• Title, Summary, Keyword: 감정노동

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The Influence of Experience of Nurses' Incivility and Social Anxiety on Emotional Labor in Nursing Students during Clinical Practice (간호대학생이 임상실습 중 경험하는 간호사의 무례함, 대인불안이 감정노동에 미치는 영향)

  • Yeom, Eun-Yi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 2019
  • This study examined effects of experience of nurses' incivility and social anxiety on emotional labor in nursing students during clinical practice. The participants were 161 nursing students in universities located in G province and C province. Data were collected from November 19 to December 15, 2018 through self reported structured questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise regression. Experience of nurses' incivility correlated positively with social anxiety and emotional labor. Social anxiety was positively correlated with emotional labor. Participants' experience of incivility and social anxiety explained 21.9% of variance in emotional labor among nursing students. The findings indicate that experience of nurses' incivility and social anxiety are important factors to be considered in working to reduce emotional labor. Therefore, systematic programs to effectively manage and response the incivility problems in clinical practice and reduce social anxiety level should be developed.

The Relationship Between Emotional Labor, Job Burnout and Job Satisfaction in Fitness Center Instructors (휘트니스센터 지도자의 감정노동과 직무소진 및 직무만족의 관계)

  • Cho, Min Soo;Yi, Eun Surk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.611-620
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between emotional labor, job burnout and job satisfaction in instructors. The data were collected from 323 fitness center instructors using multistage stratified cluster random sampling method. With the collected data, factor analysis, reliability analysis, frequency analysis, correlation analysis, model fit tested, and structural equation model were performed by SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 20.0. The result of the analysis were summarized as follows. First, the emotional labor(inner behavior) impacts negative influence on job burnout of fitness center instructors. Second, the emotional labor(surface behavior) impacts positive influence on job satisfaction of fitness center instructors. Third, the job burnout impacts negative influence on job satisfaction of fitness center instructors. Fourth, the emotional labor(inner behavior) impacts positive influence on job satisfaction of fitness center instructors. Fifth, the emotional labor(surface behavior) does not influence on job satisfaction of fitness center instructors.

Mediating Effects of Emotional Labor in the relationships between Communication Ability and Customer Oriented Behaviors: Focusing upon Self-Employed Businessmen (소상공인 커뮤니케이션 능력과 고객지향적 행동 관계에서 감정노동의 매개효과)

  • Moon, Joung Hyun;Lee, Dong Cheol;Kim, Jae-pil
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.376-390
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of present study is to investigate mediating effects of emotional labor in the links between communication ability of small businessmen and customer orientation behavior. In detail, it is demonstrated both impacts of communication ability on customer orientation behavior and emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting), and of emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting) on customer orientation behavior. Furthermore, mediating effects of emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting) will be verified. The data for analysis was collected from 270 employees in small businessmen located in Jeju. The results are as follows. First, the main impacts of communication ability on customer orientation behavior and emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting) were statistically significant, in addition, emotional labor (surface acting) was positively associated with customer orientation behavior. Surface acting as a mediator was partially mediated the relation. The result will help to understand the importance for communication ability in small businessmen, and it suggests the crucial implecation in the communication study of service suppliers.

Factors Affecting Emotional Labor among Physical Therapists and Occupational Therapists (물리치료사 및 작업치료사의 감정노동 수준에 미치는 요인)

