• Title, Summary, Keyword: ${\gamma}$-oryzanol

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Effects of ${\gamma}$-Oryzanol Addition on the Quality of Yackwa during Storage (${\gamma}$-Oryzanol 첨가가 저장 중 약과 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo, Jeong-Min;Yang, Cha-Bum;Lee, Jae-Hwan;An, Yeong-Sun;Lee, Hyeon-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.397-404
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    • 2005
  • Effects of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol (0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0%) addition on physical and chemical properties of yackwa were determined during storage for 6 weeks at $30^{\circ}C$. Acid, peroxide, and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) valves, color, texture, fatty acid compositions, hexanal content, and rancid flavor of yackwa were measured. Acid, peroxide, and TBA values. and hexanal contents of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol-treated groups were significantly lower than those of groups without ${\gamma}$-oryzanol treatment after 6 week (p < 0,05) and showed concentration-dependency, while no significant differences were observed in colors (p > 0.05). Effects of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol on textural characteristics were not consistent. As storage time increased, ratio of unsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids or ${\gamma}$-oryzanol-added groups was higher than that of groups without ${\gamma}$-oryzanol addition. Addition of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol was effective in decreasing hexanal formation. Sensory evaluation showed rancid odor decreased with increasing concentration of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol. These results suggested ${\gamma}$y-oryzanol, as a natural antioxidant, delayed quality decrease of yackwa during storage.

Antioxidant Activity of γ-Oryzanol and Synthetic Phenolic Compounds in an Oil/Water (O/W) Emulsion System

  • Kim, Joo-Shin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2007
  • ${\gamma}-Oryzanol$ is one of the chain breaking antioxidants. Both sterol (triterpene) and phenolic hydroxyl groups in the structure of ${\gamma}-oryzanol$ may be responsible for its antioxidative function. We hypothesize that ${\gamma}-oryzanol$ is more effective in preventing the autoxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) than the synthetic phenolic compounds in an oil/water (O/W) emulsion system. The antioxidative effectiveness of different concentrations of ${\gamma}-oryzanol$ and synthetic antioxidants was evaluated at different incubation times (0, 4, 8, 16, and 32 h) by measuring both the formation of hydroperoxides and the decomposition product of hydroperoxides (hexanal) in each emulsion system. Overall, the order of effectiveness of various antioxidants for inhibiting the formation of hydroperoxide in the O/W emulsion was: ${\gamma}-oryzanol$> tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)> butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)> butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). O/W emulsion with selective lower concentrations of ${\gamma}-oryzanol$ showed better effectiveness than that with higher concentration of synthetic antioxidants. However, the ability of both ${\gamma}-oryzanol$ and synthetic antioxidants to decompose hydroperoxide was similar. ${\gamma}-Oryzanol$ was more effective antioxidant than the synthetic phenolic compounds in preventing the formation of hydroperoxide in the O/W emulsion system.

Effect of γ-oryzanol on Proliferation and Apoptosis of AGS Human Gastric Carcinoma Cell (감마 오리자놀의 위암세포증식억제 및 세포사멸 유도 효능)

  • Shin, Eun Ju;Chung, Sangwon;Hwang, Jin-Taek
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 2017
  • Gamma (${\gamma}$)-oryzanol is a substance abundant in rice, which is widely cultivated in Asian countries. In this study, we evaluated the effect of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol treatment on proliferation and apoptosis of AGS human gastric carcinoma cells. AGS cells were treated with ${\gamma}$-oryzanol for 72 h in a dose dependent manner. Treatment of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol (50, 100, and $200{\mu}g/mL$) resulted in decreased AGS cell proliferation and increased number of cells in the sub-G1 population. Additionally, apoptotic cells were investigated by annexin V staining and mitochondrial membrane potential assays. Our results indicated that ${\gamma}$-oryzanol treatment increased the number of annexin V-positive cells and depolarized cells. This demonstrated that ${\gamma}$-oryzanol is effective for the induction of apoptosis in AGS cells. We next examined the expression of promising anticancer drug target molecules, including PTEN and HSP90. We found that treatment of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol induced the expression of PTEN in AGS cells. Under the same treatment conditions, ${\gamma}$-oryzanol reduced the expression of HSP90 in AGS cells. These results suggest that ${\gamma}$-oryzanol-induced apoptosis was accompanied by changes in regulation of PTEN and HSP90 in AGS cells. Taken together, ${\gamma}$-oryzanol could be used as a functional substance for the prevention of gastric cancer.

