• Title, Summary, Keyword: 가압중수형 원자로

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가압중수형 원자로의 주증기관 파단사고 대처를 위한 운전기법

  • 권종수;박성훈;김성래
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 1995
  • 가압중수형 원자로의 원자로건물내 주중기관 파단사고는 냉각재 상실사고와는 달리 핵연료 건전성이 유지됨에도 불구하고 파단 부위를 통한 과도한 중기 방출에 따른 일차측 급냉 및 감압에 의하여 경수를 수원으로 사용하는 비상노심냉각 계통(Emergency Core Cooling System:ECCS)의 작동으로 인하여 일차측 중수의 규정농도가 규정치 98% 이하로 저하되어 교체 또는 승급을 요하는 막대한 경제적 손실을 초래 할 수 있다. 원자로건물내 주중기관 파단사고시 비상노심냉각계통의 작동을 방지 또는 지연시키기 위한 운전기법으로 이차측 급수의 차단을 고려하였다. 주증기관 파단크기 50% 이하 범위에서는 원자로 정지후 급수 차단을 통해 비상노심냉각계통 작동을 막을 수 있음이 평가되었다.

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A Comparison Study on Severe Accident Risks Between PWR and PHWR Plants (가압 경수로 및 가압중수로형 원자력 발전소의 중대사고 리스크 비교 평가)

  • Jeong, Jong-Tae;Kim, Tae-Woon;Ha, Jae-Joo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.187-196
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    • 2004
  • The health effects resulting from severe accidents of typical 1,000MWe KSNP(Korea Standard Nuclear Plant) PWR and typical 600MWe CANDU(CANada Deuterium Uranium) plants were estimated and compared. The population distribution of the site extending to 80km for both site were considered. The releaese fraction for various source term categories(STC) and core inventories were used in the estimation of the health effects risks by using the MACCS2(MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System2) code. Individuals are assumed to evacuate beyond 16km from the site. The health effects considered in this comparative study are early and cancer fatality risk, and the results are presented as CCDF(Complementary Cumulative Distribution Function) curves considering the occurrence probability of each STC's. According to the results, the early and cancer fatality risks of PHWR plants we lower than those of PWR plants. This is attributed the fact that the amount of radioactive mateials that released to the atmosphere resulting from the postulated severe accidents of PHWR plants are smaller than that of PWR plants. And, the dominating initiating event of STC that shows maximum early and cancer fatality risk is SGTR(Steam Generator Tube Rupture) for both plants. Therefore, the appropriated actions must be taken to reduce the occurrence probability and the amounts of radioactive materials released to the environment in order to protect the public for both PWR and PHWR plants.

CANDU형 원자로의 소개

  • 한국원자력산업회의
    • Nuclear industry
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    • no.9_10
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 1982
  • 현재 우리나라는 고리원자력발전소 1호기 1기를 운전중에 있으며 8기를 건설하고 있는데 월성원자력발전소 (CANDU-PHW) 1기를 제외하면 모두 가압경수형원자로 (PWR)인바, 유일한 중수로인 월성원전의 상업운전개시가 금년말로 예상되고 있어 CANDU형원자로의 역사와 특성을 대략적으로 알아보고자 한다.

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A Data Modeling for Implementation of On-line Power Monitoring System in an Existing CANDU Core (CANDU 온라인 출력 감시 시스템 구현을 위한 데이터 모델링)

  • 윤문영;권오환;염충섭
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society for Energy Engineering kosee Conference
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    • pp.117-122
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    • 2002
  • 중수형 원전은 국내 가압 경수로의 보완 원자로형으로 현재 4기가 운전되고 있다. 중수형 원전은 천연우라늄을 핵연료로 사용하기 때문에 연소도를 고려하여 운전 중 매일 핵연료를 교체하는 운전 특성을 갖고 있으며, 노심 내 출력분포 및 출력을 제어하기 위해 수위영역제어기의 수위가 계속 변하는 특성 또한 가지고 있다. 이 외에도 조절봉 등의 다양한 제어장치들이 출력제어를 위해 거동하게 된다.(중략)

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核燃料의 構造力學

  • 김병구
    • Journal of the KSME
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 1982
  • 우리나라는 1978 년 고리 1호기의 가동을 효시로 고리, 월성, 영광, 울진에 8기의 원자력발전소를 건설중에 있고 앞으로도 후속기의 착공이 계속될 전망이다. 노형별로 보면 월성1호기가 카나다 에서 개발된 가압식중수로(pressurized water reactor, PWR형)이다. 이 두 노형의 가장 큰 차이 점은 천연우라늄과 농축우라늄을 각각 사용한다는 핵주기상의 차이에 있고 따라서 핵연료집합 체의 구조와 노심관리상에는 큰 차이가 있다. 본 해설을 현재 우리나라에서는 건설되고 있는 PWR형과 CANDU형 원자로 핵연료를 중심으로 이들 각각의 구조, 설계, 재질상의 특성과 지금 까지 밝혀진 핵연료 파혼현상을 고찰하고 이를 대비한 시험평가분야를 검토함으로써 앞으로 다 가올 핵연료 국산화 시대에 도움이 되리라 믿는다.