  • Hur, Yoon-Jung;Lee, Suk-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.237-247
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level and intensity of emotional labor of physical therapists and occupational therapists, and to identify the factors affecting them. Cross-sectional study was conducted on physical therapists and occupational therapists across the country using self-populated questionnaire. A total of 2,000 questionnaires were distributed to retrieve 1,500 questionnaires(75%), of which 1,374 questionnaires(68.7%) were finally analyzed, excluding 126 that answered duplicates or were missing answers. Multi-linear regression was performed to identify factors on the strength of emotional labor. According to the analysis results, high-risk groups in the areas under 'Emotional demand and regulation' and 'Overload and conflict in customer service' and 'Emotional disharmony and hurt' were 29.4%, 19.0% and 22.0% respectively, especially in 'Emotional demand and regulation', 'Overload and conflict in customer service', 'Emotional disharmony and hurt' for women working days, and 49% of daily work hours. Accordingly, we will be able to regularly screen physical therapists and occupational therapists for dangerous groups, and manage the intensity of emotional labor through the creation of a therapist's working environment, such as limiting overtime hours and assigning appropriate number of patients. Through this study, the grounds and methods for mitigating the negative effects of emotional labor and mediating emotional labor should be provided.

The Effect of Leader Emotional Labor on Followers' Work Engagement : Examining the Role of Followers' PsyCap and Quality of LMX (리더의 감정노동이 부하의 직무몰입에 미치는 영향 : 심리적 자본과 상사-부하관계의 효과 연구)

  • Kong, Joon-Seo;Woo, Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.422-445
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    • 2016
  • Almost all research on emotional labor has focused on how services workers use emotional labor. However, this study examined that leaders' emotional labor influence follower's outcomes. Especially, this study tested how the leader emotional labor influence followers' work engagement and mediating role of PsyCap between leader emotional labor and followers' work engagement. In addition, this study investigated the quality of LMX as moderator the relationship between leader emotional labor and followers' work engagement. The SPSS 24.0 and AMOS 24.0 was used in this study. The results collected from 469 employees in domestic large Telecom and their related companies revealed that leader emotional labor positively influence followers' work engagement and PsyCap. Especially, leader deep acting and surface acting positively influence followers' work engagement, but not display of genuine emotion, and leader deep acting only positively influence followers' PsyCap. Furthermore, followers' PsyCap partially mediated the relationship between leader emotional labor and followers' work engagement. Finally, the quality of LMX as moderator in link between leader emotional labor and followers' work engagement showed when followers in high-quality LMX. Implication and suggestion for future study are discussed.

Emotional Labor of Infant Teachers Contributed to The Turnover Intention ; The Mediating Effect of Job Stress (영유아 교사의 감정노동이 이직의도에 미치는 영향 : 직무스트레스의 매개효과)

  • Heo, Youn Suk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.465-475
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to confirm whether both the emotional labour and job stress contribute to the turnover intention of infant teacher. The correlation analysis and parametric analysis were sequentially performed for our study. Analyzed results showed that the emotional labour was related to the job stress and turnover. Also, a statistical significance between the job stress and turnover intention was observed. Besides, the job stress partially mediated the relation between the emotional labour and turnover intention. Nsidering that the emotional labor of teacher caring or lived with infants occurred inevitably, our study proposed three approaches to reduce the job stress that partially mediated relation between the emotional labour and turnover intention. Generally, the infant teacher with excellent qualification produced the good education. Therefore, we suggested that the it was necessary that a work environment had been improved and working motivation was ameliorated to employ the infant teacher with excellent qualification.

Influence on Job Satisfaction of Emotional Labor Accordance to Working Properties and Patients Type of Dental Hygienist (치과위생사의 근무특성과 환자유형에 따른 감정노동이 직무만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Sung Uk;Oh, Na Rae;Jeong, Mi Ae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.199-208
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the impact of the emotional labor on the job satisfaction according to the service characteristics and the patient type was investigated in the 269 dental hygienist. The average score of the emotional labor according to the general characteristics was 2.85 and it was higher in case of the male and in case of the drinkers. The average score of the job satisfaction according to the general characteristics was 3.02 and the female was higher than the male, the older professionals than the younger professionals and the married was higher than the singles. In the emotional labor according to the service characteristics, the dental hygienist was highest than the other professionals and in the job satisfaction according to the service characteristics, it was higher the higher the career and the higher the income. In the emotional labor by patient type, it was highest when the patient was male, when ages were between 20 and 64, and when it was after 7 PM. The job satisfaction by patient type was higher when the patient age was 65 years old or older, when the type of treatment was dental caries and periodontal diseases, when the consultation hour was after 7 PM and when the economic level of patient was high. The job satisfaction was increased when the emotional labor was 'average' but was analyzed as the lowest when the emotional labor was high. A hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to examine the effects of work characteristics, patient type, and emotional labor on job satisfaction(t = 1.994, p = .047), which had high monthly incomes Patients with older patients (t = 3.027, p = .003), the lower the emotional labor (t = 13.858, p = .000), the higher the job satisfaction. That is, to increase the job satisfaction of the dental health professionals, the effort to make the pleasant working environment should be made considering the emotional labor or the characteristics of patient.