Effect of ${\gamma}$-Oryzanol on Lipid Oxidation, Color, Texture and Sensory Properties of Pork Sausage (감마 오리자놀이 돈육소시지의 지방 산화, 육색, 조직 및 관능특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, S.H.;Park, B.Y.;Seong, P.N.;Lee, J.M.;Kim, D.H.;Ahn, C.N.
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.331-336
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    • 2006
  • High purity ${\gamma}$-oryzanol was obtained from rice bran and added at 0.05%, 0.10% or 0.20% (w/w) to pork sausages. Sausages containing ${\gamma}$-oryzanol showed higher CIE $L^*\;and\;a^*$ color values than the control (p<0.05). Sausages containing ${\gamma}$-oryzanol had significantly lower hardness and chewiness in textural properties than the control (p<0.05) when determined by Instron testing machine. However, there were no differences in cohesiveness and springiness between the control and the sausages containing ${\gamma}$-oryzanol. Sausages containing >0.05% of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol had significantly lower thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values than the control since 12 days of storage when sausages were aerobically stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 18 days (p<0.05). Thus, ${\gamma}$-oryzanol may have a potential application for the sausage products to inhibit lipid oxidation when used at >0.05%.

Quantification of γ-Oryzanol Components and Comparison Its Biological Activity in Brown Rice (현미(추청벼, 흑진주벼, 신동진벼)에 함유된 γ-Oryzanol의 함량 분석 및 생리활성 효과 비교)

  • Kim, Young-Ju;Ko, Jae-Ho;Kim, Eun-Hye;Nam, Hyuk-Jin;Jo, So-Hee;Kim, Heon-Woong;Kim, Jung-Bong;Han, Byoung-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.499-504
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    • 2012
  • We analyzed the contents of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol, which is contained in brown rice of the nation rice varieties Chucheong, Heukjinju and Sindongjin, by HPLC. Furthermore we also performed experiments on its biological activity, to prove the effectiveness of rice bran. The contents of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol contained in hulled rice showed 1,587 ppm for Heukjinju, followed by Chucheong(1,038 ppm), and by Sindongjin(472 ppm). In anti-oxidative activity, we performed an experiment, by measuring the radical scavenging activity of DPPH. Heukjinju showed the best effect, and Chucheong showed the worst effect. In cholesterol lowering activity, Heukjinju showed the best activity and Sindongjin showed the worst effect. In anti-bacterial activity as well, Heukjinju showed the best activity, and Sindongjin showed the worst effect. Through these experiments, we compared the contents of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol, which is contained in hulled rice(Chucheong, Heukjinju, Sindongjin). Also, we found the anti-oxidation effect, cholesterol lowering effect, and anti-bacterial activity of the ${\gamma}$-oryzanol extracts. Based on our research, we expect that ${\gamma}$-oryzanol can work as a new drug, or nutritional supplement.

Effect of γ-Oryzanol on Blood Glucose in Diabetic KK Mice (γ-Oryzano1의 급여가 KK 당뇨 마우스의 혈당에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성현;전혜경;장순옥;이연숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.827-831
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to investigate the supplementary effects of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol on the blood glucose level in diabetic mice. We supplied 2 experimental diets (CO without and GO with 0.2% ${\gamma}$-oryzanol) to diabetic mice for 8 weeks. Diet intake, body weight and levels of blood glucose, hemoglobin $A_{lc}$ and insulin were measured. Though there was no significant difference in diet intake between experimental groups, the concentration of fasting blood glucose and blood glucose area from glucose tolerance test in diabetic mice was lower in GO group than CO group during the supplementary period of experimental diets. Hemoglobin Ai, was lower and serum insulin level was higher in GO group than CO group without significance. These results suggest that r-oryzanol decrease the blood glucose level, and ${\gamma}$ -oryzanol produced from residual product of rice may be developed with high value.

Supplementary Effect of$\gamma$-Oryzanol on Lipid Metabolism in Diabetic KK Mice ($\gamma$-Oryzanol의 급여가 KK 당뇨 마우스의 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성현;전혜경;박홍주;이연숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.347-351
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to investigate the supplementary effects of ${\gamma}$-oryzanol extracted from rice bran on lipid metabolism in diabetic mice. We supplied 2 kinds of experimental diets (CO without and GO with 0.2% ${\gamma}$-oryzanol) to diabetic mice for 8 weeks. Diet intake, body weight, organ weight, contents of serum and hepatic lipid profiles, and fecal lipid levels were measured. Though there was no significant difference in diet intake, body weight change and organ weight between experimental groups, the concentration of serum total cholesterol and hepatic total lipid, total cholesterol and HMG-CoA reductase activity was significantly lower in GO group treated with 0.2% ${\gamma}$-oryzanol of diet than CO group after supplementary period of experimental diets. And total lipid, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and bile acid levels excreted to feces were significantly higher in GO group than CO group. These results suggest that ${\gamma}$-oryzanol decrease the serum and hepatic lipid levels by lowing HMG-CoA reductase activity or increasing the contents of fecal lipid in diabetic KK mice.

