• Title, Summary, Keyword: ${\gamma}$-선

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The development of th gamma-ray imaging and operation algorithm for the gamma-ray detection system (감마선 탐지장치의 감마선 영상화 및 운용 알고리즘 개발)

  • Song, Kun-young;Hwang, Young-gwan;Lee, Nam-ho;Yuk, Young-ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.942-943
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    • 2016
  • Stereo gamma ray detection system generates a two-dimensional image of the gamma ray by using the position values and the gamma ray signal. And the device will overlap with the visible light image shows the actual distribution of the gamma-ray space. The gamma ray detection device is a stereo configuration to a motion controller for controlling the signal measurement unit and the position detection portion for detecting the detection portion and the gamma-ray signal comprising a gamma-ray detection sensor. In this paper, we developed a system operation management algorithm for each module individually configured efficiently. We confirmed the imaged and distribution information output for the gamma rays from gamma-ray irradiation test site by using these results.

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The Development of Beam Profiling System for the Analysis of Pulsed Gamma-ray Using the Electron Accelerator (전자빔가속기를 이용한 펄스감마선 출력특성 분석용 빔프로파일링 장치개발)

  • Hwang, Young-Gwan;Lee, Nam-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.2410-2416
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    • 2016
  • Recently, most countries in the world have pursued a denuclearization. So it has been of interest to increase to Nuclear weapon in such as North Korea's continued nuclear test. Pulsed gamma rays produced in the nuclear explosion and the space environment can give the big damage to the electronic device in a very short period of time. To confirm the extent of damage of these electronic devices, pulsed gamma irradiation facility that can occur in nuclear weapon or space environment are required. In this paper, we implemented the pulsed gamma-ray detection module and analyzed output of the irradiation test. We have experimented using an electron beam accelerator research facilities in Pohang Accelerator similar conditions to equip and Nuclear weapon. As a result, we confirmed that the pulsed gamma rays emitted by the gamma radiation and electron beam conversion device. The results of this paper will contribute to improve the reliability and accuracy of studies for utilizing pulsed gamma rays.

Induction of Mutants by Irradiation of $\gamma$-Ray on In vitro Shoots of Persimmon (기내$\gamma$-선 처리에 의한 감(Diospyros kaki Thunb.) 돌연변이 유기)

  • 고갑천
    • Korean Journal of Plant Tissue Culture
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to know the optimum dose of gamma-ray for the induction of mutation in vitro and the characteristics of the mutants induced by gamma-ray in persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.). The LD50 (50% lethal dose) for in vitro shoots of the cultivar, Nishimurawase was between 1 krad and 2 krad and about 1 krad for the cultivar, Ichikikeijiro. As the dose of gamma-ray increased, the length of shoots decreased and necrosis of buds increased. For the cultivar, Nishmurawase, 37.5∼58.3% shoots rooted and the rooting rate and the number of roots per shoot was low in high gamma-ray. The irradiated young plants which were grown in the growth cabinet for 6 weeks were shorter in shoot length and had more branches than non-irradiated plants. The survival rate of irradiated plants grown in the green house for 3 months was 33%, while 77% for control plants.

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Radioprotective Effects of Grifola umbellata Extracts on ${\gamma}$ - Irradiated Mice (저령(猪笭) 추출물이 감마선에 조사된 생쥐에 미치는 방사선 방호효과)

  • Yoo, Beong-Gyu;Park, Joon-Chul
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.77-80
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    • 2000
  • 전신 ${\gamma}$-선 조사전 Grifola umbellata(Gu) 추출물의 단일 투여가 생쥐의 생존율, 체중, 기관 무게 및 혈액세포에 미치는 효과를 조사하였다 ${\gamma}$-선 조사 24시간 전에 Gu 추출물을 복강 투여하였을시, ${\gamma}$-선을 조사한 생쥐의 40-day 생존율을 65.5%에서 78.6%로 증가시켰다. Gu 추출물의 투여는 ${\gamma}$-선 조사에 의한 비장과 흉선의 무게 감소를 완전히 막아주었다(P<0.05, P<0.01) 또한 이와 유사하나 다소 적은 방사선 방호효과가 Gu 투여군의 고환에서도 관찰되었다(P<0.05). Gu 추출물의 투여는 ${\gamma}$-선 조사시 나타나는 조사 후 7일째까지의 백혈구와 림프구수의 현저한 감소를 지연시켰고, 회복속도를 촉진시켰다. 또한 21일째후의 적혈구수의 회복을 촉진시켰다. 이와 같은 결과에서 Gu 추출물의 방사선 방호효과를 알 수 있다.

