• Title, Summary, Keyword: $interferon{\gamma}$

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Expression and Purification of Recombinant Human Interferon-gamma Produced by Escherichia coli (대장균이 생산한 재조합 인체 감마인터페론의 발현과 정제)

  • Park, Jung-Ryeol;Kim, Sung-Woo;Kim, Jae-Bum;Jung, Woo-Hyuk;Han, Myung-Wan;Jo, Young-Bae;Jung, Joon-Ki
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.204-211
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    • 2006
  • For the production of the recombinant human interferon-gamma(rhIFN-${\gamma}$) in Escherichia coli, human glucagon and ferritin heavy chain were used as fusion partners. Even though rhIFN-${\gamma}$ is expressed as an inclusion body form in E. coli because of strong hydrophobicity of itself, over 50% of fused rhIFN-${\gamma}$ was expressed as soluble form in E. coli $Origami^{TM}$(DE3) harboring pT7FH(HE)-IFN-${\gamma}$ which encodes ferritin heavy chain-fused rhIFN-${\gamma}$. In the case of using glucagon-ferritin heavy chain hybrid mutant as a fusion partner, 6X His-tag was additionally introduced to N-terminus of GFHM(HE)-IFN-${\gamma}$ for enhancing purification yields of rhIFN-${\gamma}$. Fusion protein HGFHM(HE)-IFN-${\gamma}$ with two 6X His-tag was more effectively bound to Ni-NTA agarose bead than GFHM(HE)-IFN-${\gamma}$ with a 6X His-tag. rhIFN-${\gamma}$ was completely purified from enterokinase-treated HGFHM(HE)-IFN-${\gamma}$ by Ni-NTA affinity column. For high-level production of rhIFN-${\gamma}$, glucose was used as the sole carbon source with simple exponential feeding rate($2.4{\sim}7.2g/h$) in fed-batch process. The effective lactose concentration for the expression of the rhIFN-${\gamma}$ was $10{\sim}20mM$. Under the fed-batch culture conditions, rhIFN-${\gamma}$ production yield reached 11 g DCW/L for 6 hours after lactose induction.

Effect of interferon-γ on the fusion of mononuclear osteoclasts into bone-resorbing osteoclasts

  • Kim, Jeung-Woo;Lee, Myeung-Su;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Kim, Ha-Young;Chae, Soo-Uk;Kwak, Han-Bok;Oh, Jae-Min
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.281-286
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    • 2012
  • Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells that are formed by the fusion of pre-fusion osteoclasts (pOCs). The fusion of pOCs is known to be important for osteoclastic bone resorption. Here, we examined the effect of IFN-${\gamma}$ on the fusion of pOCs. IFN-${\gamma}$ greatly increased the fusion of pOCs in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, IFN-${\gamma}$ induced pOC fusion even in hydroxyapatite-coated plates used as a substitute for bone. The resorption area of pOCs stimulated with IFN-${\gamma}$ was significantly higher than that of the control cells. IFN-${\gamma}$ induced the expression of dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP), which is responsible for the fusion of pOCs. IFN-${\gamma}$ enhanced DC-STAMP expression in a dose-dependent manner. The mRNA expression of c-Fos and nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) c1 was enhanced in the pOCs treated with IFN-${\gamma}$. Taken together, these results provide a new insight into the novel role of IFN-${\gamma}$ on the fusion of pOCs.

Effects of Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture Solution on Nitric Oxide and Prostaglandin $E_2$ Production in Macrophages (백렴약침액이 대식세포에서 NO와 Prostaglandin 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-Seok;Roh, Jeong-Du
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : Recently, Pharmacopuncture therapy has been used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Especially, we have been interested in chemical mediators concerned with inflammation such as prostaglandin, nitric oxide. The purpose of this study is investigated that the effect of Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution in RAW 264.7 macrophages, performed several experimental items : those are Prostaglandin $E_2$, Nitric Oxide and Cyclooxygenase-2. Methods : The cytotoxicity of Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution in RAW 264.7 macrophages were measured by MTT assay. In order to observe cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA expression in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages, RT-PCR was used. Prostaglandin $E_2$ production and Nitric Oxide production was measured by nitric oxide detection kit and Prostaglandin $E_2$ assay kit. Results : 1. The MTT assay demonstrated that cytotoxic effect of Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution in RAW 264.7 macrophages was not appeared. 2. Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution inhibited nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. 3. Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA expression in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. 4. Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution inhibited Prostaglandin $E_2$ production in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Conclusions : On the basis of these results, It was shown that Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution was able to inhibit the production of $PGE_2$ and NO, as well as COX-2 mRNA expression. Our results may provide new mechanism by which Ampelopsis Radix Pharmacopuncture solution accounts for its beneficial effect on accelerating wound healing and anti-inflammation.

