• Title, Summary, Keyword: 가온사육

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Local Differences in Post-diapause Developmental Period of Striped Rice Borer; Chilo suppressalis(Walker), (Lepidoptera: pyralidae) (월동(越冬) 이화명충(二化螟蟲) 발육(發育)의 지역간(地域間) 차이(差異))

  • Uhm, K.B.;Lee, J.O.;Cho, E.J.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 1986
  • Local difference in post-overwinter developmental periods was investigated by incubating the overwintered larvae collected from 8 locations at $25^{\circ}C$ begining January 15 and February 15. Based on the 2nd incubation test, it was found that Chunseong colony had the shortest pre pupal period of 17.9 days, while Gwangsan colony had the longest 27.7 days. In general, prepupal period showed negative correlation with latitudes. Average pupal periods were not significantly different among colonies. Adult emergence period showed the same trend as prepupal periods. Chunseong and Pyeongtaeg colonies emerged faster than the other colonies and showed a single peak of adult emergence, while Nonsan, Iri, Gwangsan colony showed several peaks of adult emergence.

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Application of Channel Type Aquaculture System in the Complex farming with Tilapia Reaing and Hydroponics (양어수경복합영농어에의 수로형사육시설의 적용)

  • 김기덕;이병일;이준구;홍상근;홍석우;배용수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bio-Environment Control Conference
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    • pp.103-106
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    • 1998
  • 식생활패턴의 변화로 수산물에 대한 이용이 급증하여 내수면을 이용한 양식도 활발히 이루어지고 있으나 상수원오염우려가 있어 이의 입지도 어려운 실정이다. 특히 틸라피아의 경우 틸라피아 성장에 필요한 여름철 고수온기가 짧아서 노지양식이 불리하기 때문에 온실 등의 가온시설을 이용해야 하므로 저온기에 난방비를 최대한 절감하기 위한 가온시설내에서 고밀도 순환여과식으로 사육되고있다. (중략)

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Study on Stable Fly Eradication by Sterile-Male Technigue (3) Mass Rearing of the Stable Fly, Stomoxys calcitrans L. (웅성불임기술을 이용한 쇠파리 구제에 관한 연구 (3) 쇠파리의 인공대량사육에 관하여)

  • Chung K. H.;Ryu J.;Kwon S. H.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.141-144
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    • 1974
  • The vinyl-shielded rearing chamber was controlled by automatic electric heater to maintain relatively constant temperature and under this condition, it took 13 to 14 days from egg to adult and 8 days for their preoviposition. The pupal weight was not varied with the advance of generation, whereas was greatly effected by temperature changes. Since only $60\%$ of the pupae was able to classify the sex by pupal weight, a mechanical device will be needed for the further sexing.

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Effect of Heating on the Sex Maturation and Egg Development of the Ark Shell, Scapharca Subcrenata (가온사육에 의한 새꼬막, Scapharca subcrenata의 성 성숙 및 난 발생)

  • Jung, Choon-Koo;Oh, Bong-Se;Kim, Tae-Ik;Jin, Young-Guk
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.201-209
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    • 2010
  • The investigated of survival rate, sex ratio, condition index, gonad development frequency, gonad index, fertilization rate, hatching rate and time required development of D shape larvae of the ark shell, Scapharca subcrenata. Survival rate was lower in heating group compared with control group (P < 0.05). Sex ratio (female:male) observed 1:0.97 in control group, 1:0.62 in heating group. Condition index was significantly higher in heating group than control group (P < 0.05) and higher increased more than water temperature $17^{\circ}C$ of heating group. Gonad development observed slow in control group but more than ripe stage 80% in heating group (21-28 day, $20^{\circ}C$). Gonad index was higher in heating group compared with control group (P < 0.05). Fertilization rate and hatching rate of the ark shell was observed $82.17{\pm}3.55%$ and $63.57{\pm}2.36%$, respectively. The time required development of D shape larvae of the ark shell was observed 15 hour after fertilization. The suggested that results of the ark shell by heating were effective sex maturation and normal egg development.