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Development of Neutron Induced Prompt γ-ray Spectroscopy System Using 252Cf (252Cf 선원을 이용한 즉발감마선 계측시스템 구성)

  • Park, Yong-Joon;Song, Byung-Chul;Jee, Kwang-Yong
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.12-24
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    • 2003
  • For the design and set-up of neutron induced prompt ${\gamma}$-ray spectroscopy system using $^{252}Cf$ neutron source, the effects of shielding and moderator materials have been examined. The $^{252}Cf$ source being used for TLD badge calibration in Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute was utilized for this preliminary experiment. The ${\gamma}$-ray background and prompt ${\gamma}$-ray spectrum of the sample containing Cl were measured using HPGe (GMX 60% relative efficiency) located at the inside of the system connected to notebook PC at the outside of the system (about 20 meter distance). The background activities of neutron and ${\gamma}$-rays were measured with neutron survey meter as well as ${\gamma}$-ray survey meters, respectively and the system was designed to minimize the activities. Prompt ${\gamma}$-ray spectrum was measured using ${\gamma}$-${\gamma}$ coincident system for reduce the background and the continuum spectrum. The optimum system was designed and set up using the experimental data obtained.

The study of collimator and radiation shield for the detection of the gamma-ray distribution (감마선 분포탐지를 위한 조사구 및 차폐체에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Young-gwan;Lee, Nam-ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.944-945
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    • 2016
  • Gamma-ray Detector for gamma-ray imaging device is composed of a shielding body for shielding gamma-rays incident from the radiation source. Distribution of the gamma ray can be represented by the distribution information on the direction in which the detecting section and the signal through the incident hole of collimator. The role of the shield is important because all signals should be treated as noise except for the signal from the incident hole.In this paper In this paper, we have produced a compact, lightweight and Collimator shield by changing the structure and physical properties with respect to the collimator and shielding of lead-based gamma-ray detectors. And we analyzed the shielding effectiveness relative to the incident gamma ray sphere measured signal value through the gamma irradiation test facility. The results confirmed that the production and Collimator shielding the imaging device Implementing more efficient to implement.

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Studies on the Effectiveness of Gamma Ray Irradiation for Control of Cigarette Beetle, Lasioderma serricorne F. (Coleoptera: Anobiide) (감마선을 이용한 궐련벌레(Lasioderma serricorne F) 방제에 관한 연구)

  • 오명희;정규화
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.263-269
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    • 1994
  • A method to control the cigarette beetle. Losioderma serricorne F, m cigarettes by using gamma ray irradiation was evaluated When all stages of cigarette beetle were placed in gelatin capsules and irradiated wlth gamma ray. no eggs survived, but mortalities of pupae, larvae and adults exposed to above 0.8 kGy of gamma ray were only from 0 to 30%. Similar results were also obtained in the control efficacy of the beetle when seuqal kinds ot currently produced ngarettes containing m gelatin capsules were inadhated with gamma ray The cigarette beetle adults and larvae surviving gamma ray inadiatlon were reared on artificial d~etsto show that there were no reproduc. tions was observed in the second generation. The survival periods for each growth stage became shoter with increase gamma ray dosage. The fouirh instar larvae had the longest sulvlvai periods No sign~ficant changes of cigarette flavor and taste were noticed alter gamma ray inadiation. The cigarette packet, metal fotl for packet and cigarette paper by the inad~atlon were not discolored by irradiation.

