• Title, Summary, Keyword: $CaCO_3$ preparation

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Effect of Dietary Calcium and Fat on Plasma Cholesterol Level and Cholesterol Metabolism in 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine-treated Rats (Dimethylhydrazine으로 처리한 쥐에서 식이의 Calcium 함량과 지방종류에 따라 혈장 Cholesterol 수준과 Cholesterol 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 박현서;지은이;강금지
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.9
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    • pp.1394-1403
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    • 1998
  • The study was designed to observe the effect of dietary calcium and fats on plasma cholesterol level, hepatic microsomal fluidity and HMG-CoA reductase activity as well as the excretion of fecal bile acids and neutral sterols in 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine(DMH)-treated rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats, at 7 weeks of age, were divided into 2 groups, 0.3% and 1.0% Ca levels and each group again subdivided into 2 groups of corn oil and perilla oil. Each rat was intramuscularly infused with DMH for 6 weeks to give total dose of 180mg/kg body weight and also fed experimental diet containing 15%(w/w) different fit and Ca(0.3% or 1.0%) for 20 weeks. High dietary calcium(1.0%) did not significantly influence on plasma cholesterol as well as hepatic microsomal fluidity and HMG CoA reductase activity, but significantly reduced the excretion of total bile acid per gram of faces and increased the excretion of total neutral sterol. However, high dietary Ca reduced the excretion of secondary bile acid(deoxycholic and lithocholic acids) which was known as promoter for colon cancer. Perilla oil rich in n-3 ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid significantly decreased plasma cholesterol by increasing hepatic microsomal fluidity compared with corn oil, but did not influence on HMG CoA reductase activity. Perilla oil did not influence on fecal excretion of total and primary bile acids, but reduced the excretion of secondary bile acids. Therefore, it could be recommended to consume more fish product and food rich in calcium and use more perilla oil in meal preparation to prevent from coronary hear disease and colon cancer especially when high fit diet has been practiced. (Korean Nutrition 31(9) : 1394-1403, 1998)

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Platinum Nano-Dispersion via In Situ Processing - Preparation and catalytic Property of Porous $CaZrO_3/MgO/Pt$ Nanocomposite

  • Yoshikazu;Hwang, Hae-Jin;Naoki Kondo;Tatsuki Ohji
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.163-167
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    • 2001
  • A bulk porous $CaZrO_3/MgO$ composite with plantinum nano-dispersion was synthesized in air atmosphere through the combination of several in situ reactions, including the pyrolysis of $PtO_2$. A mixture of $CaMg(CO_3)_2$(dolomite), $ZrO_2$, $PtO_2$ and LiF (0.5 wt%, as an additive) was cold isostatically pressed at 200 MPa and sintered at $1100^{\circ}C$ for 2 h. The porous $CaZrO_3/MgO/Pt$ composite ($CaZrO_3/MgO$ : Pt=99 : 1 in volume) had a uniformly open-porous structure (porosity: 56%) with three-dimensional (3-D) network and a narrow pore-size distribution, similarly to the porous $CaZrO_3/MgO$ composites reported before. Catalytic Properties (viz., NO direct decomposition and NO reduction by $C_2H_4$) of the $CaZrO_3/MgO/Pt$ composite were investigated up to $900^{\circ}C$. In the absence of oxygen, the NO conversion rate reached ~52% for the direct decomposition and ~100% for the reduction by $C_2H_4$, respectively. The results suggest the possibility of the porous composite as a multifunctional filter, i.e., simultaneous hot gas-filtering and $de-NO_x$ in one component.

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Preparation and characteristics of High polymerization PMTA film

  • Han, Song-Jung;Son, Tae-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers Conference
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    • pp.79-79
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    • 2010
  • In this work a PMTA(poly m-phenylene terephthal amide) polymer was synthesized by using new solvent to produce film composite. This Film composite membrane based on PMTA were prepared with 1,3-phenylenediamine(MPD), terephthaloyl chloride (TPC) and Co-solvent (NMP with added $CaCl_2$) was adopted for synthesize PMTA polymer. A series of synthetic experiments were done, aimed to find the optimum condition of polymerization.

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Preparation of Feed Glass Materials for Producing a Foamed Borosilicate Glass Body from Waste LCD Panel (폐 LCD판넬로부터 붕규산유리 발포체 제조를 위한 원료 유리 제조)

  • Oh, Chi-Hoon;Park, Yoon-Kook;Lee, Chul-Tae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.371-379
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    • 2016
  • In this article, the foamed body of glass was manufactured from the waste borosilicate glass produced by wet pulverization process without additional pretreatment which can be used as a recycling method for waste LCD panel glass. Each 100 g of pulverized waste borosilicate glass with the size of less than 270 mesh were mixed with 0.3 weight fraction of carbon and 1.5 weight fraction of $Na_2CO_3$, $Na_2SO_4$ and $CaCO_3$ and let them foamed for 20 minutes at $950^{\circ}C$ to manufacture the foamed body having the density of less than $0.3g/cm^3$. Additionally, adding $SiO_2$ or $H_3BO_3$ to the mixture enabled the foamed body to have efficient formation of open pores which showed the possibility for producing the foamed body with new functionalities such as sound absorption.

