Today, due to the development of the industrial society, the need for sustainable research and development for energy depletion and environmental protection is increasing. Among sustainable research, remanufacturing is an ideal way to meet environmental and economic aspects. In this paper, we investigated the End-of-Life Vehicle(ELV) in order to find the recovery method of the core which is the preceding stage of remanufacturing. The number of End-of-Life Vehicle is increasing year by year, but the core recovery rate from ELV is still low. Therefore, a methodology to determine the disassembly priority of each part is proposed to increase the core recovery rate. Based on the analysis Table through the disassembly process, the decision rule was selected and the weighted score evaluation Table was completed to complete the disassembly priority system. Finally, evaluation was made on gasoline vehicles to determine priorities.
In this study, it was aimed to find the optimal cutting conditions by measuring and analyzing the dimensional accuracy of SNCM 616 alloy steel, which is commonly used in industry, by precision hole machining using Ø25 mm and 8-blade reamer in CNC-HBM to be. As a result of the roundness and dimensional accuracy, it was found that the spindle speed had a significant effect on the dimensional tolerance value. Optimum cutting conditions are spindle speed 25 rpm and feed rate 20 mm / min.
In this study, we investigate the effect of SNCM616 alloy steel, which is commonly used in industry, such as rotors and crank-shafts, on the surface roughness of CNC HBM with Ø25 mm, 8-blade reamer to objective is to analyze and present optimal cutting conditions. The higher the feedrate for the spindle speed, the rougher the surface roughness. The surface roughness was found to be better when the feed rate was lower. The resultant value of the most accurate surface roughness is Ra 0.756 ㎛, and the optimal cutting conditions are 25 rpm at spindle speed and 20 mm/min at transfer speed.
In this study, the applicability of PHC pile jointing method using rectangular steel tubular was studied. PHC pile joints are welded and bolt assembly. The bolt assembly method is a method that improves the various problems of welded joints. Numerical analysis and tests were conducted to analyze the applicability of the PHC pile jointing method using a rectangular steel tubular. The tests were carried out to test the material properties of the rectangular steel tubular material and the bending test of the pile joints. The numerical analysis was interpreted in the same conditons as the tests conditions. As a result, the material strength of each rectangular steel tubular could be used as a joint material. In the bending test, it was evaluated as a sTable material above the allowable stress of piles. In the numerical analysis results under the same conditions as the tests, it was possible to apply the pile joint material without exceeding the allowable stress of the material.
In this study, we developed for processing complex features using CAM software that satisfies precision for example practice and related qualification tests suiTable for CNC training purposes. In addition, functions such as location control, speed control, and processing path generation, which are the main functions of CNC machining machines, were constructed using small equipment parts, servo motors, inverters, general purpose PCs, and commercial NC software and researched with the goal of developing low-cost education equipment. In the static accuracy inspection, the degree of machine when measuring the parallelism of the X, Y and Z axes and the vibration of the main shaft did not reach the allowable value. However, we have obtained a finished product that satisfies the CNC machine book sample shape machining, detailed functions of the position control function of the CNC machine tool, linear interpolation function, circular interpolation function, and tool offset function. In the qualification test shape processing, a shape with a degree of 1/100 mm was processed to obtain position accuracy that satisfied the tolerance.
In this study, we analyzed seismic behavior of reinforced earth retaining wall through the model test in order to characterize the behavior of reinforced earth retaining wall during earthquake. A scale model test was performed based on similitude ratio in accordance with law of similitude due to time and financial constraints on real scale modeling experiments. Seismic resistance characteristics of each seismic waves were analyzed by assessing the variations measured through excitation of the excited acceleration of 0.05g, 0.1g, 0.15g, and 0.2g. The results of this study, it would be important to obtain reasonable and abundant data on ground properties and seismic design in preparation for earthquakes when assessing the safety of block type reinforced earth retaining wall confined to model experiment. Acquisition of those data and systematic analytical techniques are considered likely to have a significant effect on the decrease of structure damage caused by earthquakes in Korea which has recently witnessed frequent occurrence of earthquakes.
