• Title, Summary, Keyword: 간호사의 의료과오

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A Study on the Nurse's Medical Malpractice Liability (간호사의 의료과오 책임에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Mi-Hee
    • The Korean Society of Law and Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.195-223
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    • 2014
  • Nurses are medical care providers most closely associated with the national health. Their works are subdivided and specialized, and it is such a factor making nurse's role more important, and with the appearance of specialized nurses, they have secured a position as an independent medical care provider. As the domain of nurse's service becomes broader, there are more accidents and disputes related to nurses. However, there are not many studies conducted on such problems, and even when medical disputes take place related to nurses, the court does not make consistent judgments as a matter of fact. Besides, as the ambiguity of nurse's range of service and the lack of nursing workforce work as a factor causing nurse's medical malpractice, more legal discussions and studies are required to seek proper solutions to such problems. Thus, as a plan to clarify legal issues likely to occur due to nurse's medical practice, this study classified nurse's work into medical assistance practice and other jobs based on their own independent judgments, and proposed establishing concrete regulations on the range of their work, while reviewing common problems extracted from precedents related nurse's medical malpractice. Moreover, while examining Japanese precedents related to the Act of Medical Service Personnel, Nurses and Midwives, which is the sole act of nurses in Japan, this study reviewed the necessity of revising the present nurse-related regulations in Medical Service Act, or enacting a sole act of nurses.

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Medicine perception of and attitudes towards patient safety (환자안전에 대한 의료 직종에 따른 인식과 태도)

  • Ham, S.W.;Kim, E.Y.;Park, J.W.
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.495-497
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    • 2009
  • 본 첨단기기의 발전에 따라 의료분야에서도 사람들이 인지하고 있는 것보다 많은 위험요인이 존재한다고 알려지고 있다. 미국의 경우 병원환경의 안전성을 확보하기 위하여 정부와 의료계 모두 부단한 노력을 하고 있는 실정이다. 이에 본 연구는 4개 병원 350명의 의료인을 대상으로 환자안전에 대한 태도와 인식을 구조화된 설문을 통하여 진행하였다. 직종은 의사, 간호사, 약사, 의료기사로 구분하였다. 환자안전 개선을위해 적극적으로 노력하는 여부에 대하여 의사는 보통 또는 그렇지 않다고 39.5%가 응답한 반면, 보통이라고 간호사는 58.6%, 약사는 53.3%, 의료기사는 78.3%로 응답하였다(p=0.029). 환자안전 실수가 긍정적인 변화를 초래한다는 응답에 의사는 '매우 그렇지 않다'고 40.5%, 간호사는 '그렇지 않다'고 45.4%, 약사는 '보통'고 53.8%, 의료기사는 '그렇지 않다'고 54.5%가 응답해서 전반적으로 그렇지 않다고 생각하고 있는 것으로 나타났다(p=0.006). 병원내 환자안전에 대한 병원내 조직 문화를 살펴보고, 의료과오에 대한 논의와 의사소통의 현황을 파악하고, 의료인간의 환자안전에 대한 인식을 고취하여 보다 나은 환자안전 문화를 만들어야 할 것이라 생각된다.

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Development of Case-based Multimedia Learning Contents for Preventing Malpractice in Operating Room (수술실 간호오류 예방을 위한 사례중심 멀티미디어 학습콘텐츠 개발)

  • Park, Ji Myung;Hwang, Seon Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.522-532
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to develop case-based self-learning multimedia contents for preventing malpractice that frequently occurred among nurses working in the operating room. Methods: Based on the learning needs of operating room nurses, real case reports, and literature reviews, the case-based multimedia learning contents were developed according to the instructional design procedure. The assessment of learning needs was performed by the combination of surveys using structured questionnaire and of interviews for 40 operating room nurses. Results: The learning contents included four learning modules with real malpractice cases from the areas of operating preparation, nursing skills during operation, environmental management of operating room, and patient safety and observation-related. The 80 minute long case-based multimedia learning contents were finally developed after content validity tests from clinical experts. Each module contained photos, sounds and flash animation with voice recording on the contents of nursing error cases and standardized protocols. Conclusion: The developed multimedia learning contents based on real error cases in this study can be utilized as an educational hands-on training materials for nurses to prevent malpractice in the operating room.

A Study on the Nurse's Due Care in Medical Malpractice (의료과오시(醫療過誤時) 간호사의(看護師)의 주의의무(注意義務)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kang, Sun-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.113-136
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    • 1999
  • There are some new trends in judgments concerning medical malpractice. which include emphasis on medical professionals' explanation duty in order to materialize patient's rights of self-determination. Now, patient is not a mere subject of medical and nursing care any more, but a subject, participating in medical practice on equal terms with medical professionals. Legal accountability is no limited to nurses in advanced practice: it is a recognized fact of life for every practicing nurse. whether she is an RN employed as a staff nurse in a hospital, a Certified Nurse-Midwife in independent practice or a patient's home. Therefore, it is essential for nurses to be as familiar as possible with the legal guidelines that govern their patient care responsibilities. However there are only a few studies focused on nursing negligence. To define nurse's civil liability in medical malpractice, it is necessary to indentify both legal nursing behaviors and nurse's due care in those nursing behaviors. So this paper focused on nurse's due care, especially in nursing malpractice. To clarify nurses' due care. chapter II has focused on nursing behavior and the scope of nursing practice based on the medical law and health care related study results. Chapter III deals with the content and scope of nurse's due care. Generally. negligence is defined as not doing something which a resonable person. guided by those ordinary considerations which or dinarily regulate human affairs. would do. or doing something which a resonable and prudent man would not do. Next. it describes how we can set the standard of due care in nursing practice. There is objective factors and subjective factors. And we also discuss about the limitation of due care in nursing practice. Finally. chapter IV deals with the case studies related to nursing negligence in the situation of determination. Now', patient is not a mere subject of medical and nursing care any more, but a subject participating in medical practice on equal terms with medical professionals. Legal accountability is not limited to nurses in advanced practice; it is a recognized fact of life for every practicing nurse. whether she is an RN employed as a staff nurse in a hospital. a Certified Nurse-Midwife in independent practice or a patient's home. Therefore, it is essential for nurses to be as familiar as possible with the legal guidelines that govern their patient care responsibilities. However. there are only a few studies focused on nursing negligence. To define nurse's civil liability in medical malpractice, it is necessary to identify both legal nursing behaviors and nurse's due care in those nursing behaviors. So this paper focused on nurse's intravenous injection. post operation nursing care. blood transfusion. and patient nursing care. The result of this paper is as follows. First. there are several cases dealing with nurse's negligence in nursing practice. however, those cases didn't judge nurse's due care based on individual -specific standard but general-objective standard. Second, there is a tendency to put an emphasis on the principal of belief to distinguish who has the liability in the case of medical malpractice among medical care team. So nurses shoud practice nursing care more actively to protect themselves and patients because there is an effort to form professional nurse system and the scope of nursing practice will be deeper and broader. Third, standard of care is a necessary element in establishing negligence. If a nurse is able to meet the standard of care, no breach will be found.

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