• Title, Summary, Keyword: $Pr_6$$O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터

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Influence of $Pr_6O_{11}/CoO$ Composition Ratio on I-V Characteristics of $ZnO-Pr_6O_{11}-CoO-Dy_2O_3$ Based varistors ($ZnO-Pr_6O_{11}-CoO-Dy_2O_3$계 바리스터의 I-V 특성에 $Pr_6O_{11}/CoO$ 조성비 영향)

  • Nahm, Choon-Woo;Ryu, Jung-Sun;Yoon, Han-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.179-184
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    • 2000
  • The I-V characteristics of $ZnO-Pr_6O_{11}-CoO-Dy_2O_3$ based varistors were investigated in the $Pr_6O_{11}/CoO$ composition ratio range of 0.5/0.5 to 1.0/1.0 and sintering temperature range of 1300 to $1350^{\circ}C$ as the basic study to develop the advanced $Pr_6O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors. All varistors except for $Pr_6O_{11}$/CoO = 0.5/1.0 exhibited the best I-V characteristics at $1350^{\circ}C$. However, the varistors with $Pr_6O_{11}$/CoO= 0.5/1.0 exhibited the best I-V characteristics at $1350^{\circ}C$. The varistors with $Pr_6O_{11}$/CoO= 0.5/1.0 of all varistors exhibited the best I-V characteristics, which the nonlinear exponent is 36.9 and the leakage current is 7.6 ${\mu}A$ Therefore, it was estimated that ZnO-$Pr_6O_{11}-CoO-Dy_2O_3$ ceramics with $Pr_6O_{11}$/CoO= 0.5/1.0 will be usefully used as varistor materials in the future.

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The Electrical Properties and Stability of $Pr_6$$O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors Doped with $Dy_2$$O_3$ ($Dy_2$$O_3$가 첨가된 $Pr_6$$O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 전기적 성질 및 안정성)

  • 남춘우;윤한수
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.402-410
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    • 2000
  • The electrical properties and stability of Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO wvaristors consisting of ZnO-Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-CoO-Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based ceramics were investigated in the Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ additive content range o 0.0 to 2.0 mol%. The density was nearly constant 5.62 g/cm$^3$corresponding to 97% of theoretical density as Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ additive content increases up to 0.5 mol%. However the density decreased as Dy$_{2}$/O sub 3/ additive content is further additive content. Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors doped with 0.5mol% Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited a good nonlinearity, which is 37.76 in the nonlinear exponent and 5.36 $mutextrm{A}$ in the leakage current. And they exhibited very stress (0.80 V$_{1mA}$/9$0^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.85 V$_{1mA}$/115$^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.95 V$_{1mA}$/1$25^{\circ}C$/12h). Consequently it was estimated that ZnO-0.5 mol% Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-1.0 mol% CoO-0.5 mol% Dy$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based ceramics will be sufficiently used as a basic composition to develop the advanced Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors in the future.he future.uture.he future.

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Varistor Characteristics of $ZnO-Pr_6/O_{11}-CoO-Er_2O_3$-Based Ceramics ($ZnO-Pr_6/O_{11}-CoO-Er_2O_3$계 세라믹스의 바리스터 특성)

  • 윤한수;박춘현;남춘우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.308-311
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    • 1999
  • The varistor characteristics of $ZnO-Pr_6O_11-CoO-Er_2O_3$-based ceramics were investigated. $ZnO-Pr_6O_11-CoO-Er_2O_3$-based ceramics were sintered at $1300^{\circ}C$ and $1350^{\circ}C$in the addition range 0.0~2.0mol% $Er_2O_3$, respectively. $ZnO-Pr_6O_11-CoO-Er_2O_3$-based ceramics, which are added with 0.5mol% $Er_2O_3$ at $1300^{\circ}C$ and l.Omol% $Er_2O_3$ at $1350^{\circ}C$ sintering temperature, exhibited the bestexcellent varistor characteristics, namely, the nonlinear exponent was better 52.78 at $1300^{\circ}C$ thanat 13$1350^{\circ}C$ and the leakage current was better 6.57$\mu\textrm$A at $1350^{\circ}C$ than at $1300^{\circ}C$. Consequently, it is estimated that $ZnO-Pr_6O_11-CoO-Er_2O_3$-based ceramics, which $Er_2O_3$ is added in the range 0.5~l.Omol% will begin to be used as a predominant basic composition of $PR_6O_11$-based ZnO varistors.