A Study of New Nurses' Emotional labor, Resilience and Job burnout (신규간호사의 감정노동, 회복탄력성 및 직무소진)

  • Park, In-Sook
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.373-374
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 신규간호사의 감정노동, 회복탄력성이 직무소진에 영향을 미치는 요인을 규명하는 서술적 조사연구이다. 연구대상자는 98명의 신규간호사이었고, 구조화된 자가 보고식 설문지를 이용하여 자료를 수집하였으며, 자료 분석은 IBM SPSS 22 프로그램을 사용하였다. 연구결과, 연구대상자의 감정노동이 직무소진과 유의한 양(+)의 상관관계가 있었고, 감정노동이 회복탄력성, 회복탄력성과 소진과는 모두 유의한 음(-)의 상관관계가 있었다. 회귀분석을 실시한 결과, 감정노동, 회복탄력성은 직무소진에 영향을 미치는 유의한 요인으로 나타났으며, 총 설명력은 35.2% ($R^2=.352$)이었다(F=38.05, p<.001). 결론적으로, 신규간호사의 직무소진을 감소하고 임상적응능력 증진을 위한 중재 프로그램을 개발하여 적용할 필요가 있다.

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A Study on the Emotional Labor, Burnout and Turnover Intention of Airline Call Center Wokers (항공사 콜센터 상담원의 감정노동과 소진 및 이직의도에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2010
  • This study is to analyze the relationship about emotional labor, burnout and turnover intention in airline call center workers who perform emotional labor using telephone without direct confrontiong with clients. Call center work typically requires high levels of sustained interpersonal. Therefore the emotional labor is the important managing factor for efficient management of call center. This study makes a contribution in providing the fact that emotional labor and burnout is an important managing factor in administration of call center worker.

A Study on Factors Affecting Emotional Labor of Clinical Dental Hygienists (임상치과위생사들의 감정노동에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Myeong-Ju;Kim, Young Nam;Lee, So-Young
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to develop a plan for emotional labor of clinical dental hygienists by understanding the factors affecting their emotional labor. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 293 dental hygienists who worked in dental hospitals and clinics located in Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do from June to September in 2013. The questionnaire items used in this study consisted of 5 items of general characteristics, 2 items of characteristics related to turnover, and 9 items of emotional labor. t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis were performed using the SPSS Statistics ver. 17.0 for Windows program for data analysis. The average level of the study subjects was $69.85{\pm}12.82$. With regard to the emotional labor according to the general characteristics, the frequency of emotional expressions (p<0.037) showed significant differences in the marital status. The workplace showed significant differences in the frequency of emotional expressions (p<0.001), attentiveness of emotional expressions (p<0.002), emotional dissonance (p<0.032), and total (p<0.001). The turnover intentions showed significant differences in the frequency of emotional expressions (p<0.001), attentiveness of emotional expressions (p<0.001), emotional dissonance (p<0.001), and total (p<0.001). As a factor affecting emotional labor, turnover intention (p<0.001) and workplace (p<0.001) had an effect on emotional labor. The results showed that turnover intention and workplace were associated with the emotional labor of dental hygienists. There is a need to develop an emotional education program to make it possible to effectively manage emotional labor of dental hygienists for providing high-quality medical services of dental institutions.