Luminescence Characteristics of Mg2+·Ba2+ Co-Doped Sr2SiO4:Eu Yellow Phosphor for Light Emitting Diodes (LED용Mg2+·Ba2+Co-Doped Sr2SiO4:Eu 노란색 형광체의 발광특성)

  • Choi, Kyoung-Jae;Jee, Soon-Duk;Kim, Chang-Hae;Lee, Sang-Hyuk;Kim, Ho-Kun
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.147-151
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    • 2007
  • An improvement for the efficiency of the $Sr_{2}SiO_{4}:Eu$ yellow phosphor under the $450{\sim}470\;nm$ excitation range have been achieved by adding the co-doping element ($Mg^{2+}\;and\;Ba^{2+}$) in the host. White LEDs were fabricated through an integration of an blue (InGaN) chip (${\lambda}_{cm}=450\;nm$) and a blend of two phosphors ($Mg^{2+},\;Ba^{2+}\;co-doped\;Sr_{2}SiO_{4}:Eu$ yellow phosphor+CaS:Eu red phosphor) in a single package. The InGaN-based two phosphor blends ($Mg^{2+},\;Ba^{2+}\;co-doped\;Sr_{2}SiO_{4}:Eu$ yellow phosphor+CaS:Eu red phosphor) LEDs showed three bands at 450 nm, 550 nm and 640 nm, respectively. The 450 nm emission band was due to a radiative recombination from an InGaN active layer. This 450 nm emission was used as an optical transition of the $Mg^{2+},\;Ba^{2+}\;co-doped\;Sr_{2}SiO_{4}:Eu$ yellow phosphor+CaS:Eu red phosphor. As a consequence of a preparation of white LEDs using the $Mg^{2+},\;Ba^{2+}\;co-doped\;Sr_{2}SiO_{4}:Eu$ yellow phosphor+CaS:Eu red phosphor yellow phosphor and CaS:Eu red phosphor, the highest luminescence efficiency was obtained at the 0.03 mol $Ba^{2+}$ concentration. At this time, the white LEDs showed the CCT (5300 K), CRI (89.9) and luminous efficacy (17.34 lm/W).

Preparation of Urethane Nanocomposites with Inorganic Nano Fillers and Their Physical Properties (무기계 나노분말 충전 폴리우레탄 나노복합재료의 제조 및 물성)

  • Yang Yun-Kyu;Hwang Taek-Sung;Hwang Eui-Hwan
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.129-134
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    • 2006
  • Nanocomposites of polyurethane were prepared from inorganic nano particles, $Na^+-montmorillonite$ (MMT), silica, $CaCO_3$, and surface modified MMT and their properties were investigated. It was shown that the molecular weight and polydispenity of nanocomposites of polyurethane were 20000 to 28000 and 1.0 to 2.0, respectively. d-Spacing for nanocomposites of MMT were increased than that of pure MMT. Initial degradation temperature of nanocomposites were 250 to $280^{\circ}C$. And also, the range of weight loss for nanocomposites were decreased and the end of thermal degradation was observed at higher temperatures about $50^{\circ}C$. The elongation at break for $CaCO_3$ filled nanocomposites were the highest among the nanocomposites used in this study. studied. It was found that the tensile strength increased with increasing the filler contents while the silica nanocomposite exhibited the lowest increase and the $CaCO_3$ nanocomposite the highest.

Pore Structure and Electrochemical Properties of Carbon Aerogels as an EDLC-Electrode with Different Preparation Conditions (EDLC 전극용 카본에어로젤의 합성조건에 따른 기공구조 및 전기화학적 특성)

  • Seo, Hye Inn;Jung, Ji Chul;Kim, Myung-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.50-61
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    • 2018
  • Various carbon aerogels (CAs) were prepared from polymerization of resorcinol and formaldehyde and applied as the electrode materials of an electric double layer capacitor (EDLC) with the aim of controlling the textural and electrochemical properties of CAs by the type of base catalyst and the ratio of resorcinol to catalyst (R/C). The CAs from $NaHCO_3$ and $KHCO_3$ with $H^+$ ions had higher specific surface areas but exhibited lower electrochemical properties than those from $K_2CO_3$ and $Na_2CO_3$, which had more uniform pore size distributions. The electrochemical properties of $Na_2CO_3$ were superior to those of $K_2CO_3$ probably because the polarizing power of $Na^+$ ions was higher than $K^+$ ions. With an increasing R/C ratio, the pore sizes of CA showed a tendency to increase but the uniformity of the pore size distribution got worse. For the four base catalysts, the highest electrochemical property was obtained at the R/C ratio of 500.