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Effect of Low Dose ${\gamma}$ Radiation on the Dormancy and Growth of in vitro Microtuvers of Potato(Solanum Tuberosum L.) (저선량 ${\gamma}$선이 기냐 생산된 감자 소괴경의 휴면과 생에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Back, Myung-Hwa;Jeon, Jae-Heung;Kim, Jae-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.270-277
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    • 2001
  • To observe the stimulating effect of low dose ${\gamma}$ radiation on the dormancy breaking and growth, microtubers induced in vitro of two potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Dejima and cv. Superior) cultivars with different storage duration were irradiated with ${\gamma}$ radiation at the dose of $0.5{\sim}30$ Gy. Sprouting rate, growth and tuber yield of ‘Dejima’ microtuber were increased by ${\gamma}$ radiation in the range of $2{\sim}16$ Gy. In the microtuber of ‘Superior’, the sprouting rate was promoted by 2 Gy and 4 Gy irradiation, and the growth and tuber yield by 0.5 Gy and 4 Gy irradiation. There were not that much difference in chlorophyll content of potato plantlet by the low dose ${\gamma}$ irradiation. These results suggested that low dose ${\gamma}$ radiation stimulated the dormancy breaking and potato growth.

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Effect of Adrenaline Against TotalBody Gamma-irradiation on Serum Protein (${\gamma}$-선 전신조사시 혈청단백질에 미치는 Adrenaline의 영향)

  • 남상열;전순배
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 1965
  • 가물치 (Ophicephalus argus CANTOR) ♂♀를 재료로 하여 두 실험군으로 나누어서 대조군에 부치사량인 25-${\gamma}$의 137Cs-${\gamma}$ 선을 조사하고 실험군에는 250${\gamma}$의 137Cs-${\gamma}$선을 조사 즉후 adrenaline (0.5cc/80g$\pm$18%)을 매일 투여하여 약 23$^{\circ}C$에서 사육하면서 혈청단백질의 전기영동상과 총혈청단백질의 변화를 1, 4, 7, 10 , 13 및 1일구간으로 분리 즉 시일적 경과로 조사하였다. 한편 가물치에서의 ${\gamma}$선 치사량은 310${\gamma}$이다. 1) 양군에서 일반적으로 1, 4, 7, 10 및 13 일구에 현저한 albumin 분설의 감소가 나타났다. 즉 대조군인 adrenaline 비투여 대조군에서 a1 및 a2 globulin 분설의 증가와 실험군이 adrenaline 투여 대조군에서 a1 및 $\beta$-globulin 분설의 증가에 다른 albumin 분설의 감소가 나타났다. 따라서 A/G 비고 역시 시일적 경과에 따라 감소된 치를 나타내었다. 그러나 특히 adrenabine 투여 대조군의 1 일간에서 A/G비가 현저하게 감소의 지체성을 나타내었다. 2) 총혈청단백질량은 양군에서 일반적으로 1, 4 및 7일구에서 현저하게 감소되나 13 미치 16 이구에서 가물치의 정상치로 근접된 치를 나타내었다. 그러나 특히 adrenaline 투여 조사군에서 4 및 7일구에서 현저하게 감소의 지체성을 나타내었다. 3) 상기의 결과로 미루어보다 명백하게 혈청단백질에 미치는 adrenaline 처리의 방어효과가 ${\gamma}$선 조사후 특히 초기상태에서 현저하게 초래된다고 생각도니다.

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Effects of Combined Irradiation of Neutrons and ${\gamma}$-Rays on the Pink Mutation Frequencies in Tradescantia (중성자와 감마선 중복 조사가 자주달재비 분홍돌연변이율에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jin-Kyu;Lee, Young-Keun;Kim, Jae-Sung;Shin, Hae-Shick;Hyun, Soung-Hee
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2000
  • The effects of combined irradiation of neutrons and ${\gamma}$-rays were analysed by means of Tradescantia stamen hair (TSH) assay. Potted plants were irradiated with $0{\sim}2$ Gy of ${\gamma}$-rays. For the combined treatments, the plants were irradiated with neutrons from $^{252}Cf$ 24 hours before or after ${\gamma}$-irradiation. The slopes of dose-response curves were 5.98, 6.17 and 7.48, in ${\gamma}$-rays, ${\gamma}$-rays+neutrons, and neutrons+${\gamma}$ -rays irradiated groups, respectively. The biological efficacy of radiations in the induction of pink mutations increased by 25% in neutrons+${\gamma}$-rays irradiated group, while it increased by 12% in ${\gamma}$-rays+neutrons irradiated group. The combined irradiation with two kinds of radiations results in the different efficacy of radiation depending on the order of irradiations, which is of great importance in the related fields such as sterilization and radiotherapy.

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