• Title, Summary, Keyword: $MoO_3$

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Influences of the Molar Ratio of $Mo/MoO_3$ on Characteristics of $MoSi_2-Al_2O_3$ composites by SHS Methods (연소합성법에 의한 $MoSi_2-Al_2O_3$ 복합재료의 특성에 미치는 $Mo/MoO_3$ 몰비의 영향)

  • 장윤식;이윤복;김용백;김인술;박흥채;오기동
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.33 no.11
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    • pp.1209-1216
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    • 1996
  • MoSi2-Al2O3 composites were prepared by thermal explosion mode of self-propagating high temperature syn-thesis (SHS) using element powders of MoO3 Mo Si and Al. The combustion products of MoSi2 which have 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt% Al2O3 showed the molten state in the range of Mo to MoO3 6:1-9.5:1, 2:1-8:1, 1:1-5:1, and 1:1-3:1 (molar ratio) respectively. The combustion products which made least seperation the molten phase from the slag phase were in Mo/MoO3=9, 5:1, 8:1, 5:1 and 3:1 (molar ratio) respectively. Particles size of MoSi2 and Al2O3 in the combustion product were decreased as the molar ratio of Mo to MoO3 increase. By XRD analysis only MoSi2 and $\alpha$-Al2O3 peaks were identified in the combusion products, In case of MoSi2 containing 20wt% Al2O3 5.1wt% Al existed into MoSi2 grains and 30.7wt% Si and 7.7wt% Mo existed into Al2O3 grains. The relative density of MoSi2 containing 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt% Al2O3 were 82.7, 85.2, and 81.9% respectively. The fracture strength of MoSi2-Al2O3 composites increased with increasing Al2O3 and that of MoSi2-20wt% Al2O3 composite was 195 MPa.

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Effect of the Structure of MoO3/bismuth molybdate Binary Phase Catalysts on the Selective Oxidation of Propylene (MoO3/bismuth molybdate 혼합 2상 촉매의 구조에 따른 프로필렌 선택산화반응 특성)

  • Cha, T.B.;Choi, M.J.;Park, D.W.;Chung, J.S.
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 1992
  • M/BM -series catalysts, $MoO_3$ supported on ${\alpha}-Bi_2Mo_3O_{12}$ were also prepared by impregnation method. BM/M-series catalysts, ${\alpha}-Bi_2Mo_3O_{12}$ supported on $MoO_3$ were also prepared by coprecipitation. Structure and catalytic properties of the two phase catalysts were studied by means of using nitrogen adsorption, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. The reaction test for the selective oxidation of propylene to acrolein over Bi-molybdate catalysts was studied using a fixed-bed reactor system. In M/BM-series catalysts, $MoO_3$ was dispersed on ${\alpha}-Bi_2Mo_3O_{12}$, and the crystal structure of ${\alpha}-Bi_2Mo_3O_{12}$ remains unchanged by the presence of excess $MoO_3$. However the surface morphology and bulk structure of BM/M-series catalysts were altered probably because the precipitated $Bi(OH)_3$ reacted with $MoO_3$ during the calcination to form ${\alpha}-Bi_2Mo_3O_{12}$ phase. The results of propylene oxidation on both series catalysts showed that the reaction took place over the surface of ${\alpha}-Bi_2Mo_3O_{12}$ particle and the role of excess $MoO_3$ was to supply oxygen to ${\alpha}-Bi_2Mo_3O_{12}$. These increasing effects on activity were also observed in the mechanical mixtures of ${\alpha}-Bi_2Mo_3O_{12}$ and $MoO_3$.

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Mechanical properties of $Al_2O_3/Mo/MnO_2$ composite ($Al_2O_3/Mo/MnO_2$ 복합재료의 기계적 특성)

  • Park, Hyun;Kim, Kyung-Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.172-179
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    • 2006
  • When $Al_2O_3-MoO_3$ mixture is reduced, $MoO_3$ is only reduced to Mo at $900^{\circ}C$. But a compound between $Al_2O_3$ and Mo is not formed up to $1300^{\circ}C$. In the case of $Al_2O_3-MoO_3-MnO_2$ mixture, an intermediate compound $Mn_2Mo_3O_8$ is firstly formed at $900^{\circ}C$ and changes to $MnAl_2O_4$ at $1100^{\circ}C{\sim}1300^{\circ}C$. $Al_2O_3/Mo/MnO_2$ composite are manufactured by a selective reduction process in which Mo is only reduced in the powder mixture of $Al_2O_3,\;MoO_3\;and\;MnO_2$ oxide. For $Al_2O_3/Mo$ composite, the average grain size was not changed with increasing Mo content because of inhibition of grain growth of $Al_2O_3$ matrix in the presence of Mo particles. Fracture strength increased with increasing Mo content due to phenomenon of grain growth inhibition of $Al_2O_3$ matrix. Hardness decreased because of a lower hardness value of Mo, whereas fracture toughness increased. For $Al_2O_3,\;Mo\;and\;MnO_2$ composite, grain growth was facilitated by MnOB and it showed a lower fracture strength because of grain growth effect with increasing Mo and $MnO_2$ content. Hardness decreased because of the grain growth of matrix and coalesced Mo particles to be located in grain boundary, whereas fracture toughness increased.

