• 제목, 요약, 키워드: $CaCO_3$ preparation

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생활쓰레기 소각(燒却)비산재로부터 $CaCO_3$ 제조(製造)에 관한 연구(硏究) (Study on $CaCO_3$ Preparation from MSWI Fly Ash)

  • 최우진;박은규
    • 자원리싸이클링
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2006
  • 국내 생활쓰레기 소각시설에서 발생되는 소각재의 양은 2005년 경우 약 420,000톤에 달하고 있으며, 그중 비산재 발생량은 약 68,000톤에 달하고 있다. 비산재는 지정폐기물로 분류되어 일반적으로 고형화 및 안정화 처리 후 매립되고 있으며, 단지 발생량의 약 20%만이 재활용되고 있다. 비산재의 경우 CaO의 함량이 50%까지 이르고 있으며, 그 이유는 배가스 처리시 CaO를 기본으로 하는 물질을 다량으로 사용하기 때문이다. 본 연구에서는 비산재에 함유되어 있는 CaO를 회수하여 $CaCO_3$ 분말을 제조하기 위한 기초실험을 수행하였다. CaO를 선택적으로 용해하기 위하여 설탕용액을 사용하였으며, 기초 실험결과에 의하면 CaO용해를 위한 최적조건은 비산재 농도 10%, 반응시간 15분, 설탕농도 $10{\sim}15%$ 및 적정 pH는 $10.5{\sim}11$로 나타났다. $CaCO_3$ 분말은 회수된 CaO 용해액에 $CO_2$가스를 주입시켜 제조하였으며 회수된 $CaCO_3$ 백색도는 매우 우수한 것으로 조사되었다.

$CaCO_3$/Poly ethyl methacrylate를 이용한 무독성 혼합라텍스의 개발 (A Development of Nontoxic Composite Latex Using $CaCO_3$/PEMA)

  • 설수덕;이선룡;이내우
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2002
  • Core-shell polymers of inorganic/organic pair, which are consisted of both core and shell component, were synthesized by sequential emulsion polymerization using ethyl methacrylate (EMA) as a shell monomer and ammonium persulfate as initiator. We found that $CaCO_3$ core should be prepared by adding 2.0wt% SDBS(sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate), $CaCO_3$ core/PEMA shell polymerization was carried out on the surface of $CaCO_3$ particle during EMA shell polymerization in the core-shell polymer preparation. The structure of core-shell polymer were investigated by measuring the degree on decomposition of $CaCO_3$ by HCI solution, thermal decomposition of polymer composite on thermogravimetric analyzer, glass transition temperature on differential scanning calorimeter, and morphology using scanning electron microscope.

Cellulose Diacetate/$CaCO_3$ 복합체의 제조 및 물성 (Preparation and Properties of Cellulose Diacetate/$CaCO_3$ Composite)

  • 임환규;계형산;원성호;남재도;이영관
    • 폴리머
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.178-182
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    • 2008
  • 생분해가 가능한 셀룰로오스 디아세테이트(CDA)/탄산칼슘($CaCO_3$) 복합체를 용융가공을 통하여 제조하였고, 그 특성을 연구하였다. 용융가공을 위하여, 혼합체에 가소제로 트리아세틴(TA)과 윤활제로서 소량의 에폭시화된 콩기름(epoxidized soybean oil)을 첨가하였으며 가공시 최적 조건을 확립하였다. CDA와 TA의 아세틸기($-OC(O)CH_3$)가 용융가공 중에 열분해 되어 초산($CH_3COOH$)을 발생시키는데, 탄산칼슘의 함량(wt%)이 증가할수록 초산($CH_3COOH$)의 흡수효과(absorption effects)가 향상되며, 탄성률과 $T_g$가 증가하였다. 탄산칼슘의 함량이 증가할수록 인장강도와 신율은 감소하였다.

습식법에 의한 Hydroxyapatite 분말제조와 그 분체특성 (Preparation and Characteristics of Hydroxyapatite Power by Wet Method)

  • 김종문;김겸;이서우
    • 한국세라믹학회지
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.46-52
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    • 1991
  • The hydroxyapatite powders were prepared by the reaction of Ca(CH3COO)2$.$H2O and H3PO4 in aqueous solution. Effect of Ca/P mole ration and pH value on the powder characteristics were investigated. For phosphoric acid was dissociated to PO43- ion above pH 10, the preparation condition of hydroxyapatite by H3PO4 solution had this value. Dried powders were agglomerated each other. The mean agglomerate particle diameter was minimum when the condition was pH 11, Ca/P=1.75 and its specific surface area was 97㎡/g. All powders had poor crystallinity and small CO2. It prevented CaCO3 from using aspirator in preparation and maturing time. In most cases, hydroxyapatite was decomposed into ${\beta}$-TCP at more than 800$^{\circ}C$, into ${\alpha}$-TCP at 1200$^{\circ}C$. However non-decomposed hydroxyapatite was remained in Ca/P=1.85.

