• Title, Summary, Keyword: 간호사의 의료사고

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A Convergence Study on the Hospital Nurse's Perception of Patient Safety Culture and Safety Nursing Activity (병원간호사의 환자안전문화인식과 환자안전간호활동의 융합연구)

  • Cho, Soon-Duck;Heo, Seong-Eun;Moon, Deog Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.125-136
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the convergent relation between perception of patient safety culture and safety nursing activity was investigated to prevent safety accidents and prepare data of nursing intervention for patient safety. Nurses in B City who signed on the written consent participated in this study between February 16 and 28, 2015. A total of 266 copies were collected and were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 program. The mean score of patient safety culture was 3.60 on a scale of 0 to 5, and safety nursing activity, 4.28. The subcategory of perception of patient safety culture, which included the accident report frequency and patient safety level positively (+) influenced safety nursing activity. Therefore, effective communications and report systems in hospitals may be necessary to enhance patient safety culture. Education programs of patient safety should be developed and provided to nurses in hospitals to enhance the levels of patient safety management and their services.

A Study on the Nurses' Thinking Skills and Problem Solving Abilities for Quality Management in Healthcare Services (질 관리에 대한 간호사의 사고유형과 문제해결력)

  • Ko, Ja Kyung;Park, Yon Ok
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.238-256
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    • 1998
  • Background : There have been many studies and efforts about quality management in health services, but these were not focused on the thinking ability of the personnel. In this study, We planned to define the relationship between Quality Management(QM) and thinking skill, and analyzed critical thinking skill and problem solving ability of the nurses for QM in healthcare. Methods : We surveyed 260 nurses in 3 hospitals by using questionnaires about thinking skills and QM from November 18 to 28, 1998. The response rate was 76.9%. We described and analyzed the data by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and non-parametric Friedman test using SPSS Win 7.5. Results : This study revealed that 1) understanding level of QM concepts was very low and insufficient, 2) willingness to practice QM in healthcare was relatively high and affirmative, but the positive attitude taking part in the program of QM is very low(4.5%), 3) even though the necessity of QM was recognized, actual application of critical thinking skills and problem solving abilities is lacking, 4) the production of idea for QM was the most insufficient, and so the next of the problem solving process(QA cycle) was the same. Conclusion : Based on the above results, we can conclude that understanding the concepts of QM is very important to solve problems about QM in healthcare. For development of thinking skill to promote critical problem solving ability for QM in healthcare, it is necessary to improve curriculum of nursing education and teaching-learning methods of QM strategy and technique.

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The Effects of Patient Safety Culture Perception and Patient Safety Competencies on Patient Safety Management Activities in Nurses (간호사의 환자안전문화 인식과 환자안전역량이 환자안전관리활동에 미치는 영향에 대한 융복합 연구)

  • Choi, Eun-A;Kwon, Young-Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.281-288
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the impact on patient safety management activities. In this study, 134 nurses from three local hospitals were investigated for patient safety culture recognition, patient safety capacity, and patient safety management activities, and the impact on patient safety management activities was thus attempted. The patient safety culture recognition level was 4.25/5, the patient safety capacity was 4.37/5, the patient safety management activity was 4.26/5, and the patient safety awareness and patient safety capability(r=.765, p<.001) and Patient Safety Capacity and Patient Safety Management Activity (r=.837, p<.001) and Patient Safety Capacity and Recognition of Patient Safety Culture(r=.728, p<.001) had a significant amount of correlation. Factors affecting patient safety management activities(β=.582, p<.001), Patient Safety Culture Recognition(β=.3632, p<.001), position(β=-.132, p=.009) Patient safety requires strengthening the capabilities of nurses and systematic training and evaluation of continuous patient safety activities.

