• Title, Summary, Keyword: $SO_2$

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Effects of $K_2SO_4$ and $Na_2SO_4$ on $3CaO.SiO_2$ Formation and its Microstructure ($3CaO.SiO_2$ 생성 반응과 미세조직에 미치는 $K_2SO_4$$Na_2SO_4$의 영향)

  • 정해문;한기성;최상흘
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.30 no.10
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    • pp.871-879
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    • 1993
  • Effects of K2SO4 and Na2SO4 on C3S formation and its microstructure were investigated. C3S formation was not influenced by addition up to 6.0wt% of K2SO4 as SO3 base, however it was prevented by only 1.0wt% of Na2SO4 addition. C3S prevention by added Na2SO4 was the reason why C2S stabilized by Na+ and SO42- could not react to C3S. Added K2SO4 appeared as K2SO4, however added Na2SO4 appeared as the form of Na2xCa3-xAl2O6, (Na0.8Ca0.1)SO4 and Na2SO4 in interstitial phase.

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A study on the development of long time exposure $SO_2$ sampler (장기 노출 $SO_2$ 간이 샘플러 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 이동인
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 1993
  • The concentrations of $SO_2$ and $SO_3$ were measured to estimate a new developed long time exposure $SO_2$ sampler at Onsan industrial area considering the meteorological factors from June to October, 1992. The mean concentration of $SO_3$ by $PbO_2$ method was 0.924 mg $SO_3 / 10cm^2$ $PbO_2$/day and their high values were shown in the center of the industrial area, which show potential pollution due to the increase of industrial activities and micrometeorological factors in and around the sites. As a result of statistical correlation between $SO_2$ concentration by new sampling method and $SO_3$ concentration by $PbO_2$ method in July and August, 1992, correlation coefficients were high (r=0.87, 0.91) and shown more than 0.83 value in the high concentration data set, which was arbitrarily divided into 7~10${\mu}l$$SO_2$ concentration in an attempt to further investigate these relationships. Therefore, use of new developed long time exposure TEX>$SO_2$ sampler is good for TEX>$SO_2$ measurement and valuable for estimation of air quality in the urban and industrial area. Key Words : a new developed long time exposure TEX>$SO_2$ sampler, correlation coefficients, high, $SO_2$ measurement, estimation of air Quality.

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Interaction of Alkali Oxide and $SO_3$ on $3CaO.SiO_2$ Formation and Microstructure ($3CaO.SiO_2$ 생성반응과 미세조직에 있어서 Alkali Oxide와 $SO_3$의 상호작용)

  • 정해문;최상흘
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.30 no.12
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    • pp.1071-1079
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    • 1993
  • Interaction of alkali oxides and SO3 and C3S formation and microstructure was studied using K2CO3 and Na2CO3 as alkali sources and (NH4)2SO4 for SO3. When SO3/K2O=1.43 as mole ratio, K2O and SO3 react to form K2SO4, this phase is immiscible with other oxide melt and thus could not affect C3S formation as well as its microstructure. In a condition of SO3/K2O 1, C3S crystals were round and grown in a much larger size. With addition of Na2O and SO3 by only 1wt% each, C3S formation was strongly hindered. Since C2S was stabilized by Na+ and SO4-2, it could not react to give C3S formation. However in the condition of SO3/Na2O=1.43, a little amount of C3S was formed. It is considered that small amount of Na2SO4 was formed, this phase was immiscible with clinker liquid, and the C3S crystals were formed locally in the liquid part of relatively low Na2O and SO3 compositions. These crystals had irregular and rough surfaces and contained more inclusions than those grown from K2O.SO3 system.

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Quality Improvement of Dried Persimmons Slices during Storage Period using SO2 Treated Pads (SO2 살균패드처리에 의한 감말랭이의 저장 중 품질 변화)

  • Oh, Sung-Il;Kim, Chul-Woo;Lee, Uk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.105 no.1
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    • pp.108-114
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    • 2016
  • The effects of $SO_2$ treated pads ($SO_2$ 0, 0.5, 1, and 2 g/kg) on the quality of dried persimmons slices were investigated. The $SO_2$ treated pads for storage did not affect to weight, moisture loss rate, and soluble solid contents of dried persimmons slices. The color change after storage for 12 weeks was the highest (value = 3.5) in control ($SO_2$ 0 g/kg), whereas that was the lowest (value = 2.0) under $SO_2$ 2 g/kg condition. When we measured the browning degree after 12 weeks, they showed O.D. 0.24, 0.22, 0.20, and 1.7 in serial dilution treated pads with $SO_2$ 0, 0.5, 1, and 2 g/kg, respectively. The decaying rate was the highest (7.0%) in control after 12 weeks storage, whereas it did not show any spoilage in $SO_2$ 1 g/kg and 2 g/kg treated condition for whole storage period. The concentration of residual $SO_2$ in dried persimmons slices was detected within a safe range of 20.3~40.3 ppm. Therefore, the shelf-life of dried persimmons slices was lengthened in $SO_2$ treated pads (especially in $SO_2$ 2 g/kg) for inhibiting of browning and decaying.