Fracture behaviors of SCM435 high strength bolt have been studied including macroscopic and microscopic fracture observation, Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy, Vickers hardness test and applied stress evaluation. cracks (ratchet marks) were generated by the repetitive loads acting on the bolts, initial stress of bolt and the stress concentration. The applied stress was found to be slightly higher than the fatigue limit of the material. The initial stress of bolt must be removed, and the mold temperature during the process must be maintained by room temperature. Bolts are recommended to be peened to improve fatigue limit.
While the 4th Industrial Revolution (4th IR) is actively being discussed in Korea, the core and common point is that in the era of the 4th IR, computer networking is becoming more common due to the generalization of ICT(Information and Communication Technology). There may be a variety of factors that have allowed ICT to occupy a core position in the 4th IR, but the most important may be the position of ICT as a foundation technology. ICT has important technical value in itself, but when it is converged with other technology or industry, or when it acts as a foundation technology of such technology or industry, it greatly improves the value of existing technology or industry. Thus, this paper focused on ICT, the core technology of the 4th IR, to examine the past, present and future of ICT-related R&D and ICT-based convergence industries. In other words, the purpose of this study is to identify which areas ICT has been actively researched from past to present and what changes have been made in such areas.
The estimated on-site accident rate in Forestry is relatively high. According to statistics of the accident, in the recent 5 years, from 2014 to 2018, forestry accidents have resulted in 98% of injuries and 87% of fatalities. Especially, there are significant geographical constraints to access to the scene in case of an accident. Even though the capacity of first aid capacity is notably emphasized its importance to minimize the scale of damages, the relevant employees have been educated only basic first aid, which is not considered circumstances or geographic limitations, by Occupation Safety and Health Acts. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to derive a direction for a forest emergency service system to increase forestry workers' survival and prevent secondary injury through securing 'Golden Time.' This study conducts analyzing relevant laws and regulations in domestic and international settings as well as looking at several concerned accident cases. The outcome of analysis presents an issue regarding the implementation of onsite first aid in forestry and existing risk factors depending on the working process. Finally, we suggest two ways to improve the forest emergency service that are 1) an appropriate curriculum and kit for forest first aid; and 2) a system for emergency transfer through sharing information between National Fire Agency (NFA) and emergency medical service center, and emergency and rescue mission using helicopter from NFA and Korea Forest Service.
This study investigates the validity of applying new carbon nanotube (CNT, Carbon Nano Tube) surface heaters, which are applied in combination with various products, to the vessel's materials, and proposes the commercializable products accordingly. In order to actually apply a CNT surface heating system technology to the ship's equipment for the first time in Korea, we carried out the interview of experts in the technology field and the due diligence of the shipyard, and presented the technology road map for the selected three items. Finally, for "Heating System of Ship Fuel Tank" with the highest commercialization potential, we proposed a conceptual diagram to enable the final development of the product through the product analysis.
SM45C steel, which is widely used for mechanical structure, was carburized at 870℃ for 4 hours and tempered at 300℃ and 400℃ for 1, 3 and 6 hours. The tempered materials were evaluated for tensile test, hardness test and impact test. In particular, the hardness and the absorption energy were evaluate the reliability by the Weibull statistical analysis. 300℃-1h specimen is considered to be the best heat treatment condition in the tensile stress and the observation of fracture surface. 300℃-1h specimen showed larger shape and scale parameter than the other specimens, and Rockwell hardness variance was small and showed the best characteristics. 400℃-3h specimen showed larger shape and scale parameter than the other specimens, the dispersion of impact absorption energy is small, and showed excellent characteristics.
This paper deals with the verification of the functions about mining robot, which is the system for developing deep seabed resources by applying V&V(verification and validation). In order to overcome water pressure of 500 bar and to travel on soft ground, and to operate in deep sea environment with bad conditions, it is necessary to develop a robot that can satisfy various deepsea conditions. A mining robot has been developed based on simulation based design and Multidisciplinary design optimization. In order to verify the developed robot, lab test and real sea test should be performed for various marine environment conditions. There are too many requirements to consider, such as space, time, cost, personnel, and environment to do performance test. So it is costly and time consuming for developing robot. In order to solve this problems, V&V technique was applied to mining robot. The stages of mining robot design, fabrication and commission were verified.