Studies on the Preparation of Phosphorescent Materials (당광체에 관한 연구)

  • 한관섭
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.26-29
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    • 1963
  • Three systems such as CaS, BaS and ZnS are used as ground materials and transition elements such as Bi, Cu, Ag and Ni are used as activators to preared phosphorescent materials of strong after-grow intensity. These three systems in which we have 31 kinds of different composition samples are heated at given temperatures in the electrical furnace and are cooled in the air in order to crystallize them. In the case of BaS system, the mixture of CaO and purified S is better than the other kinds of calcium compound as the ground materials to crystallize phosphors. In BaS system, the mixture of BaCO$_{3}$ and purified S, in ZnS system ZnS respectively is the most proper ground material to prepare such a strong after-grow intensified phosphors. In a given range, the higher in temperature and the longer time of heating, the better phosphors we obtain.

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Preparation of Calcium Carbonate with High Purity by using Ammonium Chloride Process and Ammonium Nitrate Process (Ammonium Chloride Process 및 Ammonium Nitrate Process를 이용한 고순도 탄산칼슘의 제조)

  • Kang Mee-Sook;Soh Gowan-Soon;Shin Dong-Hwa
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 2004
  • The shells of Anadarac tegillarca granosa, Crassostrea gigas, Crassostrea nippona, and Patinopecten yessoensis were used for preparation of calcium carbonate with high purity. Calcium content in ash of shell was the highest $64.9\%$ in Anadarac tegillarca granosa ashed for 5 hr at $900^{\circ}C$, and followed as Patinopecten yessoensis $62.5\%$, Crassostrea gigas $62.4\%$, and Crassostrea nippona $61.5\%$. Whiteness of ash was the highest 81.6-85.8 in Patinopecten yessoensis shell. Calcium contents in calcium carbonates made with shells of Anadarac tegillarca granosa by using ammonium chloride process (ACP) and ammonium nitrate process (ANP) were higher $40.03-40.04\%$ than $39.92\%$ in Anadarac tegillarca granosa ash. Calcium content was the highest $40.04\%$ in pH adjusted calcium carbonate prepared by using ANP. Whiteness of calcium carbonate prepared by using ACP and ANP was the level of 101.0-101.5. Therefore, we estimated that the calcium carbonate made by using ACP and ANP could be used potentiality as a food additive for calcium supplement.

Compositional Change of Hepatic Bile Acid by Multiple Administration of DWP305, a Combined Preparation Containing Ursodeoxycholic Acid and Silymarin, in Rats (흰쥐에서 Ursodeoxycholic Acid 및 Silymarin을 함유한 의약조서울(DWP305)의 연용투여에 의한 간내 담즙산 조성변화)

  • Cho, Jae-Youl;Yeon, Je-Deuk;Nam, Kweon-Ho;Kim, Jeum-Yong;Yoo, Eun-Sook;Yu, Young-Hyo;Park, Myung-Hwan
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.311-319
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    • 1996
  • DWP305, a preparation containing combination of ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA), silymarin and vitamins ($B_1\;and\;B_2$), is a drug currently being developed for hep atic disorders. In order to evaluate the changes in hepatic function by multiple oral administration(2 and 4 weeks) of DWP305 in rats, several biochemical parameters in blood, bile acid composition, and the accumulation of UDCA and lithocholic acid(LCA),a toxic metabolite formed by enterobacteria, were examined using HPLC. In blood biochemical findings, DWP305 did not affect the normal level and there was no difference in total bile acid composition for UDCA, cholic acid(CA), deoxycholic acid(DCA), chenodeoxycholic acid(CDCA) and LCA compared to the UDCA administered group, although total ratio of UDCA and CA was different from normal group. In case of ratio of taurine and glycine conjugated forms, DWP305(186mg/kg as a UDCA) administered group was also similar to normal group and UDCA administered group, while high dosing of DWP305 was not different in the ratio of UDCA administered group(930mg/kg) but normal group. And the ratio of LCA was in order of UDCA(930mg/kg), DWP305(930mg/kg as a UDCA), UDCA(186mg/kg) and DWP305(186mg/kg as a UDCA) administered group, which was less than 4%. The free form of UDCA as well as most of bile acids was not detected at all in rat liver, indicating that there's no accumulation. These results suggest that multiple dosing of DWP305 in rats may not affect hepatic biotransformation and metabolism of bile acids.

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