The Effect of $SO_2$ on the Degradation of Chlorophyll in Green perilla (Perilla frutescens Suwon No. 8) (($SO_2$ 에 의한 들깨(수원(水原) 8호(號))의 엽록체분해(葉綠體分解)에 대하여)

  • Kim, Jeong-Gyu;Lim, Soo-Kil
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.73-76
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    • 1987
  • The effects of light, active oxygen, inorganic $SO_3\;^{-2}\;ion$, $SO_2$ fumigation duration, $SO_2$ concentration on the degradation of photosynthetic pigments in Green perilla (Perilla frutescens Suwon No. 8) fumigated by $SO_2$ were investigated inside a phytotron. The results were as follows: 1. With the increase of the $SO_2$ dosage, visible injury and the degradation of chlorophyll increased. 2. The degradation of chlorophyll b was less than that of chlorophyll a and the carotinoid was more easily degratated than chlorophyll b. 3. The degradation of chlorophyll by $SO_2$ fumigation was induced directly by $SO_2$, itself. 4. Light is necessary to the degradation of chlorophyll. $SO_2$ and $O_2^-$ made in the photolysis process of the water molecule were the major components in the degradation of chlorophyll.

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Effect of SO2 Generating Pad Treatments on the Quality of Dried Persimmons during Storage (SO2 발생패드처리가 곶감의 저장 중 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Sung-Il;Kim, Chul-Woo;Lee, Uk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.105 no.2
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    • pp.202-207
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    • 2016
  • The effects of $SO_2$ generating pads ($SO_2$ 0, 0.5, 1, and 2 g/kg) on the quality of dried persimmons slices were investigated. The $SO_2$ generating pads for storage did not affect to weight, moisture loss rate, and soluble solid contents of dried persimmons. The color change(E) after storage for 12 weeks was the highest (value = 3.5) in control ($SO_2$ 0 g/kg), whereas that was the lowest (value = 2.6) under $SO_2$ 2 g/kg condition. When we measured the browning degree after 12 weeks, they showed O.D. 0.15, 0.14, 0.10, and 0.05 in serial dilution treated pads with $SO_2$ 0, 0.5, 1, and 2 g/kg, respectively. The decaying rate was the highest (9.0%) in control after 12 weeks storage, whereas it did not show any spoilage in $SO_2$ 2 g/kg treated condition for whole storage period. The concentration of residual $SO_2$ in dried persimmons was detected within a safe range of 3.3~97.0 ppm. Therefore, the shelf-life of dried persimmons was lengthened in $SO_2$ generating pads (especially in $SO_2$ 2 g/kg) for inhibiting of browning and decaying.

Calcium silicate의 생성반응에 미치는 $\SO_3$의 영향

  • 박병철
    • Cement
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    • pp.41-54
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    • 1983
  • Calcium Silicate의 생성 및 분해에 미치는 $K_2SO_4$$MgSO_4$의 영향을 비교 검토하였으며 Calcium Silicate의 생성을 최대로 하는 $SO_3$, MgO와 $K_2O$의 최적비를 반응표면분석기법으로 조사하였다. $K_2SO_4$의 혼합비 증감에 따라 $C_3S$의 생성촉진에 미치는 영향은 없었다. $C_3S$의 조합원료에 $CaSO_4$를 4.0wt$\%$이상 첨가시 $CaSO_4$$C_2S$주위에 Sulphate reaction rim을 형성함으로써 $C_2S$와 CaO의 반응을 방해해 $C_3S$의 생성을 억제하였으나 적당량의 MgO가 첨가되면 $CaSO_4$가 4.0wt$/%$이상이라도 $C_3S$의 생성은 억제되지 않았다. $C_3S$의 생성을 최대로 하기 위한 $SO_3$, MgO와 $K_2O$의 최적비를 반응표면분석기법을 이용하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. $K_2SO_4$$K_2O$에 비해 소결에 미치는 영향이 적으므로 크링카에 고용되고 남은 $K_2O$는 전량 $K_2SO_4$로 전환시켜야한다. 2. $SO_3$$K_2O$의 최적비율은 1.5이다. 3. $CaSO_4$와 MgO의 최적비율을 유지하기 위해서는 $CaSO_4$중의 wt$\%SO_3$=0.7의 수준으로 Sulphate의 함량을 조절하여야 한다. 4. $SO_3$와 결합하고 남은 $K_2O$가 0wt$\%$인 경우는 $K_2SO_4$=2.3wt$\%$, MgO=1.5wt$\%$일때 $C_3S$의 생성이 최대로 된다. 5. $SO_3$와 결합하고 남은 $K_2O$가 2.0wt$\%$인 경우는 $K_2$$SO_4$=4.5wt$\%$, MgO=3.0wt$\%$일때 $C_3S$의 생성이 최대로 된다.