This paper proposes a monitoring and remote control system, an essential part of In Vehicle Infotainment (IVI) and Human Vehicle Interface (HVI) to provide safety and convenience to a driver. The system utilizes Bluetooth for a short range communication and utilizes WCDMA for a long range communication to enhance efficiency. In this paper, an integrated controller, which integrates a CAN communication module, a Bluetooth communication module, a WCDMA communication module, is designed to control a car. Also, a remote server for managing data is designed to provide real-time monitoring and remote control for a user via smart devices. Experiment results show that all the proposed remote control, driving log, real-time monitoring, and diagnostics functions are working properly. With the proposed system, a driver can drive safely by monitoring and inspecting a car before driving via smart devices, and control conveniently by controlling a car remotely.
At present, wind power is the fastest growing technology in the world. The domestic market depends heavily on imports for wind tower lift. so it manage through the overseas maker. The lift manufacture, establishment and maintenance utility is increasing, localization development of one wind tower lift is necessary with domestic fundamental base technique. In this paper, we will study the components necessary for the development of onshore offshore wind tower elevators, which are currently dependent on total imports, in line with the high growth of the wind market and the enlargement of the wind power generators. First of all, endless winders and cabins, which are the core components of the offshore wind tower lift, were examined for the components that affect the structural safety. Structural analysis was performed on Sheave, which is responsible for most of the lift lifting loads, and Block Stop, a safety device that prevents the cabin from falling in an emergency. The structural suitability was evaluated by comparing with the safety factor. In addition, the on-board control panel combines the control panel of the elevator and the drive motor driving the endless winder for efficient control of the offshore wind tower lift. The addition of features improves ride comfort at departure.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between clinical judgment and nursing performance based on myocardial infarction simulation applied to nursing students. Method: 39 fourth grade nursing students participated in this explanatory study with sampling of accommodations. The Lasater Clinical Judgment Rubric has been used in self-reported clinical trials and satisfaction with judging practices. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient using SPSS WIN 19. Results: Scenarios with myocardial infarction were scored by self-reported clinical judgment. Total mean score of clinical judgment and total mean value of clinical judgment is 4.17 ± 0.80. Correlation Between Variables After Simulation Practice is highly significant for providing positive clinical judgment and satisfaction with nursing performance. Conclusion: The simulation-based practice associated with adult nursing in myocardial infarction was useful for clinical judgment and nursing performance satisfaction, which improved the core basic skills of nursing students.
The world is now going through the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Major global economies, including the United States, Germany, Japan and China, are fostering industries related to the fourth industrial revolution with policies and investments. South Korea is also setting up its fourth industrial revolution committee under the president, expanding policies and investment to foster industries related to the fourth industrial revolution, and increasing investment in research and development. Accordingly, government and private investment in industries and technologies related to the Fourth Industrial Revolution is made extensively around the world, and many related industries and technologies are being developed. In this paper, we will look into the status and problems of Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration projects that can quickly and easily introduce technologies related to the fourth industrial revolution in the private sector where many developments are taking place, and present the direction of development.
In this study, cyclic triaxial tests were performed for liquefaction characteristics according to earthquake loading frequency. The test period was tested for 0.1Hz, 0.2Hz, 0.5Hz 1.0Hz, 1.5Hz. It was analyzed that the number of earthquake loading increases as the test result frequendy increases. Therefore, additional study of the liquefaction evaluation method was needed considering the local characteristics of the high frequency earthquakes in Korea and the cyclic triaxial test frequency(0.1Hz), which is mainly used in the design.
