• Title, Summary, Keyword: $Pr_6O_{11}$ -based ZnO varistors

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Influence of $Pr_6O_{11}/CoO$ Composition Ratio on I-V Characteristics of $ZnO-Pr_6O_{11}-CoO-Dy_2O_3$ Based varistors ($ZnO-Pr_6O_{11}-CoO-Dy_2O_3$계 바리스터의 I-V 특성에 $Pr_6O_{11}/CoO$ 조성비 영향)

  • Nahm, Choon-Woo;Ryu, Jung-Sun;Yoon, Han-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.179-184
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    • 2000
  • The I-V characteristics of $ZnO-Pr_6O_{11}-CoO-Dy_2O_3$ based varistors were investigated in the $Pr_6O_{11}/CoO$ composition ratio range of 0.5/0.5 to 1.0/1.0 and sintering temperature range of 1300 to $1350^{\circ}C$ as the basic study to develop the advanced $Pr_6O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors. All varistors except for $Pr_6O_{11}$/CoO = 0.5/1.0 exhibited the best I-V characteristics at $1350^{\circ}C$. However, the varistors with $Pr_6O_{11}$/CoO= 0.5/1.0 exhibited the best I-V characteristics at $1350^{\circ}C$. The varistors with $Pr_6O_{11}$/CoO= 0.5/1.0 of all varistors exhibited the best I-V characteristics, which the nonlinear exponent is 36.9 and the leakage current is 7.6 ${\mu}A$ Therefore, it was estimated that ZnO-$Pr_6O_{11}-CoO-Dy_2O_3$ ceramics with $Pr_6O_{11}$/CoO= 0.5/1.0 will be usefully used as varistor materials in the future.

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The Electrical Properties and Stability of $Pr_6$$O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors Doped with $Dy_2$$O_3$ ($Dy_2$$O_3$가 첨가된 $Pr_6$$O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 전기적 성질 및 안정성)

  • 남춘우;윤한수
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.402-410
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    • 2000
  • The electrical properties and stability of Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO wvaristors consisting of ZnO-Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-CoO-Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based ceramics were investigated in the Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ additive content range o 0.0 to 2.0 mol%. The density was nearly constant 5.62 g/cm$^3$corresponding to 97% of theoretical density as Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ additive content increases up to 0.5 mol%. However the density decreased as Dy$_{2}$/O sub 3/ additive content is further additive content. Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors doped with 0.5mol% Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited a good nonlinearity, which is 37.76 in the nonlinear exponent and 5.36 $mutextrm{A}$ in the leakage current. And they exhibited very stress (0.80 V$_{1mA}$/9$0^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.85 V$_{1mA}$/115$^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.95 V$_{1mA}$/1$25^{\circ}C$/12h). Consequently it was estimated that ZnO-0.5 mol% Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-1.0 mol% CoO-0.5 mol% Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based ceramics will be sufficiently used as a basic composition to develop the advanced Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors in the future.he future.uture.he future.

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Stability of $Pr_{6}O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors Doped with $Y_{2}O_{3}$ under d.c. Stresses ($Y_{2}O_{3}$가 첨가된 $Pr_{6}O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 d.c. 스트레스에 따른 안정성)

  • 윤한수;류정선;남춘우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.551-554
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    • 2000
  • The stability of $Pr_6$$O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors doped with $Y_2$$O_3$ was investigated under various d.c. stresses. The varistors were sintered at $1350^{\circ}C$ for 1h in the addition range of 0.0 to 4.0 mol% $Y_2$$O_3$. The varistors doped with $Y_2$$O_3$ exhibited much higher nonlinearity than that without $Y_2$$O_3$. In Particular, the varistors containing 0.5 mol% $Y_2$$O_3$ showed very excellent V-I characteristics, which the nonlinear exponent was 51.19 and the leakage current was 1.32 $\mu\textrm{A}$. And these varistors also showed an excellent stability, which the variation rate of the varistor voltage and the nonlinear exponent were -0.80% and -2.17%, respectively, under 4th d.c. stress, such as (0.80 $V_ {1mA}$/$90^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.85 $V_{1mA}$/$115^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.90 $V_{1mA}$/$120^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.95 $V_{1mA}$/$125^{\circ}C$/12h). Consequently, since $Pr_ 6$$O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors doped with 0.5 mol% $Y_2$$O_3$ have an excellent stability as well as good nonlinearity, it is expected to be usefully used to develop the superior varistors in future.