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Effects of Sulfur Dioxide Exposure in Histological Structure and Mucosubstances of the Nasal Respiratory Mucosa of Rat ($SO_2$ 흰쥐 비강 호흡부 점막의 조직학적 구조 및 점액질에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 정권순;정길남;조기진;이응희;조운복
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.582-594
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    • 2001
  • This experiment was performed to investigate the effects of sulfur dioxide on the histological changes, properties of mucosubstances and glycoconjugates of the nasal respiratory mucosa in the rat. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing about 200~250g were divided into a control group and SO$_2$ exposed groups. Again SO$_2$ exposed groups were divided into 10 ppm, 25 ppm, 50 ppm, 100 ppm, and 200 ppm subgroups, according to concentrations of SO$_2$ and each SO$_2$exposed groups were divided into 1, 3 and 6 hours groups. For the histological changes, hematoxylin-eosin(H-E) and periodic acid Schiff's(PAS) stainings were used, and for the properties of mucosubstances, PAS, alcian blue (AB) pH 2.5, pH 2.5-PAS, AB pH 1.0 and aldehyde fuchsin (AF) pH1.7-AB pH 2.5 were used. In all the SO$_2$ exposed groups, loss of cilia and detachment of epithelial cells, vacuolation of goblet cells were observed in the respiratory epithelium while epithelial squamous metaplasia and intraepthelial mucous cells were observed in the higher concentration of SO$_2$ and the degree of the loss cilia was higher according as concentration was higher and exposed time was longer. The intraepitheial mucous cells appeared most remarkable in the 50 ppm SO$_2$ exposed group. The numbers of goblet cells and acini of nasal septal gland were varied according to concentration of SO$_2$ and exposed time, but the numbers in the 25 ppm and 50 ppm, SO$_2$ exposed increased remarkably. However, the numbers in the 100 ppm and 200 ppm SO$_2$ exposed group had a tendency to decrease noticeably, or disappeared.

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Interaction of SO2 with Oxygen on Ni(100) Studied by XPS and NEXAFS

  • Kim, Chang-Min
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.27 no.12
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    • pp.2037-2039
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    • 2006
  • The adsorption and surface reactions of $SO_2$ on Ni(100), c($2{\times}2$)_O/Ni (100) and NiO(111)/Ni(100) surfaces have been investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) technique. On Ni(100), chemisorbed $SO_2$ is formed at 160 K. When $SO_2$ is adsorbed on c($2{\times}2$)_O/Ni(100) at 160 K, $SO_2$ reacts with oxygen to form $SO_3$ and trace amount of $SO_4$ species. $SO_3$ is adsorbed on this surface with its $C_3$ axis perpendicular to the surface. On a NiO(111)/Ni(100) surface, both $SO_3$ and $SO_4$ species are formed at 160 K from adsorbed $SO_2$.

NO and $SO_2$ Removal by Dielectric Barrier Discharge-Photocatalysts Hybrid Process (유전체 장벽 방전-광촉매 복합공정에 의한 NO와 $SO_2$ 제거)

  • Kim, Dong-Joo;Nasonova, Anna;Kim, Kyo-Seon
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2007
  • In this study, we analyzed experimently the NO and $SO_2$ removal by the dielectric barrier discharge-photocatalysts hybrid process. The glass spheres were used as a dielectric material for dielectric barrier discharge and the $TiO_2$ photocatalysts were coated onto those spheres by the dip-coating method. The $TiO_2$ particles were coated in the sponge-shape, which has the larger surface area. As the voltage applied to the plasma reactor, the pulse frequency of applied voltage, or the residence time increases, the NO and $SO_2$ removal efficiencies increase. The increase in the supplied concentrations of NO and $SO_2$ leads to the higher energy for NO and $SO_2$ removal and the NO and $SO_2$ removal efficiencies decrease. These experimental results can be used as a basis to design the dielectric barrier discharge-photocatalysts hybrid process to remove NO and $SO_2$.

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