Water Temperature and Food on Growth and Survival of Parrot Fish Larvae, Oplegnathus fasciatus (수온 및 먹이계열에 따른 돌돔, Oplegnathus fasciatus의 초기 성장과 생존율)

  • Hwang Hyung-Kyu;Lee Jung-Uie;Yang Sang-Geun;Kim Seong-Cheol;Kim Kyong-Min
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2005
  • This study was to investigate the effects of water temperature and food on the mass seed production of larval parrot fish, Oplegnathus fasciatus. Growth of the larvae reared at heated water temperature ($25.3^{\circ}C$) was significantly higher than that of the larvae reared at natural water temperature ($20.5^{\circ}C$). In addition, survival rate of the larvae at heated and natural sea water temperature were $24.0\%$ and $12.3\%$, respectively (P<0.05). Growth and survival rate of the larvae fed mixed diets of Nannochloropsis oculata, rotifer (Brachionus rotundiformis). Artemia nauplii, Tigriopus japonicus and artificial diets were significantly higher than that of the larvae fed only either rotifer or artificial diets (P<0.05). The average survival rate and total length of the larvae reared for 50 days after hatching were $22.5\%$ and 62.0$\pm$4.0 mm, respectively. Amount of consumed rotifers at one time feeding by a larva was rapidly increased with growth from 10.3 individuals per larva 5 day old to 65.5 individuals per larva 20 day old.

Studies on the Regional Characteristics in Occurrence of the Rice Stem Borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker in Korea (한국에서 이화명나방(Chilo suppressalis Walker) 발생상의 지역적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 박창규;현재선
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.257-268
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    • 1990
  • The regional characteristics in the occurrence of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker), in Korea, were examined by analyzing the light trap data obtained from 39 locations during the years of 1965-1988, and some ecological significance of the overwintering larval populations collected from the four locations where some of the typical ecological-race have been known, the results obtained are as follows; The total number of the moths have decreased greatly throughout the nation since 1970. The decrease in the total number of moths related with those in the spring moth but not in the summer moths, and suggested that the changes in the rice production systems have effected significantly on the second generation of the insect. The variations between the regions had been gret in 1960's, decreasing phase in 1970's and increasing phase in loast decade. The overall average of 50% emergence dates have shifted earlier in both moths, and the changes were different considerably with the regions as wheel as in generations. When the overwintered larvae were incubated at $25^{\circ}C$ and RH of 90%, the average mortalities were 21.07% for Suweon, 43.06% for Iri, 63.51% for Jinju, 27.04% for Gwangju. When the overwintered larvae were incubated at $25^{\circ}C$ and RH of 90%, the average mortalities were different with the body weight; 45.44% for the larvae of less than 39 mg, 37.61% for 40-49 mg, 37.28% for 50-59 mg, 30.17% for greater than 60 mg. When the overwintered larvae wee incubated at $25^{\circ}C$, post-diapause larval development periods of body weight classes were 18.6$\pm$1.2 days for the larvae of less than 39 mg, 20.4$\pm$3.3 days for 40-49 mg, 21.4$\pm$3.2 days for 50-59 mg, 21.8$\pm$3.2 days for grater than 60 mg, and only the larvae of less than 39 mg, body weight class less than 39 mg was found statistically different in post-diapause larval development periods. From these results, the changes in the cultural practice of the rice have effected on the ecological pattern of the rice stem borer, and the effects seemed to be different with the generations, and with the regions where the different ecological races are distributing.

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Management Plans of Livestock Excretions from Field Scrutiny in Yeongsan Stream Basin (영산천 유역의 현장정밀조사에 기초한 가축분뇨 관리 방안)

  • Ko, Jaehong;Yang, Wonmo;Lee, Yongwoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Urban Environment
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.465-471
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    • 2018
  • A field scrutiny related to livestock excretions in Yeongsan stream basin was performed in this study. This result was used to verify the accuracy of nationwide survey result (formal document) for pollution sources by comparing them, and a management plan of livestock excretions was also suggested based on their comparison in this study. The major differences between them were 17.7% in the number of stock farms, 39.6% in the population of milk cows and 41.6% in the treatment method of pig excretions. The biggest difference to the pig case, which is currently the most problem in livestock excretions treatment, could be because of the cause that most of the farmlands, including orchard grove, used as individual treatment site for excretions played role as a dump site to reduce the cost for consignment treatment. Meanwhile, the 67% of compost heaps was illegally left alone in field without the rain shelter and could flow in the stream if it is raining.