Preparation and Catalytic Activity of Morphologically Controlled MoO3/SiO2 for Hydrodesulfurization (결정상과 분산도의 조절이 가능한 MoO3/SiO2 촉매의 제조 및 탈황반응특성 연구)

  • Ha, Jin-Wook
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.231-236
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    • 1999
  • Several series of morphologically controlled $MoO_3$/$SiO_2$ catalysts were prepared, characterized, and tested for hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of dibenzothiophene (DBT) activity. Molybdenum surface loaded with 4.0 atoms $Mo/nm^2$ was prepared as sintered hexagonal and sintered orthorhombic, as well as a novel "well dispersed hexagonal" phase. Characterization by XRD, Raman, and $O_2$ chemisorption results reveals that the dispersion of $MoO_3$ over silica depends on the final $MoO_3$ phase in the order of; sintered hexagonal < sintered orthorhombic < dispersed hexagonal phase. Temperature programmed reduction (TPR) results show that both bulk and dispersed microcrystalline of $MoO_3$ reduce to $MoO_2$ at $650^{\circ}C$ and to Mo metal at $1000^{\circ}C$. HDS of DBT was performed in a differential reactor at 30 atm over the temperature range $350{\sim}500^{\circ}C$. Activity of $MoO_3$/$SiO_2$ toward HDS of DBT is proportional to dispersion.

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Effect of MoO3 Morphological Change over Hydrogen Spillover Kinetics (MoO3 Morphology 변화가 수소 Spillover에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jin Gul
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.1109-1113
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    • 1999
  • sothemal reduction at $50^{\circ}C$ using $Pt/MoO_3$ or $Pt/MoO_3/SiO_2$ made by dry impregnation or physical mixture of $Pt^{\circ}$ and $MoO_3$ demonstrated that the $H_2$ uptake vis $H_2$ spillover from Pt into $MoO_3$ was enhanced as calcination temperature was increased. Surface area of exposed Pt crystallites measured by CO chemisorption was decreased with higher calcination temperature. In addition, TEM showed that $MoO_x$ overlayers were formed on Pt crystallites after calcination at $400^{\circ}C$. Consequentially, it was found that this increased active contact sites between Pt and $MoO_3$ due to surface morphological change was one of the dominant factors for this increased $H_2$uptake via $H_2$ spillover from Pt crystallites into $MoO_3$.

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Effect of Temperature on $H_2$ Spillover over $Pt/H_xMoO_3$ (Pt를 담지한 $H_xMoO_3$촉매의 수소 이동 속도에 미치는 온도의 영향)

  • 김진걸
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.114-117
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    • 2004
  • Rates of $H_2$ uptake into $Pt/MoO_3$ were measured for the noncalcined and $200^{\circ}C$ calcined $Pt/MoO_3$. Amount of $H_2$ uptake for $200^\circ{C}$calcined $Pt/MoO_3$ was greater than the amount of noncalcined $Pt/MoO_3$. From these two experiments, it was found that the rates of $H_2$ desorption were proportional to the increase of desorption temperature. XPS demonstrated that Cl reduced more faster in ITR after calcination at $200^{\circ}C$. This inducd smaller amount of residual chlorine at adlineation sites between Pt and $MoO_3$ substrates. This resulted in opening the more channel of hydrogen pathway into more $MoO_3$particles and controled the kinetics of hydrogen uptake.

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Effect of Dispersed MoO3 Amount on Catalytic Activity of NiO-ZrO2 Modified with MoO3 for Acid Catalysis

  • Sohn, Jong-Rack;Lee, Sung-Gyu;Shin, Dong-Cheol
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1623-1632
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    • 2006
  • NiO supported on zirconia modified with $MoO_3$ for acid catalysis was prepared by drying powdered $Ni(OH)_2-Zr(OH)_4$ with ammonium heptamolybdate aqueous solution, followed by calcining in air at high temperature. The characterization of prepared catalysts was performed using FTIR, Raman, XRD, and DSC. $MoO_3$ equal to or less than 15 wt% was dispersed on the surface of catalyst as two-dimensional polymolybdate or monomolybdate, while for $MoO_3$ above 15 wt%, crystalline orthorhombic phase of $MoO_3$ was formed, showing that the critical dispersion capacity of $MoO_3$ on the surface of catalyst is 0.18 g/g NiO-$ZrO_2$ on the basis of XRD analysis. Acidity and catalytic activities for acid catalysis increased with the amount of dispersed $MoO_3$. The high acid strength and acidity was responsible for the Mo=O bond nature of the complex formed by the interaction between $MoO_3$ and $ZrO_2$. The catalytic activity for acid catalysis was correlated with the acidity of the catalysts measured by the ammonia chemisorption method.

