' emotional labor mediates between job characteristics and nurses' psychologic results indicating more autonomy and support can reduce nurses' emotional labor and then increase their satisfaction and organizational commitment, and decrease emotional exhaustion.

Emotional Labor Factors Affecting Depressive Mood in Occupational Therapists (작업치료사의 우울감에 영향을 미치는 감정노동 요인)

  • Oh, Seo-Yeon;Koo, Jung-Wan
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2018
  • Objective : This study was conducted to determine the emotional labor of occupational therapists and the level of their feelings of depression and to examine the impact of their emotional labor on their depressive mood. Methods : Subjects of this study were clinical occupational therapists working at hospitals and clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi regions. The factors of emotional labor were set as independent variables, the general characteristic variable and job characteristic variable which showed significant results in the chi-square test was set as the adjusted variable and whether the depression happens or not was set as the dependent variable, after which a multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted. Results : Components of emotional labor, including frequency of emotional display(OR 1.699, 95% CI 1.202-2.401), attentiveness to required display rules(OR 1.436, 95% CI 1.070-1.982), and emotional dissonance(OR 1.866, 95% CI 1.336-2.607) all had a significant effect on depression. The possibility of depression was significantly higher in women than men(OR 5.736, 95% CI 1.746-18.846), those working for more than 8 hours per day than less than 8 hours per day(OR 8.609, 95% CI 2.306-32.137), and those working with children than those working with adults(OR 4.249, 95% CI 1.668-10.824). Conclusion : This study revealed that the emotional labor that occupational therapists are exposed to while interacting with patients and their caregivers exerts an influence on their feelings of depression. This suggests the need for developing various preventive intervention programs designed to alleviate the depressive symptoms of occupational therapists and formulating appropriate policies.

Study on about Emotional Labor Experience of Social Workers through Thematic Analysis : Focusing on Social Workers in P City Case (주제분석을 통한 사회복지 종사자의 감정노동 경험 연구: P시 사례를 중심으로)

  • Suh, Borahm
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.31-47
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzes the emotional labor experiences of 8 social workers in social welfare facilities and public institutions by thematic analysis method with interveiws with them. Six categories and Twenty two themes concerning the emotional labor experience were derived from the analysis. Six categories are as follows: 'work life as a target for anger', 'unsafe workplace', 'emotional labor that ruins life', 'overcoming hurt emotion', and 'living with emotional labor'. Social workers are constantly required to perform emotional labor providing services to clients in the field of practice, and they also suffer verbal abuse from clients. Social workers feel the pressure of work in the environment that does not tolerate mistakes and they must keep their safety on their own. In these cases, emotional labor has effects on the physical and mental health of workers. The problem of emotional labor is difficult to solve and there might not be no choice but to endure. This study suggests practical and policy measures for social workers based on the results of the analysis. Policy suggestions are as follows: safety assurance for social workers, establishment of base facilities for employee support, human rights education for employees, preparation of super vision system, and the provision of a mental health care system.

The Influence of Emotional Labor on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction of Librarians Working at Public Libraries (공공도서관 사서의 감정노동이 조직몰입과 직무만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Chan-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.109-126
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    • 2018
  • Librarians, who provide the public with library services at public libraries, are employees whose jobs are often require emotional labor. The emotional labor of librarians working at public libraries can result in stresses caused by the discrepancy between the library's emotional requirements and the librarian's personal emotions, which may influence organizational effectiveness, such as organizational commitment and job satisfaction. In that, this study intends to examine the influence of emotional labor on the organizational commitment and job satisfaction of librarians working at public libraries. To do so, based upon the conceptual underpinning through literature reviews of librarians working at public libraries and emotional labor, this study constructs a theoretical framework of organizational commitment and job satisfaction of librarians. Using a questionnaire survey method, this study surveys 238 public library staff from 33 public libraries in the Seoul metropolitan area, statistically examines the response through the SPSS20 statistical package, and analyzes the relationship between and among the variables. Based on the analysis, discussion on the influence of the emotional labor on organizational commitment and job satisfaction of librarians working at public libraries follows.

Impact of Emotional Labor on Quality of Service by Social Workers in Public Sector (사회복지전담공무원의 감정노동이 서비스 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae;Kim, Jang-Hwan;Park, Jong-Heui
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.541-552
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    • 2019
  • Recently, social welfare officers are suffering from a lot of job stress due to increasing work and are carrying out emotional labor. This study assessed the effect of emotional labor on the quality of welfare service through a questionnaire survey on 937 civil servants in Sejong city and Chungcheongnam-do provinces. First, social welfare officers experienced more than average level of emotional labor, and they performed more internal behavior than surface behavior. Second, the services provided by the social welfare officers were higher than usual, followed by tangibility, assurance, reliability, empathy, and responsiveness. Third, deeping acting had a positive (+) influence on service quality among the sub-factors of emotional labor. In other words, the quality of service increases as the emotional state itself changes, On the other hand, deeping acting did not affect service quality. In the future, policy responses to excessive work burden of social welfare officers should be needed and a manual for responding to emotional labor should be provided.