말쥐치의 조기 산란유도 및 종묘생산

  • 방인철;박상용;김동준;권성민
    • Proceedings of the Korean Aquaculture Society Conference
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    • pp.62-62
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    • 2003
  • 최근 연안 자원이 급격하게 감소하고 있고 새로운 양식 대상종으로 평가되고 있는 말쥐치의 대량 종묘생산을 위해서는 수정난 대량확보와 자어기 먹이생물 구명 등의 문제점이 해결되어야 한다. 본 연구자들은 우선 호르몬 처리에 의한 산란유도, 조기성숙유도에 의한 조기산란유도 및 수정난 확보방법을 개발하고, 위내용물 분석을 통한 자어의 초기먹이생물을 구명하고자 하였다. 산란유도를 위하여 hCG, LHRH-a 및 hCG+LHRH-a를 다양한 농도로 처리하여 실험한 결과 모든 실험구에서 67~76%의 수정률을 나타내었으나, 대량의 성숙란을 얻지는 못하였다. 따라서 본 종의 산란특성이 다회성인 점을 감안한다면 500 g 전후의 친어 200~300마리를 1개의 수조에 수용하여 자연산란된 수정란을 수거하는 것이 좋을 것으로 판단되었다. 평균 450 g 정도의 말쥐치 친어를 12월부터 6개월동안 천천히 수온을 상승시켜 자연산란을 유도한 결과, 자연산란기 (6월)보다 2개월 빠른 4월 15일(17$^{\circ}C$로 가온한 지 15일)에 첫 산란이 이루어졌고 1개월간 지속되었다. 초기 사육환경을 구명하기 위한 실험에서는 일반적으로 해산어 종묘 생산에 이용하는 클로렐라+rotifer 실험군이 클로렐라 단독, 규조류 단독, 규조+rotifer, 녹조+copepods등이 번식된 환경보다 생존율에 있어 월등히 높은 결과를 나타내었다. 위 내용물 분석에 의한 사육기간 중 섭식한 주요 먹이생물종은 부화 후 5일부터 20일째까지는 rotifer egg, 부화 10일째는 rotifer egg와 small rotifer, 부화 20일째는 rotifer, Artemia sp., copepods, 부화 25일째부터는 copepods였다. 초기성장은 부화직후 전장 1.95 mm였던 것이 10일째는 2.96 mm, 20일째는 3.89 mm, 30일째는 12.9 mm, 50일째는 35.1 mm를 나타내었다. 그러나 말쥐치 자ㆍ치어가 성장함에 따라 발생하는 지속적인 폐사와 종묘의 수송시 발생하는 폐사를 줄일 수 있는 방법이 추후에 해결되어야 할 것으로 사료된다.

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Effects of Formulated Diet or Macroalgae ( Undaria pinnatifida) on the Growth and Body Composition of Juvenile Abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) Cultured in Different Water Temperature and Shelter Type (수온과 shelter형태를 달리한 참전복 사육에서 배합사료 및 미역 공급 효과)

  • LEE Sang-Min;PARK Chan-Sun;GO Tae Seung
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.284-289
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    • 1999
  • A 15-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of formulated diet or macroalgae (Undaria pinnatifida) on the survival, growth and body composition of juvenile abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) under the different rearing environmental conditions (four shelter types and two water temperatures). Water temperature was maintained to $16.4^{\circ}C$ by heated and $13.7^{\circ}C$ by not heated natural sea water. The survival rate, weight gain and shell growth of abalone were affected by diet and water temperature (P<0.001). Survival rate of abalone fed the formulated diets was higher than that of abalone fed the Undaria pinnatifida at natural sea water (P<0.05), but this value was not influenced within abalone stocked at heated sea water in each shelter group (P>0.05). Weight and shell growth of abalone fed the formulated diets were significantly higher than those of abalone fed the Undaria pinnatifida at each temperature or shelter (P<0.05). Moisture, lipid and ash contents of the soft body were mainly affected by feeding diet than temperature or shelter (P<0.05). This study indicate that formulated diet used in this experiment could improve the growth of abalone independent of water temperature or shelter. and heated water could show a better growth of abalone in winter season.