Synergistic Effect of Lipopolysaccharide and Interferon-$\beta$ on the Expression of Chemokine Mig mRNA

  • Lee, Moon-Sook;Kim, Sung-Kwang;Kim, Hee-Sun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.813-818
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    • 2002
  • Expression of monokine induced by IFN-$\gamma$(Mig) mRNA is well-known to strictly depend on Interferon-$\gamma$(IFN-$\gamma$). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) alone Is weakly effective on Mig mRNA expression in mouse Peritoneal macrophages. This study was undertaken to investigate the synergistic effect of LPS and IFN-$\beta$ on chemokine Mig gene expression in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Although IFN-$\beta$ alone was minimally effective, LPS plus IFN-$\beta$ synergized to produce a high level of Mig mRNh. The synergistic effect of LPS and IFN-$\beta$ (LPS/IFN-$\beta$) on Mig mRNA expression was strain-specific. The most effective synergistic effect of LPS/IFN-$\beta$ on the mRNh expression was found in simultaneous stimulation of LPS/IFN-$\beta$. This synergy was modulated at the level of the gene transcription and was not dependent on a new protein synthesis. Synergistic effect of LPS/IFN-$\beta$ also required the activation of $NF-_KB$. Accordingly, these data suggest that LPS/IFN-$\beta$ synergizes the expression of Mig mRNA through a process that depends on a pretranscriptional level and/or coincident Mig mRNA transcription.

Teratological Study of LBD-001, a Recombinant Human Interferon $\gamma$, in Rabbits

  • Lee, Eun-Bang;Cho, Sung-Ig
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.13 no.1_2
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 1997
  • LBD-001, a recombinant human interferon $\gamma$ produced by genetically engineered yeast as a host system, was intravenously administered to pregnant female rabbits (New Zealand White strain) from day 6 to 18 of gestation at dose levels of $0.35 \times 10^6$, $0. 69 \times 10^6$, and $1.38 \times 10^6$ I.U./kg/day. Hydrocortisone sodium succinate (0.3 mg/kg/day) was also given in the same way. Teratological effects of the test agents on the organogenesis of fetuses and the development of offsprings (F1 rabbits) were investigated. The results were as followings: (1) No significant changes by the treatment of LBD-001 or hydrocortisone sodium succinate were observed in the body weights, the food and water consumption, the lactating or nurshing behaviors, and the autopsy of the pregnant rabbits. (2) No significant changes in the resorption rate, the fetal organogenesis, and the normal develpoment of offsprings (F1) by the treatment of LBD-001 or hydrocortisone sodium succinate were detected. The results show that LBD-001 at the dose of $1.38 \times 10^6$ I.U./kg/day or less and hydrocortisone sodium succinate at the dose of 0.3 mg/kg/day are neither teratogenic in the organogensis of the fetuses and the development of the offsprings (F1) nor toxic to the mother rabbits.

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Effects of Orostachys japonicus A. Berger on the Immune System (와송(瓦松) 추출물이 면역체계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Jin;Han, Kwang-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.315-320
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of Orostachys japonicus A. Berger (OJB) on the immune system. Administration of OJB (500 mg/kg) enhanced viability of splenocytes and thymocytes in BALB/c mice, and also OJB increased of splenic T lymphocytes, significantly, increased CD4 positive $T_H$ cells and CD8 positive Tc cells. OJB markedly, enhanced the production of ${\gamma}-interferon$ in mice serum. OJB accelerated the apoptosis of L1210 and U937 leukemia cells and increased the expression of apoptosis-related ICE, c-myc, p53 gene. These results suggest that OJB have an immuno-regulatory and anti-cancer activity.

Expression of Hepatitis B Virus X Protein in Hepatocytes Suppresses CD8+ T Cell Activity

  • Lee, Mi Jin;Jin, Young-hee;Kim, Kyongmin;Choi, Yangkyu;Kim, Hyoung-Chin;Park, Sun
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.126-134
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    • 2010
  • Background: $CD8^+$ T cells contribute to the clearance of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and an insufficient $CD8^+$ T cell response may be one of the major factors leading to chronic HBV infection. Since the HBx antigen of HBV can up-regulate cellular expression of several immunomodulatory molecules, we hypothesized that HBx expression in hepatocytes might affect $CD8^+$ T cell activity. Methods: We analyzed the activation and apoptosis of $CD8^+$ T cells co-cultured with primary hepatocytes rendered capable of expressing HBx by recombinant baculovirus infection. Results: Expression of HBx in hepatocytes induced low production of $interferon-{\gamma}$ and apoptosis of CD8+ T cells, with no effect on CD8 T cell proliferation. However, transcriptional levels of H-2K, ICAM-1 and PD-1 ligand did not correlate with HBx expression in hepatocytes. Conclusion: Our results suggest that HBx may inhibit $CD8^+$ T cell response by regulation of $interferon-{\gamma}$ production and apoptosis.