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Microstructure and Electrical Properties of $Pr_6$$O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors Doped with $Nd_24$O_3$ ($Nd_24$O_3$가 첨가된 $Pr_6$$O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 미세구조 및 전기적 성질)

  • 남춘우;박춘현;윤한수
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.206-213
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    • 2000
  • The microstructure and electrical properties of Pr$_{6}$/O sub 11/-Based ZnO varistors with Nd$_2$O$_3$ was doped in the range of 0.0 to 2.0 mol% were investigated. Most of the added Nd$_2$O$_3$were segregated at the nodal points and grain boundaries and were found to form the Nd-rich phase. In addition the bulk intergranular layer at the grain boundaries and nodal points was consisted of Nd-rich phase and Pr-rich phase. the average grain size was decreased in the range of 7.8 to 5.6${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ with increasing Nd$_{2}$/O sub 3/ additive content. The nonlinearity of ZnO varistors sintered at 130$0^{\circ}C$ was much more excellent than that at 135$0^{\circ}C$ ZnO varistors doped with 1.0mol% Nd$_{2}$/O sub 3/ exhibited the best nonlinearity. which is 65.2 in the nonlinear exponent and 4.5$\mu$A in the leakage current. Consequently. it is estimated that Pr$_{6}$/O sub 11/ -based ZnO varistors doped with 1.0 mol% Nd$_{2}$/O sub 3/ are to be sufficiently used as basic composition to fabricate good varistors in the future.ure.

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Conduction Characteristics of $Pr_6O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistor Added with Samarium Oxides (사마륨 옥사이드가 첨가된 $Pr_6O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 전도특성)

  • Yoon, Han-Soo;Park, Choon-Hyun;Nahm, Choon-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1689-1691
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    • 1999
  • The conduction characteristics of $Pr_6O_{11}$-based ZnO varistor were investigated. ZnO-$Pr_6O_{11}$-CoO-$Sm_2O_3$-based ZnO varistor were sintered at $1300^{\circ}C$ and $1350^{\circ}C$ in the addition range $0.0\sim2.0mol%$ $Sm_2O_3$, respectively. ZnO varistors which are added with 1.0mol% at each temperature exhibited best excellent conduction characteristics, namely the nonlinear exponent was 42.05 at $1300^{\circ}C$, 36.79 at $1350^{\circ}C$ and leakage current was $9.16{\mu}A$ at $1300^{\circ}C$, $11.7{\mu}A$ at $1350^{\circ}C$. Consequently, it is estimated that ZnO-$Pr_6O_{11}$-CoO-$Sm_2O_3$-based ZnO varistors, which $Sm_2O_3$ is added 1.0mol% is to be used as a basic composition of $Pr_6O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors.

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DC Accelerated Aging Characteristics of $Pr_{6}O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors with CoO Content (CoO 첨가량에 따른 $Pr_{6}O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 DC 가속열화특성)

  • Kim, Hyang-Suk;Jung, Young-Chul;Nahm, Choon-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.467-471
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    • 2001
  • DC accelerated aging characteristics of $Pr_{6}O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors, which are composed of $ZnO+Pr_{6}O_{11}+CoO+Cr_{2}O_{3}+Dy_{2}O_{3}$ ceramics were investigated with CoO content in the range of 0.5 - 5.0 mol%. The varistors doped with 1.0 mol% revealing maximum value(66.61) in the nonlinear exponent exhibited excellent stability, in which the variation rates of the varistor voltage, the nonlinear exponent and leakage current are -1.93%, -10.48%, and +288.79%, respectively, under DC accelerated aging stress, such as $(0.85V_{lmA}/115^{\circ}C/24h)+(0.90V_{lmA}120^{\circ}C/24h)+(0.95V_{lmA}/125^{\circ}C/24h)+(0.95V_{lmA}/150^{\circ}C/24h)$. Next the varistors doped with 2.0 mol% exhibiting the nonlinear exponent of 47.39 showed high stability.

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A Study on the Stability of ZnO-${Pr_6}{O_{11}}$-CoO-${Er_2}{O_3}$Based Varistors (ZnO-${Pr_6}{O_{11}}$-CoO-${Er_2}{O_3}$계 바리스터의 안정성에 관한 연구)

  • 남춘우
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.667-674
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    • 2000
  • The stability of ZnO-Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-CoO-Er$_{2}$/O$_3$based varistors was investigated with Er$_{2}$/O$_3$additive content of the range 0.0 to 2.0 mol%. All varistors sintered at 130$0^{\circ}C$ exhibited the thermal runaway within short times even under weak d.c. stress. As a result these varistors were completely degraded. On the contrary the stability of varistors sintered at 135$0^{\circ}C$ was far better than that of 130$0^{\circ}C$. In particular the varistors added with 0.5mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_3$ which the nonlinear exponent is 34.83 and the leakage current is 7.38 $mutextrm{A}$ showed a excellent stability which the variation rate of the varistors voltage the nonlinear coefficient and the leakage current is below 1%, 2%, and 3.5% respectively even under more severe d.c. stress such as (0.80 V$_{1mA}$9$0^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.85 V$_{1mA}$115$^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.90 V$_{1mA}$12$0^{\circ}C$12h) Consequently it is estimated that the ZnO-0.5 mol% Pr$_{6}$/O sub 11/-1.0 mol% CoO-0.5 mol% Er$_{2}$/O sub 3/ based varistors will be used to develop the advanced Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-1.0 mol% CoO-0.5 mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based varistors will be used to develop the advanced Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors having the high performance and stability in future. future.ure. future.