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갈조류 모자반, Sargassum fulvellum (Turner) C. Agardh의 성숙과 초기생장

  • 황은경;박찬선;김철원;백재민;손철현
    • Proceedings of the Korean Aquaculture Society Conference
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    • pp.119-120
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    • 2003
  • 우리나라에 분포하는 모자반류는 모두 28종으로 알려져 있으며 (이와 강 2002) 이 가운데 식용으로 이용되는 것은 모자반 (S. fulvellum)이 대표적이다. 모자반의 양식은 주로 서남해 지역에서 이루어지고 있으며 이들의 종묘생산은 자연에서 생식기탁이 성숙되는 4-5월경에 이루어지는데, 유배의 대량 방출을 위한 성숙 모조의 다량 확보가 어렵고 일시에 유배의 대량 방출을 유도하기 위한 성숙 유도 기법의 연구는 전무한 실정이다. 따라서 이 연구에서는 모조의 실내 배양을 통하여 유배의 대량 방출을 위한 성숙 유도 기법과 배양 조건별 엽체의 성숙 및 난방출율을 구하여 모자반의 조기채묘에 유용한 자료로 사용하고자 하였다. 또한 채묘된 발아체의 초기생장에 필요한 최적 배양 환경을 구명하고자 하였다. 모자반 모조는 전남 진도군 조도 지역의 수심 3-5m에서 채집하였으며, 채집 즉시 실험실로 운반하여 유수식 사육 수조에 수용하였다. 성숙 유도는 20$\ell$ 플라스틱 bottle을 사용하였으며, 성숙률의 정량화를 위하여 암생식기탁을 절단하여 수차례 멸균해수에서 세척후 멸균된 5cm직경의 petri dish에 멸균해수20$m\ell$와 함께 수용하여 Multi-chamber incubator에서 배양하였다. 배양조건은 5개 온도조건 (5, 10, 15, 20, $25^{\circ}C$)과16:8h의 장일 광주기 조건으로하였으며 조도는 80 $\mu$molm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$로 하였다. 모든 실험구는 3반복 실험하였으며 2일 간격으로 생식기탁의 생장 및 성숙 그리고 난방출 여부를 현미경하에서 측정하였다. 난이 방출된 모조로부터 유배를 분리하여 3개 조도 구간 (30, 60, 100 $\mu$molm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$)과 5개 온도 구간 (5, 10, 15, 20, $25^{\circ}C$)의 조합인 15개 배양 조건하에서 엽체의 길이생장을 측정하였다. 생식기탁으로부터 난의 방출은 15$^{\circ}C$와 2$0^{\circ}C$ 조건에서 배양 2일후부터 방출되기 시작하였으며, 배양 9일후 2$0^{\circ}C$ 조건에서 가장 높은 96.7$\pm$5.8%의 난방출율을 보였다. 또한 15$^{\circ}C$ 조건에서는 배양 9일후 76.7%의 난방출율을 보였다. 1$0^{\circ}C$$25^{\circ}C$ 조건에서는 배양 11일까지 36.7%의 난방출율을 나타내어 온도 조건에 따라 난방출 비율에 차이를 보였다. 따라서 이러한 실내 배양 결과를 다량의 모조를 조기에 성숙시키기 위해 모조 수용 수조의 수온을 자연수온보다 2~5$^{\circ}C$ 높은 12~15$^{\circ}C$ 조건으로 유지하여 15일간의 수조 관리 후 모조의 대량 유배 방출을 유도할 수 있었다. 모조 성숙을 위한 사육 수조의 수온을 2$0^{\circ}C$ 이상으로 가온할 경우 엽체의 끝녹음을 유발하였으며 가온에 따르는 가온 비용이 수반되므로 엽체의 난방출율이 70% 이상에 도달하는 15$^{\circ}C$ 조건으로 유지하는 것이 경제적일 뿐만 아니라 엽체의 건전도 유지에도 바람직하였다. 유배의 초기생장은1$0^{\circ}C$와15$^{\circ}C$의 온도조건에서 길이생장이 빠르게 증가하여, 배양 35일 후 15$^{\circ}C$와 60 $\mu$molm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$의 조건에서 3.9$\pm$0.2mm로 가장 높은 값을 나타내었다. 엽체의 초기 길이생장은 15$^{\circ}C$, 60 $\mu$molm$^{-2}$ -s$^{-1}$의 조도 조건에서 가장 우세하였으며, 다음으로 30과 100 $\mu$molm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$의 조건 순으로 나타났다. 2$0^{\circ}C$$25^{\circ}C$의 온도 조건에서는 각각 1.8~2.1mm로 길이생장에 있어 유의한 차이가 없는 것으로 나타났다.

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