The Study on the Emotional Labor, Emotional Exhaustion and Turnover Intention of Call Center Tele-Communicators (콜센터 상담원의 감정노동과 감정소진 및 이직의도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Soo-Yun;Yang, Hae-Sul
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.291-308
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    • 2008
  • This study shows the factors which have an effect on the emotional exhaustion and turnover intention in call center tole-communicators who perform emotional labor using telephone without direct confronting with clients. This study empirically shows that emotional exhaustion decreases job satisfaction and increases turnover intention. Therefore the emotional exhaustion is the important managing factor for efficient management of call center. To weaken emotional exhaustion, it is necessary to decrease time pressure in call center work. To weaken turnover intention, it is important to strengthen superior support. This study makes a contribution in providing the fact that emotional exhaustion is an important managing factor in administration of call center tole-communicators.

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The Relations of Emotional Labor to Emotional Exhaustion and Turnover Intention in Call Center Workers (콜센터 근로자의 감정노동과 감정소진 및 이직의도의 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Soo-Yun;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.197-210
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, I show the factors which have an effect on the emotional exhaustion and turnover intention in call center workers who perform emotional labor using telephone without direct confronting with clients. I empirically show that emotional exhaustion decreases job satisfaction and increases turnover intention. Therefore the emotional exhaustion is the important managing factor for efficient management of call center. To weaken emotional exhaustion, it is necessary to decrease time pressure in call center work. To weaken turnover intention, it is important to strengthen superior support. This study makes a contribution in providing the fact that emotional exhaustion is an important managing factor in administration of call center worker.

The Effect of Call Center Consultant 's Emotional Labor on Burnout: The Moderating Effect of Resilience and Social Support (콜센터 상담원의 감정노동이 소진에 미치는 영향: 회복 탄력성과 사회적 지지의 조절효과)

  • Park, Hayoung;Kim, Jungkyu
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.340-349
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    • 2018
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effect of resilience and social support to analyze that call center consultants' emotional labor impacts on the burnout. Methods: A survey questionnaire was conducted to people who work at call center in Gwangju and Deagu. The data from 444 were analyzed. Results: The result from the hierarchical multiple regression is as follows. First, deep acting decreased burnout, but surface acting of emotional labor increased burnout. Also, frequency of emotion display, variety of emotion required to be expressed and attentiveness to required display rules increased burnout. Second, Resilience had moderating effect between deep acting and burnout. Third, the moderate effect of interaction of social support from leader with surface action was found at burnout. Also, moderating effect of social support from leader were shown in frequency of emotion display with burnout and attentiveness to required display rules with burnout. Fourth, social support from colleague did not have buffering effect on emotional labor and burnout. Conclusions: It is expected that the moderator variables identified in this study can be used for prevention and treatment of burnout caused by emotional labor.

The Relationships between Emotional Labour and Depressive Symptoms Among Nurses in University Hospitals (대학병원 간호사들의 감정노동과 우울수준과의 관련성)

  • Kim, Kyung-Ok;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.3794-3803
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the relationships between emotional labour and depressive symptoms among nurses in university hospitals. Subjects were 514 nurses working at three university hospitals in Daejeon City, and the survey was a structured self- administered questionnaire based from April 1 until May 31 2012. As a results, the level of depressive symptoms by the subjects emotional labour level was significantly higher in the group with higher total average points of the emotional labour than the lower group, As for the correlation between the level of depressive symptoms and emotional labour factors, the depressive symptoms points showed significant positive correlation with the total points of the emotional labour. As a result of hierarchical multiple regression, age, leisure time, coffee consumption, subjective health status, physical burden of work, sense of satisfaction at work, fit to the job and emotional labour were selected as significant variables and related variables effecting the level of depressive symptoms. These variables' descriptive power was 39.4%, especially, it can be seen that 11.0% descriptive power increased by putting the emotional labor variables. The results above imply that there is significant relation between emotional labor and depressive symptoms and various variables such as socio-demographic characteristics, health-related behavior factors and job-related factors. Also, it can be seen that the emotional labour and depressive symptoms showed significant positive correlation. Therefore, the development and implementation of a program to control emotional labor appropriately should be required for lowering the level of depressive symptoms.