• Title, Summary, Keyword: 간호관리료

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간호인력 수급 및 간호관리료 차등제 실태 조사

  • 대한병원협회
    • Journal of the Korean hospital association
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2008
  • 대한중소병원협의회는 중소병원계의 최대 현안인 간호인력난 문제를 해결하기 위해 2007년 7월에「간호인력 수급 및 간호관리료 차등제 실태 조사」를 실시했다. 이는 근거(evidence)를 바탕으로 한 정책적 건의를 하기 위한 것이었다. 중소병협은 이 조사 보고서를 복지부에 건의한 결과 (1) 일부 군 지역(소득세법시행규칙상 의료취약지역)에 한해 7등급제 적용 유보 (2) 광역시를 제외한 지역에 소재한 병원 7등급 감산율을 5%에서 2%로 하향조정 (3) 요양병원 간호관리료 산정시 AN인력 포함 등의 성과를 거두었다. 중소병협은 중소병원계의 간호인력난 문제를 보다 더 근본적으로 해결하기 위해 현재 행정소송을 준비 중에 있다. 중소병협의 이러한 노력의 하나로 이루어진 간호인력난 실태 조사 보고서(요약본)를 게재한다.

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Financial Projection of the Nursing Fee Differentiation Policy Improvement Proposal in the National Health Insurance: Using a Break-even Analysis Model for the Optimal Nursing Fee (적정 간호인력 등급별 입원료 추정 모델을 이용한 간호관리료 차등제 정책개선 재정부담 추계)

  • Kim, Sungjae;Kim, Jinhyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.565-577
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to propose an improvement in the Nursing Fee Differentiation Policy to alleviate polarization of nursing staffing level among hospitals and to rectify the confusion of legally mandated standards between the Korean Medical Law and National Health Insurance Act. Methods: The policy regulation was reconstructed related to nurse staffing standards and nurse-to-patients ratios. Data on nurse staffing grades were obtained from database of the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service (HIRA) for the third quarter of 2010 for 44 tertiary hospitals, 274 general hospitals, and 1,262 hospitals. A break-even analysis was used to estimate financial burden of the revised policy improvement proposal. An industrial engineering method was used to calculate Nurse-to-Patients ratios per shift. Results: Twelve tertiary hospitals were downgraded. 74 general hospitals and 102 hospitals were upgraded after application of the regulation. Finances for total hospitalization expenditures changed from -3.55% to +3.14%. Conclusion: The results indicate that the proposed policy would decrease polarization between tertiary hospitals and small hospitals, and would not put a major strain on the finances of the Korean National Health Insurance. Therefore, it is suggested that government stake-holders and many interest groups consider this policy proposal and build a consensus.

업종별 산업간호사의 의료행위 분석

  • Yun, Sun-Nyeong;Hyeon, Hye-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.3
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    • pp.41-53
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    • 1993
  • 본 연구는 산업 간호사의 통상증상에 대한 투약 및 처치, 타의료기관에 의뢰내용, 응급조치 내용을 업종별로 비교 분석코저 한다. 연구방법은 산업간호사회에 등록된 산업장 중 서울, 인천, 마산, 창원, 부산, 울산지역에 있는 130개 산업장에 근무하는 산업간호사를 대상으로 설문조사하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 1) 신체기관별 통상증상에 대한 처치 및 투약은 서비스업과 제조업, 기타제조업 모두에서 소화기계, 호흡기계증상에 대한 처치 및 투약 업무가 가장 많았으며 업종별로 보면 서비스업의 경우 소화불량, 감기, 근육통, 설사, 기침, 두통, 복통, 구토, 변비 등이 80% 이상을 차지하였다. 제조업의 경우 소화불량, 감기, 설사, 두통, 근육통 등이 많았으며 기타제조업의 경우 감기, 두통, 소화불량, 근육통, 설사, 기침, 눈다락지 순으로 나타났다. 2) 근로자를 타의료기관에 의뢰 하는 내용은 즉각적인 수술을 요할때나 골절, 내부장기의 손상, 두뇌손상, 출혈 등으로 나타났다. 3) 업종별 응급조치내용은 서비스업에서는 화상과 쇼크, 출혈이 가장 많았으며 유해물질의 급성중독의 경우가 가장 적었다. 제조업에서는 화상, 골절, 쇼크, 출혈, 유해물질의 급성중독이, 기타제조업에서는 화상, 골절, 쇼크, 출혈의 순으로 많았다. 4) 업종별 구비관리하고 있는 의약품은 서비스업종이 제조업, 기타제조업보다 많은 의약품을 구비하고 있었으나 경미한 통상증상에 대한 의약품으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과들을 통해 볼때 제조업, 기타제조업, 서비스업종의 보건관리자가 일차보건의료수준에서의 투약 및 처치를 시행하고 있는 바, 이에 대한 구체적이고 명확한 투약의 범위를 설정하여 보건관리자의 직무를 표준화할 필요가 있으며 서비스업종에 종사하는 근로자의 건강문제와 관련요인을 구체적으로 연구할 것을 제안한다.