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Preparation of PET Nanocomposites: Dispersion of Nanoparticles and Thermal Properties

  • Her, Ki-Young;Kim, Dae-Heum;Lim, Soon-Ho
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.71-73
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    • 2008
  • The development of polymer/inorganic nanocomposites has attracted a great deal of interest due to the improved hybrid properties derived from the two different components. Various nanoscale fillers have been used to enhance polymer mechanical and thermal properties, such as toughness, stiffness, and heat resistance. The effects of the filler on the final properties of the nanocomposites are highly dependent on the filler shape, particle size, aggregate size, surface characteristics, polymer/inorganic interactions, and degree of dispersion. In this paper, we describe the influence of different $CaCO_3$ dispersion methods on the thermal properties of polyethylene terephthalate (PET)/$CaCO_3$ composites: i.e., the adsorption of $CaCO_3$ on the modified PET surface, and the hydrophobic modification of the hydrophilic $CaCO_3$ surface. We prepared PET/$CaCO_3$ nanocomposites using a twin-screw extruder, and investigated their thermal properties and morphology.

환경친화적인 무기/유기 Core-Shell의 제조에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Environmental Fraternized Preparation of Inorganic/organic Core-shell Binder)

  • 설수덕;임재길;임종민;권재범;이내우
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2004
  • Composite particles using inorganic and organic chemicals were synthesized and the results of those reaction were compared to variation of temperature and agitation speed in presence of $CaCO_3$ which was adsorbed SDBS. Also the synthesises were optimized according to conversion rate of composite particles. In inorganic/organic core-shell composite particle polymerization, $CaCO_3$ adsorbed by 0.5wt% surfactant SDBS was prepared initially and then core $CaCO_3$ was encapsulated by sequential emulsion polymerization using MMA at the addition of APS 3.16${\times}$$10^{-3}$mol/L to minimize the coagulated PMMA particle itself during MMA shell polymerization. Encapsulated PMMA on $CaCO_3$ as inorganic/organic core-shell particles was verified by FT-IR and DSC analysis. It was found that the $CaCO_3$ was very well encapsulated by PMMA as shell. The surfaces were distinctly found as spindle shape and broad particle distribution after capsulation.

Silicone Rubber Membrane의 제조 및 기공특성 (Preparation of Silicone Rubber Membrane and its Porosity)

  • 이승범;김형진;홍인권
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.185-194
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    • 1995
  • Membrane process has been employed to separate a specific substance from gas or liquid mixture, and treat wastewater. This is due to the fact that the substance of mixture can be permeated and separated selectively by membrane. Since Initial equipment and operation costs are not expensive, membrane process has been adopted in various fields such as petroleum Industry, chemistry, polymer, electronics, foods, biochemical industry and wastewater treatment. In this study, $CaCO_3$ particles impregnated in silicone rubber network were extracted by using supercritical carbon dioxide and pore distribution of silicone $rubber-CaCO_3$ was investigated with varying amount of extract. Silicone rubber has excellent mechanical properties such as heat-resistance, cold-resistance etc. and $CaCO_3$ has microporous structure. It is possible to make silicone $rubber-CaCO_3$ composite sheets via work-intensive kneading processes. In so doing $CaCO_3$ particles become distributed and impregnated in silicone rubber network. Supercritical carbon dioxide diffuse through composite sample, then sample is swollen. $CaCO_3$ in silicone rubber network Is dissolved in supercritical carbon dioxide, and its sites become pores. Pore distribution, pore shape and surface area are observed by SEM(scanning electron microscope) micrograph and BET surface area analyzer examination respectively. Pore characteristics of membrane suggest the possibilities that the membrane can be used for process of mixture separation and wastewater treatment.

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무기/유기 Core-Shell 에멀젼 고분자의 합성 (Synthesis of Inorganic/Organic Core-Shell Polymer)

  • 김남석;김덕술;박근호
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.265-272
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    • 2002
  • $CaCO_{3}$ absorbed sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) surfactant was prepared, Core-shell polymers of inorganic/organic pair, which have both core and shell component, were synthesized by sequential emulsion polymerization using styrene(St) as a shell monomer and potasium persulfate (KPS) as an initiator, We found that when $CaCO_{3}$; core prepared by adding 2,0 wt% SLS, $CaCO_{3}$ core/PSt shell polymerization was carried out on the surface of $CaCO_{3}$ particle without forming the new PSt particle during St shell polymerization in the inorganic/organic core-shell polymer preparation, The structure of core-shell polymer were investigated by measuring the degree of decomposition of $CaCO_{3}$ using HCl solution, thermal decomposition of polymer composite using thermogravimetric analyzer and morphology by scanning electron microscope.