Changes in Nutritional Components throughout Germination in Paddy Rice and Brown Rice

  • Oh, Sea-Kwan;Hwang, Pil-Seong;Kim, Kee-Jong;Kim, Yeon-Kyu;Lee, Jin-Hwan
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study was to investigate changes in 7 nutritional components (fatty acid, protein, fat, ash, total dietary fiber (TDF), $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and $\gamma$-oryzanol) of paddy rice (PR) and brown rice (BR) throughout the germination process, as measured at different shoot lengths (10 mm, 20 mm, and 30 mm). With the increase of shoot length, the nutritional components' concentrations increased, as compared to the concentrations measured before germination. Moreover, BR exhibited higher GABA, $\gamma$-oryzanol, and protein than PR. Among the components, TDF, GABA, and $\gamma$-oryzanol showed significant concentration differences throughout germination, while the others exhibited only slight variations. In particular, GABA and $\gamma$-oryzanol were predominantly increased in grains of 10 mm shoot length. These compounds might prove to be important factors from germinated rice. Additionally, the germinated cultivar 'Keunnun' might also prove to be a very important food source, owing to its high GABA and $\gamma$-oryzanol contents. These results suggest that variations in nutritional components related to the increase of shoot length may prove to be important when considering the beneficial aspects of rice on human health.

Antioxidant Effects of Gamma-oryzanol on Human Prostate Cancer Cells

  • Klongpityapong, Papavadee;Supabphol, Roongtawan;Supabphol, Athikom
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5421-5425
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    • 2013
  • Background: To assess the antioxidant effects of gamma-oryzanol on human prostate cancer cells. Materials and Methods: Cytotoxic activity of gamma-oryzanol on human DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cells was determined by proliferation assay using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol, 2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) reagent. mRNA levels of genes involved in the intracellular antioxidant system, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and glutathione reductase (GSR) were determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Cancer cell lysates were used to measure lipid peroxidation using thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS). Glutathione contents of the cell lysates were estimated by the reaction between sulfhydryl group of 5, 5'-dithio (bis) nitrobenzoic acid (DTNB) to produce a yellow-color of 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid using colorimetric assay. Catalase activity was also analysed by examining peroxidative function. Protein concentration was estimated by Bradford's assay. Results: All concentrations of gamma-oryzanol, 0.1-2.0mg/ml, significantly inhibited cell growth in a dose- and time-dependent fashion in both prostate cancer cell lines, DU145 and PC3. Gene expression of catalase in DU145 and PC3 exposed to gamma-orizanol at 0.5mg/ml for 14 days was down regulated, while mRNA of GPX was also down regulated in PC3. The MDA and glutathione levels including catalase activity in the cell lysates of DU145 and PC3 treated with gamma-oryzanol 0.1 and 0.5mg/ml were generally decreased. Conclusions: This study highlighted effects of gamma-oryzanol via the down-regulation of antioxidant genes, catalase and GPX, not cytotoxic roles. This might be interesting for adjuvant chemotherapy to make prostate cancer cells more sensitive to free radicals. It might be useful for the reduction of cytotoxic agents and cancer chemoprevention.

Variations in Physicochemical Properties of Brown Rice (Oryza sativa L.) During Storage

  • Lee, Jin-Hwan;Oh, Sea-Kwan;Cho, Kye-Man;Seo, Woo-Duck;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1398-1403
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    • 2009
  • Present study deals with variations of physicochemicals including $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid (GABA), $\gamma$-oryzanol, free sugar, lipoxygenase activity, fat acidity, and germination rate from Korean brown rice cultivars. With increase of storage time and temperature, GABA, $\gamma$-oryzanol, lipoxygenase activity, and fat acidity increased, whereas free sugar and germination rate was reduced. Among cultivars, 'Gopumbyeo' exhibited the highest contents in GABA and $\gamma$-oryzanol during 12 weeks storage at $25^{\circ}C$ (GABA: $28.6{\pm}5.6{\rightarrow}170.4{\pm}4.6\;mg/100\;g$, $\gamma$-oryzanol: $6.1{\pm}0.7{\rightarrow}6.7{\pm}0.4\;mg/g$) and 'Ilpumbyeo' significantly decreased in free sugar during 12 weeks storage at $10^{\circ}C$ ($1,423.7{\rightarrow}1,058.4\;mg/100\;g$). Moreover, 'Taebongbyeo' exhibited the highest quality owing to low lipoxygenase activity, low fat acidity, and high germination rate. In free sugar compositions, sucrose exhibited the highest content (>70%), followed by fructose (>7%), raffinose (>5%), glucose (>3%), and maltose (>2%) during storage. Based on our results, changes of physicochemicals in stored brown rice may be important information in processing food and functional properties.