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Comparison of Nurses' Job Satisfaction, Patients' Satisfaction and Direct Nursing Time according to the Change in Grade of the Nursing Management Fee (입원환자 간호관리료 차등제 변화에 따른 간호사 직무만족, 환자만족도 및 직접간호시간 비교)

  • Kim, Sea Joung;Lee, Ja Yin;Lee, Yun Mi
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2017
  • Purpose : This study aimed to identify nurses' job satisfaction, patients' satisfaction, and direct nursing time according to the change in grade of nursing management fee. Methods : Descriptive design was used in this study. Nurses (n = 200) and patients (n = 200) were recruited from one university hospital in Busan. Four aspects were measured: direct nursing time, overtime, nurses' job satisfaction, and patients' satisfaction. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2-tests$, and t-tests. Results : There was a significant difference in patient satisfaction (t = -2.09, p = .038) and direct nursing time (t = -4.77, p < .001) when the nurse staffing grade was changed from the level two to the level one. Conclusion : The findings from this study showed that a higher nurse-to-patient ratio can provide a greater amount of direct nursing time for individual patients and increase patient satisfaction.

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Changes in Hospital Nurse Staffing after Implementing Differentiated Inpatient Nursing Fees by Staffing Grades (입원환자 간호관리료 차등제 도입이후 간호사 확보수준의 변화)

  • Cho, Sung-Hyun;June, Kyung-Ja;Kim, Yun-Mi;Park, Bo-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.167-175
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To examine the changes in nurse staffing in hospitals after implementing the policy of differentiating inpatient nursing fees by staffing grades. Method: The study sample included 43 tertiary hospitals, 185 general hospitals, and 282 non-general hospitals that were operating in both 1999 and 2008. Nurse staffing grade was categorized from Grade 1 (highest) to 6 (lowest) in 1999 or Grade 7 in 2008, based on the nurse-to-bed ratio. Results: Tertiary hospitals at Grade 3 and Grade 4 accounted for 49% and 35%, respectively, in 2008, whereas 63% were Grade 6 in 1999. General hospitals at Grade 6 decreased from 87% to 48%. In non-general hospitals, little change was found in the staffing distribution, in that 92% still remained in Grade 6 or 7 in 2008. Forty tertiary hospitals (93%) and 45% of general hospitals improved their staffing grades, while only 7% of non-general hospitals did. Greater likelihood of improvement in staffing grades was found in general hospitals located in metropolitan areas or having 250 or more beds. Conclusion: Elaboration of the financial incentive system is needed to increase the policy impact on staffing improvement.

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A Proposal to Improve Nursing Fee Differentiation Policy for General Hospitals Using Profitability-Analysis in the National Health Insurance (경영수지분석을 통한 종합병원의 간호관리료 차등지급제 개선방안)

  • Kim, Sung-Jae;Kim, Jin-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.351-360
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to propose optimal hospitalization fees for nurse staffing levels and to improve the current nursing fee policy. Methods: A break-even analysis was used to evaluate the impact of a nursing fee policy on hospital's financial performance. Variables considered included the number of beds, bed occupancy rate, annual total patient days, hospitalization fees for nurse staffing levels, the initial annual nurses' salary, and the ratio of overhead costs to nursing labor costs. Data were collected as secondary data from annual reports of the Hospital Nursing Association and national health insurance. Results: The hospitalization fees according to nurse staffing levels in general hospitals are required to sustain or decrease in grades 1, 2, 3, 4, and 7, and increase in grades 5 and 6. It is suggested that the range between grade 2 and 3 be sustained at the current level, the range between grade 4 and 5 be widen or merged into one, and the range between grade 6 and 7 be divided into several grades. Conclusion: Readjusting hospitalization fees for nurse staffing level will improve nurse-patient ratio and enhance the quality of nursing care in hospitals. Follow-up studies including tertiary hospitals and small hospitals are recommended.