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Microstructure and Electrical Properties of $Pr_6$$O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors Doped with $Nd_24$O_3$ ($Nd_24$O_3$가 첨가된 $Pr_6$$O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 미세구조 및 전기적 성질)

  • 남춘우;박춘현;윤한수
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.206-213
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    • 2000
  • The microstructure and electrical properties of Pr$_{6}$/O sub 11/-Based ZnO varistors with Nd$_2$O$_3$ was doped in the range of 0.0 to 2.0 mol% were investigated. Most of the added Nd$_2$O$_3$were segregated at the nodal points and grain boundaries and were found to form the Nd-rich phase. In addition the bulk intergranular layer at the grain boundaries and nodal points was consisted of Nd-rich phase and Pr-rich phase. the average grain size was decreased in the range of 7.8 to 5.6${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ with increasing Nd$_{2}$/O sub 3/ additive content. The nonlinearity of ZnO varistors sintered at 130$0^{\circ}C$ was much more excellent than that at 135$0^{\circ}C$ ZnO varistors doped with 1.0mol% Nd$_{2}$/O sub 3/ exhibited the best nonlinearity. which is 65.2 in the nonlinear exponent and 4.5$\mu$A in the leakage current. Consequently. it is estimated that Pr$_{6}$/O sub 11/ -based ZnO varistors doped with 1.0 mol% Nd$_{2}$/O sub 3/ are to be sufficiently used as basic composition to fabricate good varistors in the future.ure.

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Effect of $SiO_2$on the Sintering and Electrical Characteristics of Pr-ZnO Varistors ($SiO_2$의 첨가가 Pr-ZnO 바리스터에 미치는 소결 및 전기적인 특성에 대한 영향)

  • 문금성;조성걸;심영재
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.37 no.11
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    • pp.1044-1050
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    • 2000
  • ZnO-Pr$_{6}$O$_{11}$-Co$_3$O$_4$-CaO 사성분계에 SiO$_2$를 0.4at%까지 첨가하여 1180, 1200 및 125$0^{\circ}C$에서 소성하여 미세구조 및 전기적인 특성을 조사하였다. 소성온도 120$0^{\circ}C$ 이상에서 치밀한 시편을 얻을 수 있었고, Si는 주로 입계에 분포하고 있으며, SiO$_2$첨가는 결정립성장을 억제하였다. 이 현상은 고상소결만이 일어나 120$0^{\circ}C$에서 소결된 시편과 액상소결이 일어난 125$0^{\circ}C$에서 소결된 시편 모두에서 관찰되었으며, SiO$_2$첨가에 의한 기공의 증가에 기인하는 것으로 판단된다. SiO$_2$의 첨가에 의해 바리스터의 비선형계수가 크게 변화하였으며, 시편의 소성과정이 고상소결인 경우 비선형계수가 증가한 반면 액상소결인 경우에는 감소하였다. 적절한 양의 SiO$_2$(약 0.3at%)를 첨가하여 액상이 형성되지 않는 120$0^{\circ}C$에서 소성하여 80 이상의 비선형계수를 갖는 바리스터를 제조할 수 있었다.

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Stability of $Pr_{6}O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors Doped with $Y_{2}O_{3}$ under d.c. Stresses ($Y_{2}O_{3}$가 첨가된 $Pr_{6}O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 d.c. 스트레스에 따른 안정성)

  • 윤한수;류정선;남춘우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.551-554
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    • 2000
  • The stability of $Pr_6$$O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors doped with $Y_2$$O_3$ was investigated under various d.c. stresses. The varistors were sintered at $1350^{\circ}C$ for 1h in the addition range of 0.0 to 4.0 mol% $Y_2$$O_3$. The varistors doped with $Y_2$$O_3$ exhibited much higher nonlinearity than that without $Y_2$$O_3$. In Particular, the varistors containing 0.5 mol% $Y_2$$O_3$ showed very excellent V-I characteristics, which the nonlinear exponent was 51.19 and the leakage current was 1.32 $\mu\textrm{A}$. And these varistors also showed an excellent stability, which the variation rate of the varistor voltage and the nonlinear exponent were -0.80% and -2.17%, respectively, under 4th d.c. stress, such as (0.80 $V_ {1mA}$/$90^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.85 $V_{1mA}$/$115^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.90 $V_{1mA}$/$120^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.95 $V_{1mA}$/$125^{\circ}C$/12h). Consequently, since $Pr_ 6$$O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors doped with 0.5 mol% $Y_2$$O_3$ have an excellent stability as well as good nonlinearity, it is expected to be usefully used to develop the superior varistors in future.

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Conduction Characteristics of $Pr_6O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistor Added with Samarium Oxides (사마륨 옥사이드가 첨가된 $Pr_6O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 전도특성)

  • Yoon, Han-Soo;Park, Choon-Hyun;Nahm, Choon-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1689-1691
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    • 1999
  • The conduction characteristics of $Pr_6O_{11}$-based ZnO varistor were investigated. ZnO-$Pr_6O_{11}$-CoO-$Sm_2O_3$-based ZnO varistor were sintered at $1300^{\circ}C$ and $1350^{\circ}C$ in the addition range $0.0\sim2.0mol%$ $Sm_2O_3$, respectively. ZnO varistors which are added with 1.0mol% at each temperature exhibited best excellent conduction characteristics, namely the nonlinear exponent was 42.05 at $1300^{\circ}C$, 36.79 at $1350^{\circ}C$ and leakage current was $9.16{\mu}A$ at $1300^{\circ}C$, $11.7{\mu}A$ at $1350^{\circ}C$. Consequently, it is estimated that ZnO-$Pr_6O_{11}$-CoO-$Sm_2O_3$-based ZnO varistors, which $Sm_2O_3$ is added 1.0mol% is to be used as a basic composition of $Pr_6O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors.