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Electrical Properties of $Pr_{6}O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors with CoO Content (CoO 첨가량에 따른 $Pr_{6}O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 전기적 특성)

  • 김향숙;류정선;남춘우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.419-422
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    • 2001
  • The electrical properties of Pr$_{6}$O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors composed of ZnO-Pr$_{6}$O$_{11}$-CoO-Cr$_2$O$_3$-Dy$_2$O$_3$- based ceramics were investigated with CoO content in the range of 0.5~5.0 mol%. As CoO content is increased, the average grain size and the density were increased in the range of 9.86~27.22 $\mu$m and in the range of 5.25-5.55 g/cm$^3$, respectively. The varistor voltage was decreased in the range of 235.32~86.01 V/mm due to the increase of average grain size with CoO content. The varistors doped with CoO in the rage of 1.0~2.0 mol% exhibited a high nonlinearity, in which is above 55 in the nonlinear exponent and below 1.5 $\mu$A in the leakage current. Increasing CoO content further greatly decreased the nonlinearity.ity.ity.

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Microstructure and Electrical Properties of ZnO-$Pr_6$$O_{11}$-CoO-$Er_2$$O_3$ Based Varistors (ZnO-$Pr_6$$O_{11}$-CoO-$Er_2$$O_3$계 바리스터의 미세구조 및 전기적 성질)

  • 남춘우;박춘형
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.493-501
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    • 2000
  • The microstructure and electrical properties of ZnO-Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-CoO-Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based varistors were investigated with Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ additive content of the range 0.0 to 2.0 mol%. Most of the added Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ were segregated at the nodal points and grain boundaries and it coexisted with Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$ in the bulk intergranular layer. The average grain size was decreased in the range of 7.44 to 5.62${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ at 130$0^{\circ}C$ and 18.36 to 9.11 at 135$0^{\circ}C$ with increasing Er$_{2}$/O sub 3/ additive content. The density of ceramics was in the range 4.87 to 5.08 g/cm$^3$ at 130$0^{\circ}C$ and 5.35 to 5.62 g/cm$^3$at 135$0^{\circ}C$. At 130$0^{\circ}C$ the varistors without Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited 29.66 in the nonlinear exponent and 28.23 $\mu$A in the leakage current whereas the varistors with 0.5 mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited a high nonlinearity which is 52.78 in thenonlinear exhibited and 9.75 $\mu$A in the leakage current. At 135$0^{\circ}C$ the varistors without Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited a very poor nonlinearity indicating 2.08 in the nonlinear exponent and 133.79 $\mu$A in the leakage current whereas the varistors with 1.0mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited a relatively high nonlinearity which is 36.79 in the nonlinear exponent and 5.92 $\mu$A in the leakage current. Therefore Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ was additive which greatly improve the nonlinearity. It is believed that ZnO-0.5 mol% Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-1.0 mol% CoO-0.5 mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based ceramicss will be usefully used as a basic composition to develop the advanced pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors.ristors.ristors.

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DC Accelerated Aging Characteristics of $Pr_{8}O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors with CoO Content (CoO 첨가량에 따른 $Pr_{8}O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 DC 가속열화특성)

  • 김향숙;정영철;남춘우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.467-471
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    • 2001
  • DC accelerated aging characteristics of Pr$_{6}$O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors, which are composed of ZnO+Pr$_{6}$O$_{11}$+CoO+Cr$_2$O$_3$+Dy$_2$O$_3$ ceramics were investigated with CoO content in the range of 0.5~5.0 mol%. The varistors doped with 1.0 mol% revealing maximum value(66.61) in the nonlinear exponent exhibited excellent stability, in which the variation rates of the varistor voltage, the nonlinear exponent and leakage current are -1.93%, -10.48%, and 288.79%, respectively, under DC accelerated aging stress, such as (0.85 V$_{1mA}$/115$^{\circ}C$/24h)+(0.90 V$_{1mA}$/12$0^{\circ}C$/24h)+(0.95 V$_{1mA}$/1$25^{\circ}C$/24h)+(0.95 V$_{1mA}$/15$0^{\circ}C$/24h). Next the varistors doped with 2.0 mol% exhibiting the nonlinear exponent of 47.39 showed high stability,ity,ability,ity,

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