The Relationships among Awareness of Patient Safety Culture, Critical Thinking Disposition and Patient Safety Nursing Activities of Nurses among Comprehensive Nursing Care Service Ward (간호·간병통합서비스병동간호사의 환자안전문화인식, 비판적 사고성향과 환자안전간호활동의 관계)

  • Cheon, Goun;Kim, Jiyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.345-354
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to identify the levels of patient safety culture, critical thinking disposition, and patient safety nursing activities and determine the factors affected by patient safety nursing activities among nurses in comprehensive nursing care service wards. Subjects consisted of 150 nurses from general hospitals in B city, Korea, and data were analyzed using the SPSS Win 21.0 program. The mean scores of awareness of patient safety culture, critical thinking disposition, and patient safety nursing activities were $3.32{\pm}0.32$, $3.50{\pm}0.31$, and $4.28{\pm}0.46$, respectively. The awareness of patient safety culture was significantly different by clinical career in the present unit (F=4.79, p=0.001). The critical thinking disposition was significantly different by age (F=3.89, p=0.010) and position (F=6.40, p=0.002). There were differences in the scores of patient safety nursing activities according to position (F=3.19, p=0.044). Additionally, hospital environment (${\beta}=0.25$, p=0.014), supervisor attitude (${\beta}=0.20$, p=0.046), and position (${\beta}=0.14$, p=0.040) accounted for a 44.4% variance in patient safety nursing activities. To promote patient safety nursing activities in comprehensive nursing care service wards, positive awareness of the hospital's safety environment and support from the manager are required.

Design of Remote Infusion Pump Monitoring System Using Wireless Network and RFID Technology (무선 네트워크와 RFID 기술을 이용한 원격 Infusion Pump 모니터링 시스템 설계)

  • Lee, Seo-Joon;Lee, Tae-Ro
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 2013
  • Development of infusion pumps enabled injecting medical substances continuously and automatically to patients in hospitals. However, in cases when patients encountered emergent situations when moving to other areas, no clear measures were taken. The problem is that even the lightest error in injecting medical substances could be critical to the patient. That is why we proposes a remote infusion monitoring system using wireless network and RFID technology in this paper. When a problem occurs in the infusion pump, the medical personnel are informed of their patients' emergent situation and location information via wireless network so not only can they swiftly and accurately provide medical services but also can prevent safety accidents due to infusion pumps.

Effect of Leadership WalkRounds Convergence to Establish a Patient Safety Culture (환자안전문화 정착을 위한 리더십 워크라운드(Leadership WalkRounds)의 융복합적 적용 효과)

  • Lee, Mi-Hyang;Kim, Chang-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.185-195
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to study the change in the level of awareness of medical personnels regarding the patient safety culture(PSC) before and after the Leadership WalkRounds(LWR). The LWR in this study was based on the IHI and the models of the Patient Safety Rounds(PSRs) at University of Michigan, emphasizing the 5 steps of Preparation--Scheduling--Conducting--Reporting--Resolving. After the LWR the scores for the level of awareness showed a statistically significant increase from 2.63 to 3.36(p<.001). Among the participants, those who are pharmaceutists, women, 30.0~39.9 years old, or had work experience of a year or less showed particularly notable increase in awareness. The effect was significant across all categories of PSC, especially in Safety Accident Reporting(p<.001), then in Communication(p<.001). Therefore the LWR proved an convergent concept for applying new leadership skill and the concept of patient safety management as an method to elevate the frontline staffs' awareness of PSC.

A Study of Mobile Patient Identification System Using EM4095 (EM4095를 이용한 모바일 의료환자인식 시스템 연구)

  • Jo, Heung-Kuk
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.2337-2342
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    • 2010
  • There is a vast field of application for RFID(Radio Frequency IDentification) technology. In the case of hospitals, RFID can be used for organizing patient data. Generally, patient data has been handled with medical cards. In order to look up data about a patient, the medical card would have to be found first, within a lot of other medical cards, by hand or with a computer. This is a very inconvenient system. Also, if the card is searched by the name of the patient, fatal medical accidents may occur in cases of mix-ups. If remote RFID Tag monitoring systems are applied in this case, the patient data would be accessible in the hospital. This article will discuss the grafting of RFID systems and wireless data communicating technology. The EM4095 chip, which uses 125KHz carrier waves was used in this study. And a Bluetooth module was added for wireless data communication. The ATMEGA128 microcomputer was used to control the RFID system and wireless module. A LCD monitor was connected to the extension port for nurses to view patient data, and also, the same information was displayed on PC monitors for doctors to see. The circuit was designed to consume minimal amounts of electricity for portability, and to transmit Tag ID's in environments with a lot of noise. The article is concluded with a diagram of the whole system, and performance of each data transmitting section has been analyzed.