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Microstructure and Electrical Properties of ZnO-$Pr_6$$O_{11}$-CoO-$Er_2$$O_3$ Based Varistors (ZnO-$Pr_6$$O_{11}$-CoO-$Er_2$$O_3$계 바리스터의 미세구조 및 전기적 성질)

  • 남춘우;박춘형
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.493-501
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    • 2000
  • The microstructure and electrical properties of ZnO-Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-CoO-Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based varistors were investigated with Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ additive content of the range 0.0 to 2.0 mol%. Most of the added Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ were segregated at the nodal points and grain boundaries and it coexisted with Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$ in the bulk intergranular layer. The average grain size was decreased in the range of 7.44 to 5.62${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ at 130$0^{\circ}C$ and 18.36 to 9.11 at 135$0^{\circ}C$ with increasing Er$_{2}$/O sub 3/ additive content. The density of ceramics was in the range 4.87 to 5.08 g/cm$^3$ at 130$0^{\circ}C$ and 5.35 to 5.62 g/cm$^3$at 135$0^{\circ}C$. At 130$0^{\circ}C$ the varistors without Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited 29.66 in the nonlinear exponent and 28.23 $\mu$A in the leakage current whereas the varistors with 0.5 mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited a high nonlinearity which is 52.78 in thenonlinear exhibited and 9.75 $\mu$A in the leakage current. At 135$0^{\circ}C$ the varistors without Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited a very poor nonlinearity indicating 2.08 in the nonlinear exponent and 133.79 $\mu$A in the leakage current whereas the varistors with 1.0mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ exhibited a relatively high nonlinearity which is 36.79 in the nonlinear exponent and 5.92 $\mu$A in the leakage current. Therefore Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ was additive which greatly improve the nonlinearity. It is believed that ZnO-0.5 mol% Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-1.0 mol% CoO-0.5 mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based ceramicss will be usefully used as a basic composition to develop the advanced pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors.ristors.ristors.

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A Study on the Stability of ZnO-${Pr_6}{O_{11}}$-CoO-${Er_2}{O_3}$Based Varistors (ZnO-${Pr_6}{O_{11}}$-CoO-${Er_2}{O_3}$계 바리스터의 안정성에 관한 연구)

  • 남춘우
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.667-674
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    • 2000
  • The stability of ZnO-Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-CoO-Er$_{2}$/O$_3$based varistors was investigated with Er$_{2}$/O$_3$additive content of the range 0.0 to 2.0 mol%. All varistors sintered at 130$0^{\circ}C$ exhibited the thermal runaway within short times even under weak d.c. stress. As a result these varistors were completely degraded. On the contrary the stability of varistors sintered at 135$0^{\circ}C$ was far better than that of 130$0^{\circ}C$. In particular the varistors added with 0.5mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_3$ which the nonlinear exponent is 34.83 and the leakage current is 7.38 $mutextrm{A}$ showed a excellent stability which the variation rate of the varistors voltage the nonlinear coefficient and the leakage current is below 1%, 2%, and 3.5% respectively even under more severe d.c. stress such as (0.80 V$_{1mA}$9$0^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.85 V$_{1mA}$115$^{\circ}C$/12h)+(0.90 V$_{1mA}$12$0^{\circ}C$12h) Consequently it is estimated that the ZnO-0.5 mol% Pr$_{6}$/O sub 11/-1.0 mol% CoO-0.5 mol% Er$_{2}$/O sub 3/ based varistors will be used to develop the advanced Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-1.0 mol% CoO-0.5 mol% Er$_{2}$/O$_{3}$ based varistors will be used to develop the advanced Pr$_{6}$/O$_{11}$-based ZnO varistors having the high performance and stability in future. future.ure. future.

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Influence of $Tb_4O_7$-Addition on Electrical Properties of $Pr_6O_{11}$-Based ZnO Varistors ($Pr_6O_{11}$계 ZnO 바리스터의 전기적 특성에 $Tb_4O_7$이 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Dea-Hoon;Park, Jong-Ah;Nahm, Choon-Woo;Seo, Hyung-Gwon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.367-368
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    • 2005
  • The microstructure and electrical properties of $Pr_6O_{11}$-based ZnO varistors consisting of Zn-Pr-Co-Cr-Tb oxides were investigated with $Tb_4O_7$ content in the range of 0.25~1.0 mol%. The varistor ceramics exhibited very high densification in the range of 5.74~5.83g/$cm^3$ with increasing $Tb_4O_7$ content. Furthermore, the incorporation of $Tb_4O_7$ in varistor ceramics $Tb_4O_7$greatly increased All of the characteristic parameters. As a result, It was found that $Tb_4O_7$-added varistors are good for high voltage field.

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