High Transparent, High Mobility MoO3 Intergraded InZnO Films for Use as a Transparent Anode in Organic Solar cells

  • Kim, Hyo-Jung;Kang, Sin-Bi;Na, Seok-In;Kim, Han-Ki
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.343-343
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    • 2014
  • We reported on the electrical, optical, structural and morphological properties fabricated by co-sputtering for use as an anode for organic solar cells (OSCs). By adjusting RF and DC power of $MoO_3$ and IZO targets during co-sputtering, we fabricated the $MoO_3$-IZO electrode with graded content of the $MoO_3$ on the IZO films. At optimized $MoO_3$ thickness of 20 nm, the $MoO_3$ graded IZO electrode showed a higher mobility ($33cm^2/V-Sec$) than directly deposited $MoO_3$ on IZO film ($26cm^2/V-Sec$). At visible range (400nm~800nm), optical transmittance of the $MoO_3$ graded IZO electrode is higher than that of directly deposited $MoO_3$ on IZO film. High mobility of $MoO_3$ graded on IZO is attributed to less interface scattering between $MoO_3$ and IZO. To investigate the feasibility of $MoO_3$ graded IZO films, we fabricated conventional P3HT:PCBM based OSCs with $MoO_3$ graded IZO as a function of MoO3 thickness. The OSC fabricated on the $MoO_3$ graded IZO anode showed a fill factor of 66.53%, a short circuit current of $8.121mA/cm^2$, an open circuit voltage of 0.592 V, and a power conversion efficiency of 3.2% comparable to OSC fabricated on ITO anode and higher than directly deposited $MoO_3$ on IZO film. We suggested possible mechanism to explain the high performance of OSCs with a $MoO_3$ graded IZO.

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Activity and Selectivity in Low Temperature for Dibenzothiophene Hydrodesulfurization based Zeolite Support (제올라이트 담체상의 디벤조티오펜 수첨탈황반응에서 저온활성 및 선택성)

  • Kim, Moon-Chan
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 1998
  • Two types of CoMo/zeolite as well as $NiMo/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ were prepared and their activities and selectivities of low-temperature dibenzothiophene(DBT) hydrodesulfurization(HDS) were studied in high pressure fixed bed reactor. The HDS activities of CoMo/zeolites were higher than that of $NiMo/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ at temperatures below $225^{\circ}C$ while they were lower than that of $NiMo/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ at temperatures higher than $275^{\circ}C$. The main products from $NiMo/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ were biphenyl and cyclohexylbenzene. The product distribution of CoMo/zeolite catalysts was different from that of $NiMo/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$. It is speculated that DBT is converted to alkylcyclohexane over zeolite based catalysts through both alkylation and hydrogenation reactions. The crystal structure of molybdenum was $MoO_3$ in fresh zeolite support while mixtures of $MoO_3$ and $MoS_2$ were observed in the aged catalyst.

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Study on Mo(V) Species, Location and Adsorbates Interactions in MoH-SAPO-34 by Employing ESR and Electron Spin-Echo Modulation Spectroscopies (ESR, ESEM을 이용한 이온 교환된 MoH-SAPO-34에 대한 Mo의 화학종, 위치 및 흡착상호작용에 관한 연구)

  • Back, Gern-Ho;Jang, Chang-Ki;Ru, Chang-Kuk;Cho, Young-Hwan;So, Hyun-Soo;Kevan, Larry
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.26-36
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    • 2002
  • A solid-state reaction of $MoO_3$ with as-synthesized H-SAPO-34 generated paramagnetic Mo(V) species. The dehydration resulted in weak Mo(V) species, and subsequent activation resulted in the formation of Mo(V) species such as $Mo(V)_{5c}$ and $Mo(V)_{6c}$ that are characterized by ESR. The data of ESR and ESEM show the oxomolybdenum species, to be $(MoO_2)^+$ or $(MoO)^{3+}$. The $(MoO_2)^+$ species seems to be more probable. Since H-SAPO-34 has a low framework negative charge, $(MoO)^{3+}$ with a high positive charge can not be easily stabilized. A solution reaction between the solution of silico-molybdic acid and calcined H-SAPO-34 resulted in only $(MoO_2)^+$ species. A rhombic ESR signal is observed on adsorption of $D_2O$, $CD_3OH$, $CH_3Ch_2OD$ and $ND_3$. The Location and coordination structure of Mo(V) species has been determined by three-pulse electron spin-echo modulation data and their simulations. After the adsorption of methanol, ethylene, ammonia, and water for MoH-SAPO-34, three molecules, one molecule, one and one molecule, respectively, are directly coordinated to $(MoO_2)^+)$.