A Utilization Strategy of Nursing Staff by Types of Medical Institutions - nurse staffing level of medium and small-sized hospitals (의료기관별 간호인력 활용방안-중소병원 간호사 확보를 중심으로)

  • Hong, Ji Yeon;Chae, JungMi;Song, Mi Ra;Kim, Eun Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.162-170
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the current situation of medium and small-sized hospital nursing staff and related policies, and identified the factors that affect staffing level to provide evidence for planning and adopting policy. By analyzing the statistical data published by public institutions such as the Ministry of Health and Welfare and Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, the result was viewed based on the understanding of various internal and external health care environments. The number of active nurses was less than 50% of the number of licensed nurses and has decreased every year. This means that the cost-effectiveness of increases in nursing college enrollment should be reconsidered. Inpatient nursing fees by staffing grades has caused nurses to move from medium and small-sized hospitals, where there is a severe lack of staff, to more advanced general hospitals. As a result, the lack of nursing staff in medium and small-sized hospitals has worsened. In conclusion, reexamination is needed to improve effectiveness of inpatient nursing fees by staffing grades as a policy to secure the workforce of medium and small-sized hospitals. Furthermore, the tracking management system of licensed nurses must be able to solve the imbalance between demand and supply of nursing staff.

A Survey for Developing Strategies to Improve the Fees for Nursing Care (건강보험 간호관리료 수가체계 개선의견 조사분석)

  • Kim, Yun Mi;Nam, Hye Kyung;Sung, Young Hee;Park, Kwang Ok;Park, Hae Ok
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.5-14
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To examine the current fees for nursing care and propose the strategies for improvement. Method: The number of subjects for this study was 86, including 36 chief executives of the nursing department, 14 of the health insurance department and 33 nursing managers. Data were analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0 program. A researcher-developed questionnaire with 30 items was utilized. Results: 61% hospital had improved the nursing management fee grade after adoption of the differentiated nursing management fee schedules. After grade improvement, the time for direct nursing care increased. Also, the patient health outcome, nurse's job satisfaction were improved and more nurses were employed in general nursing units. Many subjects addressed that ICU and more nursing units were needed to adopt the differentiated nursing management fee schedules and "bed to nurse ratio" needed to be changed to "patients to nurse ratio" and specialized by the nursing units. Conclusion: The health policy in reference to fees for nursing care needs to get improved further in order to provide the quality-assured nursing care.

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Changes in Nurse Staffing Grades in General Wards and Adult and Neonatal Intensive Care Units (의료기관의 일반병동, 성인 중환자실, 신생아 중환자실의 간호등급 변화)

  • Hong, Kyung Jin;Cho, Sung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.64-72
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aimed to explore the distributions of nurse staffing grades and to report changes in staffing grades in general wards and adult and neonatal intensive care units(ICUs) by hospital type and location. Methods: Data collected from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service were analyzed. Nurse staffing was categorized from grades 1 to 6 or 7 for general wards, 1 to 9 for adult ICUs, and 1 to 4 for neonatal ICUs based on the nurse-to-bed ratio. Results: The staffing grade for the general wards improved during 2008-2016 in 69.8% of the tertiary hospitals, 58.5% of the general hospitals, and 31.7% of the non-general hospitals. The adult ICUs at tertiary hospitals exhibited a greater improvement in staffing grades (48.8%) than did those of general hospitals (44.2%) during 2008-2015. Tertiary hospitals in non-capital regions showed a greater improvement than those in the capital region. The majority of neonatal ICUs (67.1%) had no change in the staffing grade during 2008-2015. Conclusion: Improvements in nurse staffing differed by hospital type and location. Government policies to improve nurse staffing in non-tertiary hospitals and those in non-capital regions are required to reduce variations in nurse staffing.

The Cognition Level on Patient Safety and Safe Nursing Activities According to Nurse-patient Ratios (간호관리료 등급별 환자안전 및 안전간호활동 인식 비교)

  • Nam, Mun Hee;Choi, Sook Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.138-149
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The objective of this research was to explore levels of patient safety and safe nursing activities depending on the level of nurse staffing, in order to provide effective management of nurse personnel. Methods: The research was conducted with 455 nurses from eight hospitals in B city. Data were collected according to the level of nurse personnel from second (nurse vs. patient ratio of 2.0-2.5) to fifth (ratio of 3.5-4.0) rank. The survey tools were, 'Questionnaire on Patient Safety, a Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture developed by AHRQ (2007), and 'Questionnaire on Patient Safety Nursing Act, in which the questions were selected from nursing-related items (Medication 6 & Safety Nursing Assurance Act 4) in the Safety Evaluation developed by Evaluation Institute of Medical Institution. Data were analyzed with SPSS PC 12.0 program using descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, ANCOVA and $Scheff{\grave{e}}$. Results: The nurses' overall cognition level on patient safety and safe nursing activities showed that nurses who are in the second and third rank had higher scores than those in lower ranks. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that hospitals need a higher ratio level for nurse personnel in order to assure patient safety and safe nursing activities.