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핵변환 잔류 고준위 방사성 폐기물 처분 성능 평가

  • 이연명;황용수;강철형
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Rock Mechanics Conference
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    • pp.40-60
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    • 2001
  • 핵변환 후 영구 처분될 가압경수로 및 중수로용 사용후핵연료에 대한 인간 생태계에 대한 영향을, 직접 처분하는 경우와 비교해 보았다 심지층 처분된 용기에 저장된 사용 후 핵연료로부터 유출된 방사성 핵종들이 공학적 방벽을 거쳐 결정질 기반암 내 균열대를 통해 지하수의 흐름을 따라 이동하면서 , 다양한 지질 및 암종을 거쳐 생태 환경으로 도달한다는 핵종 유출 시나리오 중 가장 보수적인 시나리오인 우물 시나리오에 대한 위해도를 평가하여 상대적인 환경친화성을 정량적으로 제시하였다. 현재 국내에 가속기와 미임계형 원자로를 함께 사용하는 핵변환시스템과 임계형 원자로와 같은 핵변환 시스템이 개념적인 수준에서 개발되고 있어, 이 연구를 통해 향후 핵변환시스템 연구에서 요구되는 항목들도 기술적 개선, 경제성 제고, 환경 친화성, 그리고 수용성측면에서 제시하였다.

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Nonlinear Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Containment Structures Considering Slip Behavior of Tendons (긴장재의 슬립거동을 고려한 원자로 격납건물의 비선형 해석)

  • Kwak Hyo-Gyoung;Kim Jae-Hong;Kim Sun-Hoon;Chung Yun-Suk
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.335-345
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    • 2005
  • This paper concentrates on the nonlinear analysis of prestressed concrete (PSC) containment structures. Unlike a commercialized program which adopts the perfect bond assumption between concrete and tendon in the analysis of PSC structures, a numerical algorithm to consider the slip effect, simultaneously with the use of commercialized programs such as DIANA and ABAQUS, is introduced in this paper For bonded tendons, the apparent yield stress of an embedded tendon is determined from the bond slip relationship. And for unbonded tendons, Correction for the strength and stiffness of unbonded internal tendons is achieved on the basis of an iteration scheme derived from the slip behavior of tendon along the entire length. Finally, the developed algorithm is applied to two PSC containment structures of PWR and CANDU to verify its efficiency and applicability in simulating the structural behavior of large complex structures, and the obtained result shows that both containment structures represent the ultimate pressure capacity larger than about 3 times of the design pressure.

Estimation of Uranium Requirements Based on Future Reactor Strategies

  • Hahn, Do-Hee;Chung, Chang-Hyun
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.22-35
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    • 1981
  • The U$_3$O$_{8}$ requirements are estimated for the high, intermediate, and low growth projections of nuclear power in Korea. To each projection, four illustrative reactor-mix strategies and four fuel cycle options are applied for estimating the requirements. The reactor types considered are PWR, PHWR. and FBR. The fuel cycles considered are once-through cycle, U/Pu recycle, and improved once-through cycle. Also the amount of Pu-fissile recovered from U recycle is estimated. The maximum cumulative (to the year 2000) requirements of U$_3$O$_{8}$ occupy about 4 to 5 percent of the WOCA requirements and are about 23 times larger than the U$_3$O$_{8}$ resources in Korea. For the high nuclear power growth projection, the cumulative amount of Pu-fissile recovered from U recycle is sufficient for the startup of 2 units of 1200 MWe fast reactors by the year 2000. 2000.

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Visualization and 3D Numerical Analysis of the Circulation Flow of the Neutron Moderator in a Heavy-Water Nuclear Reactor (가압중수형 원자로의 중성자 감속재 순환 유동가시화와 삼차원 전산해석)

  • Eom, Tae-Kwang;Lee, Jae-Young
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.189-196
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    • 2012
  • The heavy moderator acts as the ultimate heat-sink in an operating CANDU reactor. HUKINS has been developed to investigate moderator flow patterns. HUKINS consists of a 38.4-mm-thick cylindrical shell with a 0.95 m inner diameter and 88 sus-tubes that produce a total heat of 10 kW. A chemical visualization method was selected to estimate the occurrence of typical moderator flow patterns. Momentum-dominated flow, mixed flow, and buoyancy-dominated flow are detected under conditions of a heat load of 7.7 kW and input mass flow rates of 4, 7, and 11 L/min. The experimental results are similar to the results of a CFD simulation that consisted of approximately 1.9 million grids and was conducted using the k-${\varepsilon}$ turbulence model. Therefore, both the present experiments and simulations using HUKINS, a 1/8-scale model, represent all three important flow patterns expected in the real CANDU6 reference reactor. Thus, it has been demonstrated that HUKINS could be useful in the study of CANDU6 moderator circulation.

Safety Assessment on Disposal of HLW from P&T Cycle (핵변환 잔류 고준위 방사성 폐기물 처분 성능 평가)

  • 이연명;황용수;강철형
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.132-145
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    • 2001
  • The purpose and need of the study is to quantify the advantage or disadvantage of the environmental friendliness of the partitioning of nuclear fuel cycle. To this end, a preliminary study on the quantitative effect of the partition on the permanent disposal of spent PWR and CANDU fuel (HLW) was carried out. Before any analysis, the so-called reference radionuclide release scenario from a potential repository embedded into a crystalline rock was developed. Firstly, the feature, event and processes (FEPs) which lead to the release of nuclides from waste disposed of in a repository and the transport to and through the biosphere were identified. Based on the selected FEPs, the ‘Well Scenario’which might be the worst case scenario was set up. For the given scenario, annual individual doses to a local resident exposed to radioactive hazard were estimated and compared to that from direct disposal. Even though partitioning and transmutation could be an ideal solution to reduce the inventory which eventually decreases the release time as well as the peaks in the annual dose and also minimize the repository area through the proper handling of nuclides, it should overcome major disadvantages such as echnical issues on the partitioning and transmutation system, cost, and public acceptance, and environment friendly issues. In this regard, some relevant issues are also discussed to show the direction for further studies.

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