Big data is structured and unstructured data that is so difficult to collect, store, and so on due to the huge amount of data. Many institutions, including universities, are building student convergence systems to foster talents for data science and AI convergence, but there is an absolute lack of research on what kind of education is needed and what kind of education is required for students. Therefore, in this paper, after conducting the correlation analysis based on the questionnaire on basic surveys and courses to improve the curriculum by grasping the satisfaction and demands of the participants in the "2019 Big Data Youth Talent Training Course" held at K University, Regression analysis was performed. As a result of the study, the higher the satisfaction level, the satisfaction with class or job connection, and the self-development, the more positive the evaluation of program efficiency.
In manufacturing An offshore plant is a structure that produces resources buried in the seabed. It can be classified into fixed, floating, and hybrid methods depending on the installation method. In particular, the Lattice boom type crane is typically used because it is used for a long time in the sea and moves to other seas, which is less affected by wind. In this study, the crane was designed by using three-step optimization design in the early stage of the design of Lattice boom crane for offshore plant. Finite element analysis was performed to verify the safety factor, deflection, buckling coefficient and fatigue life of the designed crane and the results were verified.
The thermal diffusion performance of the electronic device is a factor for evaluating the stability of the electronic device. Therefore, many of research have been conducted to improve the thermal characteristics of thermal interface materials, which are materials for thermal diffusion of electronic products. In this study, nano thermal grease was prepared by blending graphene, silver and copper nano powders into a thermal grease, a type of thermal interface materials, and the heat transfer rate was measured and compared for the purpose of investigating the improved thermal properties. As a result, the thermal properties were good in the order of graphene, silver and copper, which is thought to be due to the different thermal properties of the nano powder itself.
The big data industry market continues to grow and is expected to grow further. In this paper, based on the five-point Likert scale of college students in the process of developing big data young people, the satisfaction of instructors in big data training and improvement of job (education) ability based on AI convergence The survey was conducted on the expectations of the participants and their intention to participate in the training process for the young talents. Male students were more satisfied than students. In terms of students, students who are less than 6th semester have the highest satisfaction, but students who are less than 7th and 8th semesters are less satisfied. By department, the satisfaction level of science and statistics students was the highest, while the satisfaction level of other students was low. According to the average of college credits, the satisfaction of students under 3.5~4.0 was the highest, and the satisfaction of students below 3.0 was the lowest.
This paper is a study on the modeling of the quantity estimation model for offshore plant Material handling equipment in FEED(Front End Engineering Design) verification stage using system engineering approach which is an engineering design methods. The relevant engineering execution procedure is not systemized although the operation method and Material handling equipment selection with weight and space constraints is a key part of the FEED. Using the system engineering process, the stakeholder requirements analysis process, the system requirements analysis, and the final system architecture design were sequentially performed, and the process developed through the functional development diagram and Requirement traceability matrix (RTM) was verified. In addition, based on the established process, we propose a Material handling quantity estimation model and Quantity calculation verification Table that can be applied at the FEED verification stage and we verify the applicability through case studies.
An important problem of offshore plant process piping is equipment accidents due to the removal of fine metal debris and foreign substances in the pipes that deliver fluids such as hydraulic oil, lubricating oil and thermal oil. Temporary flushing equipment to remove debris uses fluid equipment of centrifugal pump and gear pump to prevent equipment accident of offshore platform. The equipment manufacturer requires the shipyard to have a cleanliness rating inside the pipe to meet the international standards ISO4406 and NAS1638 quality levels to prevent damage to the equipment sold. The quality of the internal flushing of pipes conforms to the regulations suggested by the equipment manufacturer. In this paper, three types of electric heater capacity, which is a method of evaporating and removing water inside a pipe during an oil flushing process, were compared. In addition, the study was conducted to remove the flushing oil in the pipe and to improve oil quality.
In this paper, it is proposed a new approach to motion control and kinematics analysis of articulated manipulator attachment with five degree of freedom for excavator. Unlike the well-established theory for the control of linear systems, there is little general control theory relatively for a robust control of nonlinear systems. The control technique is essential for providing a stable and robust performance for application of articulated manipulator control. The proposed control algorithm is one of robust control methods based on error informations of the position and velocity error informations using stability analysis of dynamic model. Through simulation test, the proposed control scheme is illustrated to be a efficient control technique for real-time control.
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