High molecular weight water-soluble chitosan acts as an accelerator of macrophages activation by recombinant interferon ${\gamma}$ via a process involving $_L$-arginine -dependent nitric oxide production

  • Kim, Hyung-Min
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.71-81
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    • 2000
  • High molecular weight water-insoluble chitosan alone has been previously shown to exhibit in vitro stimulatory effect on macrophages nitric oxide (NO) production. However, high molecular weight water-soluble chitosan (WSC) had no effect on NO production by itself. When WSC was used in combination with recombinant $interferon-{\gamma}\;(Rifn-{\gamma})$, there was a marked cooperative induction of NO synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. The optimal effect of WSC on NO synthesis was shown at 24 h after treatment with $rIFN-{\gamma}$. The increased production of NO from $rIFN-{\gamma}$ plus WSC-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages was decreased by the treatment with $N^G$ $monomethyl-_L-arginine$. The increase in NO synthesis was reflected, as an increased amounts of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) protein. Synergy between $rIFN-{\gamma}$ and WSC was mainly dependent on WSC-induced nuclear $factor-_KB$ activation. The present results indicate that WSC may provide various activities such as anti-microbial, anti-tumoral, and anti-viral. In addition, since NO has emerged as an important intracellular and intercellular regulatory molecule having functions as diverse as vasodilation, neural communication, cell growth regulation and host defense, it is tempting to hypothesize that this WSC is involved in the local control of the various fundamental processes such as cardiagra, cardiac infarction, impotence etc.

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Effect of Ethyl Alcohol Fraction of Cervus nippon on Mouse T-Lymphocyte (녹용 에탄올 분획이 생쥐의 T-Lymphocyte에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Jeong-Sook;Oh, Chan-Ho;Yum, Jung-Yul;Eun, Jae-Soon;Jeon, Kil-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.312-317
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    • 1998
  • In this study, the effect of 70% ethyl alcohol fraction of Cervus nippon(CN-E) on mouse T-lymphocyte was investigated in vivo. The administration of CN-E(100 mg/kg) enhanced the proliferation of thymocytes, the population of $CD4^+CD8^-$ single-positive cells and the production of $interferon-{\gamma}$ in thymocytes and splenocytes. The administration of CN-E did not induce DNA fragmentation and reduce mitochondrial transmembrane potential in thymocytes. These results indicate that the CN-E contams a stimulative component on the proliferation of thymocytes, the population of $T_H$ cells and the production of $interferon-{\gamma}$ in T-lymphocytes.

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Bojungikgitang Inhibits LPS Plus $Interferon-{\gamma}-induced$ Inflammatory Mediators in RAW 264.7 Macrophages (보중익기탕(補中益氣湯)의 Lipopolysaccharide와 $Interferon-{\gamma}$에 의해 유도되는 염증성 매개물에 대한 억제 효과(效果))

  • Jang Seon-Il;Kim Hyung-Jin;Kim Young-Jun;Pae Hyun-Ock;Chung Hun-Taeg;Yun Yong-Gab;Jeong Ok-Sam;Kim Youn-Chul
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.115-128
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    • 2003
  • Bojungikgitang is the water extracts prepared from Ginseng Radix, Astragali Radix, Angelicae gigantis Radix, Astractylodis Rhizoma alba, Aurantii nobilis Pericarpium, Glycyrrhizae Radix, Bupleuri Radix, Cimicifugae Rhizoma, which has been used for the treatment of indigestion, and immunological disease in oriental countries. In this study, the effects of Bojungikgitang on the productions of nitiric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin $E_2\;(PGE_2)$, and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were examined using RAW 264.7 macrophages activated with $interferon-{\gamma}\;(IFN-{\gamma})$ plus lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Bojungikgitang (10-400 ${\mu}$g/ml) per se had no cytotoxic effect in unstimulated macrophages, but this compound dose-dependently reduced the release of NO and $PGE_2$ caused by stimulation of $LPS/IFN-{\gamma}$. The levels of iNOS and COX-2 protein were markedly suppressed by the treatment with Bojungikgitang in a concentration dependent manner. Moreover, Bojungikgitang also attenuated the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-${\alpha}$, interleukin (1L)-1${\beta}$ and IL-6 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. These results suggest that Bojungikgitang decreases the NO and $PGE_2$ production in macrophages by inhibiting iNOS and COX-2 expression and these properties may contribute to the anti-inflammatory activity of Bojungikgitang.

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