Study of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis in Brachytherapy (근접방사선치료에 관한 사고유형과 영향분석 연구)

  • Lee, Soon Sung;Park, Dong Wook;Shin, Dong Oh;Kim, Dong Wook;Kim, Kum Bae;Oh, Yoon-Jin;Kim, Juhye;Kwon, Na Hye;Kim, Kyeong Min;Choi, Sang Hyoun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.627-635
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    • 2017
  • Brachytherapy is generally performed in conjunction with external radiation therapy, and the treatment course is very complicated, which can lead to radiation accidents. In order to solve this problem, we designed the process map by applying the failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) method to the Brachytherapy and scored the risk priority number (RPN) for each treatment course based on this process map. The process map consisted of five steps, Patient consulting", "Brachytherapy simulation", "CT simulation", "Brachytherapy treatment planning" and "Treatment". In order to calculate the RPN, doctor, medical physicist, dose planners, therapist, and nurse participated in the study and evaluated occurrence, severity, and lack of detectability at each detail step. Overall, the process map is preceded by a patient identification procedure at each treatment stage, which can be mistaken for another patient, and a different treatment plan may be established to cause a radiation accident. As a result of evaluating the RPN for the detailed steps based on the process map, overall "Patient consulting" and "Brachytherapy treatment planning" step were evaluated as high risk. The nurses showed a tendency to be different from each other, and the nurses had a risk of 55 points or more for all the procedures except "Treatment", and the "Brachytherapy simulation" step was the highest with 88.8 points. Since the treatment stage differs somewhat for each medical institution performing radiotherapy, it is thought that the risk management should be performed intensively by preparing the process map for each institution and calculating the risk RPN.

Nursing research trends for the consciousness of bioethics published in korea (국내학술지에 게재된 생명윤리의식에 관한 간호연구의 동향)

  • Choi, Mi-Sun
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.207-217
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to identify nursing research trends for the consciousness of bioethics published in korea. A total of 30 studies were analyzed using descriptive statistics. 70% of the studies was published for the last five years, and 76.7% of studies were conducted in a descriptive study. Nursing students accounted for 83.1% in terms of the participants, and a questionnaire was used for the data collections in the entire studies. The studies considered ethical aspect accounted for 90.0%. In the experimental studies, the nursing intervention was a education program, and dependent variables of the studies included consciousness of bioethics, moral sensitivity, critical thinking and moral judgment. Among the top 10 priorities in the key words, the first priorities was the bio-medical ethics. In conclusion, it is suggested to develop an expanding-iterative studies, qualitative studies, and development of bioethics programs for nurses.

Education Need of the Visit ing Health Service Workers in Gwangju and Jeollanam-do Public Health Facilities (일부 공공보건기관 방문보건요원의 교육요구도 조사)

  • Kim, Young-Lak;Kim, Shin-Woel;Chung, Eun-Kyung;Choi, Jin-Su
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.51-64
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    • 2002
  • This study was aimed to provide the basic data for the development of effective educational program by reflecting the opinions of the visiting health service workers. The subjects were 144 visiting health service workers in Gwangju and Jeollanam-do area who responded the mail questionnaire. The data were collected from June to July, 2001 using questionnaire composed of the education need, knowledge by subjective appraisal, and experience of education. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1. The number of respondents who received at least one education within recent three years were 43(29.9%) at the central level, 57(39.6%) at the provincial level and 53(36.8%) at the district level. The satisfaction with education was higher at the central level than at the provincial and district level. 2. Knowledges by subjective appraisal on the 'chronic degenerative diseases management' and 'health promotion' was relatively high. while that of 'rehabilitation' was low. 3. The knowledge by subjective appraisal of visiting health service was related with experience of education and license status. The knowledge was higher in registered nurses than in nurse aids. The curricula related to increased level of knowledge of visting health service workers were 'elderly health care', 'rehabilitation' and 'psychiatric-mental health nursing' educations at the central level 'continuing education for the community health practioners' and 'psychiatric-mental health education' at the provincial level and 'elderly health care', 'rehabilitation' 'psychiatric-mental health' and 'acute diseases control' educations at the district level. 4. The respondents preferred elderly health management as the contents of education, officer group education as the method of education, province(30.4%) as the main body of education, exercise and practice as the form of education, 2-3 times per year as the frequency of education, and 3-5days as the period of education. The findings of this study could suggest that future education program should be planned to increae the knowledge level of visiting health service workers by reflecting their educational need.

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